• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aggression

Search Result 568, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

Moral Emotion and Aggression among Early Adolescence - Focusing on Guilt, Shame, and Empathy - (초기 청소년의 도덕적 정서와 공격성 - 죄책감, 수치심, 감정이입을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Sae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.45 no.7
    • /
    • pp.17-33
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between aggression and moral emotion including guilt, shame, and empathy in early adolescence. In a sample of 359 early adolescents (187 boys, and 172 girls) in Daejeon city, data were analyzed by frequency, t-test, Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions. The following study results were obtained: 1. Boys showed more linguistic and roundabout aggression, and girls showed more anger, guilt and empathy. Older adolescents showed more shame than younger adolescents did, whereas younger adolescents showed more guilt and empathy than did older adolescents. 2. Shame had significant relationships with all types of aggression, whereas guilt and empathy had significant relationships with different types of aggression. 3. Moral emotions - guilt, shame, and empathy - showed significant effects on aggression among early adolescents. The degree of the effectiveness of moral emotions on aggression depends on the types of aggression, gender, and age of participants.

Relationships between Children's Aggression and the Variables as Individual, Family, and School Adjustment (아동의 개인, 가족 변인 및 학교적응과 공격성의 관계)

  • Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-44
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study examined relationships between children's aggression and the variables such as individual, family, and school adjustment. For this study, individual variables included age, self-esteem, and game-addiction tendency. Family variables included mother's controlling parenting, child-abuse, parents' marital conflict. As for school adjustment, teacher relations, peer relations, classroom and rule adjustment in school were examined. The sample consisted of 642 children of the fifth and sixth grade in Busan. Statistics and methods used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, two-way Anova, Pearson's correlation, and Hierarchical Regression. Several major results were found from the analysis: First, boys' aggression was higher than girls'. But no age difference was found in children's aggression. Second, game-addiction tendency had a positive correlation with children's aggression. In addition, self-esteem had a negative correlation with boys' aggression. Third, mother's controlling parenting had a positive correlation with children's aggression. Child abuse had a positive correlation with boys' aggression, and parents' marital conflict with girls' aggression. Fourth, teacher relations, peer relations, classroom and rule adjustment in school had a negative correlation with boys' aggression. In addition, rule adjustment in school had a negative correlation with girls' aggression. Fifth, game-addiction tendency, rule adjustment in school, self-esteem, mother's controlling parenting and teacher relations in school were important variables predicting boys' aggression. On the other hand, game-addiction tendency and rule adjustment in school were important variables predicting girls' aggression.

  • PDF

Relationship of Stress and Aggression on Schoolchildren with Physical disability (학령기 지체장애 아동의 스트레스와 공격성 비교연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Jung;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.31-38
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to know the relationship of stress and aggression of children with physical disability. The study also tried to search the factors affecting aggression and offer the information to the department of occupational therapy for intervention. Method : We distributed questionnaire to 105 children who have disability grades from hospitals in Gyeongsangbukdo, Gyeongsangnamdo, Daegu, and Busan and collected the data. We used descriptives for analysis of general characteristics, t-test and one-way ANOVA for stress and aggression according to characteristics, and Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression for stress and aggression. Result : The first, stress score was 2.65, aggression was 2.53, and physical aggression was 3.01 that is the highest score in the items. The second, there was a significant difference of physical aggression(p=.021) in comparison of the grades. There was a significant difference of stress(p=.048), total aggression(p=.040), and physical aggression(p=.047) in comparison of gender. There was significant difference of stress(p=.035) and total aggression(p=.042) in satisfaction of school. The third, there was a significant correlation of total aggression(r=.475), physical aggression(r=.568), language aggression(r=.311), anger(r=.397), and hostility (r=.491) quantitatively in correlation of stress and aggression. The fourth, the factors affecting aggression of children with physical disability were stress, male, and satisfaction of school(F=61.187, p<.01). Conclusion : We knew that factors affecting aggression of children with physical disability were their stress and some of general characteristics.

