• Title, Summary, Keyword: Activity Concentration

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Metal Ions' Effect on Activity of Pine Needle Tyrosinase (금속이온이 솔잎 tyrosinase의 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Zong-Liong;Lee, Duk-Soo;Kim, Yil
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to explain the relations between pine needle tyrosinase's activity and quantity of minerals in the Waters' mineral water. Pine needle tyrosinase's activity was measured by metal ions' concentration like Ca, Mg, Na, K, and Fe in different kinds of drinking water. 1. Pine needle tyrosinase has the highest activity when Ca's concentration is 14.40mg/L while the activity decreases by 92% when it is 108.10 mg/L. Therefore, the resonable range of Ca concentration for drinking water is 10-100.0 mg/L. 2. Mg has higher Pine needle tyrosinase's activity than Ca by three times. The reasonable range of Mg concentration for drinking water is 3.0-10.0 mg/L. 3. Pine needle tyrosinase has the highest activity when Na's concentration is 15.70 mg/L. The reasonable range of Na concentration for drinking water is less than 15 mg/L. 4. The activity increases as K concentration rises. In normal kinds of drinking water, K concentration is less than 10 mg/L. Since K has impacts on the activity only when its concentration is more than 10 mg/L, no problem in expected. 5. Fe has some impacts on the activity when its concentration is more than 10mg/L. As most kinds of drinking water contain less than 0.3 mg/L, no problem is expected. With above-mentioned observations, it is concluded that Water's mineral water contains reasonable levels of minerals like Ca, Mg, K and Na.

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Action of Ascorbic acid on Sodium-Potassium activated ATPase in Red Cell Membrane (적혈구막의 NaK ATPase의 활성도에 대한 ascorbic acid의 작용)

  • Koh, Il-Sup
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.12 no.1_2
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 1978
  • The action of ascorbic acid on the sodium Plus potassium activated ATPase activity in the rabbit red cell membrane has been investigated and the experiments were also designed to determine the mechanism of action if ascorbic acid on the ATPase activity The following results were observed. 1. The activity of the NaK ATPase from red cell membrane is stimulated by ascorbic acid and the concentration of ascorbic acid for maximal activity is about 8 mM. 2. The activating effect of ascorbic acid on the ATPase activaty, with a given concentration of sodium in the medium, is increased by raisins the potassium concentration but activity ratio is decreased. 3. The activating effect of ascorbic acid on the ATPase activity, with a given concentration of potassium in the medium, is increased by raising the sodium concentration but activity ratio is decreased. 4. The action of ascorbic acid on the ATPase activity is stimulated by calcium ions and activity ratio is increased by raising the calcium concentration. 5. The activating effect of ascorbic acid on the ATPase activity was not related to the sulfhydryl group of cysteine or the hydroxyl group of threonine. 6. The activating effect of ascorbic acid on the ATPase activity is due to amino group and carboxyl group of the enzyme of NaK ATPase.

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Effect of Saponin on Sodium-Potassium activated ATPase in Rabbit Red Cell Membrane (Saponin이 토끼 적혈구막의 $Na^{+}-K^{+}-ATPase$의 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Byoung-Nam;Koh, Il-Sup
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1974
  • The effect of saponin on the sodium plus potassium activated ATPase activity was studied in the rabbit red cell ghosts and the experiments were also designed to determine the mechanism of action of saponin on the APTase activity. The following results were observed. 1. The ATPase activity of rabbit red cell ghosts is inhibited by low concentration of saponin but increased by high concentration. The activating effect of saponin on the $Na^{+}-K^{+}-ATPase$ activity is inhibited by ouabain but the stimulation of the $Mg^{++}-ATPase$ by high concentration of saponin is not inhibited by ouabain. 2. The activity ratio of $Na^{+}-K^{+}-ATPase$ by high concentration of saponin is decreased by raising the potassium concentration, and is increased by raising the sodium concentration. 3. The ATPase activity is increased by small amounts of calcium but inhibited by larger amounts. The activity ratio of the enzyme by saponin is decreased by raising the calcium concertration 4. The action on the ATPase activity was not related to the amino group of lysine, the hydroxyl group of threonine, the imidazole group of histidine, or the carboxyl group of aspartic acid. 5. The action of saponin on the ATPase activity is due to sulfhydryl group of the enzyme of $Na^{+}-K^{+}-ATPase$.

