• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acetone Extracts

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Studies on the Physiological Functionality of Pine Needle and Mugwort Extracts (솔잎과 쑥 추출물의 기능성 점토)

  • Kang, Yoon-Han;Park, Yong-Kon;Oh, Sang-Ryong;Moon, Kwang-Deog
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.978-984
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    • 1995
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physiological functionality of the hot water and 70% acetone extracts obtained from the pine needle and mugwort. Flavanol tannin content was above 60% of the total polyphenol in pine needle extracts. 70% Acetone extract from pine needle exhibited inhibition percentage of about 82.2% on the mutagenicity of Trp-P-1. Angiotensin I converting enzyme(ACE) inhibition activity was 61% and 50% in the hot water extract and in the 70% acetone extract respectively. Electron donating ability(EDA) of the hot water and 70% acetone extracts obtained from the pine needle was significantly good above 80%. 70% Acetone extract from pine needle showed inhibitary effect against the polyphenol oxidase(PPO) of water dropwort. The nitrite scavenging ability was appeared in all the extracts examined and it showed $80{\sim}90%$ at pH 3.0. The oxidative stability was determined by POV. Results showed that ethyl acetate fraction is better antioxidants than chloroform and butanol fractions in the soybean oil. Then, in the mugwort extracts, antimutagenicity of 70% acetone extract was similar to that of pine needle. Ratio of ACE inhibition activity was higher than that of pine needle extracts. EDA of hot water and 70% acetone extracts was 45%. Extracts from the mugwort were lower in nitrite scavenging ability about $20{\sim}30%$ than extracts from pine needle.

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Antioxidant Activity of Orange Flesh and Peel Extracted with Various Solvents

  • Park, Jae-Hee;Lee, Minhee;Park, Eunju
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of orange (Citrus auranthium) flesh (OF) and peel (OP) extracted with acetone, ethanol, and methanol. Antioxidant potential was examined by measuring total phenolic content (TPC), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (RSA), total radical-trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and cellular antioxidant activity (CAA). The comet assay was used to determine the protective effects of OF and OP against $H_2O_2$-induced DNA damage. TPC was highest in the acetone extracts of OF and OP. DPPH RSA was also higher in the acetone extracts than in the ethanol extracts. The DPPH RSA was highest in the acetone extracts of OF. The TRAP and ORAC values of the all extracts increased in a dose-dependent manner. In the TRAP assay, the acetone extracts of OF and OP had the lowest $IC_{50}$ values. In the CAA assay, the methanol and acetone extracts of OP had the lowest $IC_{50}$ values. All of the samples protected against $H_2O_2$-induced DNA damage in human leukocytes, as measured by the comet assay, but the acetone extracts of OP had the strongest effect. These results suggest that acetone is the best solvent for the extraction of antioxidant compounds from OF and OP. Furthermore, the high antioxidant activity of OP, which is a by-product of orange processing, suggests that it can be used in nutraceutical and functional foods.

Comparative Study on the Cytotoxic Activities of Red Ginseng of Korea and China (한국 및 중국 홍삼의 암세포 증식억제 효과 비교연구(III))

  • 황우익;손정원
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 1993
  • A study was performed to compare the anticancer effects of Korean and Chinese red ginseng roots. The whole crude extracts or chloroform, methanol and acetone fractions of the crude extracts were added in the culture medium of three cancer cell lines, a mouse leukemia cell line ($P_{388}$), a human colon carcinoma cell line (HT-29) and a human rectal carcinoma cell line (HRT-18), to screen the growth inhibition effects. The results are summarized as follows : 1. Crude extracts of both Korean and Chinese red ginseng roots inhibited the proliferation of all the three cancer cell lines tested in a dose dependent manner. However, the growth inhibition effects of Korean red ginseng extracts were significantly greater than that of Chinese red ginseng. 2. An acetone fraction showed the greatest antiproliferative effects among the 11'hole crude extracts, chloroform, methanol and acetone fractions of the crude extracts. 3. These results suggest that the active antiproliferative components of the crude extracts are present mostly in the acetone fraction.

