• Title, Summary, Keyword: Addition silicone materials

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Blends of Silicone Rubber and Liquid Crystalline Polymer

  • Shivakumar E.;Das C. K.;Pandey K. N.;Alam S.;N.Mathur G.
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2005
  • Blends of silicone rubber (VMQ) and liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) were prepared by the melt mixing technique. Mechanical, XRD, thermal and dynamic mechanical investigations are reported for the pure silicone rubber and blends. The mechanical properties, viz. the tensile strength, tear strength and elongation at break, of the silicone rubber decreased with the addition of LCP. The SEM study on the tensile fractured surface of the blends revealed that they had a two phase structure, and that the failure was mainly due to fiber pull out, which suggests that the VMQ and LCP are incompatible in all of the proportions examined in this study. However, the FTIR study shows that there was a partial interaction between the VMQ and LCP, but which may not be sufficient to grip the fibrils under the applied load. In the XRD analysis, it was observed that the crystalline structure of the silicone rubber deteriorated in the presence of LCP. The DMA study suggested that the storage modulus of the silicone rubber was improved with the addition of LCP, due to the high modulus of the LCP phase. The thermal stability of the silicone rubber was greatly reduced by the addition of LCP, due to the latter having a thermal stability lower than that of silicone rubber.

Effect of latex gloves on polymerization inhibition of addition silicone impression materials (라텍스 글러브가 시판되는 3종류 부가중합형 실리콘 인상재의 중합에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.369-379
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the polymerization inhibition effect of latex gloves on addition silicone impression material. Three different kinds of addition silicone impression materials and a natural latex gloves were used in this study. The results were as follows. 1. Compared to the control group, all of those three kinds of impression materials took longer curing time in order of unwashed, alcohol and washed group, on the other hand, degloving group had shorter curing time than control group(p<0.05). 2. By the type of impression materials, there was no significant difference observed between Exafine and Twinz in ungloved group, Exafine and Imprint II in unwashed group, and Exafine and Twinz in degloving group(p>0.05). 3. The degree of polymerization at 6 minutes after mixing impression materials was evaluated by dividing its range into score 1 to 5. All of the impression materials got score 5 in control group and degloving group, which implies perfect polymerization. In unwashed group, most of them appeared to be score 2 while score 3 were most frequently observed in alcohol group and score 4 in washed group. Thus each group showed differences in the degree of polymerization(p<0.05).

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DIMENSIONAL STABILITY AND WETTABILITY OF RUBBER IMPRESSION MATERIALS (고무 인상재의 크기 안정성 및 친수성에 관한 연구)

  • Kang Choong-Hee;Vang Mong-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.233-245
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the demensioal stability and wettability of several rubber impression materials. Impressions were made from a metal master die machined to stimulate five full veneer crown preparations symmetrically placed in an arch form. Cast from impressions were measured about ; 1) intrapreparation distance 2) lower base diameter 3) length. For comparing materials were formed against a smooth surface. The advancing contact angle of a saturated aqueous solution of $CaSO_4$ on the impression materials was measured after 1 minute. Mean contact angle were calculated and results were analyzed. Results were as follows : 1. As the intrapreparation distance, hydrophilic addition-cured silicone had the smallest change and condensation-cured silicone had the largest one. 2. As the lower base diameter, traditional addition-cured silicone had the smallest change and polyether had the largest one. 3. As the height, traditional addition-cured silicone had the smallest change and polyether had the largest one. 4. As the contact angle, polyether had the smallest change and condensation-cured silicone had the largest one.

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ACCURACY OF IMPRESSION METHOD USING ADDITION SILICONE PUTTY IMPRESSION MATERIAL (부가중합형 Silicone putty 인상재를 이용한 인상채득 방법의 정확성에 관한 연구)

  • Je, Hong-Ji;Jeong, Chang-Mo;Jeon, Young-Chan;Hwang, Hie-Seong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.373-383
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    • 1996
  • In order to compare the accuracy of impression method using addition silicone putty impression material, metal master die was fabricated with 4 cylindrical abutments that were similar in shape to mandibular arch. Among the 4 abutments, two(A, D) with 8mm width and 7mm height were formed in the 2nd molar regions and the other two(B, C) with 6mm width and 7mm height were on the canine regions. Impressions were taken using one-step putty wash impression technique and two-step putty wash impression technique by three different types of impression materials(Perfect, Express, Exaflex). Upon measuring the distance between the abutments on the model by three dimensional measuring machine, the percent of devitaion of the materials were obtained, rendering the following results. The results obtained are as follows : 1. There was no significant difference in accuracy in regard with the impression method between one-step putty wash impression technique and two-step putty wash impression technique using addition silicone putty impression material. 2. There were no difference in accuracy among with three different addition silicone putty impression materials. 3. All the distances between abutments on improved stone models increased in comparison with those on the metal master model.

