• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abuse Damage

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The Relationships between Damage Factors of Elder Abuse and Symptom Factors of Mental Health Problems using Multi-Variable Analysis

  • Park, Hwieseo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2015
  • This study is to suggest the theoretical and practical implications by analysing the relationships between damage types of elder abuse experience and symptom types of mental health. For this study, I sampled 270 of the elders who has been abused and received council services for the aged. The results of this study showed that the relationships between damage types of elder abuse experiences and symptom types of mental health are significant. This study suggested some theoretical and practical implications on the base of the analytical results.

The Effects of Adolescents' Experiences of Abuse Damage on Aggressiveness in the Convergence Era: Focused on the Mediation Effects of Resilience (청소년의 학대피해경험이 공격성에 미치는 영향: 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Sug-Hyang;Kim, Hyung-Mo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.331-340
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verify resilience's mediation effects in the effects of adolescents' experience of abuse damage on aggressiveness in the convergence era. Towards this end, this study used the 7th year data (2016) (4th grade to the first year of high school) of Korea Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS). The findings of this study are as follows: First, the correlations between experience of abuse damage, aggressiveness, and resilience variables were confirmed using multicollinearity VIF values. Second, adolescent's abuse experiences significantly affected their aggressiveness. Third, the partial mediation effects of resilience were shown in the effects of adolescents' experience of abuse damage on their aggressiveness. For the verification of mediation effects' significance, the Sobel test was carried out. The findings of this study are meaningful, as this study provides empirical data. Based on the findings, this study proposed the need of resilience consolidation programs for adolescents in the practice of social welfare.

Impacts of Abuse Damage Experiences on Ego-Resilience -Moderating Effects of Social Support- (학대피해경험이 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향 -사회적 지지의 조절효과를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Jo-Kyoung;Back, Soon-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.102-115
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the effects of middle school youth's abuse experiences on the ego-resilience and the moderating effects of social support. For this purpose, the survey and analysis were carried out targeted on 568 students in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade of middle schools in Busan. First, it was indicated that abuse experiences of youth affect on ego- resilience. In detail, the lower the grade and the less the abuse experiences, the ego-resilience gets increased. Second, in view of impacts of youth's abuse experiences on resilience, the social support has a moderating effect. Based on the results above, this study suggests the social support measures to be taken by home, school, community and country in order to improve the resilience which could be a self-power to overcome his or her own circumstances and situations despite the negative experiences of abuse experienced youth.

A Study on the Realities and Preventive Countermeasures of Child Abuse Committed by Biological Parents by information analysis.

  • Ryu, Chae-Hyoung;Yoon, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we analyze the current phenomenon of child abuse crimes based on the information gathered by the National Child Protection Agency. The purpose of this paper is to diagnose the seriousness of child abuse by biological parents based on the analyzed information and propose measures against it. Comprehensive and integrated measures are needed for child abuse committed by biological parents due to abuse concealment, continuity of damage, and inactive national intervention by considering punishment on attackers through national intervention, fundamental in-depth psychological counseling, therapeutic care, promoting recovery of victims, and ultimately continuous and regular management and monitoring as a long-terms measure. To do so, developing customized and individual educational programs and make them obligations can be first presented to identify child abuse in advance and build up preventive systems based on the principle of family preservation. In addition, problems should be addressed at a fundamental level by performing various and active therapeutic treatments such as psychological treatment, mental treatment, or drug treatment gradually and through phases for biological parents who commit child abuse and contributing to recovering the relationship. Furthermore, proper protection and treatment service should be provided to children victimized by abuse by extending professional children care facilities and adopting the professional family commission system as measures by separating family.

Study of child abuse families using logistic regression models (로지스틱회귀모형을 활용한 아동학대 가족의 연구)

  • Min, Dae Kee;Choi, Mi Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.1327-1336
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    • 2016
  • Most cases of child abuse in South Korea are caused by parents in the family home. Currently, these types of incidents are growing. Child abuse creates irreparable damage to a child's development and its effects are prolonged. This damage can create a maladjusted adolescent and adult criminal acts. Because of this damage and the long lasting effects on a person and society as a whole, special attention needs to be paid to this pressing issue. South Korea's rapidly changing social environment has created a variety of new family forms including dual-income families and single-parent families. With the current economic downturn and accompanying employment instability, many families exist in uneasy financial and emotional states. The children in these stressful family environments are the most vulnerable and live in risk of experiencing physical or psychological abuse from their parents. In the context of significant and often difficult social changes, this study identifies the characteristics of child abuse based on family status and parental mental health.

