• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acrosome

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RU486 Suppresses Progesterone-induced Acrosome Reaction in Boar Spermatozoa

  • Jang, Sun-Phil;YiLee, S.H.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.604-608
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    • 2002
  • The effects of progesterone on the acrosome reaction, as well as the effects of RU486 on the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction in capacitated boar spermatozoa, were investigated. Progesterone, a major steroid that is secreted by the cumulus cells of oocyte, clearly induced the acrosome reaction in a dose-dependent manner in capacitated boar spermatozoa, even though it failed to show similar effects in non-capacitated spermatozoa. RU486, a potent antiprogestin, significantly reduced the effects of progesterone on the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction; however, when treated alone, it showed no inhibitory effects on the acrosome reaction. The inhibitory effects of RU486 were also shown to be dose-dependent. These results imply that in addition to the well-known inducer of the acrosome reaction, zona pellucida, progesterone can also induce the acrosome reaction through its specific receptors on spermatozoa after the spermatozoa undergo capacitation.

Effect of Antisperm Antibodies on Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction of Bovine Spermatozoa (소의 항정자항체가 정자의 수정능획득 및 첨체반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 추영재;김계성;이병천;황우석
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 1995
  • The present study was performed to investigate the effects of caffeine and heparin on capacitation and acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa, effects of antisperm antibodies on acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa. The rates of acrosome reaction in control group, caffeine treated group, heparin treated group, caffeine-heparin complex treated group were 40.3, 54.3, 63.3, 72.3%, respectively and there were significant differences among the groups(p<0.01), especially higher in caffeine-heparin complex treated group than the others. The rates of acrosome reaction of antisperm antibodies serum supplemented groups(5, 10 and 20%) were 60.4, 48.9 and 37.1%, respectively and there were significant differences among the groups(p<0.0l), and the more increases in serum concentrations, the more decreases in acrosome reaction, but this phenomenon was not seen in fetal calf serum supplemented group and heifer serum group. When the serum concentration was 5%, the rates of acrosome reactions were significantly lower in fetal calf serum supplemented group than heifer serum group and in antisperm antibodies serum group(p<0.01), and there were no significant differences between heifer serum group and antisperm antibodies serum group(p<0.01). When the serum conecntrations were 10%, 20%, the rates of acrosome reactions were significantly lower in antisperm antibodies serum supplemented group than in fetal calf serum group and in geifer serum group(p<0.01), and there were no significant differences between fetal calf serum group and heifer serum group(p<0.01). These results indicate that caffeine-heparin complex treatment is very effective for inducing acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa and that antisperm antibodies block acrosome reaction.

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EFFECT OF HOT SEASON ON LIVE SPERMATOZOA WITH INTACT ACROSOME IN HOLSTEIN BULLS

  • Terawaki, Y.;Fujita, H.;Fukui, Y.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.415-418
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    • 1995
  • Semen characteristics were examined to find the deterioration of the percentage of live spermatozoa with intact acrosome during hot season using 5 Holstein bulls located in Shirnizu-cho Hokkaido Japan. Spermatozoal viability and acrosomal status were observed simultaneously with triple-stain technique for each spermatozoon. Spermatozoa were divided in four categories (live spermatozoa with intact acrosome, live spermatozoa without intact acrosome, dead spermatozoa with intact acrosome and dead spermatozoa without intact acrosome). Bull and collection month had significant effects on semen characteristics (p < 0.01). The percentage of live spermatozoa with intact acrosome and the percentage of live spermatozoa had the lowest least squares mean by collection month in August (72.7% and 76.7%). These two characteristics indicated the obvious deterioration during hot season. But the fluctuation of these two characteristics were not parallel and the differences between the two characteristics were largest during July to September. The present results indicate the necessity for the simultaneous determination of viability and acrosomal status of each Holstein bull's spermatozoa in order to keep fertility above an acceptable minimum level during hot season.

