• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aggression

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Correlates of Peer Victimization : Personality Traits, Parent Attachment, and Marital Conflict (아동의 인성특성, 부모에 대한 애착 및 부부갈등과 또래괴롭힘)

  • Park, Bo Kyung;Doh, Hyun Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.51-64
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    • 2002
  • In this study of the correlates of peer victimization, 584 $4^{th}$ grade children in Seoul answered questionnaires regarding their personality traits, parent attachment and the marital conflict of their parents. Subjects and their peers also reported on peer aggression and victimization by peers. Data were analyzed by partial correlation, controlling for gender. Children's sociability/activity related positively to peer-rated peer aggression and negatively to self- and peer-rated victimization by peers. Children's shyness/emotionality related positively to self-reported peer aggression and to self- and peer-rated victimization by peers. Parent attachment related negatively to self-reported peer aggression and victimization by peers and positively to peer-rated peer aggression. Marital conflict related positively to self-reported peer aggression and to self- and peer-rated victimization by peers. Marital conflict was the most influential on peer aggression and children's personality traits were on victimization by peers.

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Structural Relationships Among Adolescents' Internet Addiction, Self-Esteem, Self-Control, and Aggression (청소년의 인터넷 중독, 자아존중감, 자기통제, 공격성간의 관계구조)

  • Do, Kum-Hae;Lee, Ji-Min
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships among adolescents' internet addiction, self-esteem, self-control, and aggression. The participants were 300 students in their first year of middle school. The questionnaire consisted of measures of internet addiction, self-esteem, self-control, and aggression. The major findings were as follows: 1) self-control had a direct effect on aggression; 2) internet addiction had a direct effect on self-esteem and self-control; 3) self-esteem had a direct effect on self-control; 4) internet addiction had an indirect effect on aggression and self-control; and self-esteem had an indirect effect on aggression. This study implied that self-related variables could mediate the relationship between the possibility of internet addiction and adolescents' aggression. This study also suggested that research on various mediator variables could reduce adolescents' psychosocial problems.

The Effect of Tem Parament and Parenting on Children's Reactive and Proactive Aggression (아동의 반응적, 선행적 공격성에 대한 기질과 부모양육태도의 영향)

  • Lee, Ju-Lie
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.117-125
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    • 2010
  • This study examines the additive and interactive effects of temperament and parenting on children's reactive and proactive aggression. The participants were 2844 4th graders(1524 boys, 1320 girls) from the Korea Youth Panel Study(KYPS). The results show sthat : (1) Children's emotion regulation influenced reactive aggression, whereas sensation seeking influenced proactive aggression. Children's anger/frustration influenced both subtypes of aggression. (2) Harsh parenting influenced children's proactive aggression. (3) There are some significant temperament $\times$ temperament and temperament $\times$ parenting interactions.

Analysis of the Relationships between Children's Aggression, Anger Regulation Strategies and Anger Regulation Degree (아동의 공격성과 분노조절전략, 분노조절정도간 관련성)

  • Lee, Hae-Lyon;Kim, Kyong-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.8
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between children's aggression, their anger regulation strategy and anger regulation degree. Using an aggression scale, a total of 428 elementary school children in grades 5 and 6 were examined and partitioned into two groups; -the high aggression group (n = 107) and low aggression group (n = 109). They rated the degree to which they felt anger in anger events. They selected one strategy used to regulate anger. Then they rated the degree to which they felt anger after using the selected regulation strategy. The results of this study showed that the high aggression group responded by high degree of anger, low degree of anger regulation and used more affect diffusion strategy. Regardless of children's aggression source, support pursuit strategy was confirmed to be the most effective remedial method while children regulated anger in anger events.

Causal Relationships of Adolescent Aggression : Empathy, Prosocial Behavior, Self-esteem, and Social Support (청소년의 공격성과 관련변인간의 인과관계 : 친사회적 행동, 감정이입, 자기존중감 및 사회적 지지를 중심으로)

  • Ha, Young Hi;Edwards, Carolyn Pope
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2004
  • In this study of adolescent aggression, the subjects were 320 male and female 7th and 8th grade students in Changwon. Data were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that, 1) low friend support, empathy, and prosocial behavior had direct paths to adolescent overt aggression. 2) Low teacher and friend support, empathy, and prosocial behavior had direct paths to adolescent verbal aggression. 3) Low empathy and self-esteem were indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low prosocial behavior. 4) Low teacher support was indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low empathy and self-esteem. 5) Low friend support was indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low self-esteem.

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Trajectories of Relational Aggression in Preschool Children by the Latent Growth Curve Model (잠재성장모형을 적용한 유아기 관계적 공격성의 발달궤적)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate trajectories of relational aggression in preschool children. The latent growth curve model was used to examine relational aggression in 3 to 5 year olds. The participants were 3-year-old children recruited from preschools and daycare centers. The children's verbal ability was assessed by interview and teachers completed measurements of negative emotionality and relational aggression. The findings suggest that relational aggression decreased during the preschool years. Gender, language ability, and negative emotionality showed positive effects on the initial level of relational aggression. Moreover, gender and negative emotionality had negative effects, however, language ability had positive effects on the change rate of relational aggression.

