• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ag

Search Result 5,758, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Growth Factors of Hyphal Anastomosis Groups of Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn I. Effects of Temperature, pH, Carbon and Nitrogen Sources (Rhizoctonia solani의 균사융합군별 생장요인 I. 온도, PH, 탄소원 및 질소원의 영향)

  • Kim Hyung Moo
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.72-78
    • /
    • 1985
  • The effects of temperature. pH, carbon and nitrogen sources on the growth of Rhizoctonia solani were studied by using five hyphal anastomosis groups(four cultural types, 7 isolates) of the fungus. The ranges of optimum temperature were $20^{\circ}C$ in the AG 2-1, AG 2-2 and AG 4, and $25^{\circ}C$ in the AG 1-IA, AG 1-IB, AG 3, AG 5. The optimum pH for the mycelial growth was 6-7 in the fungus. Glucose in the AG 1-lA, AG 1-IB, AG 2-2, AG 3 and AG 5, sucrose in the AG 2-1 and fructose in the AG 4 were the most effective for the mycelial growth, but glycerine, cellulose and lactose were not effectively utilized as nutrients. $Ca(NO_3)_2$ in the AG 1-IA, AG 1-IB and AG 4, asparagine in the AG 2-1, $KNO_3$ in the AG 2-2 and $NaNO_3$ in the AG 5 were the best nitrogen sources for the mycelial growth, but $NH_4NO_3$ was not easily utilized by the fungus. Nitrate and organic nitrogens for the fungal growth were utilized better than ammonium nitrogen.

  • PDF

Sequential Analysis of Hepatitis Be Antigen Status in Infants Born to Hepatitis Be Antigen-Positive Mothers (HBe항원 양성 산모에서 출생한 HBe항원 양성인 신생아의 추적관찰)

  • Park, Eun Sook;Lee, Hae Kyung;Oh, Chang Hee;Kim, Sung Ku;Yun, Hae Sun;Song, Won Keun;Lee, Young Ah
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.45 no.6
    • /
    • pp.727-731
    • /
    • 2002
  • Purpose : The objectives of this study are to evaluate the significance of HBeAg positivity in infants born to HBeAg and HBsAg positive mothers. Methods : The HBeAg status of 22 HBeAg positive, HBsAg negative infants born to HBeAg and HBsAg positive mothers from December 1996 to March 1999 were evaluated by enzyme immunoassay. Results : The number of HBsAg positive carrier mothers was 213(4.9%) out of 4,338 pregnant women. HBeAg was positive in 76(41.5%) out of 183 HBsAg positive mothers. Only 49 infants born to 76 HBeAg positive mothers could be evaluated; 36 infants were HBeAg positive and HBsAg negative. Laboratory follow up was possible in 22 infants. HBeAg disappeared in 7 cases within two months and in 20 cases within 12 months(over 90%). Ultimately, twenty-two babies who were HBsAg-negative and HBeAg-positive became negative for HBeAg, however, one showed HBsAg in follow up of 6 months of age. Conclusion : HBeAg positivity in infants born to HBeAg positive mothers may result from the maternofetal transmission and this HBeAg eventually disappeared without clinical significance.

Anastomosis Groups and Cultural Characteristics of Rhizoctonia solani Isolates from Crops in Korea (국내(國內) 작물(作物)에서 분리한 Rhizoctonia solani 균주(菌株)들의 균사융합군(菌絲融合群)과 배양적(培養的) 특성(特性))