Capacitation and acrosome reaction differences of bovine, mouse and porcine spermatozoa in responsiveness to estrogenic compounds

  • Ryu, Do-Yeal;Kim, Ye-Ji;Lee, June-Sub;Rahman, Md. Saidur;Kwon, Woo-Sung;Yoon, Sung-Jae;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.56 no.7
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    • pp.26.1-26.10
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    • 2014
  • Background: Endocrine disruptors are exogenous substance, interfere with the endocrine system, and disrupt hormonal functions. However, the effect of endocrine disruptors in different species has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the possible effects of $17{\beta}$-estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4), genistein (GEN) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), on capacitation and the acrosome reaction in bovine, mouse, and porcine spermatozoa. In this in vitro trial, spermatozoa were incubated with $0.001-100{\mu}M$ of each chemical either 15 or 30 min and then assessed capacitation status using chlortetracycline staining. Results: E2 significantly increased capacitation and the acrosome reaction after 30 min, while the acrosome reaction after 15 min incubation in mouse spermatozoa. Simultaneously, capacitation and the acrosome reaction were induced after 15 and 30 min incubation in porcine spermatozoa, respectively. Capacitation was increased in porcine spermatozoa after 15 min incubation at the lowest concentration, while the acrosome reaction was increased in mouse spermatozoa after 30 min (P < 0.05). E2 significantly increased the acrosome reaction in porcine spermatozoa, but only at the highest concentration examined (P < 0.05). P4 significantly increased the acrosome reaction in bovine and mouse spermatozoa treated for 15 min (P < 0.05). The same treatment significantly increased capacitation in porcine spermatozoa (P < 0.05). P4 significantly increased capacitation in mouse spermatozoa treated for 30 min (P < 0.05). GEN significantly increased the acrosome reaction in porcine spermatozoa treated for 15 and 30 min and in mouse spermatozoa treated for 30 min (P < 0.05). OP significantly increased the acrosome reaction in mouse spermatozoa after 15 min (P < 0.05). Besides, when spermatozoa were incubated for 30 min, capacitation and the acrosome reaction were higher than 15 min incubation in E2 or GEN. Furthermore, the responsiveness of bovine, mouse and porcine spermatozoa to each chemical differed. Conclusions: In conclusion, all chemicals studied effectively increased capacitation and the acrosome reaction in bovine, mouse, and porcine spermatozoa. Also we found that both E2 and P4 were more potent than environmental estrogens in altering sperm function. Porcine and mouse spermatozoa were more responsive than bovine spermatozoa.

Effects of Caffeine, Heparin and Caffeine-heparin on Acrosome Reaction in Korean Native Cattle Sperm (Caffeine, Heparin 및 Caffeine-heparin 처리가 한우 정자의 첨체반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 오원진
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1992
  • Effects of caffeine, heparin and caffeine-heparin treatments for in vitro capacitation of Korean Native Cattle sperm on acrosorne reaction and viability were studied using the methods of Wells-Awa and Dual stain. The results were summerized as follows: 1. The acrosome reaction of sperm when treated with caffeine after 0 to 4 hrs of preincubation were 11.0~75.7% for Wells-Awa stain, and 14.3~75.55% for Dual stain. True acrosome reaction of sperm for Dual stain was 3.0~29.2%. The viability of sperm was 62. 2~27.2%. 2. The acrosome reaction of sperm when treated with heparin after 0 to 4 hrs of preincubation were 17.0~81.2% for Wells-Awa, and 14.3~75.5% for Dual Stain. True acrosome reaction of sperm for Dual stain was 1.5~26.6%. The viability of sperm was 58.6~35. 8%. 3. The acrosome reaction of sperm when treated with caffeine-heparin after 0 to 4 hrs of preincubation were 13.0~83.2% for Wells Awa, and 11.0~78.5% for Dual stain. True acrosome reaction of for Dual stain was 5.1~26.3%. The viability of sperm was 60.5~30.1%.

