• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abrasive wear

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Fretting Wear Mechanisms of Zircaloy-4 and Inconel 600 Contact in Air

  • Kim, Tae-Hyung;Kim, Seock-Sam
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.1274-1280
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    • 2001
  • The fretting wear behavior of the contact between Zircaloy-4 tube and Inconel 600, which are used as the fuel rod cladding and grid, respectively, in PWR nuclear power plants was investigated in air. In the study, number of cycles, slip amplitude and normal load were selected as the main factors of fretting wear. The results indicated that wear increased with load, slip amplitude and number of cycles but was affected mainly by the slip amplitude. SEM micrographs revealed the characteristics of fretting wear features on the surface of the specimens such as stick, partial slip and gross slip which depended on the slip amplitude. It was found that fretting wear was caused by the crack generation along the stick-slip boundaries due to the accumulation of plastic flow at small slip amplitudes and by abrasive wear in the entire contact area at high slip amplitudes.

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The Sliding Wear Characteristics of Carbon Steel Castings against High Carbon Steel Wire Rods (탄소주강과 경강선재간의 미끄럼 마멸특성)

  • 류중북;채영훈;김석삼
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.319-326
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    • 2001
  • The sliding wear characteristics of carbon steel castings were Investigated using a ball on disk type tester. The experiment was conducted using high carbon steel wire rods as ball material and carbon steel castings as disk material and different operating conditions, at room temperature under a lubrication and dry conditions. The results showed that the carbon steel castings appeared average wear volume Is lowed after annealing under a lubrication conditions and wear curve linear Increased. The specific wear rate of carbon steel castings Increased with wire diameter lubrication and dry also Increased 125 times In Ory. The sliding wear mechanism were Investigated due to fatigue wear lubrications and abrasive wear dries also wire Included fatigue and abrasive wear by plastic flow.

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Wear Reduction of Tappet Surface by Undulated Surface (미세요철표면을 이용한 태핏 표면의 마모 저감에 관한 연구)

  • 여창동;김대은
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 1998
  • The damage of cam/tappet surface is one of the major reasons for energy loss in an I.C. engine. High friction causes the accelerated wear of the cam/tappet surfaces which in turn changes the valve opening/closing timing. During the accelerated test evidence of both rolling fatigue and sliding abrasive wear could be found. Based on the results of the accelerated test, a scheme was devised to decrease tappet wear. Wear reduction of the tappet was achieved by using undulated surface topography in the tappet center region. The wear reduction is achieved by trapping of the wear particles in the undulations as well as by increasing the supply of lubricant to the sliding interface.

Influences of Casting Conditions and Constituent Materials on the Production of Duo-castings (이중복합 주조체의 제조에 미치는 구성 재질과 주조 조건의 영향)

  • Jung, Jae-Young
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.16-26
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the effects of the pouring temperature, preheating temperature, surface condition and fraction of the wear resistant part on the production of duo-castings were investigated using a high Cr white cast iron with excellent abrasion resistance and a low Cr alloy steel with good toughness. The constituent materials of the duo-castings were designed to have high hardness, fracture toughness and abrasive wear resistance for the replacement of high Mn alloy steels with low abrasive wear resistance. In particular, the amount of abrasive wear of 17% Cr white cast iron was about 1/20 of that of high Mn alloy steel. There was an intermediate area of about 3mm due to local melting at the bonding interface of the duo-castings. These intermediate regions were different from those of the constituent materials in chemical composition and microstructure. This region led to fracture within the wear resistant part rather than at the bonding interface in the bending strength test. The bending fracture strengths were 516-824 MPa, which were equivalent to the bending proof strength of high Mn steel. The effects of various casting conditions on the duo-cast behavior were studied by simple pouring of low Cr alloy steel melt, but the results proved practically impossible to manufacture duo-castings with a sound bonding interface. However, the external heating method was suitable for the production of duo-castings with a sound bonding interface.

Sliding Contact Analysis of a Spherical Particle between Rubber Seal and Coated Steel Counterface (시일과 코팅된 스틸면 사이의 구형 입자에 의한 미끄럼 접촉 해석)

  • Park, Tae-Jo;Lee, Jun-Hyuk
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.283-288
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    • 2012
  • In this study, a new sliding contact problem involving an elastomeric seal, a spherical particle and a hard coated steel counterface was modeled to investigate the detailed wear mechanisms related to the sealing surface. The model was also used to design the optimum coating conditions. A three-dimensional finite element contact problem was modeled and analyzed using the nonlinear finite element code, MARC. The deformed steel surface and stress distributions are presented for different coating layers and thicknesses. When the coating thickness is relatively small, the entrapped particle produces surface plastic deformations such as groove and torus. In addition, the sealing surface can be damaged by abrasive wear as well as fatigue wear. For a relatively thick and multi-layered coating, on the other hand, surface plastic deformation does not occur, and the amount of abrasive and fatigue wear is reduced. Therefore, the proposed contact model and results can be used in the design of various sealing systems, further intensive studies are required.

