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A study on the relationship between dietary habits and health status of the middle-aged adults (중년기 성인의 식습관과 영양 및 건강상태에 관한 연구)

  • 이효지;심정수
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to investigate the dietary habits, nutrient intake, and health status and to explore the relationship between dietary habits and health status in the middle-aged men and women. The subjects consisted of 220 men and 220 women aged 40-59 years old. Dietary habits and nutrient intake were assessed by self-administered questionnaire and 24 hours dietary recall method by personal interview. Percent of body fat, serum cholesterol, and serum triglyceride level were measured. The middle aged adults who had breakfast and meals irregularly were more than 60% of the study subjects. The middle aged men had meals habits significantly more irregularly than the middle aged women. The middle aged men had high fat meat intake more frequently than the middle aged women. The middle aged men had significantly high energy and protein intake more than the middle aged women but the middle aged women had significantly high carbohydrate intake more than the middle aged men and tended to consume milk higher than the middle aged men. The middle aged adults who had high body fat tended to overeat food, to have high fat meat and processed food intake more frequently than those who had low body fat. The middle aged adults who had high serum cholesterol and triglyceride level tended to overeat food and to have processed food intake more frequently than those who had low serum cholesterol and triglyceride level. The middle aged adults who had regular meals habits. tended to have low serum triglyceride level than those who had irregular meals habits.

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The Comparative Analysis of Financial Status between the Aged and the Non-Aged Households (노인가계와 비노인가계의 재정상태 비교분석)

  • 김순미
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.223-236
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the financial status between Aged Households and Non-aged households. The sample obtained from 1993 KHPS, consisted of 3,425 Korean married couples including 2,915 of non-aged households and 510 aged households. Statistics employed for the analysis were frequencies percentile and t-test And Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were used to compare the financial status of two groups. The results of this study were as follows. First financial status of aged households specially annual total income annual current income earned income and annual total expenditure were lower than those of non-aged households. Second Gini-coefficients of aged households' income and expenditure were greater than expenditure of them. Moreover Gini-coefficients of aged households' total asset and total debt were greater than those of non-aged households' However total asset of aged and non-aged households were smaller than total debt of two groups.

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Study of a Residential Desire Survey for Planning Criteria of an Old Aged Residence - Focused on the Old Aged in Gyeonggi Province - (노인주거복지시설 계획방향설정을 위한 수요자 요구조사 및 분석 - 경기도 거주 노인들을 중심으로 -)

  • Eun, Min-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2009
  • A person's residence is the primary environment which affects physical and emotional-gratification. Residential environments are very important to a person's quality of life. Because the age of society has rapidly increased, we must take a profound interest in the welfare and residences of the aged. While the government has begun to prepare for an aging society, the residential environments of the aged has not been fully considered. Because the welfare of the aged begins in the house, the term 'residence for the aged' is not limited to the physical space. Because residences for the old aged are included in various social policies such as family relations, social security, health care, safety etc, relevant policies for these residences must be prepared as rapidly as possible. This study-focused on both the importance of residences for the aged and the residential desires of the aged, and aims to propose planning criteria for the residences of the aged.

A Study on the Pain and Subjective Health Index of the Aged (노인들의 동통과 주관적 건강지수 정도의 조사)

  • Yoon, Hong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.31-48
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    • 2002
  • This study is aimed to find out and define how the muscular-skeletal pain of the Aged, according to their residential circumstance, sex and age, can affect the subjective health index and how all these are related and associated with. For the period of June 1 to July 31, 2001, in order to study and define how the muscular-skeletal pain are related to the subjective health index of the Aged, we have conducted an enquete through a direct interview with 693 persons over age sixty-five (65) in Daejon and in other adjacent areas, divided into three different residential types "The Aged living at home", "The Aged living at welfare facilities" and "The Aged living alone". The study concludes followings : 1. Generally, muscular-skeletal pain and the subjective health index of the Aged, are a lot influenced by and related to their residential circumstance, their sex and their age. 2. With regard to the muscular-skeletal pain of the Aged by their sex, it was analyzed that, on an average, the female-Aged gains 3.0 point and the female-Aged suffers from this pain more severely. In analyzing this pain by their residential type, it was found that, on an average, the 3.0 point goes for "the Aged living alone", which explains the Aged living alone is having the most serious pain. 3. With regard to the subjective heath index of the all Aged participated in this research, the analysis indicates 8.8 point and this is considered as a general standard (7-10 point). In analyzing this index by their sex, the female-Aged gains 8.6 point only and it explains a lot of female-Aged consider they are not really healthy. In analyzing this index by their residential type, "the Aged living at welfare facilities" and "the Aged living alone" gain the comparatively lower point, - respectively 8.4 point for the Aged living at welfare facilities and 8.8 point for the Aged living alone. The Aged of these two residential types express they are obviously in a bad condition of health, which makes us think a lot.

