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AIDS news

  • Korea Alliance to Defeat AIDS
    • RED RIBBON
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    • pp.32-33
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    • 2007
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Recent Data Search for Acupuncture and Moxibustion Therapy on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) (AIDS 침구(鍼灸) 치료(治療)에 대한 최근 정보 검색)

  • Song, Ho-Sueb;Lim, Jeong-Eun;Kwon, Soon-Jung;Lee, Seong-No;Hwang, Hyeon-Seo;Kim, Kee-Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.154-170
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    • 2001
  • Objective : To broaden understanding about acupuncture and moxibustion therapy on AIDS and to promote base studies and clinical trials Materials and Methods : Analysis was given to more than 30 literatures including acupuncture and moxibustion therapy on AIDS-related sites explored by internet search engine named NAVER from Nov., 2000 to Feb. 20th, 2001 Results : 1. Acupuncture and moxibustion played great role as a complementary therapy in enabling AIDS patients to keep their antiretroviral therapy by enhancing immune system, ameliorating AIDS-related symptoms and side effect of antiretroviral drug 2. Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy had a broad spectrum indication from systemic or local signs of AIDS patients to signs of antiretroviral drug-related side effect 3. Contraindication of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy against AIDS patients include abstraction and moxibustion on the skin lesion, because of their easy exposure to inflammation 4. AIDS patients were regarded as the state of KI-HE(氣虛), EUM-HE(陰虛), YEOL-DOK(熱毒) in general 5. BO-KI(補氣), BO-HYUL(補血), BO-EUM(補陰), CHEONG-YEOL-HAE-DOK(淸熱解毒) were shown as a principle of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy for AIDS patients 6. Principle of selecting acupoints for AIDS patients had characteristics of enhancing immune system, detoxicating detrimental agents and relieving each AIDS related symptom appropriately 7. Acupuncture on 合谷(HAPKOK, LI4), 內關(NAE-GWAN, P6), 足三里(CHOK-SAMNI, S36) were applied to the early stage of AIDS in order to enhance immune system. Acupuncture on 血海(HYOLHAE, SP10), 三陰交(SAMUMGYO, SP6), (KOHWANG, B43) were applied to the intermediate stage of AIDS so as to enhance immune system and eliminate YEOL-DOK(熱毒) in blood. Moxibustion on 湧泉(YONGCHON, K1), 足三里(CHOK-SAMNI, S36) were applied to the late stage owing to enhance immune system more. Conclusion : The efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy on AIDS has been acknowledged to the world, moreover, it is proved to be significant as a complementary therapy on AIDS patients. Thus, more control group studies of the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy on AIDS and clinical trials are considered to be necessary.

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A Study on the University Student's Consciousness about Sex and AIDS (대학생의 성 및 AIDS에 관한 의식 연구)

  • 강병우
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.43-56
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    • 1994
  • Although the officially confirmed incidence of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) has remained low thus far in Korea, the progression of the pandemic has been rapid, concerned about an eventual increase in transmission. Until a vaccine or cure is found, public information and education remain an important weapon against AIDS. For the year 2000, the current WHO projection is that there will be a cumulative total of 40 million HIV infections in man, woman and children, of which more than 90% will be in the developing countries. The incerased mortality among adults and children has raised concerns that AIDS may become so devastaing as to reverse positive population growth rates and wipe out entire population. In order to plan for the rising incidence of patient with AIDS, an assessment of AIDS-related cognition and behavior, attitude of the recognized high-risk groups is necessary. Considering that undergraduates have sexuality active and more oriented toward sexual concerns than other ages. Adolescents today are more sexually involved than in the past: The media, including films, music, and television, reinforce sexual concerns by preseating images of highly sexual adolescents. Incidence of both petting and sexual intercourse in higher and occurs at earlier ages, they are important reservoir of AIDS infection. Hence, it has become important to emymerats and describe the knowledge, attitude and behavior of them, I want.. This information will eventually guide the direction of change in public policies and education programs to meet the challenges of AIDS. The objective of this study were to identity Knowledge, Attitude, Experience of Sex and AIDS in Korea. The data were collected by survey at Korean Federation for AIDS Affairs, INC. and J university, K junior college. After October in 1993, surveyed with 507 student during their's college days in Seoul. The questionnaire was designed to provide information on sex and AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes and experience. AIDS-related knowledge was measured by using 26 questions on mode of transmission and AIDS-related attitudes were measured by 7 questions, AIDS-related experience was measured by 5 questions. There were the main dependent variables in our study, In conclusion, students during their university day need to develop AIDS-preventive education programs. Clearly, the many AIDS-prevention educational effort need to be guided by well trained health agents. Financial supports from all sectors (i.e., public and private) of our society are required to achieve that end. Further researches on AIDS-related Knowledge and Attitude and behaviors of undergraduates are needed for the development of comprehensive AIDS prevention programs.

