• Title, Summary, Keyword: Accounting earnings

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The Structure of Corporate Ownership and the Informativeness of Accounting Earnings (기업의 소유구조와 회계이익의 정보효과)

  • Choi, Jong-Yoon
    • Korean Business Review
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.19-41
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    • 2005
  • The informativeness of accounting earnings to investors may be used as a measure of the quality of accounting information. The ownership structure is considered to be related to both of two variables, the reliability of earnings reflecting the economic performance of the enterprise and the existence of alternative information sources. Earnings manipulation may mitigate the correlation between accounting earnings and the economic performance and alternative information sources decrease the value of accounting earnings as an information. Thus ownership structure could influence the informativeness of accounting earnings. This paper classifies ownership into three categories, management or inside ownership, institutional investors and large outside blockholders, and diffuse outside ownership and examines theoretically the difference of information effectiveness under each ownership structure. The earnings manipulation hypothesis supports the assertion that the separation of ownership from control motivates earnings manipulation. And differential information hypothesis suggests that more non-accounting information of firms with institutional or concentrated outside ownership is provided. Outside blockholders have alternative information sources that make accounting manipulation ineffective. While most previous studies have examined the effect of ownership on the informativeness of earnings from earnings manipulation hypothesis, this study is motivated by both earnings manipulation hypothesis and differential information hypothesis.

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The Amount of Earnings Per Share's Adjustment and Earnings Management

  • Paricheh, Monireh;Mehrazeen, Alireza;Shiri, Mahmoud Mousavi
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - Our goal was to determine whether there is a relationship between actual profits' deviation from the profits expected in earnings per share's adjustment announcements and the degree of apparent earnings management in annual financial statements. Research design, data, and methodology - The samples consisted of 133 companies from ten industries. The companies were selected among those listed in the stock exchange, and their data were examined covering the two-year period from 2008 to 2010. Tests were conducted using a regression model and SPSS statistical software. Results - The findings indicate the following. There is no significantly positive relationship among the last earnings per share's adjustment forecast, the first earnings forecast per share, and earnings management. Moreover, the amount of the latest earnings per share's adjustment forecast relative to its first forecast is not associated with the companies' discretionary accruals items. Finally, the hypothesis that a relationship exists between companies' latest adjustments of their earnings per share and earnings management was tested the results indicate that there is no such relationship. Conclusions - The study's results suggest that the amount of earnings per share's adjustment is not a motivation for earnings management.

Incremental Information Content of Cash Flow and Earnings in the Iranian Capital Market

  • Asgari, Leila;Salehi, Mahdi;Mohammadi, Ali
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 2014
  • Purpose - This study aims to examine the incremental information content of cash flw from operations and earnings in the Iranian capital market. Design, methodology, and approach - Based on market-based accounting research, this study uses statistical associations between accounting data (earnings and cash flw) and stock returns to assess/measure the incremental information content (value relevance) of cash flw and earnings. A multivariate regression model based on panel data is used to examine the incremental information content of earnings and cash flow from operations. Results - The results show that both earnings and cash flow from operations have incremental information content beyond each other. These results are consistent with the findings of recent studies. Overall, the fidings of this study support the usefulness of cash flw information in addition to earnings, in fim valuation by investors in the Iranian market. Conclusions - The study makes the following contributions to the Iranian literature on incremental information content of cash flw and earnings. First, this study employs actual cash flw data derived from cash flw statements. Second, this study employs a large sample size for a more recent period.

An Empirical Study on Differential factors of Accounting Information (회계정보의 차별적 요인에 관한 실증연구)