  • Kim, Wan-Gyu;Cho, Won-Dae;Lee, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.309-324
    • /
    • 1994
  • A total of 2,276 isolates of Rhizoctonia solani obtained from diseased crops of 68 species was classified into anastomosis groups AG-1, AG-2-1, AG-2-2, AG-3, AG-4 and AG-5 by anastomosis test. Among the isolates, 1,091 isolates were identified as AG-1, 326 isolates as AG-2-1, 191 isolates as AG-2-2, 71 isolates as AG-3, 505 isolates as AG-4, and 92 isolates as AG-5. Among the isolates of AG-1, 791 isolates were grouped as cultural type IA, 280 isolates as cultural type IB, and the others as cultural type IC. Among the isolates of AG-2-2, 112 isolates were grouped as cultural type IIIB, and the others as cultural type IV. Cultural types IA, IB and IC of AG-1 were isolated from 7, 26 and 2 species of crops, respectively. AG-2-1 was isolated from 10 species of crops. Cultural types IIIB and IV of AG-2-2 were isolated from 7 and 3 species of crops, respectively. AG-3 was only isolated from Solanum tuberosum. AG-4 was isolated from 43 species of crops, and AG-5 from 13 species of crops. A single anastomosis group was isolated from each of 45 species of crops, but two or more than two anastomosis groups were isolated from each of the other crops. Cultural appearance of the isolates belonging to an anastomosis group or a cultural type was mostly distinct from that belonging to others, although cultural appearances of some anastomosis groups or cultural types were similar to one another. Optimum temperature for mycelial growth of AG-1, AG-2-2, AG-4 and AG-5 ranged from 26 to $30^{\circ}C$, and that of AG-2-1 and AG-3 from 22 to $26^{\circ}C$. Minimum temperature for mycelial growth of AG-2-1 was the lowest as $2{\sim}3^{\circ}C$, that of AG-1(IA) and AG-4 was the highest as $10{\sim}11^{\circ}C$, and that of the others ranged from 5 to $10^{\circ}C$. Maximum temperature for mycelial growth of AG-2-2(IIIB) was the highest as $36{\sim}37^{\circ}C$, that of AG-2-1 was the lowest as $29{\sim}30^{\circ}C$, and that of the others ranged from 31 to $36^{\circ}C$. When the mycelial growth rates at $26^{\circ}C$ were compared, AG-1(IC) grew most rapidly, followed by AG-1(IA) and AG-1(IB), and AG-2-1 grew most slowly.

  • PDF

A Study of Strength, Fracture Toughness and Superconducting Properties of YBCO-Ag Composite Superconductors (YBCO-Ag 복합초전도체의 강도, 파괴인성 및 초전도성질에 관한 연구)

  • Joo, Jin-Ho;Ur, Soon-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.394-398
    • /
    • 1998
  • We have studied the effect of Ag additions on the microstructure and the related mechanical and supercon¬ducting properties of $ YBa_{2}$$Cu_{3}$$O_{7-\delta}$ (YBCO) superconductors. A 5-15 vol.% of Ag was added to YBCO in the forms of Ag and $AgNO_{3}$, powder and the resultant microstructural evolution was evaluated. It was observed that the strength and fracture toughness of YBCO increased with increasing Ag content. These improvements in strength and fracture toughness are believed to be due to the strengthening mechanisms caused by the presence of Ag. In addition, YBCO-Ag composite superconductors showed higher values of strength and fracture toughness when Ag was added in the form of AgNO, than those of which was added Ag. The higher mechanical properties of YBCO- Ag resulting from $AgNO_{3}$, addition are probably due to the microstructure of more finely and uniformly distributed Ag particles. The addition of Ag also showed slightly improved critical current density of YBCO superconductors.

  • PDF

Fabrication of Poly(ethylene oxide)/Ag Nanoparticles/p-benzoquinone Composite Membrane Using AgNO3 Precursor for Olefin/Paraffin Separation (올레핀/파라핀 분리용 AgNO3 전구체를 활용한 poly(ethylene oxide)/Ag nanoparticles/p-benzoquinone 복합체 분리막 제조)