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Enhancement of Fertilizing Ability of Frozen-Thawed Bovine and Human Spermatozoa Treated with Fertilizing Promoting Peptide or Pentoxifylline (Fertilizing Promoting Peptide와 Pentoxifylline으로 처리된 소와 사람 동결 정액의 수정능 향상)

  • Lee, K.S.;Kim, E.Y.;Park, S.Y.;Shin, H.A.;Park, S.P.;Lim, J.H.;Chung, K.S.;Lee, H.T.
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2001
  • This study was to examine whether the in vitro friability, motility and intact acrosome of frozen-thawed bovine and human sperm can be improved by adding Pentoxifylline (PF) or Fertilization Promoting Peptide (FPP). Human semen was frozen ultra-rapidly using Test yolk-buffer (TYB) freezing medium. Additive (PF, FPP) effects in frozen-thawed bovine and human sperm were analyzed by microscopic count for sperm motility and coomassie brilliant blue staining method f3r sperm acrosome intact. The in vitro motility of frozen-thawed bovine sperm with 5 mM PF treatment group (50.0%) was significantly higher than that of control (34.0%) (P<0.05). In the frozen-thawed bovine sperm was examined, the intact acrosome rate of 50 nM FPP treatment (49.0%) was significantly higher than those of control (30.0%) and 25 nM FPP (38.0%) treatment groups (P<0.01). In human semen, when in vitro motility of sperm with PF addition prior to freezing was examined, the result of 5 mM treatment group (51.0%) was significantly higher than those of control and 2.5 mM treatment group (39.0, 40.0%) (P<0.01). In addition, 50 nM (75.5%) FPP adding in all treatment procedures for human semen freezing (before freezing, freezing and after thawing) was significant effect on maintenance of the sperm intact acrosome percentage (control: 45.0; 25 nM: 53.0; 100 nM: 68.0%) (P<0.01). Also, the intact acrosome rate of human sperm with FPP (65.0%) was significantly higher than that with PF (43.0%) (P<0.05), although sperm motility was slightly higher in PF treatment group. These results suggest that improved sperm motility and intact acrosome of frozen thawed bovine and human sperm can be obtained by addition of PF or FPP, and that the enhanced in vitro viability, motility and intact acrosome can be obtained by addition of FPP in all semen freezing procedures.

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$Ca^{2+}$-ATPase Role in the Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction Assessed by a Chlortetracycline Fluorescence Assay (Chlortetracycline Fluoresence 분석을 통한 수정능 획득 과정에서의 $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase 역할)

  • Park, Kyoung-Sik
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 1998
  • It has been reported that the $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase and the $Ca^{2+}-Na^+$ exchanger play an important role for the regulation of intracellular $Ca^{2+}$ in somatic cells, the $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase located in the plasma membrane helps the $Ca^{2+}$ concentration in maintain low $[Ca^{2+}]_i$. Roldan & Fleming reported that the spermatozoan $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase plays an important role in the capacitation and acrosome reaction. We used to assess $Ca^{2+}$ changes by chlortetracycline (CTC) patterns in the capacitation and acrosome reaction of human and hamster spermatozoa. In the present study applying quercetin which has been known as an ATPase antagonist, the enzymatic effect of $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase on capacitation and acrosome reaction was found to be remarkable: a significant increase of the transformation from the original type to the B type and the AR type of spermatozoa. This finding suggests that $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase play an important role in the efflux and the influx of the $Ca^{2+}$ which have been known to be an essential factor for the capacitation and acrosome reaction, and that the inhibitory action of the $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase might be a prerequsit step toward the capacitation and acrosome reaction. In conclusion, this study suggest the considerable evidence as follows: the increment of the intracellular $Ca^{2+}$ concentration occurred by controlling the slope of $Ca^{2+}$ concentration through $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase activites in both the intracellular and extracellulr fluid may be important procedures for the capacitation and the acrosome reaction, and finally for fertilization of the sperm and ovum.

