• Title, Summary, Keyword: Aggression

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The Effect of Adolescents' Callousness on Reactive and Proactive Aggression Through Moral Disengagement (청소년의 냉담성이 도덕적 이탈을 통해 반응적 및 주도적 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Sae-Young;Choi, Hyesun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.77-98
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of adolescents' callousness on reactive and proactive aggression through moral disengagement. Methods: The participants were 315 freshmen and sophomore high school student in Korea. The data were analyzed with Structural Equation Modeling(SEM). Results: First, adolescents' callousness did not show a significant influence on reactive aggression directly or indirectly through moral disengagement. Second, adolescents' callousness had a significant influence on proactive aggression directly and indirectly through moral disengagement. That is, adolescents' high level of callousness not only predicts a higher level of proactive aggression directly, but also influences moral disengagement which may result in a high level of proactive aggression. In addition, the gender difference in this model was confirmed. Conclusion/Implications: The results of this study indicated that adolescents' callousness could have different influences on aggression through moral disengagement by the types of aggression and gender. The results suggest that it is necessary to approach the emotional and cognitive process of adolescent aggression differently, depending on the type of aggression and gender.

The convergence study of beliefs supporting aggression and aggression in elementary students: Focusing on mediating effects of self-esteem (초등학생의 공격신념과 공격성에 대한 융합 연구: 자아존중감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Sun-Yee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.327-334
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to understand the relationship between elementary students' beliefs supporting aggression, aggression and self-esteem. In addition, we aimed to provide basic data for controlling the aggression of children and developing effective coping strategies. This study population consisted of 184 elementary school students. Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0 program. As a result, the aggression of elementary school students showed a significant positive correlation with beliefs supporting aggression(r=.39, p<.001) and a significant negative correlation with self-esteem(r=-.46, p<.001). In addition, Results of the hierarchical regression analysis revealed that self-esteem has the mediating effect on the relationship between beliefs supporting aggression and aggression(${\beta}=.26$, p<.001). In other words, the higher the beliefs supporting aggression, the higher the aggression, and self-esteem means to act as a mediating effect in the relationship between them. Therefore, when arranging an intervention plan to control the aggression of elementary school students, it is necessary to find strategies to control the beliefs spporting aggression and increase self-esteem.

Origin of Aggression in Modern Society: Based on Film 'American Psycho' (현대사회 공격성의 근원: 영화 '아메리칸 사이코'를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Sumin;Ha, Jee Hyun
    • Psychoanalysis
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2018
  • One of the most striking features of modern society in the 21st century, is increased levels of aggression. Aggression refers to aggressive or hostile behavior, and is manifested in suicide or an attack against others. Aggression in modern society is more accidental, reckless, and aimless than before. As more patients visit hospitals due to the serious problem of aggression control, we need to address the nature of this growing aggression. The authors analyzed sources and the nature of aggression, based on the movie 'American Psycho.' The main character of the movie, Patrick, is similar to many people today, with traits such as egotistical thinking, lack of empathy, demand for attention and admiration, and exploited and superficial relationships. Patrick's aggression is in reaction to narcissistic injury. Through this, one can think of pathological narcissism, behind growing aggression in modern society. There are a number of social and environmental factors, attributable to increasing narcissism in modern society. Among them, change in parenting practices, and parent-child relationships, is likely to have affected increase in narcissism in terms of personality development. In conclusion, when treating patients exhibiting aggression in psychotherapy, it is critical to fully consider the possibility of pathological narcissism and its use in analysis.

Development of an Aggression Scale for Adolescents: Based on Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior (청소년의 공격성 측정도구 개발: Ajzen의 계획된 행위 이론을 기반으로)

  • Jang, Sook;Ahn, Hye Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.484-495
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop a scale for measuring aggression in adolescents, based on Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Methods: The participants were 38 adolescents in an in-depth study conducted to develop items for indirect measurement, 13 adolescents in a pre-test, and 289 adolescents in the present survey. The collected data were analyzed using content validity, the correlation coefficient, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability, and the Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. Results: In this study, the most important variable related to aggression was found to be aggression intention. This study included 4 factors of direct measurement and 6 factors of indirect measurement; therefore, 41 questions were developed. Increased levels of aggression were associated with higher scores for attitudes of aggression, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and aggression intention. Conclusion: We found that the questionnaire used in this study was valid and reliable as a measurement scale to explain aggression in adolescents based on TPB. Aggression intention should be included in aggression prevention programs because it was linked to aggressive behavior.

A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Study on Bullying/Victimization and Overt/Relational Aggression: Focused on gender (또래 괴롭힘과 외현과 관계적 공격성에 관한 횡단 및 종단연구: 성별을 중심으로)

  • Sim, Hee-Og
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1107-1118
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    • 2007
  • This study explored the consistency of bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization, the relationships between bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization and overt/relational aggression, and the relationships between bullying groups and overt/relational aggression with gender. The subjects were 4th grade children and 2 years later they were contacted again. Instruments were the Bully-Behavior Scale, the Peer-Victimization Scale and the Peer Nomination Instrument. Bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization were decreased while there were consistencies in overt and relational aggression from 4th to 6th grade. In the correlation analysis, male victims at Time 1 were negatively related to overt and relational aggression at both Time 1 and Time 2. Female bullies were positively related to relational aggression at both Time 1 and Time 2. In the cross-sectional relations of overt aggression with bullying groups, there was a gender difference. In the relational aggression with bullying groups, only bullying groups had a significant difference. In the longitudinal relations of overt aggression with bullying groups, only gender had a significant difference. Males appeared to be more overtly aggressive than females. In the relational aggression, bullying groups, gender, and the interaction between bullying groups and gender had significant differences. Female bullies were more likely to be relationally aggressive than other groups.

