• Title, Summary, Keyword: Achievement Motivation

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The Relationships among Learning Motivation, Perceived Achievement, and Actual Achievement on Nursing Skill Performance Assessment (간호 술기 수행평가에서 실제 성취도, 지각된 성취도와 학습 동기 간의 관계)

  • Kim, Eun Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the relationships between the perceived and actual achievement on skill performance assessment and identify the relation to learning motivation factors. Methods: A total of 80 senior nursing students currently studying at a university participated in the study in 2015. Students completed a performance examination of 20 nursing skills at the end of their 7-week training period; their performance was rated using checklists. Students then completed a survey, which included questions about learning motivation and perceived achievement level. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: There was a weak correlation between perceived and actual achievement. Intrinsic and extrinsic goal-orientation and self-efficacy in learning motivation factors was significantly correlated to perceived achievement. Perceived achievement and self-efficacy in middle quartile of actual achievement were higher than other upper- or lower-quartile group. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the motivation factors of learners should be taken into account to maximize academic achievement in nursing skills training. In addition, it should be considered a strategy to reduce the gap between perceived and actual achievement.

Relationships among the Science Learning Motivation and Academic Stress and Stress Coping Styles of the Elementary Students with Low Science Achievement (초등과학학습부진학생의 과학학습동기와 학업스트레스 및 스트레스대처행동의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyungok;Hong, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.447-457
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    • 2015
  • This study has attempted to find the teaching methods for the elementary students with low science achievement by examining the differences of science learning motivation, academic stress and stress coping styles and the characteristics shown in the relationship between them. To achieve this, the differences of science learning motivation, academic stress and stress coping styles of the elementary students with low science achievement and their relationship was set up as a study problem. A science learning motivation using a science learning motivation questionnaire reconfigured with PALS along with underachievers diagnosis were measured targeting 660 elementary students located in Seoul. Using an academic stress questionnaire and stress coping style questionnaire, an academic stress and stress coping styles were measured. The results of analyzing the collected data are as follows. First, a science learning motivation of elementary students with low science achievement was lower than the general students but the academic stress was shown higher. Especially, the self-efficacy of science learning motivation was significantly lower and the school stress was highest. For stress coping styles, a tendency of passive and avoidment coping styles were shown higher than the general students. Second, among the science learning motivation of elementary students with low science achievement, the self-efficacy motivation and school stress have shown a negative correlation but had a positive correlation with the goal-oriented motivation centered on ability. In the correlation between the science learning motivation of elementary students with low science achievement and the stress coping styles, the pursuit of social support coping styles have shown a significant positive correlation with the science learning motivation and its subcategories. As a result of conducting a regression analysis on the influence of academic stress and stress copying styles on the science learning motivation of elementary students with low science achievement, among the academic stresses, the school stress was shown to have the biggest influence. Among the stress coping styles, the pursuit of social support coping styles had the biggest influence on the science learning motivation followed by active coping behaviors, passive and avoidment coping behaviors. Low science learning motivation as underachievement factors of elementary students with low science achievement was identified as having a relationship with high school stress and undesirable stress copying styles. Therefore, guidance and a program are required for the elementary student with low science achievement to have desirable stress coping methods on the stressful situations. In addition, for the improvement of science learning motivation, a learning environment is needed for the elementary students with low science achievement with seeking of relevant educational methods.

Influence of Achievement Motivation and Parent-Child Relationship on Ego Identity in Korean Nursing Students

  • Koo, Hyun Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to characterize the influence of achievement motivation and the parent-child relationship on ego identity in Korean nursing students. Methods: The participants were 217 Korean nursing students in the first and fourth year of university. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires composed of items assessing ego identity, achievement motivation, the parent-child relationship, and demographic characteristics. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance, the $x^2$ test, and multinomial logistic regression analysis. Results: Ego identity was related to achievement motivation; moreover, the achievement motivation of students with moratorium and achieved identity status was significantly higher than that of students with low-profile moratorium and diffused identity statuses. Ego identity was not related to the mother-child relationship, but the father-child relationship of students in foreclosure was significantly higher than that of students with diffused identity status. The factors influencing achieved identity compared to diffused identity were achievement motivation, year in school, satisfaction with school, and having religious beliefs. Conclusion: These findings indicate that nursing students' ego identity attainment was more influenced by achievement motivation than by the parent-child relationship. It emphasizes that highly motivated students can develop their own identities regardless of the parent-child relationship.