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Antioxidative Activity of Mugwort extracts(Artemisia Princeps Var. Orientalis) on Human Low Density Lipoprotein (쑥 추출물의 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein에 대한 항산화능)

  • 강정옥
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.623-628
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    • 2000
  • The antioxidative effect of mugwort extracts was measured by DPPH and LDL with four different solutions (70% acetone, ethanol, hot water, cold water). Mugwort extracts contained 3.2% of polyphenol, 380 RE/l00 g of vitamin A, 16.2 mg/100 g of vitamin C, and 5.1 ${\alpha}$-TE/100 g of vitamin E. DPPH revealed the effect in the order of 70% acetone, hot water, ethanol, and cold water. In particular, 70% acetone showed outstandingly stronger activity than the control group. Also, when 10 ${\mu}\ell$ was added, the effect was well noticed. But the antioxidative activity was hardly seen at 15 ${\mu}\ell$. LDL exhibited the same order of strength in proportion to mugwort's concentration. Against the control group, the activity of 70% acetone was 7 times, hot water and ethanol 6 times, and cold water 2 times. This result is attributable to the antioxidative increase of polyphenol and antioxidative vitamins.

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Free radical Scavenging Activities and Inhibitory Effects on Xanthine oxidase of Buckwheat (Suwon No. 5) (수원 5호 메밀의 유리라디칼 소거 및 Xanthine oxidase 활성 저해)

  • 서형주;정수현;김영순;이성동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 1997
  • To examine the free radical scavenging activities from buckwheat, Suwon No. 5 was extracted with various solvents. The seed of Suwon No. 5 had a high contents of carbohydrate, but the vegetable of that had a 31.4% of protein, 28.6% of ash and 25.7% carbohydrate as moisture free basis. Phenols contents of vegetable extracts had higher than those of seed extracts. Acetone extract of vegetable showed the greatest electron donating ability. Butanol and acetone extracts of vegetable showed high inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation. Acetone extract of vegetable has also excellent activity in the superoxide radical scavenging activity by xanthine/xanthine oxidase-cytochrome c reduction system. The inhibitory effects of extracts on xanthine oxidase were measured. Acetone extract had the strongest inhibitory effect on xanthine oxidase and $IC_{50}$ was 2.2$\mu\textrm{g}$.

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Antioxidant Activities and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Effects of Different Extracts from Pleurotus ostreatus Fruiting Bodies

  • Alam, Nuhu;Yoon, Ki-Nam;Lee, Kyung-Rim;Shin, Pyung-Gyun;Cheong, Jong-Chun;Yoo, Young-Bok;Shim, Mi-Ja;Lee, Min-Woong;Lee, U-Youn;Lee, Tae-Soo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2010
  • We evaluated the antioxidant activity and tyrosinase inhibitory effects of Pleurotus ostreatus fruiting bodies extracted with acetone, methanol, and hot water. The antioxidant activities were tested against $\beta$-carotene-linoleic acid, reducing power, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical scavenging activity, and ferrous chelating ability. Furthermore, phenolic acid and flavonoid contents were also analyzed. The methanol extract showed the strongest $\beta$-carotene-linoleic acid inhibition as compared to the other exracts. The acetone extract (8 mg/mL) showed a significantly high reducing power of 1.54 than the other extracts. The acetone extract was more effective than other extracts for scavenging on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals. The strongest chelating effect (85.66%) was obtained from the acetone extract at 1.0 mg/mL. The antioxidant activities of the extracts from the P. ostreatus fruiting bodies increased with increasing concentration. A high performance liquid chromatography analysis detected seven phenolic compounds, including gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, naringenin, hesperetin, formononetin, and biochanin-A in an acetonitrile and 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (5 : 1) solvent extract. The total phenolic compound concentration was $188{\mu}g$/g. Tyrosinase inhibition of the acetone, methanol, and hot water P. ostreatus extracts increased with increasing concentration. The results revealed that the methanol extract had good tyrosinase inhibitory ability, whereas the acetone and hot water extracts showed moderate activity at the concentrations tested. The results suggested that P. ostreatus may have potential as a natural antioxidant.

Antioxidant Activities and Antimicrobial Effects of Extracts from Auricularia auricula-judae (목이버섯(Auricularia auricula-judae) 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 항균 효과)

  • Yu, Sang-Cheol;Oh, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of various solvents (acetone, ethyl acetate, and ethanol) for extraction of Auricularia auricula-judae. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by determining total polyphenol and flavonoid contents, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) cation radical scavenging activity. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were not significantly different among the extracts, whereas DPPH radical scavenging activity and ABTS cation radical scavenging activity were significantly higher in ethanol and acetone extracts. DPPH radical scavenging activities of ethanol and acetone extracts showed high values (58.7% and 46.7%, respectively). The antimicrobial properties of these extracts were determined against six bacterial pathogens (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter cloacae) by the disc diffusion method. The acetone extracts showed antimicrobial activities against all tested bacteria, and all extracts showed the highest antimicrobial activity against B. subtilis.