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The Effect of Glass Fiber and Coupling Agents in the Blends of Silicone Rubber and Liquid Crystalline Polymers

  • Das T.;Banthia A.K.;Adhikari B.;Jeong Hye-Won;Ha Chang-Sik;Alam S.
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 2006
  • Blends of silicone rubber (VMQ) and liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) were prepared using a melt blending technique in the presence and absence of glass fiber and coupling agents. The effect of glass fiber and coupling agents on the thermal, dynamic mechanical, morphological pro-perties and cure characteristics of VMQ/LCP blends were studied. The vinyl silane coupling agent showed a significant effect on the above mentioned properties of VMQ/LCP blends by reacting at the interface between VMQ and LCP. The viscosity of the VMQ/LCP blends decreased with the addition of a coupling agent. A substantial improvement in storage modulus of VMQ/LCP blends was observed in the presence of glass fiber and coupling agents. However, as a coupling agent vinyl silane proved to be better than amine for the VMQ/LCP-glass-containing blends. The thermal stability of the pure silicone rubber was higher than those of the blends. This high thermal stability of silicone rubber was attributed to the Si-O-Si bonds. However, the thermal stability of the blends decreased further in the presence of a coupling agent, possibly due to a decrease in blend crystallinity.

A simple and effective method for addition silicone impression disinfection

  • Azevedo, Maria Joao;Correia, Ines;Portela, Ana;Sampaio-Maia, Benedita
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE. Although dental impression disinfection is determinant to reduce the cross-infection risk, some studies have shown that, in real practice, the disinfection procedures vary considerably. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effectiveness and the impact on the dimensional stability of addition silicone' impressions of water wash and the most clinically used disinfection solutions: 3% hydrogen peroxide, commercial disinfectant MD520 (Durr) and 1% and 5.25% sodium hypochlorite. MATERIALS AND METHODS. For this investigation, dental impressions were taken on 16 volunteer dental students. The antimicrobial effectiveness of each procedure was evaluated by pour plate method. The dimensional stability was evaluated using a standardized stainless-steel model, according to ANSI/ADA nº19 specification. RESULTS. The study results showed that water wash does not alter the dimensional stability of addition silicone impressions but doesn't reduce the microbial load of the material (P>.05). On the other hand, addition silicone disinfection by immersion with 3% hydrogen peroxide, MD520 (Durr), or sodium hypochlorite at 1% and 5.25% does not alter the dimensional stability significantly but reduces > 99.9% of the microbial load of the impressions (P<.001). CONCLUSION. Addition silicone impressions should always be disinfected after water wash in order to reduce effectively the cross-infection risk. All disinfectants tested showed high antimicrobial efficiency without significant changes in three-dimensional shape of impressions. Hydrogen peroxide and sodium hypochlorite are of particular importance because are easily accessible in dental setting. The less explored hydrogen peroxide could be a valuable alternative for silicone impressions disinfection.

Improvement of Interfacial Performances on Insulating and Semi-conducting Silicone Polymer Joint by Plasma-treatment

  • Lee, Ki-Taek;Huh, Chang-Su
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we investigated the effects of short-term oxygen plasma treatment of semiconducting silicone layer to improve interfacial performances in joints prepared with a insulating silicone materials. Surface characterizations were assessed using contact angle measurement and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and then adhesion level and electrical performance were evaluated through T-peel tests and electrical breakdown voltage tests of treated semi-conductive and insulating joints. Plasma exposure mainly increased the polar component of surface energy from $0.21\;dyne/cm^2$ to $47\;dyne/cm^2$ with increasing plasma treatment time and then leveled off. Based on XPS analysis, the surface modification can be mainly ascribed to the creation of chemically active functional groups such as C-O, C=O and COH on semi-conductive silicone surface. This oxidized rubber layer is inorganic silica-like structure of Si bound with three to four oxygen atoms ($SiO_x,\;x=3{\sim}4$). The oxygen plasma treatment produces an increase in joint strength that is maximum for 10 min treatment. However, due to brittle property of this oxidized layer, the highly oxidized layer from too much extended treatment could be act as a weak point, decreasing the adhesion strength. In addition, electrical breakdown level of joints with adequate plasma treatment was increased by about $10\;\%$ with model samples of joints prepared with a semi-conducting/ insulating silicone polymer after applied to interface.

