• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Acrosome

검색결과 343건 처리시간 0.051초

RU486 Suppresses Progesterone-induced Acrosome Reaction in Boar Spermatozoa

  • Jang, Sun-Phil;YiLee, S.H.
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.604-608
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    • 2002
  • The effects of progesterone on the acrosome reaction, as well as the effects of RU486 on the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction in capacitated boar spermatozoa, were investigated. Progesterone, a major steroid that is secreted by the cumulus cells of oocyte, clearly induced the acrosome reaction in a dose-dependent manner in capacitated boar spermatozoa, even though it failed to show similar effects in non-capacitated spermatozoa. RU486, a potent antiprogestin, significantly reduced the effects of progesterone on the progesterone-induced acrosome reaction; however, when treated alone, it showed no inhibitory effects on the acrosome reaction. The inhibitory effects of RU486 were also shown to be dose-dependent. These results imply that in addition to the well-known inducer of the acrosome reaction, zona pellucida, progesterone can also induce the acrosome reaction through its specific receptors on spermatozoa after the spermatozoa undergo capacitation.

소의 항정자항체가 정자의 수정능획득 및 첨체반응에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Antisperm Antibodies on Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction of Bovine Spermatozoa)

  • 추영재;김계성;이병천;황우석
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 1995
  • The present study was performed to investigate the effects of caffeine and heparin on capacitation and acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa, effects of antisperm antibodies on acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa. The rates of acrosome reaction in control group, caffeine treated group, heparin treated group, caffeine-heparin complex treated group were 40.3, 54.3, 63.3, 72.3%, respectively and there were significant differences among the groups(p<0.01), especially higher in caffeine-heparin complex treated group than the others. The rates of acrosome reaction of antisperm antibodies serum supplemented groups(5, 10 and 20%) were 60.4, 48.9 and 37.1%, respectively and there were significant differences among the groups(p<0.0l), and the more increases in serum concentrations, the more decreases in acrosome reaction, but this phenomenon was not seen in fetal calf serum supplemented group and heifer serum group. When the serum concentration was 5%, the rates of acrosome reactions were significantly lower in fetal calf serum supplemented group than heifer serum group and in antisperm antibodies serum group(p<0.01), and there were no significant differences between heifer serum group and antisperm antibodies serum group(p<0.01). When the serum conecntrations were 10%, 20%, the rates of acrosome reactions were significantly lower in antisperm antibodies serum supplemented group than in fetal calf serum group and in geifer serum group(p<0.01), and there were no significant differences between fetal calf serum group and heifer serum group(p<0.01). These results indicate that caffeine-heparin complex treatment is very effective for inducing acrosome reaction of bovine spermatozoa and that antisperm antibodies block acrosome reaction.

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EFFECT OF HOT SEASON ON LIVE SPERMATOZOA WITH INTACT ACROSOME IN HOLSTEIN BULLS

  • Terawaki, Y.;Fujita, H.;Fukui, Y.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.415-418
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    • 1995
  • Semen characteristics were examined to find the deterioration of the percentage of live spermatozoa with intact acrosome during hot season using 5 Holstein bulls located in Shirnizu-cho Hokkaido Japan. Spermatozoal viability and acrosomal status were observed simultaneously with triple-stain technique for each spermatozoon. Spermatozoa were divided in four categories (live spermatozoa with intact acrosome, live spermatozoa without intact acrosome, dead spermatozoa with intact acrosome and dead spermatozoa without intact acrosome). Bull and collection month had significant effects on semen characteristics (p < 0.01). The percentage of live spermatozoa with intact acrosome and the percentage of live spermatozoa had the lowest least squares mean by collection month in August (72.7% and 76.7%). These two characteristics indicated the obvious deterioration during hot season. But the fluctuation of these two characteristics were not parallel and the differences between the two characteristics were largest during July to September. The present results indicate the necessity for the simultaneous determination of viability and acrosomal status of each Holstein bull's spermatozoa in order to keep fertility above an acceptable minimum level during hot season.

