• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acrosome

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Effect of pH Stimulation on Acrosome Reaction of Bovine Spermatozoa (pH 자극이 소 정자의 첨모반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out ot investigate effect of pH stimulation on acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa. The results obtained were as follows : 1. When sperm was sequentially washed with SHP solution of pH 7.4, 7.7 and 7.4 and incubated in mTALP solution of pH 7.4 for 120min, 15, 30, 60 and 120min incubations showed significantly(p<0.05) higher sperm acrosome reaction rate than 0 min. 2. When sperm was sequentially washed with SHP solution of pH 7.4, 8.0 and 7.4 and incubated in mTALP solution of pH 7.4 for 15 minutes, sperm acrosome reaction rate was significantly(p<0.01) increased until 9 min. Incubation, but not increased thereafter. 3. When sperm were separately washed with SHP solutions of pH 7.0, 7.4 and 8.0 and incubated in mTALP solution of pH 7.4 for 9min, sperm acrosome reaction rate was 74.8, 71.8 and 93.4%. pH 8.0 showed signifciantly(p<0.01) higher sperm acrosome reaction rate than pH 7.0 and 7.4. The results suggest that stimulation of sperm with high pH induces sperm crosome reaction.

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Lectine-binding patterns of spermatogenic cells in the Jindo dog (진도견 정자형성계 세포들의 Lectin-binding patterns)

  • Park, Young-seok;Lee, Seong-ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.531-539
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    • 1996
  • The lectin-binding patterns in the testis of the sexually matured Jindo dog were investigated to study the distribution of glycoconjugates in the seminiferous tubule under light and transmission electron microscopy. Positive reactions to Wheat germ agglutinin(WGA) and Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA) were observed in the Sertoli cell and in the residual body of spermatid with a stronger reaction in the Sertoli cell to the lectins than in the residual body. Strong reactions to Soybean agglutinin(SBA) and Peanut agglutinin(PNA) were observed in the acrosome vesicles of the Golgi- and cap-phase spermatid, while a moderate reaction was observed in the acrosome-phase, maturation-phase spermatid and the residual body. The acrosome area of the spermatid reacted intensively to Griffonia simplicifolia agglutinin( GS-I) when the cell was in the acrosome-phase and maturation-phase, and the same reaction to the GS-I was observed in the residual body. However, the seminiferous tubule did not react to Ulex europeus agglutinin I(UEA-I). The gold-labelling of the Sertoli cells with DBA resulted in positive reactions of the Sertoli cell column and processes when observed under the electron microscopy, while the Golgi-, cap- and acrosome-phase spermatids reacted positively to SBA in the peripheral low-dense area of the acrosome vesicle of spermatid. Based on these results, we concluded that differences in the lectin-binding pattern of the seminiferous tubules were recognized in the Jindo dog compared to other animals.

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Effect of Heparin, Chondroitin Sulfate A(CSA) and Phosphatidylcholine(PC12) on Motility and Acrosome Reaction of Bovine Sperm (Heparin, Chondroitin Sulfate A(CSA) 및 Dilauroylphosphatidyl-choline(PC12)이 소 정자의 활력과 첨모반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.297-302
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    • 1990
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of heparin, CSA and PC12 on sperm motility and acrosome reaction in bovine fresh and frozen semen which were washed and incubated in mTALP, and also the effect of heparin-pretreatment on motility and acrosome reaction in mTALP, and also the effect of heparin-pretreatment on motility and acrosome reaction of sperm treated with PC12, and the results obtained were as follows : 1. When fresh sperm was once washed and then incubated for 15 minutes in mTALP containing heparin 1, heparin 2, CSA and PC12, the percent of motile sperm of PC12 was significantly lower than that of control, heparin 1, heparin 2 and CSA. But the percent of acrosomereacted sperm of PC12 was signifciantly higher than that of control, heparin 1, heparin 2, and CSA. 2. When frozen sperm was once washed and then incubated for 15 minutes in mTALP containing heparin 1, heparin 2, CSA and PS12, there was no significant difference in the percent of motile sperm among treatments, but the percent of acrosome-reacted sperm of PC12 was signifciantly higher than that of heparin 2, and there was no significant difference in the percent of acrosome-reacted sperm among control, heparin and CSA. 3. When fresh sperm was twice washed and then incubated for 15 minutes in mTALP containing heparin and PC12, there was no significant differrence in the percent of motile sperm among treatments, but the percent of acrosome-reacted sperm of PC12 was significantly higher than that of control and heparin. When the sperm was incubated for 120 minutes, the percent of motile sperm of PC12 was significantly lower than that of control and heparin, but the percent of acrosome-reacted sperm of PC12 was significantly higher than that of control and heparin. 4. When fresh sperm was twice washed and preincubated in mTALP containing heparin for 0, 15, 120, and 240 minutes, and then incubated with PC12 for 15 minutes, there was no significant difference in the perce수 of motile sperm among treatments, but the percent of acrosome-reacted sperm of 120 and 240 minutes was significantly higher than that of 0 and 15 minutes.

