• Title/Summary/Keyword: Adjustment

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The Effects of Depression and Stress on College Life Adjustment of Ophthalmic Optics Students

  • Cho, Seonahr;Kwak, Jinkyu
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2019
  • This study is intended to look into the effects of depression and stress on college life adjustment of ophthalmic optics students. To achieve this, a survey was empirically carried out to 142 male and female students majoring in ophthalmic optics at colleges in Gangwon-do. The findings are as follows: Depression had a significant effect on academic adjustment and social adjustment, but no significant effect on emotional adjustment and college satisfaction. Stress also had a significant effect on academic adjustment, but no significant effect on social adjustment, emotional adjustment and college satisfaction. The above results showed that depression and stress were major factors affecting academic and social adjustments, and academic adjustment, respectively. Which means that depression restricted the activities of academic adjustment and social adjustment, and did not have a close relationship with psychological mechanisms - emotional adjustment and college life satisfaction. Stress also had a significant effect on academic adjustment, but did not have a direct relationship with social adjustment, emotional adjustment and college satisfaction.

A Study of the Relationship Between College Student's Attachment, Self-Efficacy and the Adjustment to College Life (대학생의 애착과 자기효능감 및 대학생활 적응과의 관계)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.316-327
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study intends to clarify the relative importance and character of the college student's attachment to their parents. We examined the effect that the father and mother attachments have en their self-efficacy and adjustment to their college life. Method: The subjects were 271 students who attendee a university. For this study, we used the inventory of the Parent Attachment-Revised version by Armsden and Greenberg, a self-efficacy test by Sherer et al. and the investigation far adjustment to college life by Barker & Siryk. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test and simple multiple regression analysis on an SPSS WIN 10.0 program. Results: There was a significant differences in the attachment to the father according to their grades and in the attachment to the mother according to their type of residence. There was a significant difference in the adjustment to their college life according to their grades. Regression analysis on attachment and self-efficacy suggested that attachment has an influence on self-efficacy. Regression analysis on attachment and adjustment to college life suggested that attachment has influence on the adjustment to college life. Attachment also has an influence on academic adjustment, social adjustment, personal-emotional adjustment and institutional adjustment on the subscale of adjustment to college life. Regression analysis on self-efficacy and adjustment to college life suggested that self-efficacy has an influence on adjustment to college life. Further, self-efficacy has an influence on academic adjustment, social adjustment, personal-emotional adjustment and institutional adjustment on the subscale of adjustment to college life. Conclusion: This study shows that there are relationships among attachment, self-efficacy and adjustment to college life. Especially, self-efficacy is a very important factor influencing the adjustment to college life. So, a plan designed to increase students' self-efficacy should be created based on the results of this study.

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The Relationship between Social Support, College Adjustment and Academic Adjustment among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 사회적지지가 대학생활 적응과 학업적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Gyoung-Wan;Moon, Inn-Oh;Park, Sook-Kyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze factors affecting college adjustment and academic adjustment among nursing students according to social support. Methods: This study was a descriptive survey and questionnaires were collected from 290 nursing students from 2 colleges located in J province consented to participate in the study. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, scheff$\grave{e}$ test, pearson correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: In the model individual characteristics accounted for 17.2% of the influence on college adjustment and 9.9% of the influence on academic adjustment. In the model II with the addition of the 4 factors; tangible support, appraisal support, belonging support, self-esteem support and individual characteristics accounted for 39.5% of the influence on college adjustment and 22.8% of the influence on academic adjustment. Appraisal support and belonging support of the social support sub-variables were statistically useful as factors influencing college adjustment and self-esteem support was statistically useful as factors influencing academic adjustment. Conclusion: Social support for nursing students has great influence on college adjustment and academic adjustment of nursing students.

