• Title, Summary, Keyword: Actual Use

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A Study on Actual Usage of Information Systems: Focusing on System Quality of Mobile Service (정보시스템의 실제 이용에 대한 연구: 모바일 서비스 시스템 품질을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Woo-Chul;Kim, Kimin;Yang, Sung-Byung
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.611-635
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    • 2014
  • Information systems (IS) have become ubiquitous and changed every aspect of how people live their lives. While some IS have been successfully adopted and widely used, others have failed to be adopted and crowded out in spite of remarkable progress in technologies. Both the technology acceptance model (TAM) and the IS Success Model (ISSM), among many others, have contributed to explain the reasons of success as well as failure in IS adoption and usage. While the TAM suggests that intention to use and perceived usefulness lead to actual IS usage, the ISSM indicates that information quality, system quality, and service quality affect IS usage and user satisfaction. Upon literature review, however, we found a significant void in theoretical development and its applications that employ either of the two models, and we raise research questions. First of all, in spite of the causal relationship between intention to use and actual usage, in most previous studies, only intention to use was employed as a dependent variable without overt explaining its relationship with actual usage. Moreover, even in a few studies that employed actual IS usage as a dependent variable, the degree of actual usage was measured based on users' perceptual responses to survey questionnaires. However, the measurement of actual usage based on survey responses might not be 'actual' usage in a strict sense that responders' perception may be distorted due to their selective perceptions or stereotypes. By the same token, the degree of system quality that IS users perceive might not be 'real' quality as well. This study seeks to fill this void by measuring the variables of actual usage and system quality using 'fact' data such as system logs and specifications of users' information and communications technology (ICT) devices. More specifically, we propose an integrated research model that bring together the TAM and the ISSM. The integrated model is composed of both the variables that are to be measured using fact as well as survey data. By employing the integrated model, we expect to reveal the difference between real and perceived degree of system quality, and to investigate the relationship between the perception-based measure of intention to use and the fact-based measure of actual usage. Furthermore, we also aim to add empirical findings on the general research question: what factors influence actual IS usage and how? In order to address the research question and to examine the research model, we selected a mobile campus application (MCA). We collected both fact data and survey data. For fact data, we retrieved them from the system logs such information as menu usage counts, user's device performance, display size, and operating system revision version number. At the same time, we conducted a survey among university students who use an MCA, and collected 180 valid responses. A partial least square (PLS) method was employed to validate our research model. Among nine hypotheses developed, we found five were supported while four were not. In detail, the relationships between (1) perceived system quality and perceived usefulness, (2) perceived system quality and perceived intention to use, (3) perceived usefulness and perceived intention to use, (4) quality of device platform and actual IS usage, and (5) perceived intention to use and actual IS usage were found to be significant. In comparison, the relationships between (1) quality of device platform and perceived system quality, (2) quality of device platform and perceived usefulness, (3) quality of device platform and perceived intention to use, and (4) perceived system quality and actual IS usage were not significant. The results of the study reveal notable differences from those of previous studies. First, although perceived intention to use shows a positive effect on actual IS usage, its explanatory power is very weak ($R^2$=0.064). Second, fact-based system quality (quality of user's device platform) shows a direct impact on actual IS usage without the mediating role of intention to use. Lastly, the relationships between perceived system quality (perception-based system quality) and other constructs show completely different results from those between quality of device platform (fact-based system quality) and other constructs. In the post-hoc analysis, IS users' past behavior was additionally included in the research model to further investigate the cause of such a low explanatory power of actual IS usage. The results show that past IS usage has a strong positive effect on current IS usage while intention to use does not have, implying that IS usage has already become a habitual behavior. This study provides the following several implications. First, we verify that fact-based data (i.e., system logs of real usage records) are more likely to reflect IS users' actual usage than perception-based data. In addition, by identifying the direct impact of quality of device platform on actual IS usage (without any mediating roles of attitude or intention), this study triggers further research on other potential factors that may directly influence actual IS usage. Furthermore, the results of the study provide practical strategic implications that organizations equipped with high-quality systems may directly expect high level of system usage.

