• Title, Summary, Keyword: AIDS

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A Research of the Spiritual Well-Being and Spiritual Needs of HIV/AIDS Patients (HIV/AIDS 환자의 영적 안녕과 영적 요구도 조사)

  • Gwak, Ji-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data to assess spiritual health of HIV/AIDS patients and devise spiritual nursing mediation plans in practical nursing work by examining the levels of spiritual wellbeing (SWB) and spiritual needs of HIV/AIDS patients'. Methods: A correlation survey study was conducted on HIV/AIDS patients age ranging from 20 to 70 years to investigate the relationship between their SWB and spiritual needs. Results: 1. Average scores of HIV/AIDS patients' related to SWB were found to be higher than the intermediate level: 54.59 in SWB; more specifically, 27.78 in existential well-being and 26.80 in religious well-being. 2. Average score of for HIV/AIDS patients' spiritual needs was 108.67: More specifically, 37.80 in the needs of love and interest, 42.35 in the needs of seeking meanings and purposes, and 28.51 in the needs of wanting to be forgiven. 3. Concerning the correlation between SWB and spiritual needs, the total SWB and total spiritual needs of HIV/AIDS patients' showed a weak positive correlation (r=0.344, P=0.013). Conclusion: The result of the study showed that SWB and spiritual needs of HIV/AIDS patients' are higher than the average scores, and these two parameters have a weak positive correlation, indicating that HIV/AIDS patients have strong spiritual needs of seeking meanings and purposes. Therefore, more studies on the spiritual nursing mediation plans are needed in order to raise their spiritual well-being levels and meet their spiritual needs through precise assessment.

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Knowledge and Attitude of Physical Therapist to Patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (물리치료사의 HIV/AIDS에 대한 지식과 태도)

  • Ahn So-youn;Kim Byung-jo;Kim Soo-min;Kim Jae-ho;Kim Jong-soon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.235-254
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate the general knowledge and attitude of physical therapist to patient with HIV/AIDS. Many physical therapists are afraid of AIDS patients because they have a little information of AIDS and fear of HIV infection from AIDS patients at work site. This study was carried out from June to October in 2003 for collecting data. The 271 physical therapists volunteered for a this study and completed questionnaires. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. 1)The knowledge of prevention of HIV/AIDS influences the attitude of physical therapists to patients with HIV/AIDS. 2)The knowledge of symptoms of HIV/AIDS influences the attitude of physical therapists to patients with HIV/AIDS. 3)The knowledge of transmission routes of HIV/AIDS influences the attitude of physical therapists to patients with HIV/AIDS. 4)84.9 percentage of participant in survey suggested college should have curriculum about HIV/AIDS. In conclusion, physical therapists with more knowledge of HIV/ADIS could positively treat HIV/AIDS patients.

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Effect of the Education on AIDS for Korean Health Care Workers (건강 관리자의 에이즈 교육 효과)

  • 장순복;이창우
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 1997
  • This study was an evaluation study of AIDS education program. The purpose of this study was to clarify the education effects on AIDS for health care workers to develop a better next education program. This study was done by self reporting with a 67 items of structured questionnaire by 431 health care workers included doctors, nurses, laboratory technicians, and health educators. Data were collected at the time of completion of each AIDS education with the help of education program manager. Both the AIDS related knowledge score and the acceptance attitudes score were significantly higher in the male group, in the medical institution employer group, in the group who have met the HIV infected person, who has known the HIV positive person, and the group of laboratory technician, but the AIDS prevention intention score was statistically higher in the group of female and laboratory technician group. The post education scores of AIDS related knowledge. acceptance attitudes, and preventive intention were statistically higher than those of the preeducation. The most increased item among AIDS prevention intention list was 'I will provide the meeting between the HIV infected persons and the public (+21.9%)'. But even the decreased item among AIDS prevention intention list was 'I will advice to female not to have extra marital sexual contact to avoid AIDS(-3.1%)'. It could be concluded that the health care workers were ignorant of vertical transmission of AIDS, they were afraid of disclosing the infection status, and have less AIDS prevention intention. Therefore it is needed to take an assessment process before each new education trategy to increase AIDS related the effect of the education on AIDS.

