• Title, Summary, Keyword: AIDS

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College Students Knowledge and Attitudes Toward AIDS in Pusan and Ulsan Areas (부산 및 울산지역 일부 대학생들의 에이즈에 대한 지식과 태도 조사)

  • 신영희;홍영혜
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1996
  • Given the global impact of the AIDS pandemic, it is necessary to take every measure to prevent an epidemic of this disease in Korea. The only available strategy is prevention. Considering college students as a potential risk group, this study examined their knowledge of, and attitudes toward AIDS. In this study, 399 students from three colleges in Pusan and Uoolsan were examined for their attitudes to, and knowledge of AIDS. Findings indicate that the majority of the students(90%) had basic knowledge on the transmission and the prevention of the disease. However, most of them, including nursing students, lacked knowledge as to the etiological agent, major symptoms and available diagnostic techniques. To the questions designed to examine social attitude towards AIDS patients, the students showed a tendency to view AIDS patients as responsible for their own illness. Interestingly, they showed sympathy to their imaginary friends and relatives suffering from AIDS. The study findings suggest a need for the development of AIDS educational programs for college students.

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The knowledge and Attitudes about AIDS using Social Networking Services surveys for Department of Some Dental Hygiene Students (SNS 설문을 이용한 일부 대학 치위생(학)과 학생들의 AIDS에 대한 지식과 태도)

  • Choi, Young-Suk;Jun, Bo-Hye;Seong, Jeong-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.487-496
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    • 2018
  • The person who knows inaccurately about AIDS is less favorable to AIDS infectee, and the low level of knowledge as to AIDS and negative attitude cause bias and stigma of AIDS infectee to act as a social exclusion mechanism to impede early discovery or early treatment of the disease. As the level of knowledge as to AIDS affect the attitude of AIDS, so this study was tried to make use of basic data to develop education program that may help AIDS infectee and prevention of infection who visit dental clinics in the future by grasping the level of knowledge of the students of the dept. of dental hygiene as to AIDS and the attitude for the infectee. The collected the data subject to 360 students. The investigated data used statistic program SPSS 22.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA) to calculate general characteristics by frequency and percentage, and for the attitude towards AIDS using Social Networking Services surveysinfectees and testing hypothesis of Duncan, Scheffe to see which groups show the difference in the practice level of infection management.

A study on knowledge and attitude toward AIDS in undergraduates for the health-related department and the health-unrelated department (보건계열과 비보건계열 대학생들의 AIDS에 대한 지식, 태도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to arrange basic data necessary for education of AIDS and to prevent AIDS on undergraduates' knowledge or attitude toward AIDS. Methods : A self-administered questionnaire survey was used among 350 undergraduates in some of Jeonbuk and Gyeongnam area from September 9, 2009 to December 10, 2009 and then obtained the following results. Results : 1. Information route on AIDS was indicated to be higher in order of school education with 37.1% and TV & newspaper with 31.5% as for the health-related department. The health-unrelated department was indicated to be the highest in TV & newspaper with 67 people(43.8%), and had statistically significant difference(p<0.01). 2. The whole knowledge score on AIDS was indicated to be $12.72{\pm}2.67$ for the health-related department, resulting having been higher than the health-unrelated department with $11.84{\pm}3.30$. There was significant difference(p<0.01). The attitude score on AIDS was indicated to be $4.85{\pm}1.67$ for the health-related department, resulting having been higher than the health-unrelated department with $4.38{\pm}1.58$. There was significant difference(p<0.01). 3. Knowledge and attitude toward general AIDS stood at r=.112(p<0.05), thereby having had positive correlation. Knowledge and attitude toward AIDS infection stood at r=-.220(p<0.01), thereby having had negative correlation. Relationship between the whole knowledge and attitude toward AIDS stood at r=-.105(p<0.05), thereby having had negative correlation. Conclusions : AIDS is exponentially increasing in the whole world and is getting more serious. Even in our country, it is the tendency that the infected are gradually increasing. Health care of AIDS, which is impossible to be fully recovered and has no vaccine, is preferential to prevent infection. A continuous and efficient preventive education program is thought to be necessary for straightening wrong knowledge and prejudice on this by grasping right knowledge and attitude toward AIDS.

Nurses' Knowledge about and Attitudes toward AIDS and Patients with AIDS (간호사의 AIDS에 대한 지식과 태도)

  • Son Jung-Tae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.544-558
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    • 1999
  • With the increasing incidence of AIDS, it is probably inevitable that nurses working in hospital and community settings will come in contact with patients with AIDS. Nurses, more than any other health care profession, are on the front line of AIDS patient care. The purposes of this descriptive study were to gather information about registered nurses' knowledge and attitude regarding AIDS. and to provide a basis for the development of continuining education programs for the nurse. Data was gathered in 1988 using self-administered questionnaires given to a convinience sample of two hundred seventy registered nurses from two university hospitals, school nurses and postgraduate students of nursing. Data was analyzed with SAS. The results were as follows. Above 90% of the nurse knew well about definition of AIDS and routes of transmission but nurses relatively lacked knowledge about transmission of HIV in breast milk(69.3%). Less than half knew that drug abuser(44.1%) and sexual partner with IV drug abuser(39.6%) are at high risk for contracting AIDS. Above 70% of the nurse showed reluctance to provide care for surgery. delivery of child birth and hemodialysis of patients with AIDS. The results showed that, given a choice. 41.7% of the nurse would refuse to care for AIDS patients and 48.3% claimed that they should have a right refuse to care for AIDS patients. Reluctance of nursing patient with AIDS appeared to be principally associated with general fear of becoming infected with HIV. 41.8% exhibited a sympathetic attitude toward individual AIDS patient. The study findings suggest that it is necessary to examine the correlations between knowledge and attitude and to develop continuing education programs that alleviate the fear of contagion of the nurse.

