• Title/Summary/Keyword: Advancement

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Why Can't We Have Both? A Discussion on Work-Life Balance and Women Career Advancement in Malaysia

  • Mustapa, Nursyamsyul Syifa;Noor, Khairunneezam Mohd;Mutalib, Mahazan Abdul
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2018
  • While the number of women labor force in Malaysia is increasing, only a few of them make it to the top. For many reasons, some women turn down top position offer and some of them refuse to stay working. Commitment to the family, work-life conflict and lack of support from the family and the colleagues are among issues that caused women to have less interest to pursue career advancement. This article examines the role of work-life balance and its relationship to women career advancement, and why both are important in Malaysia. The arguments are arranged based on a review of the previous literature to conceptualize the relationship between work-life balance and career advancement. It is found that both work-life balance and women career advancement are important to retain women in the working world as well as to motivate them to pursue promotion to a higher position. Even though some researchers agreed that the relationship between work-life balance and career advancement is mostly negative, others found positive relationship between both constructs. At the end of the paper, some suggestions on how to improve work-life balance and career advancement are presented as well as suggestion for future research.

A Study on the Revitalization Plan of Broadcasting Environment Advancement Service on Support Program (방송 환경 고도화 지원 사업내용을 통해 본 서비스 고도화 활성화 방안연구)

  • Joe, Sharon
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.233-237
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    • 2009
  • This paper is to analyze the of the revitalization plan of Broadcasting environment Advancement service on Support Program. we looking for convergence public service platform build-up for revitalization plan For the revitalization plan of Broadcasting environment Advancement service analysis, we reclassified the Broadcasting Public Advancement Service and Broadcasting system Advancement Service and Broadcasting human power Advancement Service, also broadcasting & communications convergence public service environment. As a result, we suggest 3- solutions for the revitalization plan of Broadcasting environment Advancement service. Step 1, is Broadcasting system Advancement Service R&D system Step 2, a system complement Step 3, make up on the Mid- and Long-Run project. we make an additional remark 3 practical proposal. revitalization plan of Broadcasting environment Advancement service build-up project to contribute to the improvement of Koreans' daily life. Moreover, this research will be used as a valued basic material in the pursuit of the future Broadcasting environment Advancement convergence projects.

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Effective method for reconstruction of remaining lower lip vermilion defect after a mental V-Y advancement flap

  • Kim, Joo-Hak;Ahn, Chang Hwan;Kim, Sunje;Lee, Won Suk;Oh, Sang-Ha
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2019
  • Background: The mental V-Y advancement flap method is useful for reconstruction of lower lip defect because of its many advantages. However, it is not easy to select the optimal reconstructive method for the vermilion defect that remains after application of the mental V-Y advancement flap. In choosing the representative surgical method for vermilion mucosal reconstruction including mucosal V-Y advancement flap, buccal mucosal flap, and buccal mucosal graft. We describe an efficient technique to large lower lip defects combining mental V-Y advancement flap and buccal mucosal graft Methods: This study included 16 patients who underwent reconstructive surgery for full-thickness and large defect (> half the entire width) of the lower lip from October 2006 to September 2017. The operation was conducted using mental V-Y advancement flap with various vermilion mucosal reconstruction methods considering the location of the defect and the amount of residual tissue of the lip coloboma after excision. Results: All patients underwent mental V-Y advancement flap. In vermilion mucosal reconstruction, five patients underwent mucosal V-Y advancement flap, three underwent buccal mucosal flap, and eight underwent buccal mucosal graft. There were good aesthetic and functional results in all patients who underwent buccal mucosal graft. However, two patients who underwent mucosal V-Y advancement flap complained of oral incompetence, and all patients who underwent buccal mucosal flap had oral commissure deformity. Conclusion: Buccal mucosal graft combined with mental V-Y advancement flap can produce suitable functional and aesthetic outcomes in near total lower lip reconstruction in patient with large mucosal defect including vermilion portion.

A Design of Semantics Filter for GIS

  • Nerome, Moeko;Yabiku, Tomohide;Onaga, Yoshitaka;Kang, Dongshik;Miyagi, Hayao;Onaga, Kenji
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • 2002.07a
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    • pp.587-590
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    • 2002
  • We propose a semantics filter aimed at filtering unnecessary data for a user. In the Geographic Information Systems (GIS), transfer of spatial data for each user is one of the important problems. We design a system that filters spatial data by using user's information adaptively. Our system derives the degree of geographical knowledge and the priority of buildings by using fuzzy reasoning. Furthermore, this system computes the priority of roads by deriving the contiguity relation between a building and a road. This paper describes a method for filtering of spatial data.

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Comparison between Z-plasty and V-Y Advancement for the Surgical Correction of Cryptotia

  • Cho, Young Kyoo;Bae, Sung Gun;Cho, Byung Chae
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2014
  • Background: Cryptotia correction by V-Y advancement of a temporal triangular flap was introduced in 2005. However, despite the several advantages of V-Y advancement, visible scars at the donor site are problematic. As a result, a Z-plasty technique was considered for skin deficiency in mild cases. Therefore, we introduce a new surgical scheme for cryptotia correction based on considerations of techniques and complications that arose in our clinic. Methods: Between 2000 and 2013, 26 patients (35 cases) of cryptotia were treated. Seventeen patients had unilateral cryptotia and nine had bilateral cryptotia. Two corrective methods were used, Z-plasty or V-Y advancement, based on the severity. In mild cases, Z-plasty was used for correction and in severe cases, V-Y flap advancement was used for more skin supplement. Results: Follow-up periods ranged from 6 months to 1.5 years. The results obtained were relatively favorable. Nine cases of mild deformity were corrected by Z-plasty, and the other 26 cases with mild or severe deformities were corrected by V-Y advancement. In Z-plasty cases, there was one hypertrophic scar and in V-Y advancement cases, seven resulted in visible scarring and three in skin sloughing. Conclusion: The main advantage of Z-plasty is a lower likelihood of visible scarring at the donor site. In mild cases, Z-plasty may be a good alternative, but in severe cases, V-Y advancement is probably the best option for more skin supplement.