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Classification for a Standardization System for the Elderly's Necessities (고령친화용품 표준화를 위한 분류)

  • Kim, Yi-Soon;Kwon, Ja-Youn;Shin, Soon-Shik;Moon, In-Hyuk;Hwang, Lee-Cheol;Kim, Gyeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.328-332
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    • 2006
  • This study aims to provide definitions and standardization for necessities that elderly people can use conveniently and properly in their daily lives and classify necessities for different purposes. First, standard terminologies were defined by reviewing the literature and the relevant laws related to daily necessities for the elders. Secondly, a concept for necessities for the elders was also defined through consultation with experts. Lastly, the elderly's necessities were selected and classified. The elderly's necessities are defined as aids that ordinary elderly people in normal aging process need for the purpose of the convenience of life and aids they wear or use to maintain or improve their health. In this study, the elderly's necessities are divided into three categories: necessities of health, necessities of Oriental medical aids and necessities of daily living. Each category is further classified as follows: Necessities of health include aids for personal medical treatment, aids for personal care and protection and aids for recreation. Necessities of Oriental medical aids include aids for personal medical treatment, aids for personal care and protection and others. Necessities of daily living include aids for personal care and protection, aids for personal mobility, aids for housekeeping, furnishings, aids for communication, information and signalling, aids for handling products and goods and aids for recreation. The classification of the elderly's necessities in this study can be used as basic information for further studies of demand for necessities for the elderly. The results will lay the foundation for a standardization system for the elderly's necessities and the development of silver industry.

A study on knowledge and attitude of dental hygienics students in AIDS (치위생과 학생들의 에이즈에 관한 지식과 태도 조사 연구)

  • Sung, Bo-Kyun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.259-271
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    • 2007
  • AIDS is increasing by geometric progression in the world with more seriousness and HIV/AIDS is still spreading. Thus, the study enforced a self-administered survey with 526 dental hygiennics students to carry out an upright recognition and education on AIDS by grasping knowledge and attitude of dental hygienics students who will work at dental hospitals or clinics after graduating in AIDS. As the result, the study got the following conclusion. 1. 51.1% of the students got knowledge on AIDS and the majority out of them got its knowledge through school(35.2%) or mass media(10.8%). 2. The average score of dental hygienics students' knowledge in AIDS was 87.67: The first-grade students(86.00), the second-grade students(88.88) and the third-grade students(88.37) (p=0.000). 3. They had an accurate recognition about AIDS' causes, its infection ways and interceptive methods of its infection way in knowledge of AIDS(p=0.000). 4. In their attitudes for AIDS, the average score was $57.43{\pm}$: The first-grade students(56.19), the second-grade students(57.70) and the third-grade students(58.70)(p=0.001). 5. In their attitudes for AIDS, the students($4.09{\pm}0.82$ scores) responded that they would prepare for AIDS' infection of their families(p=0.004) while, on the other hand, the students($4.06{\pm}0.82$ scores) responded that they wanted to avoid PWA's dental treatment(p=0.001). Therefore, it is judged that vocational education as a specialized worker as well as AIDS education should be realized since it was appeared that they had not enough thought as a mature professional worker. 6. Dental hygienics students who would work at dental hospitals or clinics after graduating were in the environment infected in all diseases and so most of the students($4.23{\pm}0.74$) responded that AIDS education should be included in curriculum.

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College Student's Knowledge and Attitudes toward AIDS in Taegu and Kyungbook areas (대구 경북 지역 일부 대학생들의 에이즈에 대한 지식과 태도 조사)