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Undergraduate Student's Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Creativity and School Adjustment: The Mediating Role of Creativity (대학생의 외향성, 경험에의 개방성과 창의성이 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향 -창의성의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Youn, Jeong-Jin;Kim, Kyoung-Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2012
  • This study investigated the manner in which extraversion, openness to experience and creativity related to school adjustment and explored the mediating role of creativity in extraversion-school adjustment and openness to experience-school adjustment relationships. The participants of this study were 258 undergraduate students from around the capital city and Pusan Greater Metropolitan area. The results revealed that extraversion related positively to openness to experience, creativity and school adjustment. Openness to experience related positively to creativity and school adjustment and creativity related positively to school adjustment. Furthermore, creativity was found to mediate the effects of openness to experience on school adjustment. The influence of openness to experience on school adjustment occurred indirectly through the facilitation of creativity. The importance of extraversion, openness to experience and creativity to predict undergraduate student's school adjustment is also discussed.

The Effects of Adolescents' School Adjustment on Depression in Their Transitional Period : The Moderating Effects of Parental Support, Parental Monitoring, and Peer Support (전환기 청소년의 학교적응이 우울에 미치는 영향 : 부모지지, 부모감독, 친구지지의 중재효과)

  • Park, Jung Hyun;Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.45-63
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of adolescents' school adjustment on depression in their transitional period and to find the moderating effects of parental support, parental monitoring, and peer support on the relationship between school adjustment and depression. The participants were 550 first graders in three middle schools in Incheon Metropolitan City and Kyung-gi Province. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, adolescents' school adjustment had significant effects on depression. The lower the level of school adjustment was, the higher the level of depression was. Second, parental support, parental monitoring, and peer support had moderating effects on the relationship between school adjustment and depression. Parental support decreased the depression of adolescents who were at a lower level of adjustment to peer relationship or school class. Parental monitoring decreased the depression of adolescents who were at a lower level of adjustment to school adjustment. On the contrary, parental monitoring increased the depression of adolescents who were at a higher level of adjustment to school adjustment. Peer support decreased the depression of adolescents who were at a lower level of adjustment to school class.

The Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem in the Relation between Parental Abuse, Neglect and School Life Adjustment in Adolescent (부모의 학대, 방임과 청소년의 학교생활적응간의 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Yoon A;Choi, Jin Ah
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.331-339
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the effects of parental abuse and neglect on school life adjustment mediated by self-esteem in adolescents. Participants consisted of 2,259 middle school students from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study 2012. Secondary questionnaire data on parental abuse and neglect, self-esteem, and school life adjustment are used for this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, Cronbach's a, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Baron and Kenny's method determined the mediation effect. SPSS ver 18.0 was adopted. The results were as follows. First, parental abuse and neglect were negatively correlated with the adolescent school life adjustment; however self-esteem was positively correlated with adolescent school life adjustment. Second, the results of the regression analysis revealed that adolescent school life adjustment was influenced both directly and indirectly; parental abuse had a direct effect on adolescents' school life adjustment and also had an indirect effect on mediated by self-esteem. Parental neglect had a direct effect on adolescent school life adjustment and had an indirect effect on adolescent school life adjustment mediated by self-esteem. The results indicated that self-esteem plays a crucial variable in the relationship of parental abuse and the school life adjustment. Also, self-esteem plays a crucial variable in the relationship between parental neglect and school life adjustment.

A Study on the Correlation between Middle School Students' Eating Disorder Behavior and Scholastic Adjustment (중학생의 섭식장애행동과 학업적응도의 관계 연구)

  • Yoo, Joo-Yeon;Jin, Yang-Ho;Bae, Se-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the difference of middle school students' eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment according to the gender and weight group and evaluate correlations between their eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment. A survey was conducted in middle school second graders attending five schools located in Seoul. Results from 355 questionnaire sheets were utilized for statistical analysis, and the results were gained as below: With regard to eating disorder behavior by gender, female students showed more eating disorder behavior than male students (p < 0.01); however, scholastic adjustment did not indicate significant differences by gender. According to the result of analyzing scholastic adjustment according to the weight group, the obese group showed lower scholastic adjustment (p < 0.05) and adjustment to studying (p < 0.01) than other groups; however, the eating disorder behavior, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. According to the results of analyzing scholastic adjustment by eating disorder group, the normal group showed higher adjustment to studying than the risky group (p < 0.01). And scholastic adjustment, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. The eating disorder behavior showed negative relationship with adjustment to studying. They showed more eating disorder behavior, their adjustment to studying became lower. Therefore, it is necessary to provide nutritional education at home and at school for them to have appropriate dietary habits as well as health education for them to maintain normal weight.