The Effects of Maternal Negative Behaviors and Children's Attachment Stability on Children's Aggression (모의 부정적 양육행동과 아동의 모애착안정성이 아동의 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, Joo-Ram;Kim, Soon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.173-189
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to find and provide the prevention method by examining the Effects of Maternal Negative Behaviors and Children's Attachment Stability on Children's Aggression. The subjects were 339 children of fifth or sixth graders in Seoul. The questionnaires were derived and modified from Young Ae Park (1995) for the maternal negative behavior, Children's attachment stability from Ok Jung (1998) and Children's aggression from In Sun Jung(2006). The date were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, F-test, Pearson's correlations and hierarchical multiple regression by SPSS 14.0 program. The major findings were as follows : First, the result showed there was average level of negative relationship when mother's negative behavior was compared with children's attachment whereas it showed average level of positive relationship in aggression. And also, low level of negative relationship showed between the attachment and aggression. Second, studying the influence it gives to the children's reaction and aggression after adding the children, parent and the family's popular social variables into the maternal's negative behavior, the outcomes showed the maternal's discipline and defiance upbringing had influenced the highest and tolerance, negligence was second high. This study mainly looked at the relationship between the maternal negative behavior with the children's attachment and aggression, but not like the nations pre.studied results, changes in human relation were examined with identifying the main several factors that bring greatest influence to the children's attachment and aggression. In conclusion, the children's attachment and aggression's the cause of the children's attachment and aggression were mainly from the maternal discipline and defiance upbringing. Based on this conclusion, it is essential for the maternal to have a sound discipline with right minds for endeavor to bring up the children with bring minds with less aggression and composed attachment.

The Effects of the Teacher-Child Relationship and the Teacher's Psychological Control as Perceived by the Child on a Child's Aggression (아동이 지각한 교사-아동 관계와 교사의 심리통제가 아동의 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye Gum
    • Family and Environment Research
    • /
    • v.52 no.5
    • /
    • pp.529-539
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the teacher-child relationship and child's perception of the psychological control of teachers on a child's aggression. A total of 216 4th graders from Dongjak-gu and Gwanak-gu, Seoul, participated in this study. A multiple regression analysis and Pearson's correlation analysis were performed using the SPSS ver. 18.0 program. The results were as follows: first, there was a meaningful relationship between a teacher-child relationship, the teacher's psychological control and the child's aggression. Second, closeness between the teacher and the child could reduce the child's overt and relational aggression, while conflicts between the teacher and the child could increase the child's overt, relational, and overall aggression. The teacher's blame, limit of the child's self-expression, and guilt induction could increase the child's overt aggression. Further, the teacher's withdrawal of affection, emotional disapproval, blame, and limit of self-expression could increase the child's relational aggression. In particular, the teacher's blame appeared to influence both the child's overt aggression and the child's overall aggression, and the teacher's withdrawal of affection appeared to influence the child's relational aggression. These results suggest that the relationship between a teacher and a child is a matter of mutual contribution. In other words, the better the teacher-student relationship is, the greater is the decrease in the child's aggression. This study provides the basic data for the development of an aggression prevention program for elementary school children.

The Effect of Self-esteem and Social Withdrawal on Aggression in Early Adolescents with Delinquent Behavior (비행경험 초기 청소년의 자아존중감과 사회적 위축이 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min Seo;Jun, Soo Young;Cho, Yeon Su;Jone, Hoon Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
    • /
    • v.31 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the relationship between aggression, self-esteem, and social withdrawal. Methods: This research is a cross-sectional survey. This study used the 5th-year data of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) including 218 middle school students having delinquent behavior. The collected data was analyzed through $x^2$ test, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression, using SPSS/Win (ver. 23.0). Results: Significant positive correlations were found between aggression and social withdrawal and between aggression and self-esteem. Higher aggression was associated with higher social withdrawal and lower self-esteem. The results of the 2-step regression are as follows. Aggression was negatively correlated with self-esteem, whereas self-esteem was positively correlated with social withdrawals. The hierarchical multiple regression showed that 21% of the variance of aggression was significantly accounted for by self-esteem and social withdrawal. The most significant factor influencing aggression was social withdrawal. Conclusion: These results suggest that earlier screening and intervention programs to increase self-esteem and decrease social withdrawal for early adolescents should be developed to prevent aggression.