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Study on Motility and Acrosome Morphology of Fresh and Deep-frozen Korean Native Goat Spermatozoa (액상 및 동결보존된 한국재래산양 정자의 운동성 및 첨체형태에 관한 연구)

  • 황덕수;양문한;이규승;박창식
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 1989
  • This study was carried out to investigate the general semen characteristics of the Korean native goat and the effect of temperature, incubation time, dilution rate, freezing rate and glycerol concentration on motility and NAR (normal apical ridge) acrosome of fresh and frozen Korean native goat spermatozoa. 1. Average semen volume per ejaculate, motility, concentration and pH of fresh Korean native goat spermatozoa were 0.19${\pm}$0.09 ml, 94.5${\pm}$0.47%, 26.17${\times}$108${\pm}$1.68/ml and 6.63${\pm}$0.18, respectively. 2. Motility and NAR acrosome of fresh spermatozoa during incubation were higher at 22$^{\circ}C$ than at 5$^{\circ}C$ or 37$^{\circ}C$(P<.01). 3. Motility and NAR acrosome of spermatozoa diluted 1:4 during incubation were higher at 22$^{\circ}C$ than at 5$^{\circ}C$ or 37$^{\circ}C$(P<.01). 4. Motility and NAR acrosome of spermatozoa during incubation were higher for samples diluted 1:1, 1:2, or 1:4 than for samples diluted 1:6(P<.01). 5. Motility and NAR acrosome of post-thaw spermatozoa were higher at freezing rate of 12$^{\circ}C$/min than at freezing rate of 1$^{\circ}C$/min or 24$^{\circ}C$/min when glycerol concentration was 9%(P<.01).

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Effect of $Ca^{2+}$ on Phvsiological Activites of the Acrosome Reaction on Spermatozoa ($Ca^{2+}$이 정자 첨체반응의 생리적 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 장재호;오영근
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.182-189
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    • 1996
  • It has been known that spermatozoa should obtain their fertilizing ability through capacitation and acrosome reaction, and that in these processes of fertilization, Ca2+ platys an important role for their conjugation. Therefore the present study has been designed in order to clarify the effect of fluctuation of the media Ca2+ level and the intracellular concentration of the spermatozoa on the acrosomes. During the incubation of spermatozoa, a considerable fluctuation in the media Ca2+ level has been observed after the BSA administration and the media concentration of Ca2+. It is deduced that these fluctuation rates may have an effect on the acrosome reaction. The fluctuation of K+ flux has been observed in accordance with the incubation period over time, and it's concentration seems to be closely related with the acrosomal reaction. The respiratory exchange rate (RERI of the spermatozoa is kept more regular in the BSA and Cacl2 administration groups than the non-administration group. Based on the experimental findings, it is possible to deduce a hypothesis from these findings that physiological activities of the acrosome reaction are not functionally related to the media Ca2+ level and the intracellular influx of Ca2+ concentration, although Ca2+ platys an important role as a stimulating factor in the acrosome reaction.

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Study on Effect of Heparin on Bovine Sperm Capacitation (Heparin이 소 정자의 수정능획득반응에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the effect of heparin on sperm capacitation. The acrosome reaction of bovine sperm which were incubated in mTALP containing heparin and the in vitro development of bovine follicular oocytes which were cocultured with heparin-treated sperm were evaluated, and the resutls were as follows : 1. When bovine fresh sperm were incubated in mTALP solution containing 0, 5, 10 and 25$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml heparin for 15 to 840 minutes, there was no significant difference between motilies of heparin-treated sperm and untreated sperm, but the acrosome-reaction rate of heparin-treated sperm was significantly higher than that of untreated sperm. Moreover the acrosome reaction rate of was sperm treated with heparin was significantly increased after incubating for 15 minutes. 2. When fresh sperm were incubated in mTALP solution containing 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml heparn for 840 minutes, the motility of sper incubated for 840 minutes was lower than those of sperm incubated for 0, 15, 60 and 120 minutes, but the acrosome-reaction rate of sperm incubated for 840 minutes was higher than those of the others. 3. When frozen-sperm were incubated in mTALP solution containing 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml heparin for 120 minutes, the acrosome reaction rate of sperm was significantly increased after incubating for 15 minutes. 4. When fresh sperm treated with heparin were cocultured with bovine follicular oocytes, 16.7 to 23.7% of the oocytes were developed to 2-8 cell stage.

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