• Title, Summary, Keyword: Affective Barriers

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A Study on Correlation Analysis between Library Anxiety and Personality Traits (도서관 불안과 성격 유형의 상관관계 분석 연구)

  • Oh, Eui-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.199-217
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzes the correlation between the library anxiety and personality traits. The library anxiety (LAS) and personality traits (the Korean BFI) were measured against 49 freshmen in the university. The library anxiety was average 2.57, 'mechanical barriers' score was the highest(2.91), subsequently was 'affective barriers' 2.72, 'barriers with staff' 2.49, 'knowledge of library' 2.42, and 'comfort with the library' score was the lowest(2.38). The personality traits had the tendency that 'agreeableness'f actor(3.65) is higher than other 4 factors, 'neuroticism'(3.48), 'extraversion'(3.27), 'openness'(2.85), and 'conscientiousness' (3.26). It found that 'comfort with the library' and 'neuroticism' were correlated statistically and the personality traits have an effect on library anxiety. Based on the findings, the following recommendations are made: improving the measurement tool of information anxiety, using other personality traits variables in similar researches, and developing personalized library anxiety resolution programs.

Library Anxiety and library Anxiety Scale in the Digital Library Environment (디지털 도서관에서의 도서관불안과 측정도구 분석)

  • Kwon, Na-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.29-47
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    • 2004
  • As affective barriers to library and information use, library anxiety(Mellon, 1986) has been studied in reference/information services and bibliographic instructions. The paper revisits Mellon's theory of library anxiety and Bostick's(1992) Library Anxiety Scale(LAS) in the digital library environment. In particular, this study attempts to address the inadequacy of the continued applications of LAS in the digital library environment, although the scale has been used unquestionably as the instrument measuring library anxiety. This contention was substantiated by three service trends in digital libraries(i.e., digital reference services, remote access, and transition from bibliographic instructions to information literacy) and by re-analyses of published library anxiety research papers in recent years. This study addresses the need for scale development that could measure anxieties of digital library users. It also suggests Information Literacy Anxiety Scale(ILAS) as a direction for the new scale.

Exploring Optimal e-Learning Environment : The Role of Contents Organizing in e-Learning (콘텐츠 조직화를 통한 e러닝 학습환경 최적화에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chanwook;Kang, Inwon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.115-128
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    • 2010
  • The dramatic increase in e-Learning enrollments in higher education is likely to continue. These e-Learning environments have made learning much more convenient by stretching the spatial and temporal barriers. Their effectiveness, however, remains to be examined. In this research, the author explore the importance of personalization, interactivity and the important role of contents organizing in online education environment. Furthermore, the authors divide e-learning outcome into psychomotor, cognitive, and affective outcome. Indeed, e-Learning for psychomotor outcome has been viewed as impossible. The authors discuss the implications of the findings for theory and practice.

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Measurement and Analysis of the Library Anxiety among Academic Library Users (대학도서관 이용자의 도서관불안 측정과 분석)

  • Chang, Hye-Rhan;Oh, Eui-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.205-221
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    • 2006
  • To investigate the present states and analyze the library anxiety among academic library users, A University library users sampled systematically and surveyed. Data collected from 707 students are analyzed and compared with the previous studies. The average LAS score is 2.55 and show differences in sex, grade levels, and major areas of study. Library use instruction reduces anxiety subscale of barriers with staff. Library anxiety is also differed according to the frequency of library visit. Especially, the anxiety subscale of affective barriers is decreased according to the grade level and frequency of library visit. Based on the results, recommendations are suggested to overcome the library anxiety.

Application of the Emotional Distance and Self-disclosure in Therapeutic Serious Game (치료적 기능성 게임에서 감정적 거리와 자기 노출의 활용)

  • Han, Joo Yeun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Computer Game
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2017
  • Therapeutic serious game treats mental health problems such as depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, and behavioral disorder by allowing clients to manage and express feelings. These games are developed according to a primary principle of the cognitive behavior therapy that the mental health can be improved by training cognition and behavior with proper stimulation. For those who have difficulties in expressing emotions, stepwise treatment is offered to create a safe emotional environment which induces them to express themselves. The game environment provides affective feelings that encompass physical experiences. In addition, emotional distance is formed between the user and the game environment, and thus even those who have high psychological barriers feel free to express and release their feelings. Game users can experience self-exposure and awareness and gradually construct their self-images, expressing themselves in the virtual world in a continuous and repetitive fashion.