Institutionalized & Home-reared Adolescents' Perception of Social Support and Aggression (시설청소년과 일반청소년의 사회적지지 지각과 공격성간의 관계)

  • 유안진;한유진;최나야
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.67-82
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of social support and aggression of early adolescents. The subject were 220 adolescents aged 11 & 14 years, who were enrolled 11 child welfare facilities or 6 public schools(3 elementary & 3 middle schools) in Seoul. That is, 110 institutionalized(IA) & 110 middle class home-reared adolescent (HA)s were examined. They subjects were asked to complete the questionnaire on social support and aggression. According to the results, 1)IAs perceived less support from peers or adults and showed more aggressive behaviors than HAs. 2)Significant sex difference was observed in aggression. Girls showed lower level of aggression than boys. 3)Adolescents' aggression was significantly correlated with social support. The more support from friends, classmates, and parents HAs perceive, the less aggression they reported. Though support from peers was correlated significantly only with anger expression, support from parents was correlated significantly with all the components of aggression. And the more support from friends and classmates HAs perceive, the less aggression they reported. These findings implicate that social support is a important factor in preventing aggressive behaviors of early adolescents.

The Effects of Components of Social Information Processing and Emotional Factors on Preschoolers' Overt and Relational Aggression (사회정보처리 구성요소와 정서요인이 유아의 외현적 공격성과 관계적 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, In-Suk;Lee, Kang-Yi
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.15-34
    • /
    • 2010
  • The present study examines the sex differences in 5-year-old preschoolers' aggression according to the type of aggression (overt, relational) and the effect of components of social information processing (SIP : interpretation, goal clarification, response generation, response evaluation) and emotional factors (emotionality, emotional knowledge, emotion regulation) on their aggression. The subjects were 112 5-year-olds (56 boys, 56 girls) and their 11 teachers recruited from 9 day-care centers in Seoul and Kyung-Ki province. Each child's SIP and emotional knowledge were individually assessed with pictorial tasks and teachers reported on children's aggression, emotionality, and emotion regulation by questionnaires. Results indicated that there was a significant sex difference only in the preschoolers' overt aggression. Overtly aggressive response generation in SIP was the strongest predictor of preschoolers' overt aggression while anger of negative emotionality in emotional factors was the strongest predictor of preschoolers' relational aggression.

Influence of Marital Conflict on Children's Aggression: The Mediation Effect of Co-Parenting (부부갈등이 아동의 공격성에 미치는 영향: 부부공동양육의 매개효과)

  • Jang, Mi-yeon;Choi, Mi-Kyung
    • Family and Environment Research
    • /
    • v.53 no.5
    • /
    • pp.567-580
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study examines the relation of marital conflict, co-parenting, and children's aggression and the mediating role of co-parenting between marital conflict and children's aggression. Participants consisted of 380 elementary school fifth, sixth graders (152 male and 228 female students) and their mothers from Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Gyeongsangnam-do. Children completed questionnaires on marital conflict and the mothers completed questionnaires on co-parenting and children's aggression. The collected data were analyzed using basic descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, and a multiple regression analysis. The Baron and Kenny's method was used to determine the mediating model's significance. It was adapted to SPSS ver. 20.0 for Windows. The major findings were as follows: first, the marital conflict (intensity/resolution) positively influenced children's aggression. Second, supportive co-parenting negatively influenced children's aggression. In addition, the marital conflict (frequency/resolution) negatively influenced co-parenting. Co-parenting (supportive/reprehensive) also played a perfectly mediating role between marital conflict and children's aggression. Marital conflict had an indirect influence through co-parenting on the children's aggression. The results indicate that co-parenting plays a crucial role in the relationship between marital conflict and children's aggression.

The relations between friendship peer aggression and victimization by peers in early adolescents (초기 청소년의 우정관계와 또래공격성 및 또래에 의한 괴롭힘간의 관계)

  • 신재은
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.153-166
    • /
    • 2000
  • The relations between friendships peer aggression and victimization by peers were examined with a sample of 426 second-grade junior high school students(210 boys and 216 girls) Data were collected using questionnaires regarding friendship(number of friends and presence of a best friend) peer aggression and victimization by peers. The number of friends was significantly related to peer aggression both in boys and girls indicating that the more friends they had the less peer aggression they showed. Peer aggression didn't vary as a function of the presence of a best friend. The number of friends was also significantly related to victimization both in boys and girls. The more friends they had the less victimization they experienced. Victimization varied as a function of the presence of a best friend only in adolescent boys in which those having a best friend were rated by peers to experience less victimization, Victimization was related to peer aggression both in boys and girls. T e more victimization they experienced the more peer aggression they showed.

  • PDF