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Comparison of Motility, Acrosome, Viability and ATP of Boar Sperm with or without Cold Shock Resistance in Liquid Semen at 17℃ and 4℃, and Frozen-thawed Semen

  • Yi, Y.J.;Li, Z.H.;Kim, E.S.;Song, E.S.;Kim, H.B.;Cong, P.Q.;Lee, J.M.;Park, Chang-Sik
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.190-197
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    • 2008
  • This study was designed to analyze boar sperm to compare motility, acrosome morphology, viability and ATP by various preservation methods between Duroc boar A with cold shock resistance sperm and Duroc boar B with cold shock sensitivity sperm. Semen volume, sperm concentration, motility and normal acrosome between Duroc boar A and B did not show any differences within 2 h after collection. There were no differences in sperm motility and normal acrosome between boar A and B at 1 day of preservation at $17^{\circ}C$ and $4^{\circ}C$, respectively. However, sperm motility and normal acrosome from 2 day of preservation at $17^{\circ}C$ and $4^{\circ}C$, respectively, were higher for boar A than boar B. The frozen-thawed sperm motility and normal acrosome were higher for boar A than boar B. The sperm viability and ATP concentration according to storage period of liquid semen at $17^{\circ}C$ and $4^{\circ}C$ were higher for boar A than boar B. Also, the sperm viability and ATP concentration of frozen-thawed semen were higher for boar A than boar B. In conclusion, we found out that the original quality of boar semen with cold shock resistance sperm played an important role.

Ultrastructures of Germ Cells During Spermatogenesis and Taxonomic Values in Sperm Morphology in Male Mya arenaria oonogai (Heterodonta: Myidae)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;Chung, Jae-Seung;Park, Young-Je
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2011
  • The ultrastructures of germ cells during spermatogenesis and sperm morphology in male Mya arenaria oonogai, which was collected on the coastal waters of Samcheonpo, south coast of Korea, were investigated by transmission electron microscopic observations. In the early stage of the spermatid during spermiogenesis, a few granules and a proacrosomal granule, which is formed by the Golgi complex, appear on the spermatid nucleus, and then it becomes a proacrosomal vesicle. Consequently, it becomes an acrosome by way of the process of acrosome formation. The morphologies of the sperm nucleus type and the acrosome of this species have a curved cylindrical type and cone shape, respectively. The spermatozoon is approximately $48-50{\mu}m$ in length including a curved cylinderical sperm nucleus (about $2.65{\mu}m$ long), an acrosome (about $0.64{\mu}m$ in length) and tail flagellum ($40-45{\mu}m$ long). As some ultrastructural characteristics of the acrosomal vesicle, the peripheral parts of two basal rings show electron opaque part (region), while the apex part of the acrosome shows electron lucent part (region). These charateristics of the sperm belong to the family Myidae or some species of Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta, unlike a characteristic of the subclass Pteriomorphia showing all part of the acrosome being composed of electron opaque part (region). Therefore, it is easy to distinguish the families or the subclasses by the acrosome structures. Exceptionally, In particular, a cylinder-like nucleus of the sperm is curved (the angle of the nucleus is about $20^{\circ}$), as seen in some species of Veneridae (range from $0^{\circ}-80^{\circ}$). The number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm of this species are four, as one of common characteristics appeared in most species except for a few species in Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta. Cross-sectioned axoneme of the sperm tail flagellum shows a 9+2 structure: the axoneme of the sperm tail flagellum consists of nine pairs of peripheral microtubules at the periphery and a pair of central doublets at the center.

Effects of Seeding during Freezing Procedure on Post-Thaw Viability and Acrosome Integrity of Boar Spermatozoa (돼지정액 동결중 식빙처리가 융해후 정자생존율 및 침체형태에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Yong-jun;Kim Yong-hwan;Lee Young-jun;Kim Sue-hee;Ji Dong-beom
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.363-368
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    • 2004
  • To investigate the effects of seeding during freezing procedure on post-thaw viability, motility, and acrosome integrity of boar spermatozoa, semen from 5 Yorkshire boars were collected for this experiment. Raw semen were diluted with Merck I, subsequently added with cooling diluent containing lactose and egg yolk and with freezing diluent containing glycerol. The diluted semen were frozen on the rack in the styrofoam box filled with liquid nitrogen at the distance of 5 cm or I cm above LN2 level. Seeding was performed to only a group of straws frozen at 5 cm away on the surface of LN2. The frozen semen were thawed in $50^{\circ}C$C water and the viability and local motility were analyzed by sperm analysis imaging system. A part of thawed semen was taken for the examination of morphology of apical ridge of the acrosome to compare with the effect of seeding between the seeding-treated and non treated groups. I. Post-thaw viability was considerably higher in seeding-treated sperm than non-seeding group (p<0.01), however, no difference of local motility was obtained among the groups. 2. At three hours after thawing, viability was also higher in seeding-treated group than non-treated group (p<0.05), along with no difference of motility among the groups. 3. Higher normal acrosome integrity was obtained in the seeding-treated sperm than non-treated groups (p<0.01). 4. Between non-seeded groups, higher normal acrosome integrity was obtained in the sperm group frozen at 5cm upper on the surface of LN2 than that frozen at 1cm away (p<0.01). These results indicated that seeding treatment during freezing boar spermatozoa was beneficial to post-thaw viability and normal acrosome integrity.

