• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Adhesion Properties

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Adhesion Properties of Indigenous Dadih Lactic Acid Bacteria on Human Intestinal Mucosal Surface

  • Dharmawan, Jorry;Surono, Ingrid S.;Kun, Lee Yuan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.751-755
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    • 2006
  • Dadih is Indonesian traditional fermented buffalo milk believed by the natives to have beneficial effects on human health. This may be due to the probiotic properties possessed by the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) involved in its fermentation process. It was discovered that ten strains of dadih lactic isolates possessed some probiotic properties in vitro. In this study, the adhesion properties of dadih LAB, in comparison with documented probiotic strains, were investigated in vitro by using mucin extracted from human faeces and Caco-2 cells as the models for human intestinal mucosal surface and intestinal cells respectively. The adhesion results showed the distinction of Lactobacillus reuteri IS-27560 in adhering to both mucus layer and Caco-2 cells. The competition assay for adhesion to the mucus layer between dadih LAB and selected pathogens indicated the competence of Lactococcus lactis IS-16183 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus IS-7257 in significantly inhibiting the adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Accordingly, these two strains may be potential candidates for use as probiotic strains. Overall, the adhesion properties of all dadih LAB strains were relatively comparable to that of Lactobacillus casei Shirota and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, the documented probiotic strains.

상용성이 개선된 접착 증진제의 합성 및 이를 함유한 자외선 경화형 접착제의 특성분석 (Synthesis of Adhesion Promoters with Improved Compatibility and Properties of UV-Curable Adhesives Containing Adhesion Promoters)

  • 박정현;원종우;김주열;윤유정;권오형;황진상
    • 접착 및 계면
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구에서는 상용성이 개선된 접착 증진제를 개발하기 위해 malenized polybutadiene과 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate(HEA)의 반응을 통해 다양한 함량의 아크릴레이트 반응기와 carboxylic acid가 도입된 접착 증진제(PBCA)를 합성하였다. 합성된 접착 증진제는 maleic anhydride의 개환 반응을 통해 도입된 아크릴레이트 반응기와 carboxylic acid의 함량, 그리고 접착 증진제의 첨가량을 달리하여 접착 필름을 제조하고 제조된 접착 필름의 표면 특성, 접착력 등의 기계적 특성과 흡습 특성 등의 변화를 확인하였다. 접착 증진제의 분자 내에 도입된 carboxylic acid의 함량이 증가할수록 접착 필름의 접착력은 증가하는 경향을 보였으며, 기존의 상용화된 접착 증진제와 비교하여 기계적 물성 또한 개선됨을 확인하였다. 특히, 분자 내에 소수성의 폴리부타디엔 주쇄와 친수성의 maleic anhydride 및 carboxylic acid가 동시에 존재함으로 인해 다양한 친수성 및 소수성 재료와의 상용성이 대폭 개선되었음을 확인하였다.

슬러리법에 의한 탄소섬유보강 시멘트복합체의 제조에서 보강섬유와 계면결착제와의 상관특성 (Characteristics Correlations Between Fiber-Reinforced and Interfacial Adhesion in Carbon fiber reinforced Cement composite Prepared by Slurry Method.)

  • 최응규
    • 한국건축시공학회지
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2002
  • The objective of the study is to examine the characteristic correlations between reinforcing carbon fiber and interfacial adhesion agent since the interfacial adhesion strength between reinforcing carbon fiber and matrices is believed to be an essential element influencing the physical properties in carbon fiber reinforced cement composite using slurry method. The integrity of interfacial adhesion between reinforcing fiber and cement not only affects the quality of fiber reinforced cement composite but also influences to a large degree the physical properties of the cement composite when producing carbon fiber reinforced cement composite using slurry method. Having analyzed the physical properties 1.e., water content, tensile strength, flexural strength and flexural toughness of carbon fiber reinforced cement composite specimens, C-PAM(cation polyacrylamide) was determined to be an optimum interfacial adhesion agent. The study has also demonstrated that interfacial adhesion strength varies largely on the content and type of the reinforcing fiber. Judging from magnified view of the tensile shear cross-section using VMS(video microscope system), interfacial adhesion strength between reinforcing fiber and matrices is affected by the type of interfacial adhesion agent. According to the result of the experiments, C-PAM was determined to be an ideal interfacial adhesion agent when using carbon fiber in producing carbon fiber reinforced cement composite with the optimum content of carbon fiber being established.

