• Title, Summary, Keyword: Abrasive wear

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Wear Behavior of Plasma Transferred Arc Deposited Layers for Ni - and Co - base Alloy (Ni계 및 Co계 합금 PTA 오버레이용접층의 마모거동에 관한 연구)

  • 윤병현;이창희;김형준
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.540-547
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    • 2001
  • This study has evaluated the wear behavior of PTA (Plasma Transferred Arc) Inconel 625 and Stellite 6 overlays on Nimonic 80A substrate. Nimonic 80A alloy was also included for comparison. In order to evaluate the wear performance, three-body abrasive wear test and pin-on-disk dry sliding wear test were performed. Microstructural development during the solidification of deposits is also discussed. Wear test results show that the wear rate of Stellite 6 deposit is lower than that of Inconel 625 deposit and Nimonic 80A. The sliding wear resistance of overlay deposits follows a similar trend to the abrasive wear resistance, but for Nimonic 80A. The main wear mechanisms were abrasive wear for Inconel 625 deposit, adhesive wear and delamination for Stellite 6 deposit in pin-on-disk dry sliding wear test and ploughing in three-body abrasive wear test. Cross sectional examinations of the worn surface of pin specimens after pin-on-disk dry sliding wear test implies that the plastic deformation near worn surface has occurred during the wear testing.

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Abrasive wear characteristics of high Cr cast iron hardfacing (고 Cr 주철계 육성용접부의 연삭(abrasion)마모 특성에 대한 연구)

  • 이형근
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.154-165
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    • 1997
  • Abrasive wear characteristics of high Cr white cast iron-based hardfacing were investigated using the rubber wheel abrasion wear test method according with the ASTM G65-85. Mild steel was also tested for comparison with high Cr cast iron hardfacing. Wear experiments, where the applied force, wheel revolution rate and abrasive powder feed rate were selected as test valuables, were planned and analyzed by response surface method to evaluate wear statistically and quantitatively. Weight loss of high Cr cast iron hardfacing was mostly affected by the applied force and wheel revolution rate, and little by the powder feed rate. Weight loss of mild steel was greatly affected by the wheel revolution rate and powder feed rate, and slowly and steadily increased with the applied force. Abrasive wear mechanism of high Cr cast iron and mild steel was discussed in the light of the wear test results.

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Abrasive Wear Characteristics of Materials for Diesel Engine Cylinder Liner and Piston Ring (디젤엔진 실린더 라이너-피스톤 링 소재의 연삭 마멸 특성)

  • Jang, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Chang-Hee;Moon, Young-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2007
  • Abrasive wear between piston ring face and cylinder liner is an extremely unpredictable and hard-to-reproduce phenomenon that significantly decreases engine performance. Wear by abrasion are forms of wear caused by contact between a particle and solid material. Abrasive wear is the loss of material by the passage of hard particles over a surface. From the pin-on-disk test, particle dent test and scuffing test, abrasive wear characteristics of diesel engine cylinder liner-piston ring have been investigated. Pin-on-disk test results indicate that abrasive wear resistance is not simply related to the hardness of materials, but is influenced also by the microstructure, temperature, lubricity and micro- fracture properties. In particle dent test, dent resistance stress decreases with increasing temperature. From the scuffing test by using pin-on-disk tester, scuffing mechanisms for the soft coating and hard coating were proposed and experimentally confirmed.

A Study on Wear Characteristics of Piston Running Part (피스톤 런닝부의 소재에 따른 마모특성 연구)

  • Jang, J.H.;Yi, H.K.;Joo, B.D.;Lee, J.H.;Moon, Y.H.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.375-378
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    • 2007
  • Abrasive wear between piston ring face and cylinder liner is an extremely unpredictable and hard-to-reproduce phenomenon that significantly decreases engine performance. Wear by abrasion are forms of wear caused by contact between a particle and solid material. Abrasive wear is the loss of material by the passage of hard particles over a surface. From the pin-on-disk test, particle dent test and scuffing test, abrasive wear characteristics of diesel engine cylinder liner-piston ring have been investigated. Pin-on-disk test results indicate that abrasive wear resistance is not simply related to the hardness of materials, but is influenced also by the microstructure, temperature, lubricity and micro- fracture properties. In particle dent test, dent resistance stress decreases with increasing temperature. From the scuffing test by using pin-on-disk tester, scuffing mechanisms for the soft coating and hard coating were proposed and experimentally confirmed.

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Effect of load upon the abrasive wear characteristics of glass fiber reinforced polyurethane composites (하중변화에 따른 GF/PUR 복합재료의 연삭마모특성)

  • Koh, Sung-Wi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.495-502
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    • 2010
  • The effect of load and sliding speed on abrasive wear characteristics of glass fiber/polyurethane (GF/PUR) composites were investigated at ambient temperature by pin-on-disc friction test. The friction coefficient, cumulative wear volume and surface roughness of these materials against SiC abrasive paper were determined experimentally. Experimental results showed that the surface roughness of the GF/PUR composites was increased as applied load was higher in wear test. The cumulative wear volume tended to increase nonlinearly with increase of sliding distance and depended on applied load and sliding speed for these composites. It could be verified by scanning electric microscopy (SEM) photograph of surface tested that major failure mechanisms were lapping layers, ploughing, delamination, deformation of resin and cracking.

