• Title/Summary/Keyword: Adolescent

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The Influence of Adolescent-perceived Family Cohesion, Family Adaptability, and Family System Types on Parent-Adolescent Relationship (청소년이 지각한 가족응집성, 가족 적응성 및 가족체계 유형이 부모-청소년기자녀관계에 미치는 영향)

  • 전귀연
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.157-173
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of family cohesion, family adaptability, and family system type on parent-adolescent relationship. For this study, adolescents' perceptions of family cohesion, family adaptability, and parent-adolescent relationship quality were utilized. The 443 subjects were selected randomly from the second grade of middle and high schools in the city of Taegu. The survey instruments were AFCESⅢ and CAM/CAF. Factor analysis, Cronbach's α, MANOVA, and Scheff test were conducted for the data analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: (1) Adolescents who perceived their family as high in cohesion reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship in comparison with other levels of cohesion. (2) There were differences in adolescents' evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality by their perception of family adapability levels. Namely, adolescents who perceived family adaptability to be low level-i.e. rigid family-showed the relatively severe problems in the parent-adolescent relationship. (3) Adolescents did show some differences by types of family system in their evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality. Adolescents reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship when they perceived their families as balanced family.

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Effects of Adolescent's Alienation, Depression, Family Environment and School Maladjustment on Suicidal Ideation (청소년의 소외감, 우울과 가족환경 및 학교생활 부적응이 자살생각에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yoon-Suk;Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.8
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of adolescent's alienation, depression, family environment and school maladjustment on suicidal ideation. Data were collected from 577 second graders from high school. The results were as follows: Firstly, family's abuse had a direct and an indirect effect through alienation and depression on adolescent's suicidal ideation. Home stress, family support and socioeconomic status had an indirect effect through school maladjustment, alienation and depression on suicidal ideation. Secondly, school maladjustment in dating had a direct effect on adolescent's suicidal ideation. School maladjustment in relations with teacher and peers and in learning activities had indirect effects through alienation and depression on adolescent's suicidal ideation. Thirdly, adolescent's depression had a greatest direct effect on suicidal ideation. Adolescent's alienation had a direct and an indirect effect through depression on adolescent's suicidal ideation and was the most important predictive variable of adolescent's suicidal ideation.

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication, Emotional Intelligence and Parentification on the Psychological Well-being of Adolescents (청소년의 부모-자녀의사소통, 정서지능 및 부모화경험이 심리적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Min;Lee, Yu-Ri
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2010
  • This study investigates the effects of parent-adolescent communication, emotional intelligence and parentification on the psychological well-being of adolescents. Participants were 712 middle and high school students from Seoul. The collected data were analyzed through a Cronbach's $\alpha$, two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression. The results are as follows: 1) While parent-adolescent communication, parentification, and psychological well-being differed by grade, emotional intelligence did not differ by grade. 2) Father-adolescent communication, regulation of emotion, expression of emotion, practice of emotion, recognition of emotion and mother-adolescent communication were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of middle school students. 3) The recognition of emotion, father-adolescent communication, practice of emotion, regulation of emotion, and mother-adolescent communication were significant predictors of the psychological well-being of high school students. 4) Emotional intelligence played a partially mediating role in the relationship between parent-adolescent communication and psychological well-being.

The Relationships between Maternal Meta-Emotion Philosophy, Adolescent's Psychological Adjustment and Depression : The Moderating Effects of Mother-Adolescent Communication Time (어머니 상위정서양육방식과 청소년 자녀의 심리적 적응 및 우울감의 관계 : 모-자녀 대화시간의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Nahm, Eun Young;Park, So Eun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.153-170
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of mother-adolescent communication time on the relationship between maternal meta-emotion philosophy, adolescent psychological adjustment and depression. The participants for this study comprised 181 first and second grade high school students and their mothers, residing in Seoul. The results of the analyses indicated that, (a) maternal disapproving is negatively correlated to adolescents' positive world views, and that maternal laissez-faire is also negatively correlated to adolescents' emotional responsiveness. However, a positive correlation is revealed between maternal emotion-coaching and adolescents' positive self-esteem. (b) It is evident that adolescents' emotional responsiveness is influenced by maternal laissez-faire, and that adolescents' positive self-esteem is influenced by emotion-coaching. It also indicated that mother-adolescent communication time is influenced by dismissing as well as laissez-faire meta-emotion philosophy. (c) It revealed that mother-adolescent communication time, in part, has a meaningful moderating effect on the relationship between meta-emotion philosophy and adolescent depression. Therefore, the present study indicates that even if maternal disapproving, laissez-faire, or dismissing is practiced, adolescent depression levels decrease as mother-adolescent time lengthens.

Prescribing Patterns for Treatment of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder in a Korean Inpatient Sample (소아청소년 양극성장애 입원 환자의 약물 사용 특성 : 후향적 차트 분석 연구)

  • Kwon, Ohyang;Park, Subin;Lee, Soo-Min;Kim, Jae-Won;Shin, Min-Sup;Yoo, Hee-Jeong;Cho, Soo-Churl;Kim, Bung-Nyun
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : This study was conducted in order to describe prescribing practices in treatment of pediatric bipolar disorder in a Korean inpatient sample. Methods : We performed a retrospective chart review of 66 youths who had been hospitalized and diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria. Demographics, clinical characteristics, medications used, doses, and related adverse events were examined. Results : Mood stabilizers and/or atypical antipsychotic medications were the primary treatment. Risperidone, valproate, and lithium were the most commonly used. Thirty seven patients (58.1%) were treated with combination therapy of an atypical antipsychotic and mood stabilizer for improvement of manic/mixed symptoms. Conclusion : Combination pharmacotherapy was necessary for most patients in this admission sample group. Conduct of further studies will be needed for evaluation of treatment response according to the clinical characteristics, and the safety and efficacy of treatment for child and adolescent bipolar disorder.

