• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acipimox

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Efficacy of Acipimox in Comparison with Fenofibrate for Hypertriglyceridemia (고중성지방혈증에서 fenofibrate에 대한 acipimox의 효과 비교)

  • Kim, Seung Mi;Ji, Eunhee;Kim, Hyunah;Han, Nayoung;Shim, Mikyung;Shin, Wan Gyoon;Oh, Jung Mi
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2012
  • 목적: 이상지방혈증 환자의 치료는 우선적으로 저밀도지단백을 감소시키고, 저밀도지단백이 목표수치에 도달한 이후에도 혈중 중성지방이 높을 경우 nicotinic acid 또는 fibrate를 사용하도록 권장되고 있다. 본 연구는 이상지방혈증이 있는 환자에서 acipimox의 효과를 fenofibrate와 비교하여 분석하고자 시행되었다. 방법: 본 연구는 서울에 있는 한 3차 대학병원의 환자를 대상으로 후향적으로 의무기록을 분석하여 시행되었다. 혈중 중성지방 농도가 200 mg/dL 이상으로써 acipimox 또는 fenofibrate를 신규처방 받은 환자를 대상으로 각각의 약물이 지단백에 미치는 영향을 36주간 추적하여 비교분석 하였다. 결과: Acipimox를 투여 받은 환자 41명, fenofibrate를 투여 받은 환자 62명이 모집되었으며, 각각의 약물을 복용한 환자군의 기본적인 인구학적인 특성은 유의하게 상이하지 않았다. 3개월 간의 약물투여 후 두 약물군 환자 모두에서 총콜레스테롤(p < 0.05) 및 저밀도지단백(p < 0.001)이 약물투여 전과 비교하였을 때 유의하게 감소하였고, 고밀도지단백은 모든 환자에서 유의하게 증가하였다(p < 0.05). 한편 중성지방 감소율은 acipimox군이 fenofibrate군에서보다 더 크게 나타났다(p < 0.05). 약물유해반응의 빈도는 두 약물군 간에 유의한 차이가 없었다. 결론: 총콜레스테롤, 저밀도지단백 콜레스테롤 등을 감소시키거나 고밀도지단백 콜레스테롤을 증가시키는 효과는 acipimox와 fenofibrate가 유의하게 다르지 않았으며, 중성지방을 감소시키는 효과는 acipimox가 fenofibrate보다 우월하였다.

What is the Key Step in Muscle Fatty Acid Oxidation after Change of Plasma Free Fatty Acids Level in Rats?

  • Doh, Kyung-Oh;Suh, Sang-Dug;Kim, Jong-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.173-177
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to discern the critical point in skeletal muscle fatty acid oxidation by changing plasma free fatty acids (FFA) level in rat. In the study, 3 key steps in lipid oxidation were examined after changing plasma FFA level by acipimox. The rates of both palmitate and palmitoylcarnitine oxidation were decreased by decrease of plasma FFA level, however, carnitine palmitoyl transferase (CPT) 1 activity was not changed, suggesting CPT1 activity may not be involved in the fatty acid oxidation at the early phase of plasma FFA change. In the fasted rats, ${\beta}-hydroxy$ acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (${\beta}$-HAD) activity was depressed to a similar extent as palmitate oxidation by a decrease of plasma FFA level. This suggested that ${\beta}-oxidation$ might be an important process to regulate fatty acid oxidation at the early period of plasma FFA change. Citrate synthase activity was not altered by the change of plasma FFA level. In conclusion, the critical step in fatty acids oxidation of skeletal muscles by the change of plasma FFA level by acipimox in fasting rats might be the ${\beta}-oxidation$ step rather than CPT1 and TCA cycle pathways.

One-stop Evaluation Protocol of Ischemic Heart Disease: Myocardial Fusion PET Study (허혈성 심장 질환의 One-stop Evaluation Protocol: Myocardial Fusion PET Study)

  • Kim, Kyong-Mok;Lee, Byung-Wook;Lee, Dong-Wook;Kim, Jeong-Su;Jang, Yeong-Do;Bang, Chan-Seok;Baek, Jong-Hun;Lee, In-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: In the early stage of using PET/CT, it was used to damper revision but recently shows that CT with MDCT is commonly used and works well for an anatomical diagnosis. This hospital makes the accuracy and convenience more higher in the diagnosis and evaluate of coronary heart disease through concurrently running myocardial perfusion SPECT examination, myocardial PET examination with FDG, and CT coronary artery CT angiography(coronary CTA) used PET/CT with 64-slice. This report shows protocol and image based on results from about 400 coronary heart disease examinations since having 64 channels PET/CT in July 2007. Materials and Methods: An Equipment for this examination is 64-slice CT and Discovery VCT (DVCT) that is consisted of PET with BGO ($Bi_4Ge_3O_{12}$) scintillation crystal by GE health care. First myocardial perfusion SPECT with pharmacologic stress test to reduce waiting time of a patient and get a quick diagnosis and evaluation, and right after it, myocardial FDG PET examination and coronary CTA run without a break. One-stop evaluation protocol of ischemic heart disease is as follows. 1)Myocardial perfusion SPECT with pharmacologic stress: A patient is injected with $^{99m}Tc$-MIBI 10 mCi and does not have any fatty food for myocardial PET examination and drink natural water with ursodeoxcholic acid 100 mg and we get SPECT image in an hour. 2)Myocardial FDG PET: To reduce blood fatty content and to increase uptake of FDG, we used creative oral glucose load using insulin and Acipimox to according to blood acid content. A patient is injected with $^{18}F$-FDG 5 mCi for reduction of his radiation exposure and we get a gated image an hour later and get delay image when we need. 3) Coronary CTA: The most important point is to control heart rate and to get cooperation of patient's breath. In order to reduce a heart rate of him or her below 65 beats, let him or her take beta blocker 50 mg ~ 200 mg after a consultation with a doctor about it and have breath-practices then have the examination. Right before the examination, we spray isosorbide dinitrate 3 to 5 times to lower tension of bessel wall and to extension a blood wall of a patient. It makes to get better the shape of an anatomy. At filming, a patient is injected CT contrast with high pressure and have enough practices before the examination in order to have no problem. For reduction of his radiation exposure, we have to do ECG-triggered X-ray tube modulation exposure. Results: We evaluate coronary artery stenosis through coronary CTA and study correlation (culprit vessel check) of a decline between stenosis and perfusion from the myocardial perfusion SPECT with pharmacologic stress, coronary CTA, and can check viability of infarction or hibernating myocardium by FDG PET. Conclusion: The examination makes us to set up a direction of remedy (drug treatment, PCI, CABG) because we can estimate of effect from remedy, lesion site and severity. In addition, we have an advantage that it takes just 3 hours and one-stop in that all of process of examinations run in succession and at the same time. Therefore it shows that the method is useful in one stop evaluation of ischemic heart disease.

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