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Oral Status of Middle-aged Orthodontic Patients and Their Treatment Modality; Comparison with Young-aged Adult Patients (지상보수교육강좌 1 - 중장년 성인교정환자의 구강상태 및 치료양태에 관한 연구; 젊은 성인교정환자와의 비교분석)

  • Lee, Hyeon-Jung;Kim, Jin-Young;Cho, Jin-Hyoung;Hwang, Hyeon-Shik
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.391-406
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    • 2010
  • Orthodontic treatment for middle-aged patients has become more commonplace with various reasons including improved socioeconomic status. Understanding of oral status and treatment modalities of middle-aged patients is mandatory for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment planning. This study investigated 100 consecutive patients aged 40s and 50s and 100 aged 20s who had been examined and diagnosed at the Department of Orthodontics, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital. The results were obtained as follows; 1. Gender distribution showed female outnumbered male patients in young-aged adult patients, but middle-aged patients showed similar male and female distribution. 2. The major concern seeking orthodontic treatment was esthetics not only in young-aged but also in middle-aged adult patients, and a number of middle-aged patients were concerned about oral health as well. 3. Considerable number of middle-aged patients were referred by other dental specialties while young-aged adult patients were more self-motivated for orthodontic treatment. 4. Middle-aged adult patients had more missing teeth and periodontal disease than young-aged adults. 5. The most frequently-observed problem was dental spacing in middle-aged patients while dental crowding in young-aged adult patients. Middle-aged patients showed higher prevalence of deep overbite and overjet while most of young-aged adults presented opposite direction of problem in overbite and overjet. 6. Limited orthodontic treatment was required rather than comprehensive treatment in middle-aged patients, and the most common tooth moving area was anterior part of dentition in case of limited treatment. Need of interdisciplinary therapy with other dental specialties was more common in middle-aged patients. 7. Intervention of specific technique such as invisible TP, passive bracketing, passive wire bonding, and lingual orthodontics was more required in middle-aged patients. Considering that middle-aged patients have different characteristics than young-aged adults, the results of the present study suggest that different treatment modalities are required in middle-aged orthodontic patients in order to manage them properly and efficiently.

Expenditure for Education of Two children (자녀의 학교 급별 교육비지출 : 두 자녀 가정을 중심으로)

  • 김순미
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 1998
  • The purposes of this study were to identify education expenditure and to analyze contributing factors to total education expenditure for two children among married couples. For these purposes, total sample of 1,256 married couples those having two children of both pre-school aged and school aged were selected, and total sample was divided into four groups by first child's school aged; those were pre-school aged(375), elementary school aged(385), middle & high school aged(248) & college aged(248). Statistics used for the analysis were frequencies, means, percentile, and tobit and OLS analysis. The results were as follows. First, the households those having the first child of pre-school aged didn't spent for public education expenditure, while public education xpenditure of school aged increased continuously. The households having the first child of high school aged spent the most private education expenditure among four groups, however, total education expenditure of the households having the first child in college aged spent the most education expenditure were household head's age, family size, home ownership and financial asset amount, and elementary school-aged's factors were household head's age, education level, home ownership and total household income. Also, household head's education level, wife's expectation of future economy, residence, total household income had significant effects on total education expenditure in middle and high school-aged, and household head's job, home ownership, contact with neighborhood, residence and Engel's coefficient were significant variables in college aged.