The Effect of Family Environment Variables, Self-Esteem and family strengths on Achievement Motivation Perceived by the Adolescents (남녀 청소년의 가족배경변인, 자아존중감 및 가족건강성이 성취동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Hyun, Jeongmi;Shin, Hyoshick;Lee, Seonjeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation among family environment variables, self-esteem, family strengths, and achievement motivation. This subjects were the 467 middle school students living in Gwangju. Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. The major findings were as follows; First, adolescents' self-esteem, family strengths, and achievement motivation scores were higher than median(3.00). Second, the male adolescents' achievement motivation showed significant positive correlation with standard of living, self-esteem, and family strengths. The female adolescents' achievement motivation showed significant positive correlation with standard of living, father's education achievement, mother's education achievement, self-esteem, and family strengths. Third, the male adolescents' achievement motivation was influenced by self-esteem, role sharing and problem solving, communication and family bonding, and financial stability. And the male adolescents' achievement motivation was explained about 42% by this variables. The female adolescents' achievement motivation was influenced by self-esteem, communication and family bonding, and financial stability. And the male adolescents' achievement motivation was explained about 39% by this variables. Examining the influence of Family Environment variables, self-esteem, and family strengths on achievement motivation of adolescents, self-esteem has the greatest influence and students who think themselves positive and competent has high level of achievement motivation. Adolescents find their own strong point and advantage so that cherish, respect and have proud of themselves.

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Effects of Attachment with Parents and Educational Gender Egalitarianism on Achievement Motivation in Korean University Students (남녀 대학생의 부모와의 애착과 교육영역의 양성평등의식이 성취동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Young-Eun;Sung, Mi-Young;Kwon, Hee-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2011
  • This study was aimed at investigating the gender differences in the relationships among parental attachment, educational gender egalitarianism, and achievement motivation in university students in Korea. A total of 338 students from the Seoul and Kyungnam areas participated in this study. The results found that male students showed lower levels of mother attachment and educational egalitarianism and higher levels of achievement motivation compared to female students. For female students, parental attachment and educational egalitarianism were significantly correlated with achievement motivation; however, no such relationships were detected in male students. For male students, social and demographic variables were more predictive of achievement motivation than attachment or educational egalitarianism.

Study on the Effective Factors of Learning Motivation and Achievement of the Digital Textbook using a Structural Equation Model (구조방정식 모델을 이용한 디지털교과서의 학습동기 및 학업성과 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Hyeon-Gi;Kim, Pan-Soo;Ha, Tai-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.123-135
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    • 2008
  • In this study it is aimed to find out the relationship between the effective factors on learning motivation of the digital textbook. To carry on such exploration the learning motivation theory of Keller has been taken as the theoretical background. This is an experimental research with the data collected from 310 students who took the digital textbook class in the computer-mediated environment. It is compared and verified whether the factors causing learning motivation of the ARCS model embedded in the offline class influence on learner's motivation and achievement. With the outcomes, it has been tried to find out some practical suggestions for the achievement of the digital textbook. The results of the data show that the learning motivation of the digital textbook is significantly influence on the learning achievement.

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The Effects of Mother's Self-Efficacy and Parenting Behavior and Children's Achievement Motivation on Children's Self-Efficacy (어머니의 자기효능감과 양육행동 및 아동의 성취동기가 아동의 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.547-559
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of mothers' self-efficacy, parenting behaviors, and children's achievement motivation on children's self-efficacy. Subjects were 591 fifth- and sixth-graders and their mothers in Busan. Statistics and methods used for data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlation, Multiple Regression, and Path Analysis. Several major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Any difference was not found by sex in children's general and total self-efficacy. Girls' social efficacy, however, was higher than boys'. 2) Achievement motivation had a direct positive effect and was the first positive contribution factor to the self-efficacy of both sexes. 3) On boys' self-efficacy, mothers' own had an indirect positive effect through achievement motivation, and their parental role efficacy had a positive effect, direct or indirect, through their affective parenting behaviors and the boys' achievement motivation; also mothers' affective parenting behaviors had an indirect positive effect through achievement motivation, and their controlling parenting had a direct negative effect. 4) On girls' self-efficacy, mothers' own had a direct positive effect, and their parental role efficacy had an indirect positive effect through their affective and controlling parenting behaviors and the girls' achievement motivation; also mothers' affective parenting behaviors had a positive effect, direct or indirect, through achievement motivation, and the controlling parenting had a negative effect, direct or indirect.

