• Title, Summary, Keyword: Activity Limitation

Search Result 312, Processing Time 0.028 seconds

Relationship between local authority deprivation and activity limitation in adults aged 50 or over (지역 박탈수준과 중고령층의 활동제한의 연관성)

  • Yoon, Tae-Ho;Kim, Soo-Young;Yun, Mi-Sook;Moon, Kyung-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.27-37
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives: As the increasing of the length of the lifespan, more recent policy interest are concerned with how many years of life are lived without functional disability or activity limitation. We investigated the relationship between deprivation and activity limitation at the 251 local authority level. Methods: The data were derived from the 2010 Census 10% sample data. Crude and age-standardized activity limitation rates by gender at the ages of 50 or over and deprivation index were calculated. Mapping and multiple linear regression analysis were applied to explore relationship between area activity limitation and area deprivation. Results: There were considerable differences in activity limitation rate across the 251 local authorities. Age-standardized activity limitation rate in both male and female were strongly associated with the level of area deprivation. Especially, low social class, male unemployment, or non-apartment residents at the local level were strong positive association with local authorities' age-standardized activity limitation. Conclusion: More policy attention is needed for tackling regional inequality in activity limitation among older adults.

Effects of Activity Limitations on the Health-Related Quality of Life and Depression in Osteoarthritis Patients (골관절염 환자의 활동제한이 건강관련 삶의 질과 우울증에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Do-Youn;Nam, Seung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.109-116
    • /
    • 2020
  • PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to provide a basis for the need to apply psychological factors-based rehabilitation programs to osteoarthritis patients by understanding how the limitations on the activities of osteoarthritis patients relate to the health-related quality of life and depression. METHODS: This study assessed 1,994 osteoarthritis patients from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2016-2018). The subjects were divided into two categories: with activity limitation and without activity limitation. A Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were conducted. RESULTS: The EQ-5D index of subjects with activity limitation was .84 ± .16, it was .94 ± .12 in those with no activity limitation (p < .05). The diagnosis of depression was 16.8% and; 8.3% in those with and without activity limitation, respectively (p < .05). There was a significant difference in the odds ratio for each item in the EQ-5D. Moreover, the odds ratio for depression with an activity limitation was 2.171 (1.512 - 3.118) compared with no activity limitation. CONCLUSION: The activity limitation of osteoarthritis patients reduces the health-related quality of life significantly and increases the probability of depression. Therefore, the treatment of osteoarthritis patients should be approached considering the psychological conditions. Moreover, early diagnosis of depressive symptoms is needed to prevent symptom deterioration and increase the compliance with rehabilitation therapy.

Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need between elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia : Using seventh Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (노령 또는 치매로 활동제한이 있는 노인과 활동제한이 없는 노인의 사회인 구학적 특성, 우울, 삶의 질, 미충족 의료의 비교 : 제 7차 국민건강영양조사(2016) 원시자료를 이용하여)

  • Kang, So-La;Moon, Jong-Hoon
    • The Journal of Occupational Therapy for the Aged and Dementia
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-11
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need in elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia. Method : The data were used for raw data of seventh national health and nutrition examination survey (2016). We compared sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical needs between elders with limitation of activity by aging or dementia (n = 32) and elders without limitation of activity (n = 1201). Result : Elders with limitation of activity were significantly older than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001), income was lower (p<.05) and married status had more bereavement (p<.001). The elders with limitation of activity had higher depression (p<.001) and lower quality of life (p<.001) than elders without limitation of activity. Unmet medical need was greater than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001). Conclusion : Elders with limitation of activity showed that they did not receive enough medical services than elders without limitation of activity. These results suggest that the welfare system for the health care of population with aging or dementia needs to be improved.