Aggression of Middle School Girls according to Types of School and Gender Role Identity (여중생의 남녀공학 여부와 성역할 정체감 유형에 따른 공격성)

  • Kim, Mi-Jeong;Kim, Jung-Soon;Kang, In-Soon;Ha, Ju-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine aggression of middle school girls with type of school and gender role identity. Method : The subjects of this study were 526 second-year middle school girls (265 girls in the coeducational middle schools, 261 girls in the girls' middle schools) in Busan. This study was conducted from 14th to 29th of December, 2008 using Korean Sex Role Inventory(KSRI) and Aggression Inventory. Results : 1. There was statistically significant difference in gender role identity types according school types ($x^2$=8.813, p=.032). 2. The whole aggression grade point average was 1.58${\pm}$.40 points(highest score: 4), and reactive-overt aggression was highest in the aggression types(2.06${\pm}$.63). 3. There was not statistically significant difference in aggression of middle school girls according to type of school (t=.188, p=.664). 4. There was statistically significant difference in degrees of aggression according to gender role identity types. The degrees of aggression in masculinity type was highest [grade point average was 1.70${\pm}$.44 points(highest score: 4)]. 5. There was not interactive effect in aggression between type of school and type of gender role identity. Conclusions : The findings of this study contribute to providing basic data for development of education programs or activities for middle school girls to relieve aggression according to gender role identity types.

The Individual Variables, Family and School Environmental Variables That Affect Victimization by Peer Aggression among Adolescents (청소년의 개인적 변인, 가족 및 학교환경 변인이 또래공격피해에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Young-Sun;Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.659-672
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    • 2004
  • This study examines different individual, family, and school environmental variables that affect victimization by peer aggression among adolescents. The sample consists of 868 seventh and eighth graders. Statistics and method for data analysis include Cronbach's alpha, percentage, means, standard deviation, Pearson correlation, multiple regression, and hierarchical regression. The major findings of this study are as follows: First, adolescents, both withdrawn and aggressive, have lower achievement in school work. Boys experience more direct victimization by peer aggression. Adolescents, especially boys, often experience indirect victimization by peer aggression, when they become withdrawn, own lower self-esteem, and have lower achievement in school work. Second, adolescents have more direct victimization by peer aggression when their parents are negligent of them. Also, adolescents seem exposed to indirect victimization by peer aggression when they receive more physical and emotional abuse and negligence from their parents. Third, adolescents experience more victimization by peer aggression-whether it's direct or indirect, when they cannot get adjusted to peer relations and get teachers' supervision. Fourth, as to direct victimization by peer aggression, withdrawal, one of the individual variables, is the most reliable prediction followed by gender, negligence, adaptability in peer relations, aggression, and teacher's supervision in sequence. For indirect victimization by peer aggression, withdrawal is the most reliable prediction followed by adaptability in peer relations, gender, physical and emotional abuse, and negligence in sequence.

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The Effects of Self-concept, Attachment, and Relationship with Teacher and Peer on Korean, Korean-Chinese and Chinese Adolescents' Aggression (자아개념, 애착, 교사 및 또래 관계가 청소년의 공격성에 미치는 영향: 한국, 조선족 및 한족 청소년을 중심으로)

  • Park Min-Jung;Park Choi Hye-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.79-89
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the differences of aggression and its predictors among Korean, Korean-Chinese and Chinese adolescents. The subjects were 529(176 Korean, 168 Korean-Chinese, 185 Chinese) 9th graders from Yanji in China and Korea. Data on aggression, self-concept, attachment to mother, relationship with teachers, and victimization from peers were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. The results showed that Korean adolescents reported the highest and Chinese adolescents the lowest on aggression. There were gender differences in proactive aggression among Chinese adolescents, and on reactive aggression among Korean adolescents. Among Korean adolescents, no gender difference was revealed. The influences of self-concept, attachment to mother, relationship with teachers, and victimization from peers differed among the groups: While attachment to mother was a significant predictor for Chinese adolescents' aggression, relationship with teachers was a significant predictor for that of Korean-Chinese adolescents', and victimization from peer was a significant predictor for that of Korean adolescents'. The differential influence of race and culture to adolescents' aggression was discussed.

Aggression and Related Factors in Elementary School Students (초등학생의 인터넷 과다사용, 우울-불안, 자존감이 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ji, Eun-Sun;Jang, Mi-Heui
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.642-649
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to explore the relationship between aggression and internet over-use, depression-anxiety, self-esteem, all of which are known to be behavior and psychological characteristics linked to "at-risk" children for aggression. Methods: Korean-Child Behavior Check List (K-CBCL), Korean-Internet Addiction Self-Test Scale, and Self-Esteem Scale by Rosenberg (1965) were used as measurement tools with a sample of 743, 5th-6th grade students from 3 elementary schools in Jecheon city. Chi-square, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/Win 13.0 version were used to analyze the collected data. Results: Aggression for the elementary school students was positively correlated with internet over-use and depression-anxiety, whereas self-esteem was negatively correlated with aggression. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that 68.4% of the variance for aggression was significantly accounted for by internet over-use, depression-anxiety, and self-esteem. The most significant factor influencing aggression was depression-anxiety. Conclusion: These results suggest that earlier screening and intervention programs for depression-anxiety and internet over-use for elementary student will be helpful in preventing aggression.