The Interactive Effects of Mothers' Reactions and Children's Temperament on 3- to 6-Year-Olds' Aggression

  • Cho, Hye Jung
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.139-158
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    • 2013
  • The present study investigated the direct and interactive effects of children's temperament and mothers' reactions to hypothetical vignettes of children's aggression on 3- to 6-year-old children's overt aggression (OA) and relational aggression (RA). A total of 317 mothers of 3- to 6-year-old children and 26 teachers from eight day-care centers and kindergartens were contacted. Each mother reported her child's background, assessed her child's temperament and responded to the Mothers' Reaction to Hypothetical Vignettes of Children's Aggression (MRCA) scale. Children's OA and RA were assessed by teachers. Results showed that high levels of children's surgency predicted children's OA and RA. Although mothers' reactions did not predict children's OA and RA directly, significant interactions indicated that mothers' restrictive reactions were more strongly related to children's OA for children with high levels of surgency and low levels of effortful control. In addition, mothers' responsive reactions were more strongly related to children's OA for children with low levels of surgency. This study demonstrates that relative contributions of children's temperament and mothers' reactions differ according to the form of children's aggression. It also shows that certain types and levels of mothers' reactions to children's aggressive behavior can be critical for children with certain types and levels of temperament in developing children's overt aggression. The findings of this study can be applied to building early prevention and future intervention programs for young children's aggression.

Comparison of the Factors Influencing Young Adolescents' Aggression according to Family Structure (가족구조에 따른 초기 청소년의 공격성에 영향을 미치는 요인 비교)

  • Yun, Eun Kyoung;Shin, Sung Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.321-330
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This cross-sectional study was done to compare factors influencing young adolescents' aggression according to family structure. Methods: Participants were 680 young adolescents aged 11 to 15 years (113 in single father families, 136 in single mother families, 49 in grandparent families, and 382 in both-parent families). All measures were self-administered. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 program and factors affecting young adolescents' aggression were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression. Results: Levels of young adolescents' aggression and all variables were significantly different among the four family structure groups. Factors influencing young adolescents' aggression were also different according to these 4 groups. For single father families, depression-anxiety and family hardiness significantly predicted the level of young adolescents' aggression (adjusted R square=.37, p<.001). For single mother families, depression-anxiety, gender, and friends' support significantly predicted the level of young adolescents' aggression (adjusted R square=.58, p<.001). For grandparent families, depression-anxiety and family support significantly predicted the level of young adolescents' aggression (adjusted R square=.58, p<.001). For both-parent families, depression-anxiety, family hardiness, and friends' support significantly predicted the level of young adolescents' aggression (adjusted R square=.48, p<.001). Conclusion: Nurses working with young adolescents should consider family structure-specific factors influencing aggression in this population.

Correlation between Aggression and Health Behaviors of Korean High School Students (고등학생의 공격적 성향과 건강 행태에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Jung Yeon;Kim, Sae Won;Lee, Kyung Eun;Gwak, Hye Sun
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.144-153
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the health behaviors and the aggression in Korean high school students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with a survey of 2,676 high school students. Aggression was measured in four categories (physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility) using the Aggression Questionnaire, a modified hostility inventory by Buss and Perry. Result: Univariate analysis showed that sex, smoking, alcohol, caffeine, pain pills and gastrointestinal drugs were significantly associated with aggression scores. Boys scored higher than girls in terms of physical and verbal aggression. With respect to the habit of self-medication, students who took pain pills in the last 30 days revealed higher scores in all four aggressive constructs. From multivariate analysis, it was found that alcohol, caffeine, smoking, pain pills, sex and gastrointestinal drugs were independently associated with total aggression score in the order of importance. Alcohol and caffeine, among these factors, had strong correlation with all aggressive characteristics. Conclusion: This study identified a consistent association between the aggression of the students and health behavioral factors, but causal relationship remains to be proven.

Fathering, Sons' Aggression, and the Transmission of Aggression (아버지의 양육행동과 남아의 공격성간의 관계 및 세대간 전이)

  • Park, Seong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.35-50
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    • 2002
  • The present study explored parenting behaviors of fathers associated with 3 types of aggression in their sons and identified inter-generational pathways of aggression. Subjects were 160 Korean elementary school(5-6th grade) boys and their fathers. Data were gathered via questionnaires. Results were that fathers' use of power assertive control and lack of open communication were positively associated with sons' use of both relational and proactive aggression. Fathers' encouragement of aggressive behavior was associated with sons' reactive aggression. Finally, fathers' aggression was net directly associated with sons' aggression, but was fully mediated by parenting. Results were discussed in terms of implications for the Korean cultural context.

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Analysis of Variables Affecting Young Children's Relational and External Aggression (유아의 관계적, 외현적 공격성에 영향을 미치는 관련변인들의 탐색)

  • Kim, Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of variables on young children's external aggression and relational aggression. Specifically, young children's temperaments and gender differences, parental marital conflicts, fathers' anti-social behaviors, mothers' child-rearing behaviors and psychological characteristics were studied. The findings of the study were as follows: Firstly, it was found that male children exhibited a higher level of external aggression than female children, while there was no significant difference between male and female children in terms of relational aggression. Secondly, analysis of variables such as children's temperaments and domestic environments revealed that fathers' anti-social behaviors, the adaptability of young children's temperaments and mothers' depression tendency have significant explanatory adequacies for young children's relational aggression. Furthermore, gender difference adaptability, activity and emotionality of young children's temperaments, in addition to parental marital conflicts, also have significant explanatory adequacies for young children's external aggression.