  • kim, Minsu;Kang, Sang Wook
    • Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.260-264
    • /
    • 2018
  • Poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO)/Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs)(precursor : $AgBF_4$)/p-benzoquinone (p-BQ) composite membrane was prepared for olefin/paraffin separation. As a result, the performance of composite membrane was observed to be maintained at selectivity of 10 and permeance of 15 GPU up to 100 hours. The performance of the membrane was maintained for 100 hours was attributable to that Ag ions could be converted into stable Ag NPs by addition of p-BQ. Furthermore, the surface was partially polarized by the electron acceptor p-BQ, resulting in the formation of olefin carrier. In this study, since the cost of $AgBF_4$ used as a precursor of Ag NPs was relatively higher, $AgNO_3$ was utilized. As a result, it was confirmed that $AgNO_3$ couldn't show the stable formation of nanoparticle, resulting in the poor separation performance.

Optical Properties of All Solution processed ZnO/Ag/ZnO Multilayers (용액공정으로 제작한 ZnO/Ag/ZnO 다층구조의 광학적 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Hyungin;Kim, Jiwan
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.119-122
    • /
    • 2018
  • Various ZnO/Ag/ZnO multilayers were fabricated and their optical properties were investigated. Top and bottom ZnO layers were formed by sol-gel method and mid-metal layers were deposited by spin coating. To find suitable deposition condition of Ag, we measure thickness and sheet resistance of Ag monolayer. After the optimization of Ag monolayer, we fabricate ZnO/Ag/ZnO multilayers. Transmittance of ZnO/Ag/ZnO multilayers increased to 63%. In near IR region, transmittance of ZnO/Ag/ZnO multilayers decreased to 35% when the concentration of Ag solution was 2.5wt%.

Relative Influence of Sediments, Food and Dissolved Sources on Ag Bioaccumulation in the Amphipod Leptocheirus plumulosus (오염된 퇴적물로부터 해양저서 단각류 Leptocheirus plumulosus의 은(Ag)축적에서 흡수경로의 상대적 기여도 평가)

  • Yoo, Hoon;Lee, In-Tae;Lee, Byeong-Gweon
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.87-93
    • /
    • 2002
  • A amphipod, Leptocheirus plumulosus was exposed to Ag contaminated sediments to evaluate relative importance of various uptake routes (sediment, porewater, supplementary food) for Ag bioaccumulation in sediment-dwelling marine invertebrates. Additionally, influence of AVS (acid-volatile sulfide) on the partitioning of Ag to porewater and on the Ag bioavailability was determined to evaluate the utility of AVS criteria for the management of metal contaminated sediment. The experimental sediments were spiked with 4 levels of Ag (0.1-3.3 ${\mu}$mol Ag/g) and AVS concentrations were manipulated to 40 or <0.5 ${\mu}$mol/g, then equilibrated for >2 months to allow pore water/particulate distributions similar to nature. A L. plumulosus was incubated in the contaminated sediments with overlying water for 35d. During the exposure, the amphipods was fed with supplementary food ($TetraMin^{(R)}$) with or without Ag contamination. Following exposure, tissue Ag in L. plumulosus was strongly correlated with the weak acid extractable Ag in sediments ($r^{2}$=0.87, p<0.001). The ratio of AVS to Ag-SEM (Ag extracted simulaneouls with AVS) had a strong influence on porewater Ag concentration, consistent with previous studies. However, Ag bioaccumulation in L. plumulosus was not influenced by AVS concentrations. The amphipods fed Ag contaminated food took up ${\sim}$ 1.8 X Ag accumulated by the amphipods fed uncontaminated supplementary diet. The result suggests that the benthic invertebrates exposed to metal contaminated sediments would accumulate metals largely via ingestion of contaminated sediments and food, with minor contribution from dissolved sources of porewater and overlying water.