Capacitation and acrosome reaction differences of bovine, mouse and porcine spermatozoa in responsiveness to estrogenic compounds

  • Ryu, Do-Yeal;Kim, Ye-Ji;Lee, June-Sub;Rahman, Md. Saidur;Kwon, Woo-Sung;Yoon, Sung-Jae;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.56 no.7
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    • pp.26.1-26.10
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    • 2014
  • Background: Endocrine disruptors are exogenous substance, interfere with the endocrine system, and disrupt hormonal functions. However, the effect of endocrine disruptors in different species has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the possible effects of $17{\beta}$-estradiol (E2), progesterone (P4), genistein (GEN) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), on capacitation and the acrosome reaction in bovine, mouse, and porcine spermatozoa. In this in vitro trial, spermatozoa were incubated with $0.001-100{\mu}M$ of each chemical either 15 or 30 min and then assessed capacitation status using chlortetracycline staining. Results: E2 significantly increased capacitation and the acrosome reaction after 30 min, while the acrosome reaction after 15 min incubation in mouse spermatozoa. Simultaneously, capacitation and the acrosome reaction were induced after 15 and 30 min incubation in porcine spermatozoa, respectively. Capacitation was increased in porcine spermatozoa after 15 min incubation at the lowest concentration, while the acrosome reaction was increased in mouse spermatozoa after 30 min (P < 0.05). E2 significantly increased the acrosome reaction in porcine spermatozoa, but only at the highest concentration examined (P < 0.05). P4 significantly increased the acrosome reaction in bovine and mouse spermatozoa treated for 15 min (P < 0.05). The same treatment significantly increased capacitation in porcine spermatozoa (P < 0.05). P4 significantly increased capacitation in mouse spermatozoa treated for 30 min (P < 0.05). GEN significantly increased the acrosome reaction in porcine spermatozoa treated for 15 and 30 min and in mouse spermatozoa treated for 30 min (P < 0.05). OP significantly increased the acrosome reaction in mouse spermatozoa after 15 min (P < 0.05). Besides, when spermatozoa were incubated for 30 min, capacitation and the acrosome reaction were higher than 15 min incubation in E2 or GEN. Furthermore, the responsiveness of bovine, mouse and porcine spermatozoa to each chemical differed. Conclusions: In conclusion, all chemicals studied effectively increased capacitation and the acrosome reaction in bovine, mouse, and porcine spermatozoa. Also we found that both E2 and P4 were more potent than environmental estrogens in altering sperm function. Porcine and mouse spermatozoa were more responsive than bovine spermatozoa.

Caffeine, Heparin 및 Caffeine-heparin 처리가 한우 정자의 첨체반응에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Caffeine, Heparin and Caffeine-heparin on Acrosome Reaction in Korean Native Cattle Sperm)

  • 오원진
    • 한국수정란이식학회지
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1992
  • Effects of caffeine, heparin and caffeine-heparin treatments for in vitro capacitation of Korean Native Cattle sperm on acrosorne reaction and viability were studied using the methods of Wells-Awa and Dual stain. The results were summerized as follows: 1. The acrosome reaction of sperm when treated with caffeine after 0 to 4 hrs of preincubation were 11.0~75.7% for Wells-Awa stain, and 14.3~75.55% for Dual stain. True acrosome reaction of sperm for Dual stain was 3.0~29.2%. The viability of sperm was 62. 2~27.2%. 2. The acrosome reaction of sperm when treated with heparin after 0 to 4 hrs of preincubation were 17.0~81.2% for Wells-Awa, and 14.3~75.5% for Dual Stain. True acrosome reaction of sperm for Dual stain was 1.5~26.6%. The viability of sperm was 58.6~35. 8%. 3. The acrosome reaction of sperm when treated with caffeine-heparin after 0 to 4 hrs of preincubation were 13.0~83.2% for Wells Awa, and 11.0~78.5% for Dual stain. True acrosome reaction of for Dual stain was 5.1~26.3%. The viability of sperm was 60.5~30.1%.