A Study of the Effect of Family Strength on School Adjustment among Adolescents and the Mediating Effect of Social Support - Focus on Middle School Students of the Gyeongnam Region - (가족건강성이 청소년의 학교적응에 미치는 영향 및 사회적 지지의 매개효과 - 경남지역 중학생을 중심으로 -)

  • Sim, Mi Young;Hwang, Soon Keum
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2013
  • This study focused on adolescents who are studying in middle schools of the Gyeongnam region, aims to provide methods for improving school adjustment among adolescents through the enhancement of family strength. It will examine the effect of family strength on adolescents' school adjustment verify the mediating effect of social support in the influential relationships of school adjustment. The summarizations, obtained in this study are as follows: First, an analysis of the results of the effect of family strength on social support demonstrated that family strength had a positive effect on social support. That is, as family strength was higher, social support increased. Second, an analysis of the results of the effect of family strength on school adjustment show that family strength would have a direct effect on school adjustment, which is positive. Where family strength was higher, school adjustment of adolescents was also higher. Third, the results of the effect of social support on school adjustment when controlling family strength demonstrate that social support would have a positive effect on school adjustment, however, family strength did not predict school adjustment. Therefore, the complete mediating effect of social support in the relationship between family strength and school adjustment was identified. In conclusion, it was identified that family strength had an indirect effect on school adjustment, but not a direct effect. Therefore, it is indicated that indirect intervention through the social support system as well as direct intervention for the improvement of adolescents' school adjustment is required. In addition, it was confirmed that family strength and social support would be more important variables than control variables, which reflect the characteristics of adolescents and family in terms of school adjustment. Therefore, the recognition that the responsibility in adjusting to school is the common role of families, schools, and community going beyond the individual responsibility of adolescents is needed.

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A Study of the Relationships Between Daily Life Stress, Self-efficacy and University Student Life Adjustment

  • Lee Young Whee;Lee Young Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.664-671
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    • 2005
  • Purpose. This correlation study was undertaken to examine the relationships between daily life stress, self-efficacy and university student life adjustment and to analyze the self-efficacy affecting that university student life adjustment. Methods. 265 university students were recruited from several participating required undergraduate classes. They were surveyed as the subject of this study. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires. Results. The university life adjustment level showed a maximum score of 9 with the mean score 5.22. A negative correlation was found between daily life stress and university life adjustment. Also, there was positively correlation between self-efficacy and university life adjustment. Self-efficacy and daily life stress accounted for $23\%$ of the variance in university student life adjustment. Conclusion. According to the results, self-efficacy is a useful concept in helping overall university life adjustment. Therefore, university student consultation office or nurse should consider the program based on self-efficacy in order to help university students to better adapt to university life.

The Factors of School Life Adjustment of Children in Multicultural Families (다문화 가정 아동의 학교생활적응에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Park, Kei-Ran;Lee, Ji-Min
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2011
  • This study explored the factors that influence school life adjustment of children in multicultural families. The subjects were 177 elementary school children of multicultural families from 1st to 6th grade in DC area. The major findings were as follows. 1) The interests in school and the whole-school adjustment were statistically different according to gender of children in multicultural families, family types 2) There were positive correlations among multicultural adjustment, social supports, and school life adjustment. 3) Of all variables, teachers' supports had the greatest influence on the interests in school and the whole-school adjustment, but friends' supports had the greatest influence on compliance of school rules. This study suggests that various efforts from multi levels, such as schools, teachers, and peer groups, for school life adjustment of children in multicultural families.