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Influence of achievement motivation and self concept on clinical practice satisfaction in the dental hygiene students (치위생과 학생의 성취동기 및 자아개념이 임상실습 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jeong-Hee;Ko, Eun-Kyoung;Lee, Sung-Lim
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.287-293
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of achievement motivation and self concept on clinical practice satisfaction in the dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 206 dental hygiene students in Jeonnam from December to October, 2013. The questionnaire consisted of 6questions of general characteristics, 6 questions of achievement motivation, 18 questions of self concept, and 23 questions of clinical practice satisfaction. Cronbach's alpha was 0.881, 0.889, and 0.935 in achievement motivation, self concept, and clinical practice satisfaction, respectively. The data were analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: Clinical practice satisfaction showed a significant difference by grade(p<0.05), personality(p<0.05) and satisfaction of major(p<0.01). Clinical practice satisfaction had a positive correlation with achievement motivation(r=0.508, p<0.01) and self concept(r=0.324, p<0.01). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that clinical practice satisfaction was related with achievement motivation(p<0.05) and self concept(p<0.01). Conclusions: The clinical practice satisfaction depends on achievement motivation and self concept. It is necessary to develop the program to improve satisfaction level of clinical practice by achievement motivation and self concept.

The Effects of Children's Perceptions of Parental Expectations, Self-Esteem, and Achievement Motivation on School Happiness (아동이 지각한 부모의 기대와 자아존중감 및 성취동기가 아동의 학교 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Namjung;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.157-176
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    • 2014
  • A total of 378 $4^{th}$ and $5^{th}$ grade elementary school students (194 boys and 184 girls) participated in a study investigating the direct and indirect effects (through self-esteem and/or achievement motivation) of children's perceptions of parental expectations on school happiness. First, parental expectations did not have a direct effect on children's levels of school happiness. Second, parental expectations did not have an indirect effect on children's school happiness through self-esteem. Children who perceived higher levels of parental expectations showed higher levels of self-esteem, but the path from children's self-esteem to school happiness was not significant. Third, parental expectations had an indirect effect on children's levels of school happiness through achievement motivation. Children who perceived higher levels of parental expectations showed higher levels of achievement motivation, and children with higher levels of achievement motivation reported higher levels of school happiness. Finally, parental expectations indirectly influenced children's school happiness through self-esteem and achievement motivation. These findings suggest that both environmental and individual factors need to be considered together to more comprehensively explain children's levels of school happiness.

The Influence of Accomplishing Pressure of Teachers and Parents on Academic Achievement in accordance with the Moderating Effect of Intrinsic Motivation in Mathematics (수학 내재적 동기 수준에 따른 교사와 부모의 성취압력이 수학 학업성취에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bo Kyung;Jung, Hee Sun
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.217-238
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the study is to analyze the influence of the accomplishing pressure of teachers and parents on academic achievement in mathematics in accordance with the differences in the degree of intrinsic motivation in mathematics. The accomplishing pressure of teachers was meaningful on the academic achievement in mathematics in the analysis including the interaction of intrinsic motivation in mathematics. The students with high degree of intrinsic motivation were influenced in a negative manner. Meanwhile the students with middle or low degree of intrinsic motivation were influenced in a positive manner. The result implies that it is more important to consider the level of mathematical intrinsic motivation, when teachers accomplish an achievement pressure to improve academic achievement in mathematics. On the analysis including the interaction of intrinsic motivation of mathematics, the accomplishing pressure of parents showed positive effect in general on the academic achievement in mathematics. The students with high or middle degree of intrinsic motivation were highly influenced in a positive manner than the students with low degree of intrinsic motivation. The result implies the necessity of the implementation of continuous accomplishing pressure on students as the high degree of accomplishing pressure of parents leads to positive influence on the academic achievement in mathematics.