  • Sin, Yeong-Hui;Hong, Yeong-Hye
    • The Korean Nurse
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.94-103
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    • 1996
  • Given the global impact of the AIDS pandemic, it is necessary to take every measure to prevent an epidemic of this disease in Korea. The only available strategy is prevention. Considering college students as a potential risk group, this study examined their knowledge of, and attitudes toward AIDS. In this study, a self-report questionnaire was administered to 167 students from three colleges in Taegu and Kyungbook province area. Findings indicated that most of the students had lacked knowledge about the AIDS. While knowledge about the modes of transmission and prevention improved, some respondents still believed that AIDS could be transmitted by sharing cups (17.4%), by coughing or sneezing(29.3%), and by moskito (25.7%). About 10% of the students reported that they had received some instruction about AIDS, and 87.3% indicated a desire to know more about the disease. Most of the students reported that they obtained AIDS information from media devices such as TV and newspaper. To the questions designed to examine attitude towards AIDS patients, the students showed a tendency to view AIDS patients as responsible for their own illness (85.6%). Interestingly, they showed sympathy to their imaginary friends and relatives suffering from AIDS (78.4%-90.2%). Eighty percercent of the respondents felt that they personally were not at risk. The study findings suggest a need for the development of AIDS educational programs for college students.

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The Effect of Activity-oriented AIDS Prevention Education on the Knowledge and Attitudes of Middle School Boys (활동중심 에이즈예방교육이 남자중학생의 에이즈에 관한 지식과 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeom;Hwang, Sun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the knowledge and attitudes about AIDS between an activity-oriented and a lecture-oriented AIDS prevention education in middle school boys. Methods: Each of 60 middle school boys in M city, Gyeongsangnam-do, was assigned to the experimental or control group. The activity-oriented AIDS prevention education in experimental group and the lecture-oriented education in control group were provided for a 45 minutes class per week for 4 weeks, respectively. Date were collected with questionnaires and analyzed through $x^2$-test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA. Results: The experimental group and control group were homogeneous in knowledge and attitudes about AIDS prevention before the study. In AIDS prevention knowledge, there was no significant interaction of times by groups (F=0.033, p=.930); but the main effect of times was significant (F=63.950, p<.001). In attitudes toward AIDS, there was a significant interaction of times by groups (F=8.892, p<.001). Conclusion: The activity-oriented AIDS prevention education was an effective teaching strategy to foster positive attitudes toward AIDS prevention in middle school boys. Therefore, systematic and sustained development of AIDS prevention education reflecting learners' characteristics is required.

Knowledge and Attitudes Towards AIDS in a General Population (일반인의 에이즈에 대한 지식 및 태도)

  • Kim, So-Young;Lee, Jin-Seok;Park, Sue-Kyung;Kim, Yong-Ik
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.13-28
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess general population' AIDS knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS. Methods: Using a multistage area sampling and random digit dialing method, a random sample of individuals aged 19-59 years, living in 16 different area in Korea during September 2007 were interviewed by telephone. Results: In all, 1,087 respondents completed the survey. In most items, respondents displayed a fairly good degree of knowledge about AIDS. However it was lower than that in developed countries. Respondents' attitudes towards AIDS were found to be negative. The knowledge and attitudes towards AIDS were more positive for respondents who were young, educated, office worker or students, higher in income. The higher level of knowledge, the more positive attitudes towards AIDS. Conclusions: In general AIDS related knowledge was relatively low and people showed negative attitudes towards AIDS. Incorrect knowledge and lack of information on AIDS would lead to unnecessary negative attitudes and there need to be addressed by health education programs and campaigns using mass media.

HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge and Attitudes of Nursing College Students and Non-Nursing Students (간호대학생과 일반대학생의 HIV/AIDS 지식 및 태도)

  • Ahn, Hyun-Mi;Yoo, Ji-Soo;Park, Chang-Gi;Kim, Mi-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.108-120
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To describe the knowledge and attitudes of nursing college students and non-nursing college students toward HIV/AIDS for use in the development of an effective HIV/AIDS education program. Method: The data were collected from 165 nursing college students and 92 non-nursing college students using a structured questionnaire, and then analyzed by $X^2$-test, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Compared to previous research, the score of some items of the knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS improved. However, the score of several items of the knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS needs further improvement. In both groups of college student, total attitudes toward HIV/AIDS were correlated with total knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Although some knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS improved comparing to previous research, a more specifically structured education program is needed. The development of a the program to increase the attitudes toward HIV/AIDS patients is critical.

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