Prevalence of Activity Limitation in Korea's Older Adults Population (한국 노인의 활동제한 유병율)

  • Kim, Sang-Dol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.6
    • /
    • pp.453-460
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study was to identify the prevalence rate of the limitation of activity, the reasons for activity limitation, association with activity limitation and general characteristics among older adults in Korea's population. Data were extracted from the $7^{th}$ Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The number of participants were 1,578 older adults who aged 65 years over. SPSS program (version 18.0) was used for analyzing on frequency, Chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis of the data. The total prevalence rate of activity limitation among Korea's population was 19.6% in 2016. The prevalence rate of the reasons for activity limitation in Korea was highest for neck and back problems(19.8%), followed by arthritis and rheumatism(17.1%). The prevalence rate of activity limitation was statistically significant associated with age and education level, respectively. In conclusion, Age, educational level, and musculoskeletal diseases such as problems related to back and neck, arthritis and rheumatism could be significant risk factors for activity limitations in older adults who aged 65 years over. These findings could be useful as evidence-based data for relieving the prevalence rate of activity limitation and the prevention and management of activity limitations in Korea population.

Assessing Activity Limitation Among Cancer Survivors in Korea Using Data from a Nationwide Survey

  • Oh, Myueng Guen;Han, Mi Ah;Byeon, Yu Mi;Bae, Kyung Min;Choi, Seong-Hyung
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.2739-2743
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: More than 1 million cancer survivors reside in Korea. We here investigated activity limitations of cancer survivors compared to controls without a history of cancer. Materials and Methods: Using the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2012) data, we identified 1,155 adult cancer survivors. Activity limitations were defined as limitation in activities of daily living, experience of lying in a sickbed, and number of days lying in a sickbed during the last month. Descriptive analysis and multiple logistic regression compared these measures for survivors and controls by sex and age groups. Results: Approximately 29.4% of cancer survivors reported limitation in activities of daily living, 14.6% experienced lying in a sickbed, and 4.3% experienced more than 15 days lying in a sickbed during the last month. After controlling for demographic and health-related factors, cancer survivors were more likely to report activity limitation than controls. The associations were similar across sex and age groups. Conclusions: Cancer survivors have increased activity limitation compared to controls and these limitations persist across sex and age. Targeted interventions and improved management are essential for improving cancer survivor daily life.

A Study on the Activity Limitation Realities Caused by Oral Disease in Some University Students (일부 대학생의 구강질환으로 인한 활동제한실태 연구)

  • Ji, Min-Gyeong
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.371-378
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was attempted in order to offer basic data for enhancing oral health by surveying the activity limitation realities caused by oral disease in university students and then by analyzing its relevant factors. As a result of research, university students' activity limitation experience rate accounted for 24.1%. The average number of activity limitation days stood at 0.44 day. Matters related to university students' activity limitation included housing type as for socio-demographic characteristics, and busyness in daily life, difficulty for supplying school expenses, temporal burden given using dental treatment, and difficulty for transportation given using dental treatment as for individual characteristics. In case of feeling difficulty for raising school expenses, the possibility was indicated to be high in activity limitation experience, illness experience, experience of having trouble in performing schoolwork, and schoolwork loss experience. Also, in case of feeling difficulty for transportation given using dental treatment, the possibility was indicated to be high in experiencing a trouble in performing schoolwork and a loss of schoolwork. Accordingly, a national interest and support are earnestly demanded in order to establish the more systematized oral health level and to increase oral health promotion.

Analysis of Unmet Medical Needs according to Mental Health (정신건강유형에 따른 미충족 의료 현황 분석)

  • Choi, Ryoung;Hwang, Byung-Deog
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.117-129
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study investigated the prevalence of unmet health care needs among Korean adults and related factors. Methods : The study participants were adults over the age of 20 mental health experience from the Korea Health Panel in 2012(n=4,730). Statistical analysis methods used in this study were the ${\chi}^2$-test, Logistic Regression Analysis and other basic statistics such frequency-and percentage using SPSS version 22.0. Results : (1)Significant variables of stress: Factors were age, economic activity, subjective health status, and activity limitation. (2)Significant variables of depression: Factors were age, income class(low) and activity limitation. (3)Significant variables of suicidal impulse: Factors were age, chronic diseases, income class, and activity limitation. Conclusions : Stress, depression, and suicidal impulse can be unmet medical factors; therefore improvement measures and mental health counseling programs in response to suicide impulses, should be developed. Thus there is a need for a health sciences approach.