A Study on Adhesion Friction Characteristics of Rubber for Tire Tread

  • Oh, Yumrak;Jeon, Seong-hee;Lee, Dong Youm;Kim, Hak-Joo;Kim, Jeong-Heon
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.299-307
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    • 2019
  • Rubber friction properties include adhesion friction characteristics of the interface, hysteresis friction characteristics originating from repeated rubber deformations, and cohesion friction characteristics due to wear and tear. Cohesion friction is generally sufficiently small (< 3%) that it can be ignored, whereas adhesion friction has a relatively large contribution of 15%, but has not been investigated thoroughly. Therefore, through an adhesion friction study, the adhesion mechanism was examined and the relationship between friction characteristics and adhesion friction on dry surfaces was derived. The wet grip characteristics of tread rubber are fully described by the hysteresis characteristics of tires, but friction characteristics on dry roads are difficult to determine without adhesion factors. The results presented herein demonstrate that the combination of hysteresis and adhesion properties in the tread rubber sufficiently explained the characteristics of the dry grip. Based on the results of this study, technologies will be developed to determine the key factors governing adhesion friction characteristics and improve dry tire braking performance.

Thermal Conductivity and Adhesion Properties of Thermally Conductive Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives

  • Kim, Jin-Kon;Kim, Jong-Won;Kim, Myung-Im;Song, Min-Seok
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.517-523
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    • 2006
  • The effects of particle content, size and shape on the thermal conductivity (k) and adhesion properties of thermally conductive, pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs) were investigated. The matrix resins were thermally crosslinkable, 2-ethylhexyl acrylic polyol and ultraviolet (UV)-curable, random copolymer consisting of acrylic oligomer and various acrylates. We found that k increased with increasing diameter and particle aspect ratio, and was further enhanced due to the reduction of the interfacial thermal barrier when the coupling agent, which increases the adhesion between particles and the matrix resin, was used. On the other hand, adhesion properties such as peel strength and tack of the thermally crosslinkable resin decreased sharply with increasing particle content. However, for UV curable resin, increased particle addition inhibited the decrease in adhesion properties.

불소화된 폴리우레탄의 기계적 물성과 혈소판 점착특성에 관한 연구 (A Study for Mechanical and Platelet Adhesion Properties of Fluorinated Polyurethanes)

  • 김형중
    • 폴리머
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.343-348
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    • 2001
  • Perfluorinated polyether diol(Fomblin ZDOL$ZDOL^{(R)}$)과 4,4'-diphenyl methane diisocyanate(MDI)로부터 합성된 불소화된 폴리우레탄 탄성체의 기계적 성질과 혈소판 점착 특성을 연구하였다. Fomblin 함량과 혼합 사용된 polyether polyol의 종류에 따른 기계적 성질의 검토를 인장실험 및 dynamic mechanical analysis를 통해 행하였다. 또한 혈소판 점착실험을 통해 불소화된 폴리우레탄 탄성체의 혈액적합성을 평가하였다. 기계적 물성은 혼합된 polyether polyol의 종류와 함량에 영향을 받았고, 혈소판 점착은 모든 불소화된 폴리우레탄에서 불소화 함량의 증가에 따라 감소하였다.

