• Title, Summary, Keyword: Adhesion Properties

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Control of histamine-forming bacteria by probiotic lactic acid bacteria isolated from fish intestine (생선 내장으로부터 분리된 프로바이오틱 유산균에 의한 히스타민 생산균의 제어)

  • Lim, Eun-Seo;Lee, Nahm-Gull
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.352-364
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we examined in vitro the potential probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) obtained from the fish intestine and their ability to degrade histamine through the production of diamine oxidase (DAO) enzymes and bacteriocin. Among 97 LAB strains isolated from the intestine of croaker, flatfish, pollack, and rockfish, CIL08, CIL16, FIL20, FIL31, PIL45, PIL49, PIL52, and RIL60 isolates exhibited excellent survival rates under simulated gastrointestinal tract conditions, high adhesion ability to HT-29 epithelial cells, and resistance to the antibiotics such as amoxicillin, ampicillin, erythromycin, penicillin G, streptomycin, tetracycline, or vancomycin. In addition, these strains did not produce histamine in decarboxylating broth containing histidine. In particular, 4 strains (CIL08, FIL20, PIL52, and RIL60) that may produce DAO were significantly able to degrade histamine. The bacteriocins produced by FIL20, FIL31, and PIL52 LAB inhibited the growth and histamine production of Enterococcus aerogenes CIH05, Serratia marcescens CIH09, Enterococcus faecalis FIH11, Pediococcus halophilus FIH15, Lactobacillus sakei PIH16, Enterococcus faecium PIH19, Leuconostoc mesenteroides RIH25, or Aeromonas hydrophilia RIH28. Histamine-producing strains isolated from fish intestine were found to reduce histamine accumulation during co-culture with CIL08, FIL20, PIL52, and RIL60 LAB showing histamine degradation or bacteriocin production ability. The probiotic strains preventing histamine formation were identified as Pediococcus pentosaceus CIL08, Lactobacillus plantarum FIL20, Lactobacillus paracasei FIL31, Lactobacillus sakei PIL52, and Leuconostoc mesenteroides RIL60 with high similarity based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing.

Evaluation of Physical Properties according to Mixing Ratio and the Survey of the Current Situation for Epoxy Resin used in Conservation (문화재 보존처리에 사용되는 에폭시수지의 사용현황과 배합비율에 따른 물성 변화 연구)

  • Lee, Eun Ji;Jang, Sung Yoon
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.223-234
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    • 2016
  • Two-component epoxy resin is widely used in the cultural heritage restoration field. However according to mixing ratio of resin and hardener, curing property, mechanical strength and chemical structure differ which have possibility to effect the stability of cultural heritage. Result of questionnaire survey shows hands-on workers in the conservation field tend to mix the epoxy resin with his or her eye measurement when the using amount is small or mix additional hardener to shorten the pot life of epoxy resin. This research aims to analyze the curing property, mechanical strength and chemical structure of rapid curing type epoxy resin and medium curing type one depending on relative ratio of 0.25~4 of hardener to resin. When the amount of hardener was 0.5~2 times more than the resin, exothermic heat and curing speed were both increased. In case of included hardener to resin was lower than official ratio, mechanical strength (tensile shear strength, tensile strength and compressive strength) became higher along with active cross-linking bonding of the epoxy resin. Medium curing type epoxy relatively had lower exothermic heat and slower reaction during curing process. It was observed to be put to definite point of mechanical strength under lower content of hardener than official ratio. While, hardener ratio more than twice the resin slowed down the curing greatly and lowered the adhesion strength also. In conclusion, under the lower mixing rate of hardener than official ratio would show relatively fast reaction with similar mechanical strength. Over the official ratio on the other hand, material property drops rapidly. Accordingly, mixing ratio of epoxy resin is expected to be influential to the stability of cultural heritage.