Assessment of Antioxidant and Phenolic Compound Concentrations as well as Xanthine Oxidase and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Properties of Different Extracts of Pleurotus citrinopileatus Fruiting Bodies

  • Alam, Nuhu;Yoon, Ki-Nam;Lee, Kyung-Rim;Kim, Hye-Young;Shin, Pyung-Gyun;Cheong, Jong-Chun;Yoo, Young-Bok;Shim, Mi-Ja;Lee, Min-Woong;Lee, Tae-Soo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.12-19
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    • 2011
  • Cellular damage caused by reactive oxygen species has been implicated in several diseases, thus establishing a significant role for antioxidants in maintaining human health. Acetone, methanol, and hot water extracts of Pleurotus citrinopileatus were evaluated for their antioxidant activities against ${\beta}$-carotene-linoleic acid and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, reducing power, ferrous ion-chelating abilities, and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. In addition, the tyrosinase inhibitory effects and phenolic compound contents of the extracts were also analyzed. Methanol and acetone extracts of P. citrinopileatus showed stronger inhibition of ${\beta}$-carotene-linoleic acid compared to the hot water extract. Methanol extract (8 mg/mL) showed a significantly high reducing power of 2.92 compared to the other extracts. The hot water extract was more effective than the acetone and methanole extracts for scavenging DPPH radicals. The strongest chelating effect (92.72%) was obtained with 1.0 mg/mL of acetone extract. High performance liquid chromatography analysis detected eight phenolic compounds, including gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, naringenin, hesperetin, formononetin, and biochanin-A, in an acetonitrile and hydrochloric acid (5 : 1) solvent extract. Xanthine oxidase and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of the acetone, methanol, and hot water extracts increased with increasing concentration. This study suggests that fruiting bodies of P. citrinopileatus can potentially be used as a readily accessible source of natural antioxidants.

Antimicrobial activities against oral bacteria and growth inhibition against Actinomyces viscosus using Lentinus edodes various extracts (표고버섯 용매별 추출물의 구강세균에 대한 항균효과 및 Actinomyces viscosus에 대한 생육저해 효과)

  • Han, So-Ra;Lim, Kun-Ok;Oh, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.735-741
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: Lentinus edodes is an edible mushroom with a variety of beneficial effects such as antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and immune-modulatory activity. This study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of Lentinus edodes extracts against oral-related bacteria. Methods: The antimicrobial activities of this extracts were investigated against S. anginosus, S. sobrinus, S. aureus, S. mutans, S. ratti, S. sanguinis, A. viscosus, A. naeslundii, and A. actinomycetemcomitans by the disc diffusion method, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), and growth inhibition. Results: Ethanol extracts had no antimicrobial activities, but acetone extracts showed antimicrobial activities against A. viscosus and A. actinomycetemcomitans and ethyl acetate extracts had effects against S. aureus, S. sanguinis, A. viscosus, and A. actinomycetemcomitans. Conclusions: The inhibitory effect of Lentinus edodes extracts was investigated on the growth of A. viscosus. Ethyl acetate and acetone extracts showed 90% and 77% inhibitory effect, respectively, against A. viscosus for 24 hrs. Ethyl acetate extracts had MIC of 25.0 mg/ml and acetone extracts showed MIC of >25.0 mg/ml.

The Nitrite Scavenging and Electron Donating Ability of Pumpkin Extracts (늙은 호박 추출물의 아질산염 소거 및 전자공여 작용)

  • 강윤한;차환수;김흥만;박용곤
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physiological functionality of the hot water, 70% acetone and 70% methanol extracts from the pumpkin. Extraction yield and pH of each solvent extract from various parts of pumpkin were investigated. Extraction yield from flesh were from 63.7% for 70% acetone to 68.2% for hot water. pH of 70% acetone extracts and hot water extracts were 5.01∼5.45 and 5.78∼6.22, respectively, and pH of the flesh part was the highest. The content of soluble solid was the highest in methanol extracts. Flesh part contained the highest concentration of soluble solid. Color of the extracts from fiber was higher than that of other parts. The content of the total sugar was in the decreasing order of flesh, fiber and peel. The content of total polyphenol and flavonoid from each solvent extract of peel was higher than that of other parts. Some differences were observed in physiological functionality of each solvent extracts from various parts of pumpkin. The nitrite scavenging ability of hot water extract from flesh, acetone and methanol extract from fiber and edible portion was higher than other parts. The electron donating ability was the highest in acetone and methanol extracts of peel, methanol extracts of flesh and edible portion, and acetone extracts of fiber.

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