• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acari

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Seasonal Abundance and Vertical Distribution of Soil Microarthropods at the Piagol Mt Chiri (지리산 피아골 토양 미소절지동물상의 계절적 변화 및 수직분포)

  • Hong, Yong;Tae-Heung Kim;Young-Chol Oh
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.393-402
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    • 1996
  • Density fluctuations of soil microarthropods at the Piagol, Mt. Chiri was assessed on the basis of 113, 096 individuals collected from March 1993 to February 1994. Of 6 classes, and 18 orders, the Arachnida and Insecta were the most numerous members with abundance of 51.4% and 46.3%, respectively. The mean density of the Acari was $13, 310/m^2$ of microarthropods. The Acari were abundant in autumn and less found in winter and the density fluctuation of the Collembola followed a similar trend. The vertical distribution of the mesofauna revealed from the soil samples taken from the surface to 5 and from 5 to 10 cm in depths was as follows. In 5~10 cm layer. Collembola was numerous with abundance of 54.7%, followed by 40.1% fo Acari and the soil microarthropods reached the highest density peak in spring, while the lowest in winter. Populations concentrated in the 0~5 cm layer as much as 62.2% throughtout the season and 82.4% throughtout the altitudes. The Acari / Collembola (A/C) ratio in the 0~5 cm layer was higher than that in the 5~10 cm.

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Four Mites of the Genus Lasioseius (Acari: Mesostigmata: Ascidae)from Korea (한국산 Lasioseius속 (Acari: Mesostigmata: Ascidae) 4미기록종)

  • 이소영;이원구
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 1998
  • 한국 토양 및 식물의 잎에서 채집한 떠돌이응애 과(Ascidae) 화살응애 속 (Lasioseuius 신칭) 4미기록종, 구멍화살응애(L. porulosus), 화살응애(L. sugawarai), 잎화살응애(L. lasiodactyli), 이리화살응애(L. youcefi)를 보고한다.

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Studies on the Soil Invertebrate Community in the Process of Leaf Decomposition in Namsan and Kwangreung Deciduous Forests (남산과 광릉 활엽수림에서 낙엽분해에 관여하는 토양무척추동물군집에 관한 연구)

  • 배윤환;이준호
    • The Korean Journal of Soil Zoology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 1997
  • One year study with litter bags(mesh size - 0.4mm, 0.8mm, 1.7mm and 5.0mm) was carried out to investigate the soil invertebrate community in the process of leaf decomposition in Namsan and Kwangreung deciduous forests, which were considered to be under different degrees of environmental selective pressure. Soil animals collected from litter bags were classified into the class of order or higher taxa. Acari and Collembola were major groups: Acari and Collembola were about 60% and 30% of total soil animals in their numbers, respectively. Among minor groups, Dipteria, Araneae, Diplopoda, Coleoptera and Chilopoda were comparatively dominant. In Namsan forest which was considered to be under higher environmental selective pressure than Kwangreung, the densities of Acari and Collembola were somewhat higher than in Kwangreung, although there was no statistically significant difference between two sites. The densities of Chilopoda, Enchytraeidae and Nematoda were much higher in Namsan than in Kwangreung but Diplopoda and Symphyla were much more in Kwangreung. It was expected that those groups could be used as bioindicators. The densities of Acari and Collembola were very low until March and then showed the peak in May. But they decreased slowly until November. There was no significant difference among the mesh sized of litter bags in the densities of Acari and Collembola but other groups of soil invertebrates seemed to be prevented from immigrating into the litter bag of mesh size 0.4mm. Decomposition rate of litter in the litter bag was low in early stage of decomposition. The % residual mass over initial mass at 8 months after litter bag introduction in the field was over 80%. Thereafter, % residual mass decreased more fast and was about 60% at 1 year after bag introduction. There was little evidence for the effects of soil invertebrates upon the litter decomposition in the period of this study. And there was no significant difference between Namsan and Kwangreung or among mesh sizes of litter bags in the decomposition rate.

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Redescription of Veigaia tibbetsi Farrier, 1957 (Acari: Mesostigmata: Veigaiidae) based on the specimens found from the Korean Peninsula

  • Keum, Eunsun;Jung, Chuleui
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.233-237
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    • 2019
  • Mites in the family Veigaiidae, order Mesostigmata, subclass Acari are widely distributed in subsoil habitats. They are mostly free-living and predaceous on small arthropod eggs and larvae, and prefer habitats with rich organic matters including litter and humus layers of forest soil. The genus Veigaia Oudemans, 1905 of the family Veigaiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) is one of the ubiquitous genera from the Holarctic Region. Until now, only two genera and five species of the family were recorded from Korea. Here we provide a report of the species Veigaia tibbetsi Farrier, 1957 with detailed redescription. Even though V. tibbetsi had appeared in some ecological literature, this is the first record of this species in Republic of Korea. This species was mostly found from pine forest(Pinus densiflora) of northeastern mountainous parts of the Korean Peninsula, in Gangwon and Gyeongbuk Provinces. We provided some ecological characteristics of the family Veigaiidae, which will help to further exploration of acarine biodiversity.