Synthesis and performance assessment of modified epoxy resins containing fatty acid (지방산 변성 에폭시수지 합성과 성능평가)

  • Lee, Dong-Chan;Kim, Jin-Wook;Choi, Joong-So
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.634-646
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    • 2016
  • In this work, modified epoxy resins which were well melted in mild solvent were synthesized and solubility assessment was carried out for synthesized epoxy resins. Bisphenol-A type, phenol novolac type and ortho-cresol novolac type epoxy resins were used and fatty acid, dodecyl phenol (DP) and toluene diisocyanate (TDI) were added for synthesis of modified epoxy resins containing fatty acid (MEFA). Composition was epoxy resin/fatty acid = 1.0/0.5 and fatty acid/DP = 0.25/0.25 by equivalent weight and twelve MEFAs were synthesized according to epoxy resins. Viscosity and solubility were measured for twelve MEFAs. As a result, solubility of MEFA was excellent for mild solvent according to increasement of contents of benzene ring, glycidyl group and carbon number of alkyl group. And physical properties were measured for each coating of paints after preparing transparent paints of MEFA to melt well in mild solvent among twelve MEFAs. As a result, they showed an optimal performance on conditions of equivalent ratio of bisphenol-A type epoxy resin/fatty acid/DP/TDI; 1.0/0.25/0.25/0.5 and equivalent ratio of phenol novolac type epoxy resin/fatty acid/DP; 1.0/0.25/0.25 for drying time, adhesion, hardness, impact resistance and alkali resistance.

Formation of Environment Friendly Electrodeposition Films by CO2 Gas Dissolved in Seawater and Their Corrosion Resistance (해수 중 CO2 기체의 유입에 의한 환경 친화적인 전착 코팅막의 형성과 그 내식특성)

  • Lee, Sung-Joon;Kim, Hye-Min;Lee, Seul-Gee;Moon, Kyung-Man;Lee, Myeong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2014
  • The peculiar feature of cathodic protection in seawater has the capability to form mineral calcareous deposits such as magnesium and calcium on metal surfaces. It is assumed that $OH^-$ ions are generated close to the metal surface as a result of cathodic protection and generated $OH^-$ ions increases the pH of the metal/seawater interface outlined as the following formulae. (1) $O_2+2H_2O+4e{\rightarrow}4OH^-$, or (2) $2H_2O+2e{\rightarrow}H_2+2OH^-$. And high pH causes precipitation of $Mg(OH)_2$ and $CaCO_3$ in accordance with the following formulae. (1) $Mg^{2+}+2OH^-{\rightarrow}Mg(OH)_2$, (2) $Ca^{2+}+CO{_3}^{2-}{\rightarrow}CaCO_3$. The focus of this study was to increase the amount of $CO{_3}^{2-}$ with the injection of $CO_2$ gas to the solution for accelerating process of the following formulae. (1) $H_2O+CO_2{\rightarrow}H_2CO_3$, (2) $HCO^{3-}{\rightarrow}{H^+}+CO{_3}^{2-}$. Electrodeposit films were formed by an electro-deposition technique on steel substrates in solutions of both natural seawater and natural seawater dissolved $CO_2$ gas with different current densities, over different time periods. The contents of films were investigated by scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and X-ray diffraction(XRD). The adhesion and corrosion resistance of the coating films were evaluated by anodic polarization. From an experimental result, only $CaCO_3$ were found in solution where injected $CO_2$ gas regardless of current density. In case of injecting the $CO_2$ gas, weight gain of electrodeposits films hugely increased and it had appropriate physical properties.

Cytotoxicity Assessments of Portulaca oleracea and Petroselinum sativum Seed Extracts on Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells (HepG2)