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A Study of Assessing Educational Needs on Program Planning for AIDS(Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Inservice Education for Clinical Nurses (임상간호사를 위한AIDS(후천성 면역 결핍증) 교육 프로그램 개발을 위한 기초 연구)

  • 박인혜;이숙자;이정희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.371-382
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    • 1999
  • Nurses are at the forefront of providing hands-on care to patients infected with HIV(Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Therefore, appropriate and sensible infection control precaution should be taken at all times. The purpose of this study is to find out nurse's loaming needs about HIV/AIDS ; and nurse's willingness to perform nursing care to HIV/AIDS patients ; and the degree of fellowing universal precautions in nursing care ; and the degree of knowledge of HIV/AIDS to provide information on the guide for the further continuing education. The respondents of this study were 280 nurses in a university hospital in Kwang-Ju city. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by using percentages, means, Pearson's correlation, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's grouping. The findings were as follows ; 1. The mean age of the nurses was 28.9 years, and the mean duration of their clinical experience was 6.8 years. Majority of the nurses(83.9%) had no experience in taking care of the AIDS patients. 2. The content s nurse's need to learn were showed in order such as clinical manifestations, infection control, patient care, and the mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS. 3. Even though the nurses had quite low knowledge about HIV/AIDS(mean score was 12.2 from the total of 26), they are willing to take care of the AIDS patients (mean score was 39.5 from the total of 60), and the degree of following universal precaution was also not so bad (mean score was 40.8 from the total of 50). 4. Nurses who are over 35 years old and had informal education regarding HIV/AIDS better following universal precautions. Nurses who had over 12 years of clinical experiences have more willingness to perform nursing care to the AIDS patients. Nurses who had experiences in taking care of the AIDS patients were more knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS. These findings suggest that some strategies should be develope to increase the willingness to perform the nursing care to the AIDS patients. And also continuing education program should be develope and run for the clinical nurses so that they can provide effective and appropriate nursing care to the AIDS patients.

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A Study on knowledge and attitude of college nursing students to patient with HIV\ AIDS (간호과 학생의 HIV/AIDS에 대한 지식 및 태도에 대한 조사연구)

  • Han Young Ran;Lee Kwang-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.201-220
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    • 1998
  • Given the gloval impact of the AIDS pandemic. it is necessary to take every measure to prevent an epidemic this disease in Korea. Health care givers. especially nurses, have the primary responsibility of AIDS prevention and providing comfort care of those patient with HIV/AIDS. In spite of this responsibility, many nurses are afraid of AIDS patients and refuse to care the patient with HIV/AIDS because they have a little information of AIDS and a fear of HIV infection from AIDS patient at worksite. The purpose of this descriptive study was (1) to examine nursing students' knowledge and attitude to AIDS patient. (2) to identify demographic variables influencing knowledge and attitude to AIDS patient. and (3) to examine correlation between knowledge and attitude. The subject of this study was 162 nursing students. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. 1) The mean overall knowledge score was estimated to be 61.33 of 101. especially the mean score of transmission route according to sexual behavior was estimated to be 3.03 of 7. 2) The mean attitude score was estimated to be 32.37 of 45. 3) The total knowledge score of AIDS was influenced by these two factors; the experience of AIDS education class and religion. In the end, the study concludes that it is necessary to develop comprehensive AIDS education programs to improve knowledge about the disease as well as to allay the fears and anxiety of the nurses.

