• Title, Summary, Keyword: APML

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A Dispersive APML using Piecewise Linear Recursive Convolution for FDTD Method (FDTD법을 이용하여 분산매질을 고려하기 위한 PLRC-APML 기법)

  • Lee Jung-Yub;Lee Jeong-Hae;Kang No-Weon;Jung Hyun-Kyo
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.977-982
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a dispersive anisotropic perfectly matched layer(APML) is proposed using piecewise linear recursive convolution(PLRC) for finite difference time domain(FDTD) methods. This proposed APML can be utilized for the analysis of a nonlinear dispersive medium as absorbing boundary condition(ABC). The formulation is simple modification to the original AMPL and can be easily implemented. Also it has some advantages of the PLRC approach-fast speed, low memory cost, and easy formulation of multiple pole susceptibility. We applied this APML to 2-D propagation problems in dispersive media such as Debye and Lorentz media The results showed good absorption at boundaries.

An Anisotropic Perfectly Matched Layer(APML) for Mesh Truncation in The Finite Difference Time Domain Method (유한차분시간영역(FDTD)법에 있어 Mesh Truncation을 위한 비등방성 완전정합층에 관한 연구)

  • 박동희;김정기
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.678-686
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    • 1998
  • This paper describes an anisotropic perfectly matched layer (APML) for mesh truncation of the Finite Difference Time Domain(FDTD) method. The APML method can classified by a split type and an unsplit type, in case of the split type be made up 12 equations or 8 equations largely, and in case of the unsplit type be made of 6 equations. Therefore the latter is more simple as compare with the former. For the APML method presented in this paper is the latter, is directly derived from the time domain equations of Maxwell and extend to the three dimensional problem for the method suggested by Chen. Especially, in the edge and corner parts except the planes, the APML method effectively treated as compound with the Chen's method and Gedney's method newly. The results of the numerical method in this paper show the radiation patterns and the time responses of electromagnetic fields of the wire antennas according to wavelengths and the APML results are compared with Mur's first order absorbing boundary condition and Kraus's analytical results. Eventually, Mur's first order condition have many errors at the edge and corner. On the other hand, in comparison with Kraus's analytical results, it is quite good agreement, and the validity of present method is confirmed.

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PHA-Induced Peripheral Blood Cytogenetics and Molecular Anslysis : a Valid Diagnostic and Follow-up Modality For Acute Primyelocytic Leukemia Patients Treated With ATRA and/or Arsenic Tri-oxide

  • Baba, Shahid M;Azad, Niyaz A;Shah, Zaffar A;Afroze, Dil;Pandith, Arshad A;Jan, Aleem;Aziz, Sheikh A;Dar, Fayaz A
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1999-2006
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    • 2016
  • Background: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APML) is characterized by the reciprocal translocation t(15;17) (p22;p12) resulting in the PML-$RAR{\alpha}$ fusion gene. A dual diagnostic and follow up approach was applied including cytogenetic demonstration of the t(15;17) translocation and detection dg PML-$RAR{\alpha}$ chimeric transcripts by molecular means. Purpose: Conventional cytogenetics involving bone marrow is beset with high probability of poor metaphase index and was substituted with phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced peripheral blood culture based cytogenetic analysis as a diagnostic & follow up modality in APML patients of Kashmir (North India). Both qualitative (RT-PCR) and quantitative (Q-PCR) tests were simultaneously carried out to authenticte the modified cytogenetics. Materials and Method: Patient samples were subjected to the said techniques to establish their baseline as well as follow-up status. Results: Initial cytogenetics revealed 30 patients (81%) Positive for t(15;17) whereas 7 (19%) had either cryptic translocation or were negative for t(15;17). Two cases had chromosome 16q deletion and no hallmark translocation t(15;17). Q-PCR status for PML-$RAR{\alpha}$ was found to be positive for all patients. All the APML patients were reassessed at the end of consolidation phase and during maintenance phase of chemotherapy where 6 patients had molecular relapse, wherein 4 also demonstrated cytogenetic relapse. Conclusions: It was found that PHA-induced peripheral blood cytogenetics along with molecular analysis could prove a reliable modality in the diagnosis and assessment of follow up response of APML patients.

Identification of Superior Polyvoltine Hybrids (polyvoltine${\times}$bivoltine) of Silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

  • Rao, C.G.P.;Chandrashekharaiah;Basha, K.Ibrahim;Seshagiri, S.V.;Ramesh, C.;Nagaraju, H.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2004
  • Ten promising polyvoltine mulberry silkworm strains(SDMGl, SDMG2, SDMG3, SDMG4, SDMWl, SDMW2, RMWl, RMW2, RMW3 and RMW4) that are superior in quantitative and qualitative traits have been synthesized in the polyvoltine breeding laboratory of Andhra Pradesh State Sericulture Research & Development Institute, Hindupur through systematic hybridization and appropriate selection methods. After the genotypes were found homozygous for the desired traits, they have been crossed with 3 bivoltine testers $(APS8, APS4 and {NB_2}{D_4})$ and thirty new hybrid combinations were developed for the assessment of their hybrid performance. Phenotypic expressions of economically important quantitative and qualitative traits of fist filial generation were measured and subjected for statistical analysis. Evaluation Index and Subordinate Function methods were employed for the assessment of hybrid performance since they are widely used in silkworm hybrid evaluation. Total of seven poly${\times}$bivoltine combinations, which ranked high in both the methods, were selected as potential combinations for further field test. These combinations also ranked significantly higher than the control hybrid (APMl${\times}$APS8).