  • Farshori, Nida Nayyar;Al-Sheddi, Ebtesam Saad;Al-Oqail, Mai Mohammad;Musarrat, Javed;Al-Khedhairy, Abdulaziz Ali;Siddiqui, Maqsood Ahmed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6633-6638
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    • 2014
  • The Pharmacological potential, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial activities of Portulaca oleracea (PO) and Petroselinum sativum (PS) extracts are well known. However, the preventive properties against hepatocellular carcinoma cells have not been explored so far. Therefore, the present investigation was designed to study the anticancer activity of seed extracts of PO and PS on the human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2). The HepG2 cells were exposed with $5-500{\mu}g/ml$ of PO and PS for 24 h. After the exposure, cell viability by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-biphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, neutral red uptake (NRU) assay, and cellular morphology by phase contrast inverted microscope were studied. The results showed that PO and PS extracts significantly reduced the cell viability of HepG2 in a concentration dependent manner. The cell viability was recorded to be 67%, 31%, 21%, and 17% at 50, 100, 250, and $500{\mu}g/ml$ of PO, respectively by MTT assay and 91%, 62%, 27%, and 18% at 50, 100, 250, and $500{\mu}g/ml$ of PO, respectively by NRU assay. PS exposed HepG2 cells with $100{\mu}g/ml$ and higher concentrations were also found to be cytotoxic. The decrease in the cell viability at 100, 250, and $500{\mu}g/ml$ of PS was recorded as 70%, 33%, and 15% by MTT assay and 63%, 29%, and 17%, respectively by NRU assay. Results also showed that PO and PS exposed cells reduced the normal morphology and adhesion capacity of HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells exposed with $50{\mu}g/ml$ and higher concentrations of PO and PS lost their typical morphology, become smaller in size, and appeared in rounded bodies. Our results demonstrated preliminary screening of anticancer activity of Portulaca oleracea and Petroselinum sativum extracts against HepG2 cells, which can be further used for the development of a potential therapeutic anticancer agent.

RESTORATION OF MAXILLARY PRIMARY INCISORS USING POLYETHYLENE FIBER-REINFORCED POST (폴리에틸렌 섬유 강화형 포스트를 이용한 상악 유전치의 수복)

  • Yun, Hyo-Jin;Park, Ho-Won;Lee, Ju-Hyun;Seo, Hyun-Woo
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.526-531
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    • 2010
  • Early childhood caries which mainly affect maxillary anterior area, defined as 'the presence of 1 or more decayed, missing, or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a child 71 months of age or younger'. Extraction of teeth when early childhood caries affected in maxillary primary incisors often develops progressively, result in severe destruction of crowns, acute or chronic pulpitis, and periapical abscess formation. Maxillary primary incisors are need to preserve as possible, because the early loss of maxillary primary incisors may lead to various functional, esthetical, and psychological problems. It is necessary to the availability of an easy to perform technique capable of providing efficient, durable, functional, and esthetic restorative methods. Polyethylene fiber-reinforced post can be used in strengthen of composite resins that is esthetic and good physical and mechanical properties. $Ribbond^{(R)}$ is made from an polyethylene fiber, has numerous usages, its surface is treated to enhance adhesion to resins, ease of manipulation, relatively cost effective. We report this case, had restored of maxillary primary incisors with severe coronal destruction due to affecting severe early childhood caries, using polyethylene fiber-reinforced posts, composite resin cores, and celluloid crowns. We could obtain good result of treatment.

Prediction Model of Flexural Properties of LEFC using Foaming Agent (기포제 적용 빛 감성 친화형 콘크리트의 휨 특성 예측 모델)

  • Kim, Byoung-Il;Seo, Seung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2019
  • Concrete, which is the most widely used building material in modern times, has been improved not only in strength but also in structural performance such as increase in toughness and ductility, weight reduction, and improvement in quality of human life. Due to the surge in demand for the building, there is a tendency to be used variously from architectural panel and architecture to interior accessories. In Korea, a light-transmitting concrete, LEFC(Light Emotion Friendly Concrete), that insert plastic rods to stimulate emotional sensation through the combination of light and concrete has developed. In previous research, it was confirmed that the use of a synthetic foam agent rather than an animal foam agent did not cause a fogging phenomenon. In this study, lightweight by applying foaming agent to LEFC and two types of fiber (Nylon Fiber, Polyvinyl Alcohol) were compared to achieve to investigate the fiber to be applied in future. An equation that can predict the loss and adhesion reduction of the concrete section according to the diameter of the rod (5mm, 10mm) and the interval (10mm, 15mm, 20mm) was proposed.