Lateral Crack in Abrasive Wear of Brittle Solids (취성소재 연삭마멸에서의 측면균열에 관한 연구)

  • 안유민;박상신;최상현
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 1999
  • An analytical model about lateral crack occurring in abrasive wear of brittle solids is developed. Stress field around the lateral crack and stress intensity factor at the crack tip are analytically modeled. Abrasive wear by abrasive particle is experimentally studied. In soda-lime glass, it is observed that chipping by lateral crack occurs and produces the greatest material removal when normal load applied by the abrasive particle is about 1.5∼3.0 N. The prediction of lateral crack length from the model is compared with the experimentally measured length in soda-lime glass.

Behavior of abrasive wear on counterpart roughness of glass fiber reinforcement polyurethane resin composites (상대재의 거칠기에 따른 GF/PUR 복합재료의 연삭마모거동)

  • Kim, Hyung-Jin;Koh, Sung-Wi;Kim, Jae-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2011
  • The behavior of abrasive wear on counterpart roughness of glass fiber reinforcement polyurethane resin (GF/PUR) composites were investigated at ambient temperature by pin-on-disc friction test. The friction coefficient, cumulative wear volume and surface roughness of these materials against SiC abrasive paper were determined experimentally. The major failure mechanisms were lapping layers, ploughing, delamination, deformation of resin and cracking by scanning electric microscopy (SEM) photograph of the tested surface. As increasing the counterpart roughness the GF/PUR composites indicated higher friction coefficient. The surface roughness of the GF/PUR composites was increased as the sliding velocity was higher and the counterpart roughness was rougher in wear test.

Effect of Counterpart Roughness on Abrasive Wear Characteristics of Side Plate of FRP Ship (FRP 선박 외판재의 연삭마모 특성에 관한 상대재 거칠기의 영향)

  • Kim, Hyung-Jin;Koh, Sung-Wi;Kim, Jae-Dong
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2008
  • The effect of counterpart roughness on abrasive wear characteristics of side plate materials of FRP ship, which were composed of glass fiber and unsaturated polyester resin composites, were investigated at ambient temperature by pin-an-disc friction test. The friction coefficient, wear rate and cumulative wear volume of these materials against SiC abrasive paper were determined experimentally. The wear rate of these materials decreased rapidly with sliding distance and then maintained a constant value. It was increased as counterpart roughness was rougher in a wear test. The cumulative wear volume tended to increase nonlinearly with sliding distance and depended on applied load and sliding speed for these composites. It could be verified by SEM photograph of fracture surface that major failure mechanisms were overlapping layers, microcutting, deformation of resin, delamination, and cracking.

Effects of Tensile Properties and Microstructure on Abrasive Wear for Ingot-Slicing Saw Wire (잉곳 슬라이싱용 Saw Wire의 연삭마모에 미치는 인장특성과 미세조직의 영향)

  • Hwang, Bin;Kim, Dong-Yong;Kim, Hoi-Bong;Lim, Seung-Ho;Im, Jae-Duk;Cho, Young-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.334-340
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    • 2011
  • Saw wires have been widely used in industries to slice silicon (Si) ingots into thin wafers for semiconductor fabrication. This study investigated the microstructural and mechanical properties, such as abrasive wear and tensile properties, of a saw wire sample of 0.84 wt.% carbon steel with a 120 ${\mu}M$ diameter. The samples were subjected to heat treatment at different linear velocities of the wire during the patenting process and two different wear tests were performed, 2-body abrasive wear (grinding) and 3-body abrasive wear (rolling wear) tests. With an increasing linear velocity of the wire, the tensile strength and microhardness of the samples increased, whereas the interlamellar spacing in a pearlite structure decreased. The wear properties from the grinding and rolling wear tests exhibited an opposite tendency. The weight loss resulting from grinding was mainly affected by the tensile strength and microhardness, while the diameter loss obtained from rolling wear was affected by elongation or ductility of the samples. This result demonstrates that the wear mechanism in the 3-body wear test is much different from that for the 2-body abrasive wear test. The ultra-high tensile strength of the saw wire produced by the drawing process was attributed to the pearlite microstructure with very small interlamellar spacing as well as the high density of dislocation.

The Effect of Abrasive particles on Brake Performance (자동차 제동특성에 미치는 연마제의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Young-Suk;Jang, Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.332-340
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    • 2000
  • Friction properties of automotive brake pads containing different types of abrasivess were investigated. Five different abrasives, including o-quartz, magnesia, magnetite, alumina, zircon, were employed in this investigation and size effects of the abrasives on friction characteristics were also studied using 1, 50, 140$\mu\textrm{m}$ size zircon. Experimental results showed that the hardness and size of these abrasive particles were strongly related to friction behaviors and wear mechanisms. Harder and smaller abrasives showed higher friction coefficient and more wear. The surfaces of friction materials with different sizes of abrasives showed that two different modes of abrasion (two-body and three-body abrasion) appeared during sliding. Considering the above results, abrasive materials were thought to destroy transfer film and the extent of the destruction depends on the types and sizes of abrasive particles. A mechanism of the wear mode transition (two-body to three body abrasive motion) was suggested considering the binding energy and friction energy in terms of abrasive particle size.

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