  • Oh Sung-Geun;Kim Hyun-Ki
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.12
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    • pp.137-160
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    • 2003
  • The association between accounting earnings and the stock price of an entity is the subject that has been most heavily researched during the past 25 years in accounting literature. Researcher's common finding is that there are positive relationships between accounting earnings and stock prices. However, the explanatory power of accounting earnings which was measured by $R^2$ of regression functions used was rather low. To be connected with these low results, The prior studies propose that there will be additional information, errors in variables. This study investigates empirically determinants of earnings response coefficients(ERCs), which measure the correlation between earnings and stock prices, using earnings level / change, as the dependent variable in the return/earnings regression. Specifically, the thesis tests whether the factors such as earnings persistence, growth, systematic risk, image, information asymmetry and firm size. specially, the determinable variables of ERC are explained in detail. The image / information asymmetry variables are selected to be connected with additional information stand point, The debt / growth variables are selected to be connected with errors in variables. In this study, The sample of firms, listed in Korean Stock Exchange was drawn from the KIS-DATA and was required to meet the following criteria: (1) Annual accounting earnings were available over the 1986-1999 period on the KIS-FAS to allow computation of variables parameter; (2) sufficient return data for estimation of market model parameters were available on the KIS-SMAT month returns: (3) each firm had a fiscal year ending in December throughout the study period. Implementation of these criteria yielded a sample of 1,141 firm-year observation over the 10-year(1990-1999) period. A conventional regression specification would use stock returns(abnormal returns) as a dependent variable and accounting earnings(unexpected earnings) changes interacted with other factors as independent variables. In this study, I examined the relation between other factors and the RRC by using reverse regression. For an empirical test, eight hypotheses(including six lower-hypotheses) were tested. The results of the performed empirical analysis can be summarized as follows; The first, The relationship between persistence of earnings and ERC have significance of each by itself, this result accord with one of the prior studies. The second, The relationship between growth and ERC have not significance. The third, The relationship between image and ERC have significance of each by itself, but a forecast code doesn't present. This fact shows that image cost does not effect on market management share, is used to prevent market occupancy decrease. The fourth, The relationship between information asymmetry variable and ERC have significance of each by. The fifth, The relationship between systematic risk$(\beta)$ and ERC have not significance. The sixth, The relationship between debt ratio and ERC have significance of each by itself, but a forecast code doesn't present. This fact is judged that it is due to the effect of financial leverage effect and a tendency of interest.

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The Impact of Sales Revenue on Value Relevance in the Distribution Corporate (유통기업 매출액의 기업가치 관련성)

  • Kim, Jin-Hoe
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - For distribution corporate, the method of recognizing sales revenue may be different depending on the type of distribution transaction. Until the change in accounting standards for revenue recognition was made in 2002, the distribution corporate recognized the full amount of sales of goods regardless of the type of transaction. However, in accordance with accounting standards for revenue recognition, which began to be applied in 2003, distribution corporate differ in sales revenue recognition by transaction type. The Purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of sales revenue on the corporate value after the change of the revenue recognition accounting standards. Research design, data, and methodology - We selected a comprehensive wholesale and retail corporate listed on Korea Exchange. The research model extends the Ohlson(1995) model and regresses whether sales revenue affecting the corporate value is discriminatory value relevance between the corporate affected by changes in accounting standards for revenue recognition and those not. Results - The results of the analysis are as follows. First, The average value of stock price, net asset per share, and earnings per share are all higher than those before the change of accounting standards for revenue recognition. However, the average value of sales per share is lower than that before the change of accounting standards for revenue recognition. Second, the relationship between corporate value and net asset per share, earnings per share and sales per share, the coefficient of net asset per share, earnings per share and sales per share are all statistically significant positive value. Therefore, in explaining corporate value, besides net asset per share and earnings per share, sales per share provides additional information. And the coefficient of interaction variable between accounting standard change and sales per share is a statistically significant positive value. This result indicating that after the change of the revenue recognition accounting standards the usefulness of sales revenue has increased. Conclusions - The change in accounting standards for revenue recognition led to a decrease in distribution corporate sales revenue but the higher the relevance of the corporate value of the sales revenue information. These results shows that the change of accounting standards that reflects the transaction type of retailers was a revision to increase the value relevance of sales revenue in valuation of corporate value.

IFRS Reconciliation Adjustment and Subsequent Meet or Beat Target Earnings

  • Ha, Mihye;Kang, Minjung
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the association between IFRS adjustments, measured with the IFRS reconciliations, and the subsequent meeting of target earnings. IFRS adjustments include the amounts to be adjusted intentionally, as well as the differences in accounting standards. This study estimated intentional IFRS adjustments and analyzed their association with meeting target earnings. As the results of our analysis, meeting target earnings was associated positively with intentional IFRS adjustments for the total assets, was negatively associated with them for current assets, and was positively associated with them for non-current assets. Since understatement of current assets can be realized into earnings in a short period of time, it seems that current assets were underestimated intentionally in order to meet target earnings subsequently. In contrast, it is considered that non-current assets were overestimated to make them more likely to meet target earnings either by increasing the firm size or by improving financial solvency. The results of this study imply that IFRS adjustments are useful to manage earnings for meeting target earnings. Since accounting standards may be established and revised constantly, which adjustments for them may occur, the results on IFRS adjustments are expected to have implications for investors, policy-makers, and standards establishment entities.

