• Title, Summary, Keyword: AR coating

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Preparation of the Anti-Reflective(AR) Coating Film by Sol-Gel Method to Improve the Efficiency of Solar Cell (태양전지 효율 향상용 졸-겔 법에 의한 반사방지 코팅막의 제조)

  • Kim, Hyosub;Kim, Youngho;Choi, Jaeyune
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2014
  • This study investigates the preparation of anti-reflective (AR) coating film to improve the efficiency of solar cell. The AR coating film was successfully obtained by dip-coating with AR coatings prepared by sol-gel method. Fluoroalkylsilane was additionally introduced into the coatings to give the self-cleaning effect of AR coating film. We performed the abrasion test, pencil scratch hardness test and cross-cut test to identify the mechanical strength of AR coating film. As the results, the transmittance of AR coating films with 9.07, 18.13 and 27.20 of IPA/MTMS molar ratios were 93.1, 93.6 and 95.3%, respectively. The water contact angle and transmittance of AR coating film increased by the introduction of hydrophobicity. The prepared AR coating film shows the high level of abrasion, hardness and adhesion. The IPA/MTMS molar ratio of 27.20 and the withdrawing speed range of 0.20 ~ 0.28cm/sec are the optimal coating condition in terms of the transmittance and mechanical strength of AR coating film.

Comparison of Discharge UV Intensity Due to AR Coating of Optic Lens on Polymer Insulator (광학렌즈 AR 코팅에 따른 폴리머애자에서의 방전 자외선 강도 비교)

  • Kim, Young-Seok;Shong, Kil-Mok;Bang, Sun-Bae;Kim, Chong-Min;Choi, Myeong-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the ultraviolet (UV) intensity of polymer insulator was measured using the Anti-Reflective (AR) coating lens on the occurrence of corona discharge. The UV intensity was compared before and after the AR coating. Under the 200-260[nm] of UV lens, the reflection rate before AR coating was 7.5~5.5[%] with 85-89[%] of transmission rate. After AR coating, however, the reflection rate decreased to 1.3~1.22[%] with improved transmission (97.4~97.6[%]). Then, the UV intensity by distance was measured in the polymer insulator. According to the measurement, the UV intensity increased 6.5 times at 37.5[%] of Vm/Vbd with 5[m] of distance. As distance increased, the growth rate declined. As high voltage increased, in addition, AR coating was less effective due to the count error caused by the UV sensor pulse signal overlap. Therefore, it appears that it would be more effective to detect corona discharge with 5[m] or less of distance at diagnosis of power facilities by AR coating and UV sensor sensitivity.

Improvement of Performance of Anti-reflective Coating Film Using Methyltrimethoxysilane (Methyltrimethoxysilane을 이용한 반사방지 코팅막의 성능 향상)

  • Keum, Young-Sub;Kim, Hyo-Sub;Park, Chu-Sik;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.400-405
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    • 2015
  • Traditional anti-reflective (AR) coating films prepared using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as a precursor absorbs water easily in addition to having a weak abrasion resistance. To improve the transmittance, hydrophobicity and abrasion resistance of AR coating film, various AR coating films were prepared using methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) as a precursor in addition to introducing a fluoroalkylsilane, acid catalyst, base catalyst and acid-base two step catalyst. The prepared AR coating films were then characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, contact angle analyzer, atomic force microscope (AFM), pencil scratch hardness test and cross-cut test. As a result, the transmittance of bare glass was 90.5%, while that of AR coating glass increased to 94.8% at curing temperature of $300^{\circ}C$. When the fluoroalkylsilane was added, the water contact angle of AR coating film increased from $96.3^{\circ}$ to $108^{\circ}$, indicating that the hydrophobicity of the film was greatly improved. The abrasion resistance of AR coating film was also improved by the acid catalyst, whereas the transmittance increased by the base catalyst. In the case of AR coating film prepared using an acid-base two step catalyzed reaction, both the transmittance and abrasion resistance of the film was synergistically enhanced as compared with those of AR coating films prepared without introduction of a catalyst.

Anti-reflection Coating using Optical Monitoring System (광학적 모니터링 장비를 이용한 안경렌즈의 무반사 코팅)

  • Jung, Boo-Young
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: In this paper, the reliability and reproductivity of anti-reflection (AR) coating on ophthalmic lens using optical monitoring system (OMS) were investigated. Methods: The random error simulation and RunSheet performance in Essential Macleod software to confirm possibility of AR coating using OMS were performed. The coating process of 19 batches was carried out in order to perform reproductivity test of AR coating after simulation process. Results: As a result, the coating results of 19 batches had shown the excellent reproductivity of about 0.5% error. Conclusions: We confirmed the excellent reproductivity and reliability of AR coating on ophthalmic lens using optical monitoring system from our results.

