• Title, Summary, Keyword: Achievement Motivation

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A Study on the Relationship between the Academic Achievement Motivation and the Academic Achievement. (아동의 학업성취동기변인과 학업 성취도와의 상관연구)

  • 전경숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 1985
  • This study was attempted to investigate the relationship between the academic achievement and the internal and external motivation of academic achievement. Here, the internal motivation of academic achievement refers to the case that a student feels the necessity of study and h satisfaction, expects rewards, or has interest in his study; external motivation of academic achievement means that a student has outward motivation such as other's recognition, rewards, or compulsion. As the result of this study, there showed significant difference in the academic achievement in proportion as the level of internal and external academic achievement motivation (P<.001). the students with the higher internal motivation and the lower external motivation turned out to have the highest effect of academic achievement; on the other hand, the students with the lower internal motivation and the higher external motivation showed the least academic achievement. There was 11.60 points-difference on the average between those two groups in terms of grade. The academic achievement and the internal motivation shows significant correlation(r=.25, P<.001) while academic achievement and the external motivation presents negative tendency (r=-.10). Through the results of regression analysis, the estimation of the academic achievement by the two variables to academic achievement motivation was 6.22%(P=.0001)

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Individual and Parental factors that Affect Children's Achievement Motivation (개인변인과 부모변인이 아동의 성취동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.161-174
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    • 2006
  • This study examined different individual and parental factors that affect children's achievement motivation. For an analysis, perceived competence, intrinsic locus of control were included in individual variables. For parental variables, parental support and achievement pressure and marital conflict were examined. The sample consisted of 561 fifth and sixth grade children. Statistics and methods used for the data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, Factor analysis, frequency, percentage, Pearson's correlation, and Hierarchical Regression. Several major results were found from the analysis. First, girl's achievement motivation was higher than boys. No age difference was found between fifth and sixth grade. Second, boy's and girl's achievement motivation had a positive correlation with perceived competence, intrinsic locus of control, parental support and achievement pressure but a negative correlation with parental marital conflict. Third, important variables predicting boy's and girl's achievement motivation were perceived academic competence, parental achievement pressure and perceived social competence. Important variables predicting boy's individual and social oriented achievement motivation were perceived academic competence and parental achievement pressure. On the other hand, important variables predicting girl's individual oriented achievement motivation were perceived social competence, perceived academic competence, intrinsic locus of control and parental achievement pressure. Important variables predicting girl's social oriented achievement motivation were parental achievement pressure, perceived academic competence and mother's support.

Mother-Adolescent Relationships and Adolescents' Self-esteem as related to their Achievement Motivation (모-자녀관계 및 자아존중감과 청소년의 성취동기간의 관계)

  • 홍성흔;도현심
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of mother-adolescent relationships and adolescents' self-esteem to their achievement motivation. The mediating role of adolescent' self-esteem was also explored in the relations between mother-adolescent relationships and their achievement motitation. The subjects of this study consisted of 284 2nd-grade middle school students living in D city. The major findings were that adolescents who experienced higher maternal warmth showed higher achievement motivation, while those who experienced higher maternal rejection/restriction showed lower achievement motivation. Adolescent who experienced higher open family communication reported higher achievement motivation, and those who experienced higher problem in family communication reported lower achievement motivation. The higher self-esteem was, the higher adolescents' achievement motivation was. Adolescents' self-esteem mediated in the relations between maternal rejection/restriction and problems in family communication and their achievement motivation.