COMPARISON OF STONE SURFACE POROSITIES CAUSED BY HYDROGEN GAS FROM ADDITION SILICONE IMPRESSION MATERIALS (부가 중합형 실리콘 인상재에서 발생하는 수고 기체가 경석고 표면에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, So-Jeong;Lee, Keun-Woo;Kim, Kyeung-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.349-362
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    • 1996
  • To determine the factors to affect on stone surface porosities produced from hydrogen gas of additional silicone, both putty and syringe type of 7 commercially different additional silicone impression materials(Blend-A-Scon, Correct VPS, Exaflex, Express, Extrude, Provil, Reprosil) were chosen and NewFujirock(GC) was poured into the impressions of detail-reproducing test block at 1, 15, 30, 45, 60 minutes after the impression materials had set and 4 specimens were made for each pouring time, each type of impression material, and each consisency and So, 280 specimens were made in total. The number of surface porosities of same area($2826 mm^2$) which were typically caused by hydrogen gas using the stereoscope(X 7.5) by two observers. Comparison of putty-syringe type and among the impression materials are tested by Kruscal-Wallis method and Mann-Whitney method(p<0.05). The results are as follows. 1. The number of porosities decreased as the pouring time of stone was delayed on both putty and syringe type of additional silicone materials. 2. The putty type significantly produced more porosities than syringe type except for the group of Reprosil.(p<0.05). 3. In case of putty type, the number of porosities increased as following order. Reprosil / Blend-A-Scon and Provil / Correct VPS and Extrude / Express and Exaflex. 4. In case of syringe type, Blend-A-Scon and Extrude produced no porosity and Exaflex and Provil at 30 minites, but Express produced porosities even at 60 minutes and the most. Additional silicone impression material releases hydrogen gas, and that fact can make the resulting die stone model useless. So, to minimize these adverse effects, it is desirable not to expose putty type of additional silicone on critical impression surface because putty type has a tendency to produce more porosities than syringe type. And it is important to have sufficient time before pouring the stone on impression because porosities produce less as time passes after setting of impression material. Also, there are differences among 7 additional silicone impression materials, so it is desirable to choose adequate brand of additional silicone for good laboratory work.

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Study on the Effect of Contact Angles of Elastic Rubber Impression Materials on the Surface of Working Cast (탄성 고무인상재의 접촉각이 작업모형 표면에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joo-Won
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2010
  • This study was begun to search effect of contact angles of elastic rubber impression materials on the surface of working cast. Of elastic rubber impression materials with a Type III consistency, such as polysulfide, polyether and addition silicone, we selected one and then measured the contact angle after dripping a distilled water 3.3ml. Then, after pouring a dental anhydrite in three types of impression materials, we prepared a working cast and then examined its surface. Contact angle was measured using a full automatic contact angle measuring system (DM-700, KYOWA, Japan), and the surface of working cast was observed using a field emission scanning electron microscope (JSM-6700F, JEOL Ltd., JAPAN). The following results were obtained: 1) $Mean{\pm}SD$ (SD: standard deviation) of the initial contact angles were $91.3{\pm}20.5^{\circ}$ in the addition silicone materials, $90.0{\pm}2.2^{\circ}$ in the polyethers and $101.5{\pm}2.3^{\circ}$ in the polysulfides. These results indicate that mean values were similar but standard deviations of the three materials showed a great discrepancy. 2) As the time elapsed, addition silicone materials were found to have a contact angle decreased abruptly as compared with the remaining two types. That is, the initial contact angle was $91.3^{\circ}$ and it was abruptly decreased to $29.4^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. 3) In the polyethers, the initial contact angle was $101.5^{\circ}$ and it was decreased to $90.7^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. In the polysulfides, however, the initial contact angle was $90.0^{\circ}$ and it was $84.2^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. This showed almost no changes in the initial contact angles. Moreover, its magnitude was greater than that seen in additional silicones. 4) There were significant differences in the contact angles between the three types of elastic rubber impression materials as the time elapsed (p<0.001). On an observation on the surface of working cast, addition silicone materials were found to have the most dense surface. This was followed by polysulfides and polyethers in a descending order.

A multi Step Cure Process to Prevent Residual Bubbles in LED Encapsulation Silicone Resin (LED Encapsulation 실리콘의 기포잔류방지를 위한 Step 경화공정 연구)

  • Song, M.J.;Kim, H.K.;Yoon, G.S.;Kim, K.H.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2012
  • Generally, rapid cure reaction of LED encapsulation silicone resin causes serious defects in cured resin products such as warpage, residual bubbles, and reduced wettablility. In order to prevent residual bubbles in silicone resin, the step cure process was examined in the present paper. Three kinds of step cure processes were applied, and bubble-free phenomenon was observed. Most of the bubbles were removed under $70^{\circ}C$, the minimum temperature for activating cure reaction. In addition, degree of cure(DOC) and temperature distribution were predicted by using FEM analysis of heat transfer. It was concluded that maintaining cure temperature which provide a DOC under 0.5~0.6 effectively reduces residual bubbles.