Determining Factors of Intention to Actual Use of Charged Long-term Care Services for the Aged (유료노인장기요양보호서비스 이용의사 결정요인)

  • Yoo, Jin-Yeong;Chun, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : To help develop strategies to cope with the changes arising from the rapid aging process by predicting the determining factors of intention to actual use of the charged long-term care services for elderly as perceived by the middle aged who play the major role of supports. Methods : Subjects were the parents (men 177, women 507) in their 40s of the students selected from a university of Busan city. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 4 weeks in October 2003 about the knowledge for long-term care service, the intention of actual use, and the preferences about the type of service suppliers. Data analysis was performed with frequency, chi-square test, and t-test using SPSS program (ver 10.0K), along with data mining using decision tree of Enterprise Miner V8.2 by SAS. Results : About half of the subjects (53.7%) had the actual experiences of elderly supports. Intentions to use the charged services were relatively high in home visiting nursing care service (40.1%) and long-term care facilities service (40.4%), and were influenced by previous knowledge about the services. The intentions were stronger in women, those with higher education, and those with greater income levels. Actual elderly supports were mostly (80%) done by women, and the perceived burdens for the supports were bigger in women and those of lower socioeconomic level. Desired charges were about 10,000 won for the bath service, 20,000 won for the rests services per day, and about 500,000 won for the long-term care facilities service per month. From the result of decision tree analysis, the job professionalism was the most important determining factor of intention to actual use of the services with validation as $63{\sim}71%$. Health and welfare mixed type facilities were preferred, and the most important consideration was the level of professionalism. Conclusions : Intention to actual use of the charged services was largely determined by the aspects of time and cost. Polices to increase the number of service suppliers and to decrease the burdens perceived by actual supporters were strongly recommended.

A Study on the Actual Condition of Smartphone Usage and the Influential Variables of 3 to 5 Years Old Children

  • Choi, Dea-Hun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2019
  • As the tendency of children's overdependence on smart phones increased, it was obligatory to carry out preventive education more than once a year in kindergarten and day care center, but there is no specific guidance on contents and method of preventive education. This is due to the lack of prior studies on the actual use of smartphones and the influence variables of infants and young children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of use time, frequency of use, and sociological background variables on the actual situation of smartphone usage and overdependency on smartphone among 3-5 year old children nationwide. For the analysis, the frequency of the use of smartphone for 3-5 year old children was analyzed by frequency analysis, and the influence variables were correlated and multiple regression analysis. Research shows that smartphone overdependence of 3-5 year old children have an influence on the use time and frequency of use. The results should include content that restricts the use time and frequency of use of smartphones and prevention education programs for 3-5 year olds and young children. Suggesting a need for a transition to the educational method used.

A Comparative Study of the Practical Use and Behavior Pattern on the Livingroom space of Apartment (아파트 거실의 활용과 이용행태에 관한 비교연구 - 모델하우스와 실제거주 거실 공간 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Yang-Hee;Ha, Jae-Kyung
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to know the way of practical space use and user behavior pattern at the livingroom of city apartment that is the representative residential space of modern citizen. The way of study is to compare the livingroom of model house with actual condition of livingroom, through this way, we will know that livingroom is in use as the original concept of design or not. From the research which sees consequently (1) Most of the current model houses show common kind of livingroom by using typical style and arrangement of furniture (TV, couch, table, and decorations such as pictures or other artworks). (2) Actual condition of livingroom is different from model house in furniture arrangement and in using space which is set depending on the residents' preferences and characteristics.(computer, desk, exercising equipments, and instruments etc.) (3) The actual condition of livingroom shows the various behavior pattern of space use as the actual condition of livingroom is a mixture of typical kind of livingroom and the livingroom that reflects the characteristics of residents'.

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A Study on the Actual Condition Investigation of the Disconnecting Switchgear of 170kV GIS (170kV GIS용 단로기의 현장 사용 실태 조사)

  • Lee, Eun-Suk;Kim, Jong-Seo;Cheon, Jong-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.1180-1183
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    • 2003
  • 170kV GIS(Gas Insulated Switchgear) is widely used in large industrial factory-electrical facilities of private use because has many benefits. But Other equipments's failures are occurred by GIS failures and give rise economic problems to user. Therefore we will examine the actual condition of the 170kV GIS-electrical facilities of private use and are able to confirm the distribution characteristic analysis of disconnecting switchgear. In this paper, we presents the actual condition investigation of the disconnecting switchgear of 170kV GIS-electrical facilities of private use by post - failure pattern, inspection method, test equipments and so forth.

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Factors influencing usage intention and actual use of mobile learning (모바일러닝의 사용의도 및 실제사용에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Lee, Jeongmin;Noh, Jiyae
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the structural relationships among performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating condition, attitude, usage intention and actual use. In order to examine structural relationships among variables, we surveyed 285 high school students in spring semester of 2014. After collecting data, we examined causal relationships among variables using structural equation modeling. The results of this study were as follows: First, performance expectancy and effort expectancy significantly affected attitude; however, social influence did not. Second, attitude affected usage intention and usage intention significantly affected actual use. Third, the indirect effect of attitude between performance expectancy, effort expectancy and usage intention were significant and the indirect effect of usage intention between attitude and actual was also significant. Finally, the moderating effect of gender and experience were not significant. Based on this study, the practical strategies to facilitate usage intention and actual use of mobile learning of high school students were suggested.