Mechanical and Electrical Reliability of Silver Nanowire Film on Flexible Substrate (유연기판 위에 제작된 Silver Nanowire 필름의 기계 및 전기적 신뢰성 연구)

  • Lee, Yo Seb;Lee, Won Jae;Park, Jin Yeong;Choa, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.93-99
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this paper, we investigated the mechanical and electrical reliability of silver nanowire (AgNW) films. In particular, the durability and reliability of AgNW films were studied when the AgNW film was subjected to the bending deformation under current flow. The electrical durability of AgNW was evaluated by observing changes in heat generation and current density occurring in AgNW through voltage and current tests. The AgNW film showed a constant resistance change up to a bending radius of 2 mm and 200,000 cycles in the bending fatigue tests. The over-coating layer has an effect of improving the durability of the AgNW film. In the case of AgNW with the over-coating layer, heat was uniformly dissipated on the surface of AgNW film, whereas in the case of AgNW film without the over-coating layer, heat was generated locally. In the bending test under the current flow, the current density of the AgNW film was continuously decreased up to 52.4%. During bending, the AgNW was deformed due to mechanical deformation such as tensile, bending and sliding of the AgNW, consequently contact resistance of the AgNW was increased, leading to a electrical breakdown of AgNW by Joule heating. It was found that the application of the over-coating layer can improve the electrical and mechanical reliability of the AgNW film.

Change of optical properties and microstructure of an Ag-Pd-In alloy according to Ag content (Ag의 함량에 따른 Ag-Pd-In계 합금의 광학적 특성 및 미세구조의 변화)

  • Seol, Hyo-Joung;Cho, Su-Yoen;Cho, Mi-Hyang
    • Korean Journal of Dental Materials
    • /
    • v.45 no.3
    • /
    • pp.199-208
    • /
    • 2018
  • In this study, change of optical properties and microstructure of an Ag-Pd-In alloy according to Ag content was investigated. For this purpose, specimen alloys were prepared by adding 0-100 wt.% of Ag to the 50Pd-50In (wt.%) alloy. When the content of Ag was more than 40 wt.%, the color difference with pure gold specimen was increased(p<0.001). L* value increased as the Ag content of the specimen increased, but a* and b* value increased until the addition of 20 wt.% Ag, and then decreased with increasing Ag content(p<0.001). Ag-free specimen was single phase in the as-cast state, but when the content of Ag was more than 20 wt.%, the phase separation occurred and two phases of matrix and dendrite or granular structure were confirmed. The dendrite or granular structure was composed of the InPd phase, and the matrix was composed of the Ag-rich phase. From these results, it can be concluded that the specimens with Ag content of 20-70 wt.% have the Ag-rich matrix which has a high L* value and low a* and b* value, and have the dendrite structure which has a low L* value and high a* and b* value. As the content of Ag increased, the color changed from light yellow to silver white due to the increase in the ratio of the matrix to the dendrite or granular structure.

Poly(ethylene oxide)/AgBF4/Al(NO3)3/Ag2O Composite Membrane for Olefin/Paraffin Separation (올레핀/파라핀 분리를 위한 poly(ethylene oxide)/AgBF4/Al(NO3)3/Ag2O 복합체 분리막)

  • Jeong, Sooyoung;Kang, Sang Wook
    • Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.313-318
    • /
    • 2017
  • For the separation of olefins/paraffins, $Poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO)/AgBF_4/Al(NO_3)_3/Ag_2O$ composite membranes were prepared. When $Ag_2O$ was introduced, the initial selectivity and permeance of composite membranes were observed to be 13.7 and 21.7 GPU, respectively. The increase in performance compared to the initial performance of $PEO/AgBF_4/Al(NO_3)_3$ membrane (selectivity 13 and permeance 7.5 GPU) was thought to be due to the increase of Ag ion activity due to the addition of $Ag_2O$. However, performance degradation over time was observed, which was thought to be due to the polymer matrix PEO. Since the PEO polymer could not stabilize the $Ag_2O$ particles, the $Ag_2O$ particles becmae aggregated together as the solvent evaporates, and $Ag_2O$ acts as a barrier. As a result, the permeance decreases over time.