Properties of Inorganic Adhesives according to Phosphate Type and Borax Ratio (인산염 종류와 붕사 첨가율에 따른 무기접착재의 특성)

  • Song, Ha-Young;Lim, Jeong-Jun;Khil, Bae-Su;Lee, Sang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2019
  • Epoxy resin adhesives are currently used as adhesives in buildings. Epoxy resin adhesives, which are organic materials, generate harmful substances when producing adhesives, and toxic substances are high in the residential space after installation. In addition, a large amount of carbon monoxide generated from organic materials in the case of a building fire leads to personal injury. This study evaluates the feasibility of inorganic adhesives using pure inorganic materials such as magnesia, phosphate, and borax as inorganic adhesives to replace existing organic adhesives. As a result of the experiment on the selection of adequate phosphate and the characteristics of the addition rate of borax used as a retarder, the potassium phosphate monobasic was obtained as a suitable phosphate and the characteristics according to the borax addition rate were compared with the quality standard of KS F 4923 The hardening shrinkage and heat change rate satisfied the quality standards. The tensile strength was satisfactory when the borax addition rate was 4% or more, but the adhesive strength did not meet the quality standards. Further studies are needed to improve adhesion strength.

A Study on Adhesion Characteristics and Physical Properties of Animal Glue Added Genipin (제니핀을 첨가한 아교의 접착 특성과 물성 변화 연구)

  • Lee, Jun Ho;Yu, Ji A;Chung, Yong Jae
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.157-166
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    • 2018
  • In this study, gelatin binding ability was increased by adding cross linking agent to improve adhesive characteristic of animal glue. Animal glue added genipin measured gel strength and viscosity, the structural analysis, the color retention degree, elution degree, and rupture strength. And the water resistance and ultraviolet light resistance with the addition of genipin were compared. As a result of the study, the gel strength and viscosity increased with the amount of genipin. As a result of the structural analysis, in gelatin, the absorption peak of the triple structure of collagen structurally stabilized was observed. As a result of the color retention degree, the film was observed because of the lowered brightness. The amount of elution glue was increased with addition of genipin at $50^{\circ}C$ distilled water condition and rupture strength has increased with the amount of genipin. In the water resistance and light fastness, there was no appearance before and after deterioration due to the addition of genipin. Based on the results of this study, it confirmed the adhesive characteristics of animal glue added genipin and examined the experimental method applicable for animal glue. After the addition of genipin, flexibility, re-solving, adhesive force, and curing speed, which are unique characteristics of glue, can be improved without disappearing, so it is expected that it will be applicable to production of animal glue and conservation of cultural heritage when homogeneous glue is secured.

Coronary stents with inducible VEGF/HGF-secreting UCB-MSCs reduced restenosis and increased re-endothelialization in a swine model

  • Chang, Hyun-Kyung;Kim, Pyung-Hwan;Kim, Dong Wook;Cho, Hyun-Min;Jeong, Mi Jin;Kim, Dea Han;Joung, Yoon Ki;Lim, Kyung Seob;Kim, Han Byul;Lim, Han Cheol;Han, Dong Keun;Hong, Young Joon;Cho, Je-Yoel
    • Experimental and Molecular Medicine
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.15.1-15.14
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    • 2018
  • Atherosclerotic plaques within the vasculature may eventually lead to heart failure. Currently, cardiac stenting is the most effective and least invasive approach to treat this disease. However, in-stent restenosis is a complex chronic side effect of stenting treatment. This study used coronary stents coated with stem cells secreting angiogenic growth factors via an inducible genome-editing system to reduce stent restenosis and induce re-endothelialization within the artery. The characteristics of the cells and their adhesion properties on the stents were confirmed, and the stents were transplanted into a swine model to evaluate restenosis and the potential therapeutic use of stents with stem cells. Restenosis was evaluated using optical coherence tomography (OCT), microcomputed tomography (mCT) and angiography, and re-endothelialization was evaluated by immunostaining after cardiac stent treatment. Compared to a bare metal stent (BMS) or a parental umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UCB-MSC)-coated stent, the stents with stem cells capable of the controlled release of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) successfully reduced restenosis within the stent and induced natural re-endothelialization. Furthermore, UCB-MSCs exhibited the ability to differentiate into endothelial cells in Matrigel, and HGF and VEGF improved this differentiation. Our study indicates that stents coated with UCB-MSCs secreting VEGF/HGF reduce the restenosis side effects of cardiac stenting with improved re-endothelialization.