A study on actual use, design preference, and purchasing behaviors of bedding of married women in their 30s~60s (30대~60대 기혼 여성의 연령집단별 침구류 사용실태, 디자인 선호도 및 구매행동에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2018
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate actual use, design preference, and purchasing behaviors of bedding among married women in their 30s to 60s, and to determine the differences by age groups on these variables. The subjects were 623 married women and the research method was survey. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, cross tab analysis, multiple response analysis, ANOVA, and Duncan's multiple range test, using SPSS program. The results were as follows. First, on the actual use of bedding, the possession quantity of the bed cover and mattress was 2~4 while bedclothes and pillow was 7~8. The period of use of bedding was about 2~4 years and the frequency of washing was about 2~3 times a month. Second, married women generally preferred white and pastel tones, floral patterns, cotton fabrics, and a clean and comfortable image on bedding designs. Third, on the purchasing behaviors of bedding, married women considered functional damage and health & sanitary aspects as important purchase purposes. The most important selection criterion was fabric. Price, tactility, functionality, and manageability were also important criteria. Married women generally used the internet and store displays as important information sources, and considered bedding specialty stores as important purchase places. They generally spent about 200,000~300,000 won a year to purchase bedding. Fourth, the actual use, design preference, and purchasing behaviors of bedding showed many differences by age group. Therefore, it is needed to establish product development and marketing strategy of bedding, considering customers'age variable.

A Study on the Actual States and the Use Behaviors of Urban Neighborhood Parks in Ulsan (울산시 도시근린공원의 실태와 이용행태에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Chang-Mi;Kim, Sun-Joong
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.115-119
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    • 2003
  • The green space become more important in the city. It is shown as the urban neighborhood park. But the current problem of urban neighborhood parks planning in Ulsan is uniform without reflecting area's characteristic. The Purpose of this study is to propose the planning methods of urban neighborhood parks by surveying characteristic of each urban neighborhood parks in Ulsan actual states and use behaviors.

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Studies on Motor Activity Log-28 and Actual Amount of Use Test, Actual Amount of Use Test Inter-rater Reliability in Healthy Individuals: Age Dependence and Handedness (연령과 손잡이에 따른 정상인들의 Motor Activity Log-28과 Actual Amount of Use Test 연구 및 Actual Amount of Use Test의 평가자간 신뢰도연구)

  • Kim, Kyeong-hyeon;Shin, Yu-mi;Lim, Mi-yu;Jung, Yu-chang;Oh, Ji-eun;Kim, Su-jin
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2019
  • Background: Spontaneous use of the upper extremities on the affected side of patients with stroke is a meaningful indicator of recovery and may vary by the age or dominant hand of patients. No prior study has reported changes in actual amount of use test (AAUT) and motor activity log (MAL)-28 according to age and handedness in healthy adults, and AAUT inter-rater reliability for assessment of healthy adults. Objects: This study aimed to (1) research the differences in AAUT and MAL-28 according to age and handedness in healthy adults, and (2) determine the inter-rater reliability of the AAUT. Methods: Seventy healthy adults participated in this study. The MAL-28 was assessed by dividing 61 subjects into young right-handed ($n_1=20$), young left-handed ($n_2=21$), and older right-handed ($n_3=20$) groups. The AAUT was assessed by dividing 63 subjects into young right-handed ($n_1=25$), young left-handed ($n_2=18$), and older right-handed ($n_3=20$) groups. Student's t-test and the Wilcoxon signedrank test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The Amount of Use (AOU) scale values for each group showed no significant differences between age groups and handedness groups in the MAL-28 (p>.05). The AAUT AOU scale value showed significant differences regarding dominant handedness in the AAUT (p<.05), but no significant differences according to age (p>.05). (2) Inter-rater reliability of the AAUT was excellent, except few items (item 9, 11, and 12). Conclusion: Although both the MAL-28 and the AAUT measured how much participants used their dominant arms in healthy subjects, the AAUT only showed significantly higher dominant arm use in left hander than the right hander. In addition, the inter-rater reliability of the AAUT was excellent. Current results can be utilized as a basic information when clinicians develop rehabilitation strategies, and AAUT was shown to be a reliable evaluation tool for measurement of upper extremity use in Korean adults, based on the reliability demonstrated by this study.