An Electromyographic Study of the Efficacy of Mandibular Movement Esercise on Opening Limitation (개구제한시 하악운동연습의 효과에 관한 근전도학적 연구)

  • Chang-Kwon Song;Kyung-Soo Han;Ho-In Jung
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-71
    • /
    • 1992
  • 52 Dental students without masticatory problems were selected for this study. They were trained on several mandibular position and mandibular movement exercise, that is, rest position, light bite, tapping, hinge opening, habitual opening, opening limitation, stretch exercise, resistance exercise and clenching. The objectives of this study was to investigate the effects of mandibular movement exercise, especially stretch and resistance, on the experimentally guided limited mouth opening. Muscle activity of the anterior temporalis and the masseter on above mentioned position or exercise were recorded with bioelectric processor EM2(Myotronics, U.S.A.) and the data were processed with SPSS. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Activity of the muscles at rest position were decreased with mandibular movement exercise. 2. Forceful mouth opening on opening limitation increased muscle activity greatly, especially of the masseter. 3. On opening limitation, stretch or resistance exercise was very efficient for decrease of muscle activities. 4. There were no difference of muscle activity between on hinge opening and on habitual opening. Therefore, for muscle relaxation, the two movement exercise can be used interchangeably.

  • PDF

A Study on Activity Information Accounting Systems : Focusing on Their Flexibilities and Applicabilities (활동정보회계시스템의 구축에 관한 연구 : 유연성과 적용가능성을 중심으로)

  • 신건권
    • The Journal of Information Systems
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.55-76
    • /
    • 1998
  • Various trials to overcome the limitation of current accounting which fails in synchronizing business activities and their information have failed to make satisfactory result merely showing a little saving of processing time. This is because such trials have been done within the boundary of double-entry bookkeeping system. Without consolidating business activities and their information, reformation efforts such as BPR(business process re-engineering), ABC(activity-based costing), CALS(commerce at light speed) etc to fit the business organization to the changing business environment could not be achieved. Overcoming the limitation of accounting takes precedence of any other attempt to construct the management information systems. Activity Information Accounting System(AIAS) proposes the way of overcoming the limitation of current accounting by using the new accounting methodology and unique solution to real time accounting information. AIAS produces accounting and management information directly of activity information without bookkeeping process of activity information. AIAS adopts method of transforming the details of corporation activities directly into accounting information rather than method of double-entry bookkeeping system. The purpose of this paper is to prove AIAS to be very flexible system by using flexibility concepts. Flexibilities are defined as three aspects, namely ① timeliness (rapid accounting information generations and presentations) ② easy systems modificabilities according to environment changes ③ adaptabilities to all industries.

  • PDF

The Correlation between Activity Ability and Participation in Children with Cerebral Palsy (뇌성마비 아동의 활동 능력과 참여 사이의 상관관계)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Hun-Ju;An, Sun-Jung;Kam, Kyung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.211-219
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was performed to search for correlation between activity limitation level and participation restriction of children with cerebral palsy by investigating the activity limitation level through the use of the GMFCS E&R and the MACS and by figuring out participation restriction level through questionnaire survey. This study was performed, from May 1, 2010 to August 31, 2010, on 152 children with cerebral palsy ranging from 4 to 12 years, who are receiving rehabilitation therapy in the hospitals and community clinics in Busan and Gyeongnam province. The levels of activity limitation were assessed by using GMFCS E&R and MACS, and a questionnaire survey was conducted for participation restriction of the participating children. Spearman rank correlation was used for correlation analysis with the statistical software, SPSS 12.0. Majority of the children scored level 5 in both GMFCS E&R and MACS which is high frequency of activity limitation levels. Children in these levels also showed severe or complete participation restriction for mobility, education, and social relations. The analysis showed a significantly positive correlation between activity limitation level and participation restriction. Therefore this study may be useful in assessing the functional movement component of participation in children with cerebral palsy and developing the intervention plan for participation.