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Fertilizing Promoting Peptide와 Pentoxifylline으로 처리된 소와 사람 동결 정액의 수정능 향상 (Enhancement of Fertilizing Ability of Frozen-Thawed Bovine and Human Spermatozoa Treated with Fertilizing Promoting Peptide or Pentoxifylline)

  • Lee, K.S.;Kim, E.Y.;Park, S.Y.;Shin, H.A.;Park, S.P.;Lim, J.H.;Chung, K.S.;Lee, H.T.
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2001
  • 본 실험은 PF과 FPP가 소와 사람 동결 정자에 첨가되었을 때 응해 후 정자의 체외 생존성, 운동성 그리고 intact acrosome 향상에 기여할 수 있는지의 여부를 조사하고자 실시하였다. 사람의 정액은 TYB 동결 배양액을 사용하여 초 급속 동결하였다 PF과 FPP 첨가 효과는 각각의 시약이 동결-응해된 소나 사람 정자의 현미경적 조사에 의한 운동성에 미치는 영향과 Coomassie brilliant blue 염색방법에 의한 intact acrosome의 비율에 미치는 영향으로 조사하였다. Bovine 동결 응해 정자에 PF을 첨가하여 운동성을 조사하였던 바, 5 mM 처리군 (50.0%)이 대조군 (34.0%) 보다 유의하게 높은 운동성을 보여주었다 (F<0.05). 동결 응해된 소 정자에 FPP를 농도에 따라 처리하여 intact acrosome을 조사하였던 결과, 50 nM 치리춘 (49%)이 대조군과 25 nH 처리군 (30.0, 38.0%) 보다 유의하게 많은 intact한 acrosome을 유지하였다 (P<0.01). 사람 정자에서 동결에 앞서 PF을 농도에 따라 첨가하여 동결 응해 후 운동성을 조사한 결과, 5.0 mM 처리군 (51.0%)이 대조군과 2.5 mM (39.0, 40.0%) 처리군의 운동성보다 높았다 (P<0.01). 사람 정액의 모든 동결 처리과정 (동결전, 동결, 응해후)에서 50 nM (75.5%) FPP 첨가가 intact acrosome percentage 유지하는데 유의한 효과가 있었다 (대조군: 45.0; 25 nM: 53.0; 100 nM: 68.0%) (P<0.01). PF와 FPP 첨가하여 사람 정자의 동결융해 후 운동성과 intact acrosome에 미치는 영향을 동시에 비교해본 결과, 운동성에서는 PF 처리군이 약간 높지만 intact acrosome rate는 FPP 처리군의 결과 (65.0%)가 PF 처리군 (43.0%)보다 유의하게 높았다 (P<0.05). 따라서 본 실험은 동결-융해된 소 정자에 PF이나 FPP 첨가는 정자의 운동성이나 intact acrosome 비율을 좀더 개선시킬 수 있고, 특히 사람 정자는 동결 전 과정에 FPP를 첨가하는 것이 정자의 체외 생존성, 운동성 그리고 intact acrosome을 유의하게 향상시킬 수 있다는 것을 시사한다.

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Chlortetracycline Fluoresence 분석을 통한 수정능 획득 과정에서의 $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase 역할 ($Ca^{2+}$-ATPase Role in the Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction Assessed by a Chlortetracycline Fluorescence Assay)

  • 박경식
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.269-275
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    • 1998
  • It has been reported that the $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase and the $Ca^{2+}-Na^+$ exchanger play an important role for the regulation of intracellular $Ca^{2+}$ in somatic cells, the $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase located in the plasma membrane helps the $Ca^{2+}$ concentration in maintain low $[Ca^{2+}]_i$. Roldan & Fleming reported that the spermatozoan $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase plays an important role in the capacitation and acrosome reaction. We used to assess $Ca^{2+}$ changes by chlortetracycline (CTC) patterns in the capacitation and acrosome reaction of human and hamster spermatozoa. In the present study applying quercetin which has been known as an ATPase antagonist, the enzymatic effect of $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase on capacitation and acrosome reaction was found to be remarkable: a significant increase of the transformation from the original type to the B type and the AR type of spermatozoa. This finding suggests that $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase play an important role in the efflux and the influx of the $Ca^{2+}$ which have been known to be an essential factor for the capacitation and acrosome reaction, and that the inhibitory action of the $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase might be a prerequsit step toward the capacitation and acrosome reaction. In conclusion, this study suggest the considerable evidence as follows: the increment of the intracellular $Ca^{2+}$ concentration occurred by controlling the slope of $Ca^{2+}$ concentration through $Ca^{2+}$-ATPase activites in both the intracellular and extracellulr fluid may be important procedures for the capacitation and the acrosome reaction, and finally for fertilization of the sperm and ovum.