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The Effect of Polyamines on the DNase Activity in Cultured Carrot Cells (당근(Daucus carota L.)배양세포의 DNase활성에 미치는 Polyamines의 영향)

  • 윤미정
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.285-294
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    • 1986
  • The present study was attempted to investigate the effects of polyamines such as putrescine, spermidine and spermine on protein content and DNase activity in vivo and in vitro in carrot embryos. It was also investigated whether polyamines could replace role of cations required for DNase activity in vitro. The results obtained are as follows. Putrescine, spermidine and spermine increased protein content, although response to spermine reached plateau at the concentration of 0.1 mM. DNase activity was inhibited by polyamines, the inhibition being concentration-dependent and the highest att he concentration of 10 mM. The inhibition of DNase activity was the most prominent with spermine. Similar inhibitory effect to polyamines which was concentration-dependent was found in DNase activity but no change was shown on time-course in vitro. Putrescine and spermidine enhanced the DNase activity at low Mg2+ and Mn2+ concentrations, suggesting that the role of Mg2+ and Mn2+ for DNase activity could be, in part, replaced by these polyamines. These results, therefore, suggest that plyamines can modulate DNase activity through binding to DNA rather than direct effect on DNase activity.

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Studies on Biological Activity from Antler extract added Medical plants (한약재를 가미한 녹용추출물의 생리활성에 관한 연구)

  • An, Bong-Jeun;Lee, Jin-Tae;Kim, Sang-Chan;Lee, Im-Sik;Chung, Jong-Hun
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.335-354
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed to investigate biological activity of antler extract added medical plants. The scavenging activity of DPPH radical was low scavenging activity at 0.01% concentration. But in the 0.05% and higher concentration, electron donating ability(EDA) is above 50% except Kongindangagam(48.5%) and significantly good above 70% in the 4 extracts. Superoxide dismutase(SOD)-like activity was 44.3% and 45.1% extracts of Ohjayenjongwhangami and M(market sample), Inhibition of xanthine oxidase were above 50% at 0.5% concentration except Boshingiwhangwhangami and from 62.4% to 84.9% in the 4 extracts. Inhibition rate of boshingiwhangwhangami was hasty increased from 33.5% to 77.5% at 1.0% concentration and others the higher concentration, the more increasing inhibition. Angiotension I-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitory activities were high activity all of extracts. In the 0.5% concentration, ACE inhibition was above 80%. Especially 0.01% concentration of M was presented 81.8%. The study which conducted to investigate the effect of feeding antler extract group for 50 days on sperm concentration, Ca contents of serum, kidney and femur in rats was higher than that saline group.

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Antioxidant Activities and the Effect of Reducing Serum Alcohol Concentration of Lentinus edodes (표고버섯의 항산화능과 알코올분해능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Chae-Hyun;Jeong, Jong-Gil
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.159-164
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to evaluate antioxidant activities and reducing serum alcohol concentration of extract of Lentinus edodes on the alcohol administered rats. Methods : Antioxidant effect was measured by total phenolic compound and DPPH-radical scavenging activity of extract of Lentinus edodes in vitro. Blood alcohol concentration, aldehyde concentration, malondialdehyde concentration, glutathion concentration were measured in vivo. Results : The extract of Lentinus edodes increased DPPH-radical scavenging activity dose-dependently. The water extract with boiling water showed lower antioxidant activity and phenolic content than 70% ethanol extract in vitro. Blood alcohol concentration was significantly reduced by pre-treatment of ethanol extract of Lentinus edodes. The effect was more significant than commercial product used as a positive control. Conclusions : This study suggest that Lentinus edodes can be a potential nature resource for the management of ethanol toxicity although the mechanism of action involved in the treatment remains to be explored.

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The Oxidative Effects of Benzo[a]pyrene in Rat Hepatocyte Primary Culture (랫드 간세포 일차배양에서 Benzo[a]pyrene의 산화 효과)