Characteristic ependences of High Power Semiconductor Laser on AR Coating (AR Coating에 따른 고출력 반도체 레이저의 특성변화)

  • 오윤경;곽계달
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics A
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    • v.32A no.11
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 1995
  • Mirror coating is applied to laser facets to improve properties of edge emitting laser diodes. In this experiment, InGaAsP/GaAs high power laser diodes were studied with respect to different degrees of anti-reflective coating. Sputterred $Al_{2}$O$_{3}$ was used as the coating material and the HR coating was kept constant at 90%. Threshold current density, differential quantum efficiency, emission wavelength and the operating current at 500mW were measured for a range of AR coating and compared with theoretically calculated values; that showed good agreements. Precise wavelength control is important for laser diodes for solid state pumping because of small absorption bandwidth. In addition, since these lasers operate under CW condition, a lowest possible operating current for a given power is desired in order to minimize the heat produced. From the results of this experiment, we were able to obtain a optimum range of AR coatings for minimum operating current. The wavelength can be varied up to 4nm within this range.

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A Study on the Anti-Reflection Coating Effects of Polymer Eyeglasses Lens (폴리머 안경렌즈의 반사방지 코팅효과 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.216-221
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    • 2017
  • Reducing optical reflection in the visible light range, in order to increase the share of transmitted light and avoid the formation of ghost images in imaging, is important for polymer lens applications. In this study, polymer lenses with refractive indices of n=1.56, 1.60, and 1.67 were fabricated by the injection-molding method with a polymer lens monomer, dibutyltin dichloride as the catalyst and an alkyl phosphoric ester as the release agent. To investigate their anti-reflection (AR) effects, various AR coating structures, viz. a multi-layer AR coating structure, tri-layer AR coating structure with a discrete approximation Gaussian gradient-index profile, and tri-layer AR coating structure with a quarter-wavelength approximation, were designed and coated on the polymer lens by an E-beam evaporation system. The optical properties of the polymer lenses were characterized by UV-visible spectrometry. The material properties of the thin films, refractive index and surface roughness, were analyzed by ellipsometry and AFM, respectively. The most effective AR coating structure of the polymer lens with low refractive index, n=1.56, was the both side coating of multi-layer AR coating structure. However, both side coating of the tri-layered discrete approximation Gaussian gradient-index profile AR coating structure gave comparable results to the both side coating of the multi-layer AR coating structure for the polymer lens with a high refractive index of n=1.67.

$MgF_2$ AR Coating 두께에 따른 CIGS Cell Performance 변화

  • Kim, Ju-Hui;Lee, Gyu-Seok;Jo, Dae-Hyeong;Choe, Hae-Won;Kim, Je-Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.373-373
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    • 2011
  • $Cu(In,Ga)Se_2$(CIGS) 박막 태양전지는 Chalcopyrite계 박막 태양전지로 Cu, In, Ga, Se 각 원소의 조성을 적절히 조절하여 박막을 성장시킨다. 성장시킨 CIGS 박막은 광흡수계수가 105cm-1로 다른 물질 보다 뛰어나고 직접 천이형 반도체로서 얇은 두께로도 고효율의 박막 제작이 가능하다. 얇은 두께로도 충분히 빛의 흡수가 가능하지만, cell 표면 반사에 의한 광 손실은 cell 효율을 떨어뜨리게 된다. 본 연구에서는 CIGS 박막 태양전지의 광 흡수 향상을 위해 굴절률이 1.86인 ITO 위에 ITO보다 굴절률이 작은 $MgF_2$ (n=1.377) [1]를 80, 100, 120, 140 nm로 증착하여 $MgF_2$/Al/Ni/ITO/i-ZnO/CdS/CIGS/Mo/SLG 시료를 제작하고, optical reflectance, Quantum Efficiency를 이용하여 분석하였다. optical reflectance 분석 결과, $MgF_2$ AR coating을 한 경우, 두께가 두꺼워짐에 따라 광 반사도가 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 또한 AR coating 두께가 커짐에 따라 fluctuation이 점점 커지며, 파형이 장파장 쪽으로 shift하는 것을 관찰 할 수 있었다. Quantum efficiency (QE)를 분석한 결과 $MgF_2$ AR coating 할 경우, 측정된 대부분의 파장에서 QE가 향상되는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 하지만 AR coating 두께에 따른 변화는 뚜렷한 차이를 보이지 않았다. AR coating 결과, JSC가 증가하여 efficiency가 향상되는 것을 확인 할 수 있다. 그러나 $MgF_2$ AR coating 80~140 nm 범위에서 cell 효율 변화의 뚜렷한 차이는 관찰할 수 없었다.