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타이어의 벨트 부착력과 내구성능 간의 상관성 연구 (Correlation Study on Tire Belt Adhesion Properties and Durability Performance)

  • 홍승준;이호근
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.804-808
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    • 2005
  • A pneumatic tire is made up of many flexible filaments of high modulus cord of natural textile, synthetic polymer, glass fiber, or fine hard drawn steel embedded in and bonded to a matrix of low modulus polymetric material. Adhesion property of these materials is very important in tire durability safety because belt-leaving-belt tread separation reduces the ability of a driver to control a vehicle, whether or not the separation is accompanied by a loss of air. In this study adhesion test of carcass-belt-tread is conducted on material properties of 5 PCR tire model, which are on sale in domestic market and analyzed adhesion properties. For those tire models FMVSS 109 indoor high speed durability test is conducted to analyze the correlation between adhesion force and high speed performance of tires and found the correlation between the two test results.

그래핀 하부전극을 이용하여 BMNO 케페시터의 특성 향상을 위한 Ti Adhesion Layer의 효과 (Effect of Ti Adhesion Layer on the Electrical Properties of BMNO Capacitor Using Graphene Bottom Electrodes)

  • 박병주;윤순길
    • 한국전기전자재료학회논문지
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.867-871
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    • 2013
  • The Ti adhesion layers were deposited onto the glass substrate for transparent capacitors using $Bi_2Mg_{2/3}Nb_{4/3}O_7$ (BMNO) dielectric thin films. Graphene was transferred onto the Ti/glass substrate after growing onto the Ni/$SiO_2$/Si using rapid-thermal pulse CVD (RTPCVD). The BMNO dielectric thin films were investigated for the microstructure, dielectric and leakage properties in the case of capacitors with and without Ti adhesion layers. Leakage current and dielectric properties were strongly dependent on the Ti adhesion layers grown for graphene bottom electrode.

Emulsion Polymerization of Co-polymers Having Both Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Side Chains and Their Adhesion Properties

  • Takahashi, S.;Shibamiya, N.;Kasemura, T.
    • 접착 및 계면
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2002
  • We have studied on the surface and adhesion properties for acrylic terpolymers, having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic side chains, synthesized via solution polymerization. In order to develop a waterborne material. we tried to synthesize these terpolymers via emulsion polymerization. The polymeric emulsion synthesized was mainly composed of methyl methacrylate (MMA), methoxy-polyethyleneglycol methacrylate (MPEGMA) having hydrophilic side chains and methoxypolypropyleneglycol methacrylate (MPEGMA) having hydrophobic side chains. The viscosities of this series increased with an increase in the content of the co-monomer such as MPEGMA and (MPEGMA). This behavior resulted in the increase in the diameter and heterogeneity of the emulsion particle via AFM observation. Furthermore. the tensile adhesion strength and 90-degree peel strength of the adhesive of these polymeric emulsions were measured. In the case of polymeric emulsion composed of the same content of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic component, the adhesion property showed the highest value. However, since the adhesion properties as a practical applicable adhesive were poor, some improvements were required. When the composition above was modified with butyl acrylate (BA), the improvement effect on adhesion strength was accepted. In particular, 90-degree peel strength increased up to a maximum of 400% of the original value.

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폐타이어 고무분말 개질 아스팔트 실란트의 물리적 특성에서 유연제의 영향 (Influence of a Flexibilizer on Physical Properties of Crumb Rubber Modified Asphalt Sealants)

  • 김종석
    • 한국도로학회논문집
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2009
  • 폐타이어 고무분말은 도로 유지 및 보수제로 아스팔트 바인더의 개질제로 사용되고 있다. 도로보수제인 폐타이어 고무분말 개질 아스팔트 (crumb rubber modified asphalt, CRMA) 실란트에 필요한 접착특성은 저온에서 아스팔트 바인더의 취성과 접착파괴특성 때문에 주목받고 있다. 본 연구에서는 저온에서 CRMAs의 개질제로서 유연제의 영향을 조사하였다. 저온에서 CRMAs의 특성은 침입도, 연화점, 인장 및 인장접착시험을 통하여 측정하였다. 유연제를 도입한 CRMAs에서 CR과 아스팔트바인더의 연성변형이 증가함에 따라 인장접착강도와 변형률이 증가하였다. 저온영역에서 CRMAs의 인장특성과 접착특성은 유연제의 함량이 중요한 요소임을 발견하였다.

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