Spermiogenesis and Taxonomical Values of Sperm Ultrastructures in Male Mercenaria stimpsoni (Heterodonta: Veneridae)

  • Kim, Jin Hee;Son, Pal Won;Kim, Sung Han;Park, Young Je;Lee, Ki Young
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.211-218
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    • 2014
  • Spermatid differentiations during spermiogenesis and sperm ultrastructures in male Mercenaria stimpsoni were investigated by transmission electron microscopic observations. In the early stage of the spermatid during spermiogenesis, a few granules and a proacrosomal granule, which is formed by the Golgi complex, become a proacrosomal vesicle. Consequently, it becomes an acrosome by way of the process of acrosome formation. The morphologies of the sperm nucleus type and the acrosome of this species have a curved cylindrical type and cap shape, respectively. The spermatozoon is approximately $48-51{\mu}m$ in length including a curved cylinderical sperm nucleus (about $4.18{\mu}m$ long), an acrosome (about $0.52{\mu}m$ in length) and tail flagellum ($42-45{\mu}m$ long). As some ultrastructural characteristics of the acrosomal vesicle, the peripheral parts of two basal rings show electron opaque part (region), while the apex part of the acrosome shows electron lucent part (region). These charateristics of the sperm belong to the family Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta, unlike a characteristic of the subclass Pteriomorphia showing all part of the acrosome being composed of electron opaque part (region). Therefore, it is easy to distinguish the families or the subclasses by the acrosome structures. Exceptionally, In particular, a cylinder-like nucleus of the sperm is curved (the angle of the nucleus is about $80^{\circ}$), as seen in some species of Veneridae (range from $0^{\circ}$ to $80^{\circ}$). The number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm of this species are four, as one of common characteristics appeared in most species except for a few species in Veneridae in the subclass Heterodonta. Cross-sectioned axoneme of the sperm tail flagellum shows a 9+2 structure.

Effects of Ca, BSA, Heparin, Semen Storage and Individual Bull on Sperm Motility and Acrosome Reaction (Ca, BSA, Heparin, 精液의 貯藏 및 수소 個體가 精子의 活力과 尖帽反應에 미치는 影響)

  • Park, Yeong-Sik;Im, Gyeong-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1991
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Ca, BSA, heparin, semen storage and individual bull on motility and acrosome reaction of bovine fresh sperm and sperm stored in lactose-egg yolk solution(LES) at 5$^{\circ}C$ for 4hours, and the results obtained were as follows: 1. When sperm was incubated in SCS containing Ca, BSA, Ca + BSA, heparin, heparin + Ca, heparin + BSA, and heparin + Ca + BSA for 15 minutes, there was significant difference in sperm motility among the treatments, especially BSA showed significantly higher sperm motility than the others. Also there was significant difference in sperm acrosome reaction among the treatments, especially BSA and Ca + BSA showed significantly higher sperm acrosome reaction than the others. 2. Bull KNC 1 showed significantly higher sperm motility than KNC 1, HOL 1 and 2 in both fresh and stored semen, however KNC 1 showed significantly lower sperm acrosome reaction than KNC 1, HOL 1 and 2. Therefore, there was significant difference in sperm motility and acrosome reaction among individual bulls. 3. When KNC 1 and KNC 2 sperm were incubated in SCS and SCS + Ca, SCS + BSA, SCS + Ca + BSA, SCS + heparin, SCS + heparin + Ca, SCS + heparin + BSA, and SCS + heparin + Ca + BSA, there was significant difference in sperm motility among individual bulls, especially BSA in KNC 1 and BSA, Ca and Ca + BSA in KNC 2 showedsignificantly higher motility than the others. However, there was significant difference in sperm acrosome reaction among individual bulls, Ca in KNC 1 and Ca + BSA in KNC 2 showed higher acrosome reaction than the others.