Value Relevance of Accounting Information in KOSDAQ (코스닥시장에서 회계정보의 매매관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Sung-Yong;Park, Jong-Hyuk;Lee, Ho-Seoub
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.25
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    • pp.203-222
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    • 2008
  • This thesis examines whether accounting information-earnings and book values-has the value relevance in the KOSDAQ. The study is motivated by previous studies which have examined the value relevance of accounting information. Prior researches have focused on KSE(Korea Stock Exchange). But, prior researches have not examined the value relevance of accounting information in KOSDAQ. So, this study examined the value relevance of accounting information which is disclosed by firms on KOSDAQ and whether accounting information between firms on KOSDAQ and KSE has the discriminative value relevance, underlying the expectation that KOSDAQ firms will have higher future profitability than KSE firms. In other words, book-value multiples of KOSDAQ firms is higher than book-value multiples of KSE firms and earnings multiples of KOSDAQ firms is lower than earnings multiples of KSE firms. The value relevance of accounting information is examined by a valuation framework presented by Ohlson(1995), which expresses the stock-price as a function of both earnings and book values of equity. The results indicate that accounting information of KOSDAQ has significant explanatory power for stock price over the 2005-2007 period. KOSDAQ firm are divided by Venture firms and Small to Mid size firms. KOSDAQ Venture firms have the discriminative value relevance, compared with KSE firms. But, KOSDAQ Small to Mid size firms have not the discriminative value relevance, compared with KSE firms.

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A Comparison of Earnings Quality Between KOSPI Firms and KOSDAQ Firms (상장기업과 코스닥기업의 회계이익의 질 비교)

  • Moon, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed and compared the accounting earnings quality after the adoption of K-IFRS, targeting the stock exchange-listed firms (KOSPI, KOSDAQ). The analysis first revealed that KOSPI had higher quality accruals, and better persistence and predictability of the reported earnings and cash flows, compared to KOSDAQ. Second, in both KOSPI and KOSDAQ, the predictability of future cash flow showed that the accounting earnings was better than the cash flows. Third, for the persistence and predictability of earnings associated with the degree of accruals, in KOSPI and KOSDAQ both all, groups with better accruals quality had greater persistence and predictability of earnings, and a better future cash flow predictability of accounting earnings.

A Study on the Accounting Conservatism of Socially Responsible Investment Corporate (사회책임투자 기업의 회계보수주의 수준에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Seop
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.347-353
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the Quality of Accounting Earning of Socially Responsible Investment(SRI) Corporate from the vantage point of Accounting Conservatism. This study used 2,993 sample data from 2011 to 2016. In short, the result of this study's is as followed. Socially Responsible Investment(SRI) have a positive relevance with Accounting Conservatism. Therefore, this study can support that the firm has a high level of Socially Responsible Investment(SRI) will have the better the Quality of Accounting Earnings according to this study. This study contributes as follow. This study verified the Accounting Earnings's Quality of Socially Responsible Investment(SRI) Corporate from a Accounting Conservatism vantage point and extended precedent study on Socially Responsible Investment(SRI). We hope that this study can be helped development of capital market.

K-IFRS Reconciliations and Predicting Future Earnings (K-IFRS 도입 시점의 전환조정이 이후 기간의 미래이익 예측력에 미치는 영향)

  • Ji, Sang-Hyun;Kwak, Young-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.283-291
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    • 2017
  • This Study analyzes the predictability of accounting information from mandatory K-IFRS adoption using the K-IFRS reconciliations information. We use the sample of 2,557 firm-year Korea listed companies belonging to non-financial corporate sector during 2010-2016. Specifically, we examine whether K-IFS reconciliation would improve or reduce the predicting power for future earnings after K-IFRS adoption. The results of empirical analyses show that reconciliation information from discretionary judgement tend to reduce the predicting power of K-IFRS based accounting earnings for future earnings. This result indicates that managers are likely to use the adjustments process to reconcile K-GAAP accounting numbers with corresponding K-IFRS as means to realize the various private utility. This study is expected to provide useful information by suggesting the need for more rigid screening schemes for the K-IFRS reconciliation process and also for adequate measures to be taken to ensure that the interests of the outside investors are properly protected.