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The Relationships between Knowledge, Attitude and Prevention Behaviors to AIDS in Nurses (간호사의 AIDS에 대한 지식, 태도 및 예방적 행위)

  • Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine the knowledge, attitudes and prevention behavior to AIDS of nurses. Method: The subject of this study were 217 nurses in Busan. Data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and Scheffe's test. Results: Total knowledge of AIDS(mean score was 6.71 out of 12) was average. Total attitudes of AIDS(mean score was 13.16 out of 25)was average. Prevention behaviors were above average(mean score was 57.63 out of 75). According to the results of analyzing the difference between general characteristics of the subject and AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and prevention behaviors, a significant difference was present with religion(p<.05) in attitudes score; with age(p<.001), marital status(p<.001), education level(p<.05), position(p<.05) and clinical experience(p<.05) in prevention behaviors. According to the results of analyzing the difference between AIDS related characteristics of the subject and AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and perceived behaviors, a significant difference was present with experience in taking care of HIV/AIDS patients(t=2.19, p<.05) in attitudes score; and experience in HIV positive after care(t=-2.64, p<.01) and general nursing training about AIDS(t=2.23, p<.01). There was a positive correlation among knowledge score and attitudes score(r=.170, p<.05). Conclusion: These findings suggested that AIDS education and training programs should be developed and run for nurses. Expecially, health education related with AIDS is needed in young and less experienced nurses. In following such a program, there will be greater compliance with prevention behaviors. Furthermore, it is necessary to provide work-related guidelines regarding AIDS for nurses.

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The Effects of AIDS Education on Knowledge and Attitude in College Freshman (에이즈교육이 대학생의 에이즈에 관한 지식과 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Myung-Hee;Cho, Kyoul-Ja
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.62-71
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to evaluate the effects of AIDS education for college freshman. Method: This study was conducted using a pretest-posttest experimental design for one group. Subjects were selected from G college freshman(n=89) in I city. Data were collected from November 5 to December 3, 2004. An educational session took 50 minutes and was conducted once a week. Subjects were given a total of four-session AIDS education. Knowledge and attitude on AIDS was measured before and after the AIDS education using questionnaires. Results: There was a significant difference in the levels of knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS before and after the education. In particular, there was also a significant difference in the attitude subscales(personal and social attitudes). There was a significant positive correlation between the knowledge and attitude. In particular, there was also a significant positive correlation between the knowledge and attitude subscales(personal and social attitudes). Conclusion: The findings indicated that AIDS education is effective in order to encourage correct knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS for college freshman. Therefore, it is necessary to systematically and continuously AIDS education programs to keep healthy sex.

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A Survey of Sailors Knowledge, Attitudes and Preventive Behaviors about AIDS (선원들의 에이즈에 관한 지식, 태도 및 예방행위에 관한 조사연구)

  • 문정자;김재호
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Navigation
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.103-116
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    • 1997
  • This study was to assess Korean sailors' knowldege, attitudes and behaviors about AIDS. The subjects of this study were 379 safety-trainee sailors. Data were collected by self reporting on a questionnaire during February to March 1996. The results were as follows : The mean score on AIDS knowledge was 17.3 out of a possible maximum score of 24.0. With respect to diseas transmission , only 45.6-86.5percent of the sailors correctly indicated that causal contact does not lead to contraction AIDS. The younger, unmarried , and educated groups had a higher level of knowledge about AIDS. With respect t sailors' attitudes about ADIS, 85.2 percent of the sailors reported that the AIDS is as big a problem as the media suggested, and over half of the sailors(53.8%) reported that they are being afraid of getting AIDS. One attitude, which was most pervasive(903.1 percent agreeing) was that it is important for sailors to receive AIDS education as a part of social education classes. In attitudes , there was statistical significance by age group, marital statistical signifiacance by age group , marital status, and educational level. With respect to sailor's preventive behaviors about AIDS, the mean score was 7.1 out of a possible maximum score of 9.0. It was shown that the older age, married groups had a higher level of preventive behaviors about AIDS.

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Some Proposals for the Policies to Control AIDS (에이즈 관리정책에 대한 제언)

  • 김태한;손은수
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.447-461
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    • 2003
  • Over the past 10 years, AIDS has grown to become one of the major health problems in Korea. This paper reviews the current status of the prevalence of AIDS, AIDS law and policy in Korea. This paper also suggests some proposals for policy to reduce HIV transmission from the view point of personal rights and welfare. Korea needs more effective national AIDS prevention and control programs applicable to the current situations of health policy in Korea. The activities of NGOs would be as important as those of government.

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