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A Study on the relation of health concern, health behavior, and subjective health status between the aged and the preliminary aged group (예비노인 집단과 노인집단의 건강관심도 및 건강행위, 주관적인 건강상태와의 관련성 연구)

  • 김남진
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this research was to provide basic data to the welfare policy for the aged by studying the relation of health concern, health behavior, and subjective health condition between the aged and the preliminary aged group. Subjects were composed of a total of 259 (116 males, 143 females) living in seoul, aged 50-64(preliminary old people) and over 65(old people), and they were asked to answer the survey Questionnaires The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and spearman's correlation coefficient. As a result of the study, the preliminary aged group was significant than the aged group in all three variables. In the relation of health concern and health behavior, there was significance both for the preliminary aged(p〈0.01) and the aged group(p〈0.001). Also, there was significance in the relation of health behavior and subjective health condition of two groups(p〈0.001). However, in the relation of subjective health condition and health concern, there was significance only for the aged group(p〈0.001). For the correlation among three variables, there was significance in the relation between health concern and health behavior and between health behavior and subjective health condition of the preliminary aged group(p〈0.01), but there was significance in the relation between health concern and health behavior and between health behavior and subjective health condition of the aged group(p〈0.01).

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Variation Trends of Population and industrial Accidents involved Middle-aged & Aged Workers in Recent Years (근년 인구변동추이와 중고령 근로자의 산업재해발생경향)

  • 임현교
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.194-199
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    • 2001
  • The present situation of Korea already shone various symptoms of the aged society, and many kinds of data reported by the National Statistical Office demonstrate those facts. However, to my regret, sufficient efforts for aged workers are not taken in the area of industrial safety. In this research, work arrangement and industrial accidents of middle-aged and aged workers over last 5 years were analyzed. According to research results, proportion of industrial accidents involved middle-aged and aged workers was as high as 40%, and that of aged workers alone was so high as 25%. In addition, proportion of accidents were higher than that of worker population f3r aged wetters. Considering ages, it was demonstrated that as workers get older, mean number of accidents shows the tendency of going higher, and that as years go by, mean lost work-days are increasing regardless of age group. Main accident types were Fall followed by Slip, and Work-Related Disease, furthermore proportion of Slip was highest than any other types for aged workers. Based upon these results, it was emphasized thai careful attention should be paid to functional characteristics of aged workers, and that modification of accident prevention policy would be necessary.

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The Use of Leisure Program in the Public Community Facilities -Comparing the Middle-aged with Aged- (공공시설의 여가프로그램 이용실태 분석-중년기와 노년기의 비교를 중심으로-)

  • 김성희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.97-114
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the factors affected on the leisure participation leisure satisfaction and leisure effect of the middle-aged with those of the aged who were paticipated in the leisure program of the public community facilities. the sample of he study consisted of 218 midle-aged and 163 the aged living in Seoul and Daegu. Frequencies means ,$x^2$,T-test and multiple regression were employed for the analysis. The results of this study were as follows; The middle-aged had more positive leisure attitude than the gaged less leisure participation and more leisure satisfaction. The factors affected one he leisure participation of the middle-aged were region and fee and those of the aged were region leisure attitude and fee. The factors affected on the leisure satisfaction of the middle-aged were number of the family region and the access of the transportation as compared with those of the aged were sex health status and the access of transportation. And the factors had effects on the leisure effect of the middle-aged were sex educational attainment number of the family the access of transportation and fee comparing with those of the aged were educational attainment and leisure attitude.

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Analysis of body shape and anthropometric measurements of US middle-aged women using 3D body scan data

  • Kim, Dong-Eun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.726-736
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    • 2015
  • The apparel industry has recently been recognizing the important target market of middle-aged women. The aim of this study was to examine the anthropometric characteristics of US women of 46 to 65 years of age and identify distinctive body shape characteristics of US middle-aged women. A total of 1915 middle-aged women whose ages ranged from 46 to 65 were selected from the SizeUSA database. The age range was divided into two groups: 46-55 and 56-65. Twenty-four body measurements important for apparel development were chosen. Four factors-Girth Factor, Height Factor, Hip Drop Factor, and Bust Drop Factor-accounted for the US middle-aged women's body measurements. The body shapes were classified into four body shapes, which were Y-Shape in the overweight range, S-Shape in the overweight range, H-Shape in the overweight range, and the A-Shape in obese range. H-Shape, which was the least-defined waist in relation to the bust and hips with a short height, existed more in older middle-aged women than in younger middle-aged women. Y-Shape, S-Shape, and A-Shape existed more in the group of younger middle-aged women than in the group of older middle-aged women. In addition, compared with the younger middle-aged women, older middle-aged women had narrower shoulders, a larger waist, thinner legs, and a longer distance between side neck to bust point. The findings from the current study may be applied in the apparel industry for developing clothing sizing systems for US middle-aged women.