A Correlation Study on the Relationship between Motivation for Achievement and Satisfaction on Clinical Practice in EMT students (응급구조과 학생의 성취동기와 임상실습 만족도와의 상관성 연구)

  • Park, Dae-Sung;Nam, Kun-Woo
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : This study examines satisfaction of students at the department of Emergency Medical Technology with clinical practice and relationship between motivation of achievement and satisfaction with clinical practice and aims to provide basic materials contributing to the improvement of clinical practice education. Method : It selected 237 students in the second and third grade at the dept. of Emergency Medical and having experience in clinical practice as the subjects, collected data from Sept. 1 to 30, 2007 and analyzed 237 questionnaires collected with SPSS 12.0 program. Result : 1. Degree of motivation of achievement scored 3.46 of full marks of five points and they showed motivation of achievement over average score. Students who entered the dept. of Emergency medical after beginning social career(3.78) showed higher motivation of achievement in the period of entrance and group having will to be volunteer(3.66) showed the highest motivation of achievement in selecting this major. The better personal relationship they have, the greater hospital grade and the higher their transcript, the higher motivation of achievement they have. In the desired area of employment after graduation, first-aid staffs at the field of industry group(3.85) showed the highest motivation of achievement. 2. Degree of their satisfaction with clinical practice scored 3.53 of full marks of five and they showed satisfaction with it over average score. They showed the highest satisfaction in the contents of practice(3.64). 3. There was statistically significant positive correlation between motivation of achievement and satisfaction with clinical practice(r = .165, p < .05). Conclusion : There was statistically significant positive correlation between motivation of achievement and satisfaction with clinical practice. Repeated research through sampling based on probability to generalize relevance of motivation of achievement and satisfaction with clinical practice is needed and further researches on developing program to inspire motivation of achievement in theoretical learning as well as in clinical practice are required.

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A study on two dimensions of achievement motivation for job design (직무설계를 위한 성취동기의 이차원성에 관한 연구)

  • 이순요
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-27
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    • 1982
  • This study analyzes jow reciprocal relations between the temperament and motivation of managers interact. To know the relationships between achievement motivation and affiliation motivation, this study examines whether or not affiliation-achievement motivation and nonaffiliation-achievement motivation mani- fested in manager group of Jpapn are present in this tested group. Data were obtained by testing 578 male- managers employed in domestic enterprise with Y-G Character and Motivation Test. Structure Vector obtained and applied Canonical Correlation Analysis method is applied as a means to interpret it. From the study, the following results are obtained: First, the affiliation and nonaffiliation-achievement motivation appear in domestic sampled group. Second, the manager with affiliation-achievement motivation is shown to have extroversive character, high-social accommodation, high-emotional stability, whereas the one with nona- ffiliation-achievement motiviation to have introversive character, somewhat low-social accommodation and low- emotional stability. Whether or not these results reappear in the bilingual group remains to be studied further.

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The Effects of Maternal Achievement Pressure and Emotional Support on Adolescents' Achievement Motivation (어머니의 성취압력과 정서적 지지가 청소년의 성취동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Koo, Hyun-Kyung;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Choi, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.195-206
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    • 2009
  • The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal achievement pressure and emotional support on adolescents' achievement motivation. A total of 241 adolescents in the second grade of two middle schools in Seoul and their mothers participated in the study, and completed questionnaires on mothers' achievement pressure and emotional support. Adolescents also answered a questionnaire on achievement motivation. Sohn's(1997) Achievement Pressure Scale, Sung's(1993) Social Support Scale and Hermans'(1970) Prestatie Motivatie Scale were used for this survey. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients, t-tests, regressions, and one-way ANOVA with Duncan's multiple range tests. Results showed that maternal achievement pressure and emotional support and adolescents' achievement motivation did not vary as a function of sex. Maternal achievement pressure and emotional support had positive effects on achievement motivation of adolescents, and maternal achievement pressure played a more influential role on the motivation of adolescents than emotional support. Among four groups divided by the level of maternal achievement pressure and emotional support, high/high, high/low, low/high, and low/low, adolescents in the high/high group were perceived to have the highest achievement motivation. Findings suggest that both maternal achievement pressure and emotional support are important in improving adolescents' achievement motivation.