Associations between Use of Single-Parent Facility Programs and Public Support Programs and the Mental Health for Adolescent Single-Parent (청소년 한부모의 입소시설 프로그램 및 한부모가족 정책사업 수혜경험과 정신건강과의 관련성 탐색)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.93-112
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    • 2017
  • The adolescent birth rate has doubled in the recent decade. As a result, the Korean government has implemented support for adolescent single-parent families by expanding the scope of coverage of the Single-parent Family Support Act in 2010. In order to understand whether experiences of facility entry programs and the Single-parent Family Support Act for adolescent single-parents were helpful or not, this study verified the relationship to mental health. This study utilized a part of the National Youth Policy Institute's 'Research on the Actual Condition of the Adolescent Pregnancy, Birth and Rearing Children.' Participants of the study were 218 adolescent single-parents at the age of 24 and younger. This study used the research methods of descriptive statistical analysis, ${\chi}^2$test, t-test, and one-way analysis of variance. The findings and discussion of this study are as below: Firstly, the depression level of adolescent single-parents who had been raised by grandparents was higher than other family types to a meaningful standard and adolescent single-parent's cognition of the original family's economic level was related to self-esteem and parenting efficacy. Secondly, the practical single-parent family support policy for adolescent single-parent's pregnancy, birth and rearing children has shown a higher reception rate, and medical service of facility entry programs has a higher satisfaction level. However, some of the facility entry programs and the Single-parent Family Support Act have a low reception rate and it should be considered whether to maintain them or not.Lastly, parts of facility entry programs and the Single-parent Family Support Act for adolescent single-parents have increased self-esteem and parenting efficacy and reduced parenting stress and depression's levels.

The Propensity for Materialism of Adolescent Consumer and Its Related Factors in Inchon (인천지역 청소년소비자의 물질주의 가치 성향과 관련요인)

  • 이은희;김성숙
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.43-59
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    • 2000
  • The objectives of this study are to examine the propensity of materialism of adolescent consumers, to investigate the effects of demographic variables and socio-psychological variables on materialism of adolescent consumers. The survey of this study was conducted by means of self-administered questionnaire with 483 adolescent consumers attending middle school located in Inchon. Major findings are the following : (1) The propensity for materialism of adolescent consumers averages 31.18. This score is beyond the middle slightly. (2) According to the results for examining the relative influences of variables affecting materialism of adolescent consumers, the relative importance of related variables are in the order of ; affecting degree of their friends, the degree of taking in advertisement, affecting degree of school consumer education. Explanatory power of these variables totalled 25.7%.

Causal Relationships of Adolescent Aggression : Empathy, Prosocial Behavior, Self-esteem, and Social Support (청소년의 공격성과 관련변인간의 인과관계 : 친사회적 행동, 감정이입, 자기존중감 및 사회적 지지를 중심으로)

  • Ha, Young Hi;Edwards, Carolyn Pope
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2004
  • In this study of adolescent aggression, the subjects were 320 male and female 7th and 8th grade students in Changwon. Data were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that, 1) low friend support, empathy, and prosocial behavior had direct paths to adolescent overt aggression. 2) Low teacher and friend support, empathy, and prosocial behavior had direct paths to adolescent verbal aggression. 3) Low empathy and self-esteem were indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low prosocial behavior. 4) Low teacher support was indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low empathy and self-esteem. 5) Low friend support was indirectly related to adolescent aggression through low self-esteem.

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The relationships of the adolescent with parents and grandparents and their effects on the adolescent's ego identity (부모 및 조모와의 관계가 청소년의 자아정체감에 미치는 영향 -동거와 비동거 가족의 비교-)

  • 백문화
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.219-236
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of the study are to investigate the effects of the bond between grandmother and grandchild and the degree of cohesion between child in adolescence and their parents on adolescent's ego identity. The major findings are as follows. First, a level of adolesent's ego identity is moderate on the whole. Not only the degree of the cohesion between children in adolescence and parent is high, but also the bond between children in adolescence and grandmother is high. Second, adolescent's ego identity is associated with cohesion with their parent. The research also shows that adolescent's ego identity is influenced by the relationship between grandchild and grandmother. Finally, the important factors on ego identity of the adolescent who are living with their grandmothers are the degree of the cohesion with father, grandmother-parent relationships, the degree of the cohesion with mother, and occupational status of mother. Those who are not living with grandmothers, the degree of the cohesion with their mothers and the bonds with grandmothers have significant influences on adolescent's ego identity.

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Exploring Adolescent-parent Relationships in Asian American Immigrant Families: An Ecological Perspective

  • Kang, Hyeyoung;Lazarevic, Vanja
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.105-122
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    • 2013
  • The relationship between an adolescent and his/her parents is one of the most important relationships that can have a significant effect on adolescents' well-being and functioning. While there has been an increase in research on Asian American families in recent years, still much less is known about adolescent-parent relationships in these families. Asian American adolescents face some of the challenges that mainstream European American adolescents face, but their experiences are complicated by the cultural and immigration-related factors that have unique contribution to their relationships with their parents. As such, there is urgent need for research that identifies and provides a comprehensive understanding of factors that contribute to the experiences of Asian American immigrant families. The current paper provides a systematic look at adolescent-parent relationships in Asian American immigrant families using the Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. More specifically, this paper provides a succinct review of the literature on developmental issues, immigration, and culture-related factors that affect Asian American adolescent-parent relationships, and guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory, an ecological framework of Asian American adolescent-parent relationships is proposed.