• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Ag nanoparticles

검색결과 314건 처리시간 0.061초

미생물을 이용한 은 나노입자 생합성 (Biosynthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Microorganism)

  • 유지연;장은영;홍창오;김근기;박현철;이상몽;김용균;손홍주
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1354-1360
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구에서는 간단하고, 환경친화적인 은 나노입자 합성법을 개발하기 위하여 화학적 환원제 사용없이 Bacillus thuringiensis CH3의 배양상등액만을 사용하여 은 나노입자의 세포외 합성을 조사하였다. 5 mM $AgNO_3$와 배양상등액을 1:1로 혼합하여 반응시켰을 때, 은 나노입자의 표면 플라스몬 공명에 해당하는 418 nm에서 최대 흡광도를 나타내었다. 은 나노입자의 합성은 8시간 내에 일어났고, 40-48시간에 최대가 되었다. 합성된 은 나노입자의 구조적 특성을 다양한 기기분석에 의하여 조사하였다. FESEM 관찰은 잘 분산된 구형의 은 나노입자가 합성되었음을 보여주었고, 은의 존재는 EDS 분석으로 확인되었다. X선 회절 스펙트럼은 은 나노입자가 면심 입방결정격자임을 나타내었다. DLS를 사용하여 계산된 은 나노입자의 평균 입자 크기는 약 51.3 nm이었고, 범위는 19-110 nm이었다. 합성된 은 나노입자는 다양한 병원성 그람양성 세균, 그람음성 세균 및 효모에 대해 항균활성을 나타내었다. 가장 높은 항균활성은 인체병원성 효모인 C. albicans에서 관찰되었다. FESEM 관찰 결과, 은 나노입자의 항균활성은 세포 표층구조의 파괴와 세포질 누출에 따른 세포 용해에 기인하는 것으로 판단되었다. 본 연구는 B. thuringiensis CH3는 은 나노입자의 효율적인 합성을 위한 잠재적인 후보이며, 합성된 은 나노입자는 다양한 제약 분야에서 잠재적 응용가능성이 있음을 시사한다.

바이오 물질 분석을 위한 금속 나노입자를 이용한 SERS 분석 연구동향 (A Review of SERS for Biomaterials Analysis Using Metal Nanoparticles)

  • 장의순
    • 세라미스트
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.281-300
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    • 2019
  • Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) was first discovered in 1974 by an unexpected Raman signal increase from Pyridine adsorbed on rough Ag electrode surfaces by the M. Fleishmann group. M. Moskovits group suggested that this phenomenon could be caused by surface plasmon resonance (SPR), which is a collective oscillation of free electrons at the surface of metal nanostructures by an external light source. After about 40 years, the SERS study has attracted great attention as a biomolecule analysis technology, and more than 2500 new papers and 500 review papers related to SERS topic have been published each year in recently. The advantages of biomaterials analysis using SERS are as follows; ① Molecular level analysis is possible based on unique fingerprint information of biomolecule, ② There is no photo-bleaching effect of the Raman reporters, allowing long-term monitoring of biomaterials compared to fluorescence microscopy, ③ SERS peak bandwidth is approximately 10 to 100 times narrower than fluorescence emission from organic phosphor or quantum dot, resulting in higher analysis accuracy, ④ Single excitation wavelength allows analysis of various biomaterials, ⑤ By utilizing near-infrared (NIR) SERS-activated nanostructures and NIR excitation lasers, auto-fluorescence noise in the visible wavelength range can be avoided from in vivo experiment and light damage in living cells can be minimized compared to visible lasers, ⑥ The weak Raman signal of the water molecule makes it easy to analyze biomaterials in aqueous solutions. For this reason, SERS is attracting attention as a next-generation non-invasive medical diagnostic device as well as substance analysis. In this review, the principles of SERS and various biomaterial analysis principles using SERS analysis will be introduced through recent research papers.

XAS Studies of Ion Irradaited MgO Thin Films

  • Suk, Jae-Kwon;Gautam, Sanjeev;Song, Jin-Ho;Lee, Jae-Yong;Kim, Jae-Yeoul;Kim, Joon-Kon;Song, Jong-Han;Chae, Keun-Hwa
    • 한국진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.312-312
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    • 2012
  • Magnesium oxide has become focus for research activities due to its use in magnetic tunnel junctions and for understanding of do ferromagnetism. Theoretical investigations on such type of system indicate that the presence of defects greater than a threshold value is responsible for the magnetic behaviour. It has also been shown experimentally that by decreasing the film thickness and size of nanoparticles, enhancement/increase in magnetization can be achieved. Apart from the change in dimension, swift heavy ions (SHI) are well known for creating defects and modifying the properties of the materials. In the present work, we have studied the irradiation induced effects in magnesium oxide thin film deposited on quartz substrate via X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Magnesium oxide thin films of thickness 50nm were deposited on quartz substrate by using e-beam evaporation method. These films were irradiated by 200 MeV Ag15+ ion beam at fluence of $1{\times}10^{11}$, $5{\times}10^{11}$, $1{\times}10^{12}$, $3{\times}10^{12}$ and $5{\times}10^{12}ions/cm^2$ at Nuclear Science Centre, IUAC, New Delhi (India). The grain size was observed (as studied by AFM) to be decreased from 37 nm (pristine film) to 23 nm ($1{\times}10^{12}ions/cm^2$) and thereafter it increases upto a fluence of $5{\times}10^{12}ions/cm^2$. The electronic structure of the system has been investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements performed at the high energy spherical grating monochromator 20A1 XAS (HSGM) beamline in the National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Taiwan. Oxides of light elements like MgO/ZnO possess many unique physical properties with potentials for novel application in various fields. These irradiated thin films are also studied with different polarization (left and right circularly polarized) of incident x-ray beam at 05B3 EPU- Soft x-ray scattering beamline of NSRRC. The detailed analysis of observed results in the wake of existing theories is discussed.

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은나노 입자가 함유된 천연실크 제조 방법 (Fabrication Process of Natural Silk Including Ag Nano-particle)

  • 정이연;강필돈;김기영;류강선;손봉희;김용순;김미자;이광길;채창근;고석근
    • 한국잠사곤충학회지
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.24-27
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 은나노 입자가 함유된 용액을 이용하여 기능성 천연실크를 생산하고자 수행하였다. 1. 은나노 적정농도는 500 ppm 처리구가 은함량, 화용비율 및 견층비율을 종합적인 비교 분석에서 적정농도로 조사되었다. 2. 일반 품종별 은함량 측정에서 흰고치(금옥잠) 품종 대비 연녹고치(C212)품종이 69%많았다. 3. 은나노 첨식 처리기간별 조사에서는 5령3일부터 상족전(18회 급상)까지 첨식한 처리구가 가장 우수 하였다. 4. 실크에 함유된 은나노 입자의 크기는 26.98nm에서 99.81nm임을 주사전자현미경으로 관찰되었다. 5. 그리고, 은나노 입자가 함유된 사료로 사육된 누에의 번데기, 누에고치 추출액과 같은 부산물 내에 기능성 은나노 입자가 균일하게 분포하게 됨을 확인하였다.