  • Im, Tae Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.413-420
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    • 2004
  • The objectives of present study were to investigate the effects of benzo[a]pyrene(BaP) on cytotoxicity, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in rat hepatocyte primary culture. Primary cultures of rat hepatocytes were incubated for 24 hr, 48 hr or 72 hr in the presence of various concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 50 or 100 $\mu.$ M) of BaP. Cytotoxicity and cell viability were determined by measuring glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) activity, lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) activity and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide(MIT) value. Lipid peroxidation was evaluated using thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(TBARS) assay. Effects on antioxidant system were determined by measuring glutathione peroxidase(GPx) activity, glutathione reductase(GR) activity and glutathione concentration. Activities of GOT and LDH, MTT value as well as TBARS concentration were not affected by up to 100 $\muM$ of BaP for 24 hr incubation. However, BaP at the concentration of 50 $\muM$ for 48 hr incubation or at the concentration of 30 $\muM$ for 72 hr incubation began to increase LDH activity and TBARS concentration but decrease MTT value, representing that BaP caused cytotoxicity and decreased cell viability in dose- and time-dependent manners. GPx activity began to be decreased by BaP at the concentration of 50 $\muM$ for 72 hr incubation. Whereas, GR activity began to be decreased by BaP at the concentration of 20 $\muM$ for 72 hr incubation. Glutathione concentration began to be decreased by BaP at the concentration of 20 $\muM$ for 72 hr incubation and was further reduced to 90% by 100 $\muM$ of BaP. These results demonstrate that BaP caused cytoctoxicity and decreased cell viability by increasing lipid peroxidation and decreasing glutathione concentration as well as activities of GPx and GR.

Action of Serotonin on Sodium-Potassium Activated ATPase in Rabbit Red Cell Membrane (토끼 적혈구막의 NaK ATPase의 활성도에 대한 serotonin의 작용)

  • Chung, Soon-Tong;Park, Chul-Bin;Koh, Il-Sup
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 1976
  • The action of serotonin on the sodium plus potassium activated ATPase activity in the rabbit red cell membrane has been investigated. The experiments were also designed to determine the mechanism of action of serotonin on the ATPase activity. The following results were obtained. 1) The NaK ATPase activity of rabbit red cell ghosts is stimulated by low concentration of serotonin but inhibited by higher concentration, and the concentration of serotonin for maximal activity is about 2mM. The pH optimum for the serotonin sensitive component is 8.0. 2) The activating effect of serotonin on the ATPase, with a given concentration of sodium in the medium, is increased by raising the potassium concentration but the ratio of activity is decreased. 3) The activating effect of serotonin on the ATPase, with a given concentration of potassium in the medium, is increased by raising the sodium concentration but the ratio of activity is decreased. 4) The ATPase activity is increased by small amounts of calcium but inhibited by larger amounts and the ratio of activity by serotonin is decreased by small amounts of calcium but increased by larger amounts. 5) The action of serotonin on the ATPase activity was not related to the amino group of lysine, the hydroxyl group of threonine, the carboxyl group of aspartic acid, or the imidazole group of histidine. 6) The action of serotonin on the ATPase activity is due to sulfhydryl group of the enzyme of NaK ATPase.

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Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Kinetic Behaviorof Essential Oil from Artemisia vulgaris

  • Bhatt, Lok Ranjan;Kang, Jeong-Il;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.514-517
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    • 2007
  • The radical scavenging activity of Artemisia vulgaris essential oil was evaluated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) assay in this study. Essential oil exhibited a significant free radical scavenging activity, with the highest activity at 15 ${\mu}$L/mL concentration. The reaction rate was slow and concentration-dependent

Action of Aconite on Sodium-Potassium Activated ATPase in Rabbit Red Cell Membrane (토끼 적혈구막의 NaK ATPase의 활성도에 대한 aconite의 작용)

  • Koh, Il-Sup
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.15-24
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    • 1976
  • The action of aconite on the sodium plus potassium activated ATPase activity in the rabbit red cell membrane has been investigated and the experiments were also designed to determine the mechanism of action of aconite on the ATPase activity. The following results were observed. 1. The activity of the NaK ATPase from red cell membrane is stimulated by aconite, and the concentration of aconite for maximal activity is about 80 mg%. The pH optimum for the aconite sensitive component is 8.0. 2. The activating effect of aconite on the ATPase, with a given concentration of sodium in the medium, is increased by raising the potassium concentration but activity ratio is decreased. 3. The activating effect of aconite on the ATPase, with a given concentration of potassium in the medium, is increased by raising the sodium concentration but activity ratio is decreased. 4. The action of aconite on the ATPase activity is inhibited by calcium ions and the effect of inhibition is increased by small amounts of calcium but decreased by larger amounts. 5. The activating effect of aconite on the ATPase was not related to the sulfhydryl group of cysteine, the amino group of lysine, the hydroxyl group of threonine or the imidazole group of histidine. 6. The action of aconite on the ATPase activity is due to carboxyl group of the enzyme of NaK ATPase.

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