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The knowledge and attitudes about AIDS in middle and high school students (일부 중$\cdot$고등학생들의 에이즈에 대한 지식 및 태도)

  • Oh Jeong Ah
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the basic data for developing a program for effective health education about AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) by investigating the knowledge and attitudes of middle and high school students about AIDS. The subjects were 476 middle school students and 658 high school students from Seoul and Kang Won province. The data were collected from November 19 to December 18. 1996. using a 56-item questionnaire. and analyzed by SAS program for t-test. x2-test. and pearson correlation coefficients. The results were as follows : 1. High school students had more knowledge than middle school students about AIDS. 2. Male. students from Seoul. and students who had drinking experience and smoking experience among middle school students. and male. students from Seoul. and students of non-coeducation among high school students were more knowledgeable about AIDS. 3. Misconceptions about the transmission of AIDS through non-intimate contact were especially common among middle school students. And a high proportion of middle and high school students knew very little about the symptoms of AIDS. 4. High school students had more positive attitudes toward AIDS than middle school students. 5. Students from Seoul and students who had smoking experience among middle school students. and students from Seoul and non-coeducation and students who had substance use experience among high school students were more positive attitudes about AIDS. 6. Most of the middle and high school students agreed that there is a need for AIDS education. 7. Middle and high school students reported that had learned about AIDS mostly from TV. Since students in the middle-school age group are especially at risk for developing AIDS­related behaviors. this study findings suggest that it is crucial to develop school-based AIDS education programs that help students acquire the knowledge and attitudes to adopt and maintain behaviors that reduce the risk of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection and other related health problems.

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A study on AIDS-related knowledge and attitude among dental-hygiene students (치위생과 학생들의 AIDS에 관한 지식 및 태도 조사연구)

  • Kang, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.135-151
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine how much knowledge dental-hygiene students had about AIDS and how they looked at that. The subjects in this study were 370 freshmen, sophomores and juniors who were majoring in dental hygiene. The findings of this study were as follows : The rate of the students who were accurately aware of AIDS dissemination ranged from 59 to 92 percent. Those who knew that the disease didn't spread through routine daily contacts stood at 63 to 91 percent, and the students who were correctly cognizant of the cause of AIDS numbered 41 to 77 percent. Those who grasped the seriousness of that disease stood at 45 to 83 percent. The students weren't properly aware of how to prevent AIDS, as just 33 to 68 percent knew about that. Concerning connections between school year and AIDS knowledge, the sophomores had a better knowledge on its dissemination, cause and AIDS itself than the freshmen and juniors. As for attitude toward AIDS, 72.4 percent considered themselves not to be susceptible to that disease, but 361 percent felt that they were likely to develop it. 44.6 percent weren't afraid of being attacked by that disease, but more students feared about that possibility. Most of the students, who ranged from 77 to 88 percent, hoped to continue to be educated about that, and as many as 92 percent believed that AIDS patients should separatedly be treated. A lot of the students, which accounted for 90 percent, felt fear in the course of treatment, but 44 percent believed that AIDS patients should equally be treated, which indicated that they had a sense of responsibility. As to the relationship of school year to altitude toward AIDS, when their ideas about the danger of AIDS were asked, the freshmen and juniors considered themselves not to be susceptible to that disease more than the sophomores did, and the former group felt, more than the latter, that AIDS infection should be more thoroughly prevented than hepatitis in dental clinic. The juniors had a stronger tendency to find themselves to be exposed to AIDS as equally as most other people, compared to the freshmen and sophomores. The sophomores felt higher need for AIDS - related education, and had a stronger sense of duty about treating AIDS patients, and were more apprehensive of the disease in the course of treatment than the freshmen and juniors did. The above-mentioned findings suggested thai every individual should be cautious not to develop AIDS, as there is still no workable vaccine. Since the nation is not free from the horrible disease, the government should put more efforts into researching and preventing it. But what's most important is that dental-hygiene students, who will be committed to dental treatment in the future, should precisely be cognizant of the seriousness of that disease, and try to stay away from it by using protective devices and handling dental supplies properly. And the type of treatment system thai could prevent AIDS infection should be established.

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AIDS 백신 개발과 현황과 전망

  • 박송용
    • The Microorganisms and Industry
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 1992
  • 이 글에서는 다음의 내용에 대해 기술하였다. 1. AIDS 병원체 2. AIDS 백신 개발 현황 3. AIDS 백신 개발의 문제점 및 전망

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