• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acrosome

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Effects of Taurine and $\alpha$-Tocopherol Treatment during freezing on Sperm Characteristics and Function in Frozen-Thawed Porcine Semen (돼지 정액의 동결시 Taurine과 $\alpha$-Tocopherol 첨가가 동결$\cdot$융해 정자의 성상과 기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin H. A.;Kim C. K.;Chung Y. C.;Pang M. G.
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 2005
  • The present study evaluated whether an exogenous antioxidants, taurine and $\alpha$-tocopherol, could, when added to the freezing extender, improve the post-thaw sperm characteristics, function, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and the level of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in frozen-thawed porcine semen. CASA (computer-aided sperm analysis), HOST (hypoos-motic swelling test), chemiluminescence using luminol and lucigenin and the detection of malondialdehyde for LPO was performed in frozen-thawed porcine sper-matozoa. The results obtained in these studies are as follows. While no beneficial effects of taurine and $\alpha$-tocopherol supplementation were visible in motility, viability, acrosome reaction, tail swelling patterns, and the generation of $O^{2-}$ of frozen-thawed porcine sper-matozoa, $H_{2}O_{2}$ was decreased by all treatments except taurine 50mM treatment. In conclusion the taurine and $\alpha$-tocopherol treatments during freezing reduced generation of reactive oxygen species and production of malondialdehyde in frozen-thawed porcine semen, and the ROS savangers may minimize various damages of spermatozoa during freezing.

Comparison of AndroMed and Triladyl Extender for Freezing of Jeju Native Black Bull Semen (제주흑우 정액 동결을 위한 AndreoMed와 Triladyl 희석제의 동결성 비교)

  • Cho, Sang-Rae;Cho, In-Chel;Han, Sang-Hyun;Kang, Tae-Young;Cho, Won-Mo;Chae, Hyun-Seok;Kim, Nam-Young;Park, Yong-Sang;Kang, Yong-Jun;Kim, Young-Hoon;Ko, Yeoung-Gyu;Kim, Hyun-Jong;Ko, Moon-Suck
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.155-159
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate synthetic extender for semen cryopreservation of Jeju Native Black Bull. The semen was collected using an artificial vagina and transported to the laboratory. The semen was diluted 1:1 by Tris-Egg yolk extender and contrifuged in 1,500 rpm for 15 minutes. The supernatant was removed. The pellect was diluted to final sperm concentration of $2{\times}10^8/ml$ by doubling in every 30 minutes at $4^{\circ}C$ cold chamber. The semen was equilibrated for 4 hours at cold chamber and packed to 0.5 ml straw. The semen straws were located above 5 cm for 10 minutes. The height and duration affect the freezing speed by temperature. The frozen straw was plunged to $LN_2$. The presented straws were examined the viability and motility after thawed at $37^{\circ}C$ water bath. Frozen-thawed sperm were evaluated sperm viability, membrane integrity and acrosome integrity. Post-thawed sperm viability has been significantly higher (p<0.05) in fresh sperm ($93.27{\pm}1.62%$) than frozen-thawed sperm ($73.34{\pm}3.27%$). However, there were no significant differences between fresh and frozen-thawed dead cell rate ($7.35{\pm}2.63$ vs, $13.71{\pm}2.85$). In sperm motility, between Triladyl and AndroMed Extender, there was no significant different ($72.86{\pm}2.83$ vs, $81.47{\pm}2.48$), similarly, the dead cell rates was similar ($18.41{\pm}3.42%$ and $17.26{\pm}4.25$). The results of our study suggest that AndroMed to the freezing extender showed more positive effect on the frozen-thawed spermatozoa in Jeju Native Black bull semen.

Effect of Amides as a Cryoprotectant on Quality of Frozen-thawed Sperm in Korean Jeju Black Bull (제주흑우 동결정액 제조 시 Amide 계열의 동결보호제가 동결 융해 후 정자의 성상에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Shin-Ae;Choi, Sun-Ho;Ko, Min-Hee;Kang, Tae-Young;Cho, Sang-Rae;Ko, Moon-Suck;Oh, Young-Mi;Cho, Won-Mo
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to examine the effect of amides as a cryoprotectant for semen cryopreservation in Korean Jeju Black Bull. The semen was cryopreserved with extenders containing 5% dimethyl acetamide (DMA), 5% dimethyl formamide (DMF), 5% methyl formamide (MF) or 7% glycerol. Post-thawed sperm were evaluated for sperm motility, viability, acrosome integrity and membrane integrity. Post-thawed sperm motility was significantly higher (p<0.05) in glycerol and DMF ($64.00%{\pm}9.62$ and $59.00%{\pm}5.48$, respectively) than DMA and MF ($50.00%{\pm}3.24$ and $44.00%{\pm}4.18$, respectively). Sperm viability wassignificantly higher (p<0.05) in glycerol and DMF ($58.25%{\pm}7.35$ and $53.05%{\pm}3.77$, respectively) than others. However, for sperm motility and viability, there were no differences among glycerol and DMF. Also, swelling sperm ratio by hypo-osmetic selling test (HOST) was significantly increased (p<0.05) in glycerol and DMF treatments ($45.12%{\pm}25.08$ and $44.95%{\pm}8.58$, respectively). The percentage of capacitated sperm assessed by CTC staining, F pattern was lower (p<0.05) in DMF than others. B pattern was increased (p<0.05) in DMA, DMF and MF when compared with glycerol. AR pattern ratio was decreased (p<0.05) in glycerol and DMF when compared with DMA and MF. These results suggested that amides performed better and could be used as a cryoprotectant for semen freezing of Korean Jeju Black Bull.