Paternal Behaviors and Adolescents' Academic Motivation at Low, Moderate, and High Levels of Students' Achievement in Mainland China

  • Cho, Won Jee;Bush, Kevin R.;Xia, Yan;Wilson, Stephan M.;Li, Wenzhen;Peterson, Gary W.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine group differences in paternal behaviors (i.e., paternal connection, paternal punitiveness, and paternal knowledge) within and across three academic achievement levels-low, moderate, and high, and to explore the effects of paternal behaviors on the academic motivation of Chinese adolescents within these three achievement groups. Analyses of variance (ANOVAs) indicated that adolescents with low achievement perceived their fathers as more punitive than teens with moderate and high academic achievement. Regression analyses also revealed that paternal punitiveness (negative) and paternal knowledge (positive) were significant predictors of academic motivation for teens with low levels of academic achievement; while paternal punitiveness was a significant negative predictor of academic motivation among adolescents with moderate achievement. In contrast, for adolescents with high achievement, paternal connection was a positive significant predictor of academic motivation. The present findings provide some evidence that the impact of parental behaviors on teen's motivation varies across adolescent academic achievement levels, which may prove useful for professionals working with fathers to help target the most effective parenting behaviors to foster academic motivation.

The Influences of Parents' Academic Achievement Pressure and Adolescents' Self-Discrepancies on Academic Achievement Motivation (부모의 성취압력과 청소년의 자기불일치가 학업적 성취동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, So-Hee;Yang, Sung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.23-37
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    • 2011
  • This study attempted to examine the influences of achievement pressure from parents and the discrepancy of real self and ideal self on the academic achievement motivation among adolescents. To achieve the purpose of this study, a survey was conducted among 1140 students including 559 middle school students in second grade and 581 high school students in second grade in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The results of the study showed that male students were more effected by the achievement pressure from parents than female students and the ideal discrepancy of self-discrepancies had a greate effects on academic achievement motivation regardless of gender. In conclusion, higher achievement pressure and lower ideal discrepancy represented higher academic achievement motivation.

The Relationship among Parenting Behaviors, Children's Perfectionism and Achievement Motivation (부모의 양육행동, 남녀 아동의 완벽주의 및 성취동기간의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyung-Mee;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Park, Seon-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.209-227
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the relationship among parenting behaviors, children's perfectionism and achievement motivation, using a sample of 338 fifth and sixth graders. The participants completed questionnaires on parenting behaviors and their perfectionism and achievement motivation. Data were analyzed by factor analyses and multiple regression analysis. Both boys and girls had higher achievement motivation when they perceived higher parental levels of acceptance, and girls showed higher achievement motivation when they perceived higher maternal control/over-expectation. Boys who exhibited self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and girls who exhibited self-oriented perfectionism showed higher achievement motivation. Boys had higher self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism when perceiving higher parental acceptance and control/over-expectation. Girls showed higher self-oriented perfectionism when perceiving higher parental acceptance and control/over-expectation, and they showed higher socially prescribed perfectionism when perceiving higher paternal control/over-expectation and maternal acceptance and control/over-expectation. It was revealed that both boys' and girls' perfectionism tended to play mediating roles between parenting behaviors and achievement motivation.

The Effects of Attitudes Toward Culture and Motivation on Military Cadets' English Achievement (문화에 대한 태도와 학습동기가 사관생도의 영어 성취도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Han-ki
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.19
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    • pp.313-338
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    • 2010
  • Attitudes toward target language culture and motivation have been known as important factors in second or foreign language learning. In this study, cadets' attitudes toward the target language community and culture were investigated to find out any relationships with English achievement. Integrative or instrumental motivation in foreign military context was investigated to determine which motivation was more positively related to English proficiency. Cadets' responses were shown highly positive and internally consistent in most cases. Military cadets' attitudes toward American culture were statistically significant and could predict their English achievement. Even though integrative motivation was statistically significant, correlation with English achievement was low. However, instrumental motivation was not significant. This result implies that attitudes toward culture is an important factor in foreign language learning and integrative-instrumental motivation dichotomy might not be enough to explain specific context like cadets' English learning situation at Korea Army Academy at Youngcheon.