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액상 및 동결보존된 한국재래산양 정자의 운동성 및 첨체형태에 관한 연구 (Study on Motility and Acrosome Morphology of Fresh and Deep-frozen Korean Native Goat Spermatozoa)

  • 황덕수;양문한;이규승;박창식
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 1989
  • This study was carried out to investigate the general semen characteristics of the Korean native goat and the effect of temperature, incubation time, dilution rate, freezing rate and glycerol concentration on motility and NAR (normal apical ridge) acrosome of fresh and frozen Korean native goat spermatozoa. 1. Average semen volume per ejaculate, motility, concentration and pH of fresh Korean native goat spermatozoa were 0.19${\pm}$0.09 ml, 94.5${\pm}$0.47%, 26.17${\times}$108${\pm}$1.68/ml and 6.63${\pm}$0.18, respectively. 2. Motility and NAR acrosome of fresh spermatozoa during incubation were higher at 22$^{\circ}C$ than at 5$^{\circ}C$ or 37$^{\circ}C$(P<.01). 3. Motility and NAR acrosome of spermatozoa diluted 1:4 during incubation were higher at 22$^{\circ}C$ than at 5$^{\circ}C$ or 37$^{\circ}C$(P<.01). 4. Motility and NAR acrosome of spermatozoa during incubation were higher for samples diluted 1:1, 1:2, or 1:4 than for samples diluted 1:6(P<.01). 5. Motility and NAR acrosome of post-thaw spermatozoa were higher at freezing rate of 12$^{\circ}C$/min than at freezing rate of 1$^{\circ}C$/min or 24$^{\circ}C$/min when glycerol concentration was 9%(P<.01).

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$Ca^{2+}$이 정자 첨체반응의 생리적 활성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of $Ca^{2+}$ on Phvsiological Activites of the Acrosome Reaction on Spermatozoa)

  • 장재호;오영근
    • 한국동물학회지
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.182-189
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    • 1996
  • It has been known that spermatozoa should obtain their fertilizing ability through capacitation and acrosome reaction, and that in these processes of fertilization, Ca2+ platys an important role for their conjugation. Therefore the present study has been designed in order to clarify the effect of fluctuation of the media Ca2+ level and the intracellular concentration of the spermatozoa on the acrosomes. During the incubation of spermatozoa, a considerable fluctuation in the media Ca2+ level has been observed after the BSA administration and the media concentration of Ca2+. It is deduced that these fluctuation rates may have an effect on the acrosome reaction. The fluctuation of K+ flux has been observed in accordance with the incubation period over time, and it's concentration seems to be closely related with the acrosomal reaction. The respiratory exchange rate (RERI of the spermatozoa is kept more regular in the BSA and Cacl2 administration groups than the non-administration group. Based on the experimental findings, it is possible to deduce a hypothesis from these findings that physiological activities of the acrosome reaction are not functionally related to the media Ca2+ level and the intracellular influx of Ca2+ concentration, although Ca2+ platys an important role as a stimulating factor in the acrosome reaction.

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Heparin이 소 정자의 수정능획득반응에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 (Study on Effect of Heparin on Bovine Sperm Capacitation)

  • 박영식;임경순
    • 한국가축번식학회지
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the effect of heparin on sperm capacitation. The acrosome reaction of bovine sperm which were incubated in mTALP containing heparin and the in vitro development of bovine follicular oocytes which were cocultured with heparin-treated sperm were evaluated, and the resutls were as follows : 1. When bovine fresh sperm were incubated in mTALP solution containing 0, 5, 10 and 25$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml heparin for 15 to 840 minutes, there was no significant difference between motilies of heparin-treated sperm and untreated sperm, but the acrosome-reaction rate of heparin-treated sperm was significantly higher than that of untreated sperm. Moreover the acrosome reaction rate of was sperm treated with heparin was significantly increased after incubating for 15 minutes. 2. When fresh sperm were incubated in mTALP solution containing 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml heparn for 840 minutes, the motility of sper incubated for 840 minutes was lower than those of sperm incubated for 0, 15, 60 and 120 minutes, but the acrosome-reaction rate of sperm incubated for 840 minutes was higher than those of the others. 3. When frozen-sperm were incubated in mTALP solution containing 10$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml heparin for 120 minutes, the acrosome reaction rate of sperm was significantly increased after incubating for 15 minutes. 4. When fresh sperm treated with heparin were cocultured with bovine follicular oocytes, 16.7 to 23.7% of the oocytes were developed to 2-8 cell stage.

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