An Experimental Study on the Wear of Alumina Grinding Wheels (알루미나 연삭숫돌의 마모에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Cho, Ki-Su;Lee, Jong-Chan;Choi, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 1994
  • An experimental investigation on the wear of alumina grinding wheel is presented. The experiments consist of the measurements of fracture strength of the abrasive grains, grinding forces, and the area of wear flats of grinding wheels. Microscopic examinations of abrasive grains were also carried out to observe the progress of wheel wear. the results show that the 32A grain, which has relatively lower fracture strength, wears out faster than 5SS and 5SG. The wheel wear occurs much faster in wet grinding than in dry grinding. It has also been found that the grinding forces increase logarithmically with increasing wear flats.

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Wear characteristics on particle volume fraction of nano silica composite materials (입자 함유율의 변화에 따른 나노 실리카 복합재료의 마모 특성)

  • Lee, Jung-Kyu;Koh, Sung Wi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.492-499
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    • 2013
  • The characteristics of abrasive wear of the rubber matrix composites filled with nano sized silica particles were investigated at ambient temperature by pin-on-disc friction test. The range of volume fraction of silica particles tested are between 11% to 25%. The cumulative wear volume and friction coefficient of these materials on particle volume fraction were determined experimentally. The major failure mechanisms were lapping layers, deformation of matrix, ploughing, deboding of particles and microcracking by scanning electric microscopy photograph of the tested surface. The cumulative wear volume showed a tendency to increase nonlinear with increase of sliding distance. As increasing the silica particles of these composites indicated higher friction coefficient.

Wear Characteristics of Particulate Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites Fabricated by Pressureless Metal Infiltration Process (무가압함침법으로 제조된 입자강화 금속복합재료의 마모특성)

  • Kim, Jae-Dong;Jung, Sun-Uk;Kim, Hyung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.379-384
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    • 2002
  • The effect of size and volume fraction of ceramic particles with sliding velocity on the wear properties were investigated for the metal matrix composites fabricated by pressureless infiltration process. The particulate metal matrix composites exhibited about 5.5 - 6 times of excellent wear resistance compared with AC8A alloy at high sliding velocity, and as increasing the particle size and decreasing the volume fraction the wear resistance was improved. The wear resistance of metal matrix composites and AC8A alloy exhibited different aspects. Wear loss of AC8A alloy increased with sliding velocity linearly. whereas metal matrix composites indicated more wear loss than AC8A alloy at slow velocity region, however a transition point of wear loss was found at middle velocity region which show the minimum wear loss, and wear loss at high velocity region exhibited nearly same value with slow velocity region. In terms of wear mechanism, the metal matrix composites exhibited the abrasive wear at slow to high sliding velocity generally, however AC8A alloy showed abrasive wear at low sliding velocity and adhesive and melt wear at high sliding velocity.

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Wear Characteristics of Particulate Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites Fabricated by a Pressureless Metal Infiltration Process (무가압함침법으로 제조된 입자강화 금속복합재료의 마모특성)

  • 김재동;정순억;김형진
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2003
  • The effect of size and volume fraction of ceramic particles, with sliding velocity on the wear properties were investigated for the metal matrix composites fabricated by the pressureless infiltration process. The metal matrix composites exhibited about 5.5 - 6 times the wear resistance compared with AC8A alloy at high sliding velocity, and by increasing the particle size and decreasing the volume fraction, the wear resistance was improved. The wear resistance of metal matrix composites and AC8A alloy exhibited different aspects. Wear loss of AC8A alloy increased with sliding velocity, linearly : whereas, metal matrix composites indicated more wear loss than AC8A alloy at the slow velocity region. However, a transition point of wear loss was found at the middle velocity region, which shows the minimum wear loss. Further, wear loss at the high velocity region exhibited nearly the same value as the slow velocity region. In terms of wear mechanism, the metal matrix composites generally exhibited abrasive wear at slow to high sliding velocity; however, AC8A alloy showed abrasive wear at low sliding velocity and adhesive and melt wear at high sliding velocity.

Nozzle Condition Monitoring System for Abrasive Waterjet Process (연마재 워터젯을 위한 노즐상태 모니터링 시스템 설계)

  • Kim, Jeong-Uk;Kim, Roh-Won;Kim, Chul-Min;Kim, Sung-Ryul;Kim, Hyun-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Chang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.817-823
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    • 2020
  • In recent, the machining of difficult-to-cut materials such as titanium alloys, stainless steel, Inconel, ceramic, glass, and carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) used in aerospace, automobile, medical industry is actively researched. Abrasive waterjet is a non-traditional processing method in which ultra-high pressure water and abrasive particles are mixed in a mixing chamber and shoot out jet through a nozzle, and removed by erosion due to collision with a material. In particular, the nozzle of the abrasive waterjet is one of the most important parts that affect the machining quality as with a cutting tool in general machining. It is very important to monitor the condition of the nozzle because the workpiece is uncut or the surface quality deteriorates due to wear, expanding of the bore, damage of the nozzle and clogging of the abrasive, etc. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a monitoring system based on Acoustic Emission(AE) sensor that can detect nozzle condition in real time during AWJ processing.