Study on the Effectiveness Analysis of Policies for the Advancement of Traffic Control & Operation Systems (교통운영체계 선진화 방안 효과분석 연구)

  • Lee, Choul-Ki;Yun, Il-Soo;Oh, Young-Tae;Kim, Soo-Hee
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2011
  • The national police agency has executed the project for the advancement of traffic control and operation systems in order to mitigate chronic traffic problems and to meet the global standards regarding the traffic control and operation systems. This study effort was initiated to evaluate the effects of various policies proposed for the advancement of traffic control and operation systems. The evaluation results indicated that the policies proposed for the advancement of traffic control and operation systems showed apparent and positive effects in terms of transportation mobility and safety. However, there have been many difficulties to overcome in order to settle down the policies proposed for the advancement of traffic control and operation systems as smooth as possible. For example, the violation of intersection passing method has been increased after the implementation of the advancement of traffic control and operation systems in majority of evaluation sites. In addition, lacks of awareness as well as improper operations of the advancement of traffic control and operation systems have caused drivers' confusions, which generated more traffic congestion and risks. Currently, the policies for the advancement of traffic control and operation systems focused on the improvements of traffic signal operations, including leading through movements and permissive left-turns. However, synergy effects may be expected if all of the policies including the improvements of traffic signal operations are executed together.

Selection of Geospatial Features for Location Guidance Map Generation

  • Kakinohana, Issei;Nie, Yoshinori;Nakamura, Morikazu;Miyagi, Hayao;Onaga, Kenji
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • 2000.07b
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    • pp.1107-1110
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    • 2000
  • This paper proposes a selection procedure of geospatial data for location guidance map generation system. The selection procedure requires some targets appointed by users as input data and outputs generation. The procedure is embedded in a prototype of object-oriented GIS. We show sample maps generated by the system.

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A New Flap for 3-Dimensional Vulvar and Vaginal Reconstruction: The "Butterfly Flap" (삼차원적 외음부 재건을 위한 나비형피판술)

  • Kim, Sang-Wha;Seo, Byung-Chul;Oh, Deuk-Young;Seo, Je-Won;Ahn, Sang-Tae;Rhie, Jong-Won
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.847-849
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Traditional radical surgery for vulvar cancer produces severe skin and soft tissue defects in the vulvar and vaginal area. Vulvoperineal V-Y advancement fasciocutaneous flaps have limitations in advancement and tension at the wound margin and vaginal orifice area, causing wound disruption or vaginal wall exposure. Therefore, we designed the "Butterfly flap" using a vulvoperineal V-Y advancement fasciocutaneous flap and an inguinal rotational skin flap for 3-dimensional reconstruction of vagina and vulvar area. Methods: A 27 year-old female was diagnosed with vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia. Radical vulvectomy and full-thickness-skin-graft was performed. We designed a vulvoperineal V-Y advancement fasciocutaneous flap as the greater wing and inguinal rotational skin as the lesser wing. After flap elevation, the inguinal flap was rotated $180^{\circ}$ to reconstruct the labia major and vaginal orifice. The perineum was reconstructed using V-Y advancement flaps. Results: The flap survived completely, without any complications. After 6 months, the patient was able to perform normal sexual activities and after 18 months, the patient was able to give birth to normal child by caesarean section. Conclusion: The traditional vulvoperineal V-Y advancement fasciocutaneous flap is thin, reliable, easily elevated and matches local skin quality. However, the vaginal wall becomes exposed due to limited advancement and tension of the flap. The "Butterfly flap" using a vulvoperineal V-Y advancement fasciocutaneous flap and an inguinal rotational skin flap is useful for the release of vaginal orifice contracture, reconstruction of the labia major, and 3-dimensional reconstruction of vagina and vulvar area.

Radial flow advancement in multi-layered preform for resin transfer molding

  • Shin, K.S.;Song, Y.S.;Youn, J.R.
    • Korea-Australia Rheology Journal
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2006
  • Rapid flow advancement without void formation is essential in the liquid composite molding (LCM) such as resin transfer molding (RTM) and vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM). A highly permeable layer in multi-layered preform has an important role in improvement of the flow advancement. In this study, a multi-layered preform which consists of three layers is employed. Radial flow experiment is carried out for the multi-layered preform. A new analytic model for advancement of flow front is proposed and effective permeability is defined. The effective permeability for the multi-layered preform is obtained analytically and compared with experimental results. Compaction test is performed to determine the exact fiber volume traction of each layer in the multi-layered preform. Transverse permeability employed in modeling is measured experimentally unlike the previous studies. Accurate prediction of flow advancement is of great use for saving the processing time and enhancing product properties of the final part.

Field Test of VOD Service in Sasebo Research Center

  • Motsuke-GOTO;Tomoyoshi-MORIYAMA;Nobuyoshi-NINOKATA;Shinji-MIYANISHI;Hideo-KURODA
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • 1999.06a
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    • pp.183-190
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    • 1999
  • We have started the field test of the VOD service since April 1996, in Huis Ten Bosch which is one of the famous theme parks in Japan. In three years, total about 100 thousands people have used this VOD system and evaluated it. This test verifies that the VOD system which provides moving picture by MPEG2 via broad bandwidth ATM network has already reached the level of actual use. And also we get the know-how to construct contents, or how to manage network resources and server resources, and we have proposed them.