• Title, Summary, Keyword: Activated Corrosion Product

Search Result 4, Processing Time 0.027 seconds

PRELIMINARY ESTIMATION OF ACTIVATED CORROSION PRODUCTS IN THE COOLANT SYSTEM OF FUSION DEMO REACTOR

  • Noh, Si-Wan;Lee, Jai-Ki;Shin, Chang-Ho;Kwon, Tae-Je;Kim, Jong-Kyung;Lee, Young-Seok
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.63-69
    • /
    • 2012
  • The second phase of the national program for fusion energy development in Korea starts from 2012 for design and construction of the fusion DEMO reactor. Radiological assessment for the fusion reactor is one of the key tasks to assure its licensability and the starting point of the assessment is determination of the source terms. As the first effort, the activities of the coolant due to activated corrosion product (ACP) were estimated. Data and experiences from fission reactors were used, in part, in the calculations of the ACP concentrations because of lack of operating experience for fusion reactors. The MCNPX code was used to determine neutron spectra and intensities at the coolant locations and the FISPACT code was used to estimate the ACP activities in the coolant of the fusion DEMO reactor. The calculated specific activities of the most nuclides in the fusion DEMO reactor coolant were 2-15 times lower than those in the PWR coolant, but the specific activities of $^{57}Co$ and $^{57}Ni$ were expected to be much higher than in the PWR coolant. The preliminary results of this study can be used to figure out the approximate radiological conditions and to establish a tentative set of radiological design criteria for the systems carrying coolant in the design phase of the fusion DEMO reactor.

Development of Fly Ash/slag Cement Using Alkali-activated Reaction(1) - Compressive strength and acid corrosion resistance - (알칼리 활성반응을 이용한 플라이 애쉬/슬래그 시멘트 개발(1) - 압축강도 및 산 저항성 -)

  • Park, Sang-Sook;Kang, Hwa-Young;Han, Kwan-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.29 no.7
    • /
    • pp.801-809
    • /
    • 2007
  • Fly ash and blast furnace slag are an industrial by-product that can be alkali-activated to yield adhesive and cementitious materials, whose production is less energy-intensive and emits less $CO_2$ than ordinary Portland cement manufacture. A laboratory investigation was carried out to evaluate the effect of alkali-activating conditions on compressive strength of fly ash/slag cement and the acid corrosion resistance of this cement. Two alkali activator solution, NaOH and waterglass + NaOH solutions, were used. Waterglass concentration was the factor that gave the highest compressive strength in all tests. The next significant factor was the NaOH concentration, followed by curing temperature. Acid corrosion resistance of FC(fly ash cement) and FSC(fly ash/slag cement), such as sulfuric$(H_2SO_4)$ and hydrochloric acid(HCl), was for better than Portland cement(PC).

Evaluation of Core Residence Time of Fuel Cruds from Hanul Unit 1 Cycle 17 (한울1호기 17주기 연료 크러드의 노내 체류시간 평가)

  • Lee, Doo Ho
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.211-216
    • /
    • 2014
  • Corrosion products are released to the primary coolant in the corrosion process of structural materials. They are deposited on fuel surfaces and activated on exposure to a neutron flux with formation of radionuclides that can become incorporated into out-of-core surface films. To get a clear understanding of activated crud formation process, the specific activity and core residence time of fuel cruds was calculated as a function of exposure time to the core neutron flux on the assumption that parent nuclide is being deposited continuously. Fuel cruds were sampled in the fuel scraping campaign from Hanul Unit 1 Cycle 17 and analyzed for elemental concentration and radioisotope activity.

The assessment of self cleaning velocity and optimal flushing velocity in water distribution system (상수관망의 자가세척 유속과 적정 플러싱 유속 평가)

  • Bae, Cheol-Ho;Choi, Doo Yong;Kim, Ju-Hwan;Kim, Do-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.441-451
    • /
    • 2014
  • The flushing is important to maintain good water quality in water main. It is a technique of using water velocity to remove sediments in water distribution system. The variety of water quality problems can occur in a distribution system, so too can a variety of benefits be gained by system flushing. In order to effectively perform the flushing, the contaminants to be removed to set up and it can be solved, it is necessary to ensure the proper flow rate. In this study, the removal of contaminants present in the inner water pipe attached loose deposits such as fine particles of granular activated carbon, sand and iron corrosion product sought to derive flow rates. Thus, the constant observation of using pilot plant scale water distribution plant for the movement of floating characteristics of particles were assessed.