An Analysis of Relationship Between Self-Cognition Level of Information Literacy and Library Anxiety (정보활용능력 인지 수준과 도서관 불안 간의 관계 분석)

  • Oh, Eui-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 2011
  • The study analyzed the relationship between self-cognition level of information literacy(SCLIL) and library anxiety(LA). SCLIL was 3.72 point, LA was 2.47 point, and these results are similar to previous studies. SCLIL and LA are correlated each other significantly(r=r=-0.493, p<0.05). Higher SCLIL leads to lower LA. Also, the study found the main factors of LA was lack of methods to access information', 'lack of confidence in evaluating the information's relevance.' For those who are going to major in Library and Information Science, it is found that they have less LA and lower SCLIL compared to those who are not willing to major in Library and Information Science, and this shows a tendency to downplay their own abilities, while tending a more positive image of libraries. Based on the results, recommendations were made to use social and psychological standard tests in order to elaborately and diversely reflect individual information user's psychological aspect.

Comparison of sweetness preference and motivational factors between Korean and Japanese children

  • Takemi, Yukari;Woo, Taejung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was performed to examine motivational factors affecting sweetness preference in Korean and Japanese children. We identified meaningful variables that could be targeted to nutrition education interventions designed to overcome innate barriers and reduce sweetness preference and sweet food intake in Korean and Japanese children. Methods: Questionnaire surveys and sweetness preference test were conducted to examine variables affecting behavioral intention (BI) regarding sweetness preference. Questionnaire variables were based on the theory of planned behavior. Participants were recruited from one urban school from each country. In total, 166 children (mean age: 8.4 years) and their guardians (n = 166) participated in the study. A trained research assistant provided all children with personal guidance regarding completion of the sweetness preference test and survey questionnaire at school. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation coefficients, t tests, repeated measure ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression analysis (significance level: p < 0.05). Results: Perceived behavioral control (PBC) and parenting practice were significantly associated with BI in both groups. Motivation to comply affected BI only in Japanese children, whereas affective attitude was associated with BI only in Korean children. In predicting sweetness preference, BI was associated only in Japanese children, whereas sweets consumption frequency had a significant effect in Korean children. Conclusion: The study shows similarities and differences in motivational factors, which could be considered when developing nutrition education programs in Korea and Japan. PBC and parenting practice were common factors in predicting BI. In predicting sweetness preference, BI had a significant effect on Japanese children, whereas sweets consumption frequency was the greatest contributor in Korean children.

Shelley's Frankenstein and Rousseau's Essay on the Origin of Languages (언어와 감정-셸리의 『프랑켄슈타인』과 루소의『언어의 기원론』)

  • Kim, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of English Language & Literature
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.483-509
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    • 2008
  • For the last decades, criticism on Frankenstein has tried to make a link between Victor's Creature and Rousseaurean "man in a state of nature." Like the Rousseaurean savage in a state of animal, the monster has only basic instincts least needed for his survival, i.e. self-preservation, but turns into a civilized man after learning language. Most critics argue that, despite the monster's acquisition of language, his failure in entry into a cultural and linguistic community is the outcome of a lack of sympathy for him by others, which displays the stark existence of epistemological barriers between them. That is to say, the monster imagines his being the same as others in the pre-linguistic stage but, in the linguistic stage, he realizes that he is different from others. Interpreting the Rousseaurean idea of language, which appears in his writings, as much more focused on emotion than many critics think, I read the dispute between Victor and his Creature as a variation of parent-offspring conflict. Shelley criticizes Rousseau's parental negligence in putting his children into a foundling hospital and leaving them dying there. The monster's revenge on uncaring Victor parallels the likely retaliation Rousseau's displaced children would perform against Rousseau, which Shelley imaginatively reproduces in her novel. The conflict between the monster and Victor is due to a disrupted attachment between parent and child in terms of Darwinian developmental psychology. Affective asynchrony between parent and child, which refers to a state of lack of mutual favorable feelings, accounts for numerous dysfunctional families. This paper shifts a focus from a semiotics-oriented perspective on the monster's social isolation to a Darwinian perspective, drawing attention to emotional problems transpiring in familial interactions. In doing so, it finds that language is a means of communicating one's internal emotions to others along with other means such as facial expressions and body movements. It also demonstrates that how to promote emotional well-being in either familial or social relationships entirely depends on the way in which one employs language that can entail either pleasure or anger on hearers' part.