• Title, Summary, Keyword: Accounting Frauds

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Audit Expectation Gap: Empirical Evidence from Vietnam

  • NGUYEN, Hieu Thanh;NGUYEN, Anh Huu
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2020
  • The paper examines the characteristics and causes of the expectation gap of audit and assurance services. The paper has conducted three surveys with three target groups. In the first survey, participants are auditors, users of audit reports are subject in the second survey and in the third survey, and students major in auditing are selected. The content of the survey aims to find out the differences in perception of the survey participants on two issues: (i) responsibilities of auditors for detection frauds, errors, protection of the enterprise's assets and financial scandals, and (ii) the role of audit and auditors in making investment decisions and investor's belief. The research carried out survey from March to September 2019 with 165 responds. The collected data was processed by statistical software SPSS, version 23, and Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the results of the audit expectation gap between the auditor group and the users of audit report group and between the student group and users of audit report group. The results showed that there exists an expectation gap in the responsibility of auditors for detection of all frauds, errors and protection enterprise's assets. Recommendations include strengthening audit standards, penalizing bad practices and ensuring auditor's independence.

A Study on Improving Transparency in Accounting for Sustainable Growth of Korean Companies (한국기업의 지속성장을 위한 회계투명성 개선 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Gyeong-Rak
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to propose plans of accounting transparency enhancement for Korean firms' sustainable growth and moral management. Moral management is not optional but essential strategy under global competitive circumstances. It has been proved that sustainable growth was possible through moral management. The plans of accounting transparency enhancement obtained from this study are as below. The implementation of early childhood education on the role and function of accounting, including contents related accounting ethics in university business curriculum or accounting curriculum, including contents related accounting(management) ethics in various accounting qualification examination, building and utilization of systematic knowledge base on accounting fraud, strengthen supervision for implementation of stable and reliable K-IFRS, improving public ethics through strengthening ethical awareness, devotion of community leaders for the nation and society etc.

A Study on Detection Technique of Anomaly Signal for Financial Loan Fraud Based on Social Network Analysis (소셜 네트워크 분석 기반의 금융회사 불법대출 이상징후 탐지기법에 관한 연구)

  • Wi, Choong-Ki;Kim, Hyoung-Joong;Lee, Sang-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.851-868
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    • 2012
  • After the financial crisis in 2008, the financial market still seems to be unstable with expanding the insolvency of the financial companies' real estate project financing loan in the aftermath of the lasted real estate recession. Especially after the illegal actions of people's financial institutions disclosed, while increased the anxiety of economic subjects about financial markets and weighted in the confusion of financial markets, the potential risk for the overall national economy is increasing. Thus as economic recession prolongs, the people's financial institutions having a weak profit structure and financing ability commit illegal acts in a variety of ways in order to conceal insolvent assets. Especially it is hard to find the loans of shareholder and the same borrower sharing credit risk in advance because most of them usually use a third-party's name bank account. Therefore, in order to effectively detect the fraud under other's name, it is necessary to analyze by clustering the borrowers high-related to a particular borrower through an analysis of association between the whole borrowers. In this paper, we introduce Analysis Techniques for detecting financial loan frauds in advance through an analysis of association between the whole borrowers by extending SNA(social network analysis) which is being studied by focused on sociology recently to the forensic accounting field of the financial frauds. Also this technique introduced in this pager will be very useful to regulatory authorities or law enforcement agencies at the field inspection or investigation.

Detecting Credit Loan Fraud Based on Individual-Level Utility (개인별 유틸리티에 기반한 신용 대출 사기 탐지)

  • Choi, Keunho;Kim, Gunwoo;Suh, Yongmoo
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.79-95
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    • 2012
  • As credit loan products significantly increase in most financial institutions, the number of fraudulent transactions is also growing rapidly. Therefore, to manage the financial risks successfully, the financial institutions should reinforce the qualifications for a loan and augment the ability to detect a credit loan fraud proactively. In the process of building a classification model to detect credit loan frauds, utility from classification results (i.e., benefits from correct prediction and costs from incorrect prediction) is more important than the accuracy rate of classification. The objective of this paper is to propose a new approach to building a classification model for detecting credit loan fraud based on an individual-level utility. Experimental results show that the model comes up with higher utility than the fraud detection models which do not take into account the individual-level utility concept. Also, it is shown that the individual-level utility computed by the model is more accurate than the mean-level utility computed by other models, in both opportunity utility and cash flow perspectives. We provide diverse views on the experimental results from both perspectives.