Exploratory Study on Child Abuse Reduction Plan through the Big Data Convergence Analysis (빅데이터 융합분석을 통한 아동학대 감소방안에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Hwang, Jun-Soo;Lim, Jong-Yun;Gwon, Sun-young;Noh, Kyoo-Sung;Lee, Joo-Yeoun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2016
  • Recently the problem of child abuses has become a big social issue. According to national statistics data portal, the population under 19 years old is shrinking trend, but the number of child abuse is increasing day ever. However, the number of counseling after calling is a constant level without large fluctuations. Due to the seriousness of the problems, child abuse is even worse despite the research and countermeasures. This study designed a study model on the child abuse based on a preliminary study and suggested plans for reducing child abuse through the big data analytics. When we see a result of test of the hypothesis, abuse actor characteristics, characteristics of children, and employment type were analyzed to have a significant impact on child abuse. Based on such analysis, this research has suggested ways to reduce child abuse, including educational and economic support measures.

Adult Neurogenesis in Insulted Brain

  • Kim, Byung-Woo;Son, Hyeon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2007
  • Although there are some questions about the venues of adult neurogenesis, it is undoubtedly accepted that new neurons are born in adult brains. Adult neurogenesis is regulated by a wide array of factors. Insults harmful to brain, such as neurodegenerative diseases, seizure, ischemia and exposure to drugs of abuse, are intricately related to adult neurogenesis. Whereas neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by death or functional loss of specific neurons, recent studies report that they can be accompanied by neurogenesis. In addition, alcohol and drugs of abuse which have been reputed to cause irreversible damage to brain can also generate newly born cells in adult brain. As yet, however, we have little knowledge of the functional significance and roles of adult neurogenesis under pathological settings, not to mention under physiological settings. Accordingly, in this review we briefly summarize the results of studies which focus on adult neurogenesis in insulted brain, instead of trying to draw hurried conclusion regarding the relationship between adult neurogenesis and brain insults.

Representation of Child Sexual Abuse in TV Documentary -Focused on KBS 'Current Topics Ssam'- (TV다큐멘터리의 아동성폭력 재현 방식 -'KBS시사기획 쌈'을 중심으로-)

  • Hong, Sook-Yeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.102-112
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of the study was to analyze narrative structure and spoken contents of two TV documentaries televised in KBS 1TV 'Current Topics Ssam' to examine how child sexual abuse was represented on TV. As a result, the study could see that child sexual abuse attackers were stressed by a system to monitor and punish them and TV documentary took a neutral attitude between their human rights and pain of the victims. And it emphasizes 'abnormal' sides such as attackers' drinking or history of mental illness, and men's social authority individualizes a woman's damage into private pain by imposing a light punishment on child sexual abuse attackers and letting them not punished. Child sexual abuse victims treated to be a sexual object as a 'small, easy and weak' woman are represented as a lethargic human who is afraid of revenge and lives in pain. The representation of child sexual abuse through 'Current Topics Ssam' has its limit in the fact that it neglected understanding social context of child sexual abuse by forming an event-centered immediate and fragmentary narration and didn't play a right role in making an efficient and long-term plan considering actual conditions of Korean society and leading the people's participation.

Molecular Links between Alcohol and Tobacco Induced DNA Damage, Gene Polymorphisms and Patho-physiological Consequences: A Systematic Review of Hepatic Carcinogenesis

  • Mansoori, Abdul Anvesh;Jain, Subodh Kumar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.4803-4812
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    • 2015
  • Chronic alcohol and tobacco abuse plays a crucial role in the development of different liver associated disorders. Intake promotes the generation of reactive oxygen species within hepatic cells exposing their DNA to continuous oxidative stress which finally leads to DNA damage. However in response to such damage an entangled protective repair machinery comprising different repair proteins like ATM, ATR, H2AX, MRN complex becomes activated. Under abnormal conditions the excessive reactive oxygen species generation results in genetic predisposition of various genes (as ADH, ALDH, CYP2E1, GSTT1, GSTP1 and GSTM1) involved in xenobiotic metabolic pathways, associated with susceptibility to different liver related diseases such as fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. There is increasing evidence that the inflammatory process is inherently associated with many different cancer types, including hepatocellular carcinomas. The generated reactive oxygen species can also activate or repress epigenetic elements such as chromatin remodeling, non-coding RNAs (micro-RNAs), DNA (de) methylation and histone modification that affect gene expression, hence leading to various disorders. The present review provides comprehensive knowledge of different molecular mechanisms involved in gene polymorphism and their possible association with alcohol and tobacco consumption. The article also showcases the necessity of identifying novel diagnostic biomarkers for early cancer risk assessment among alcohol and tobacco users.