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Ultrastructures of Germ Cells and the Accessory Cells During Spermatogenesis in Male Gomphina veneriformis (Bivalvia: Veneridae) on the East Sea of Korea

  • Chung, Ee-Yung;Chung, Chang-Ho;Kim, Jin-Hee;Park, Sung-Woo;Park, Kwan-Ha
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2010
  • The ultrastructures of germ cells and the accessory cells during spermatogenesis and mature sperm ultrastructure in male Gomphina veneriformis, which was collected on the coastal waters of Yangyang, East Sea of Korea, were investigated by transmission electron microscope observations. The morphology of the spermatozoon has a primitive type and is similar to those of other bivalves in that it contains a short midpiece with four mitochondria surrounding the centrioles. Accessory cells are observed to be connected to adjacent germ cells, they contain a large quantity of glycogen particles and lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. Therefore, it is assumed that they are involved in the supplying of the nutrients for germ cell development, while any phenomena associated with phagocytosis of undischarged, residual sperms by lysosomes in the cytoplasm of the accessory cells after spawning was not observed in this study. The morphologies of the sperm nucleus type and the acrosome shape of this species have a cylindrical and modified long cone shape, respectively. In particular, the axial filaments in the lumen of the acrosome, and subacrosomal granular materials are observed in the subacrosomal space between the anterior nuclear fossa and the beginning part of axial filaments in the acrosome. The spermatozoon is approximately $50-55{\mu}m$ in length including a long sperm nucleus (about $7.80{\mu}m$ in length), an acrosome (about $1.13{\mu}m$ in length) and tail flagellum ($40-45{\mu}m$). The axoneme of the sperm tail flagellum consists of nine pairs of microtubules at the periphery and a pair at the center. The axoneme of the sperm tail shows a 9+2 structure. Some charateristics of sperm morphology of this species in the family Veneridae are (1) acrosomal morphology, (2) the number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm,. The axial filament appears in the acrosome as one of characteristics seen in several species of the family Veneridae in the subclass heterodonta, unlikely the subclass pteriomorphia containing axial rod instead of the axial filament. As some characteristics of the acrosome structures, the peripheral parts of two basal rings show electron opaque part (region), while the apex part of the acrosome shows electron lucent part (region). These charateristics belong to the family Veneridae in the subclass heterodonta, unlikely a characteristic of the subclass pteriomorphia showing all part of the acrosome being composed of electron opaque part (region). Therefore, it is easy to distinguish the families or the subclasses by the acrosome structures. The number of mitochondria in the midpiece of the sperm of this species are four, as one of common characteristics appeared in most species in the family Veneridae.

Electron Microscopic Observations on the Endoplasmic Reticulum and Golgi Complex during Spermiogenesis in the Long-Fingered Bat (Miniopterus schreibersi fuliginosus Hodgson) (한국산 긴날개박쥐 (Miniopterus schreibersi fuligino년)의 정자변태동안의 소포체와 골지체에 관한 전자현미경적 관찰)

  • Choi, Byung-Jin;Son, Sung-Won;Lee, Jung-Hun;Lee, Kae-Il
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.603-613
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    • 1998
  • The present study was designed in order to observe relationship between the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex during spermiogenesis of the long-fingered bat (Miniopterus schreibersi fuliginosus). The testes were obtained from adult bats and treated with the prolonged osmification or fixed with ferrocyanide reduced osmiun. In the Golgi phase, The Golgi complex shows an oval shape, and was composed of a cortex and a medullar enclosing acrosome. The Golgi vacuoles with electron-dense granules of crescent shape were fused with each other. The smooth endoplasrnic reticulum was scattered in all the area of the cytoplasm. In the cap phase, The Golgi complex was crescent in shape, and faced to a nucleus. Large and small vesicles were fused with each other, and then fused with a acrosomal vacuole. The rough endoplasmic reticulum was close to the large Golgi vacuole. In the acrosome phase, The Golgi complex was moved to behind of the acrosome face. Small vesicles were fused with an acrosome, and cisternae of the trans-face of Golgi complex was connected with an acrosome in the early acrosome phase. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum was distributed in the cytoplasm. The annulate lamellar was originated from a radial body-annulate lammellae complex. In the maturation phase, The Golgi complex with dilated cistrern appeared in the cytoplasm, and also, annulate lamellar was observed in the cytoplasm. The connection of the annulate lamellar with the cistern of radial body suggests that an annulate lamellar seems to be closely related to radial body. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum was scattered in the cytoplasm in the early Golgi phase, but annulate lamellar-radial body complex which might be a residual and disappearing form of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum appeared in the acrosome phase. The Golgi complex steadily remained in the late maturation phase when the endoplasmic reticulum began to disappear from the cytoplasm: the Golgi complex was still occurred after acrosome formation. The observations obtained in the present study, which was characterized by the presence of the Golgi complex in the late maturation phase, suggests that the Golgi complex may play an important role also even after the acrosome formation.

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