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A Study on MgF$_2$/CeO$_2$ AR Coating of Mono-Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell (단결정 실리콘 태양전지의 MgF$_2$/CeO$_2$ 반사 방지막에 환한 연구)

  • 유진수;이재형;이준신
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.52 no.10
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    • pp.447-450
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents a process optimization of antireflection (AR) coating on crystalline Si solar cells. Theoretical and experimental investigations were performed on a double-layer AR (DLAR) coating of MgF$_2$/CeO$_2$. We investigated CeO$_2$ films as an AR layer because they have a proper refractive index of 2.46 and demonstrate the same lattice constant as Si substrate. RF sputter grown CeO$_2$ film showed strong dependence on a deposition temperature. The CeO$_2$ deposited at 40$0^{\circ}C$ exhibited a strong (111) preferred orientation and the lowest surface roughness of 6.87 $\AA$. Refractive index of MgF$_2$ film was measured as 1.386 for the most of growth temperature. An optimized DLAR coating showed a reflectance as low as 2.04% in the wavelengths ranged from 0.4${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ to 1.1${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$. We achieved the efficiencies of solar cells greater than 15% with 3.12% improvement with DLAR coatings. Further details on MgF$_2$, CeO$_2$ films, and cell fabrication parameters are presented in this paper.

Characteristics of Anti-reflective Coating Film Prepared from Hybrid Solution of TEOS/Base and MTMS/Acid (TEOS/염기 및 MTMS/산 혼성 용액으로 제조한 반사방지 코팅막의 특성)

  • Park, Hyun-Kyu;Kim, Hyo-Sub;Park, Chu-Sik;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.358-364
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    • 2019
  • To improve the optical characteristics and antifouling of anti-reflective coating (AR) films, various AR coating films were prepared by varying the mixing ratio of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS)/base and methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS)/acid hybrid solution. Prepared AR coating films were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, contact angle analyzer, atomic force microscope (AFM), FT-IR and pencil scratch hardness test. In an AR coating film that prepared from the hybrid solution with a 10 wt% MTMS/acid solution, the glass substrate showed an excellent optical property (97.2% transmittance), good antifouling ($121^{\circ}$ water contact angle and $90^{\circ}\;CH_2I_2$ contact angle) and moderate mechanical strength (pencil hardness of 4 H). In particular, it is considered that the good antifouling was due to the well dispersion of the methyl group ($-CH_3$), derived from a small amount of MTMS/acid solution in the hybrid solution, on the substrate surface. From results of the pencil hardness test, the mechanical strength of AR coating film was improved as the content of MTMS/acid solution increased.

Effect of Heat Treatment Environment on the Microstructure and Properties of Kinetic Sprayed Tantalum Coating Layer (Kinetic Spray 공정으로 제조된 탄탈륨 코팅층의 열처리 분위기에 따른 미세조직 및 물성)

  • Lee, Ji-Hye;Kim, Hyung-Jun;Lee, Kee-Ahn
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2015
  • The effect of heat treatment environment on the microstructure and properties of tantalum coating layer manufactured by kinetic spraying was examined. Heat treatments are conducted for one hour at $800^{\circ}C$, $900^{\circ}C$, and $1000^{\circ}C$ in two different environments of vacuum and Ar gas. Evaluation of microstructure and physical properties are conducted. High density ${\alpha}$-tantalum single phase coating layer with a porosity of 0.04% and hardness of 550 Hv can be obtained. As heat treatment temperature increases, porosity identically decreases regardless of heat treatment environment (vacuum and Ar gas). Hardness of heat treated coating layer especially in Ar gas environment deceases from 550 Hv to 490 Hv with increasing heat treatment temperature. That in vacuum environment deceases from 550 Hv to 530 Hv. The boundary between particles became vague as heat treatment temperature increases. Oxygen distribution of tantalum coating layer is minute after heat treatment in vacuum environment than Ar gas environment.