• Title/Summary/Keyword: A549

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Induction of p53-dependent Apoptosis by Resveratrol in Human Cancer Cells, A549 and SKOV3 (레스베라트롤에 의한 인간 암세포주, A549와 SKOV3의 p53의존적 Apoptosis 유발)

  • Lee, Seul Gi;Nam, Ju-Ock
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.194-200
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    • 2016
  • Resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound present in many fruits and vegetables such as grapes, mulberries, and peanuts, has been reported to have various biological effects. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying resveratrol-induced apoptosis in A549 ovarian cancer cells are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of resveratrol on A549 lung cancer cells (expressing wild-type p53) and compared it with that observed for SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells (expressing null-type p53). Resveratrol significantly inhibited the viability and proliferation of A549 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, compared with its effects on SKOV3 cells. It also induced A549 cell apoptosis, but did not affect anoikis resistance. Furthermore, the viability and proliferation of p53-knockdown A549 cells were unaffected by the presence of resveratrol. Therefore, we demonstrate that the anticancer effect of resveratrol against A549 lung cancer cells is dependent on the presence of functional p53.

Effects of Andrographitis Herba in A549 Lung Cancer Cells (천심련(穿心蓮)이 A549 폐암세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Bum, Hee-Byun;Han, Hyo-Sang;Lee, Young-Jong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study purposed to research the anti-cancer effects of Andrographitis Herba. Methods : By measuring the cell proliferation, apoptosis, morphology and cytokine level from the extracts, the influence on a A549 cell was compared. Results : The Andrographitis Herba decoction extract according to the concentration inhibited the proliferation and increased the apoptosis of the A549 cell. Among the various fraction extracts of the Andrographitis Herba decoction, EtOEt showed the greatest increase of the apoptosis of the A549 cell. The Andrographitis Herba decoction extract according to the concentration decreased the secretion of the TGF-$\beta$ in the A549 cell, and increased the secretion of the TNF-$\alpha$ and the IFN-$\gamma$ presenting cell population. Conclusion : It is considered that the total extract and various fraction extracts of Andrographitis Herba decoction inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells.

Induction of Apoptosis by Samgibopae-tang in Human Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Cells (인체폐암세포 NCI-H460 및 A549의 apoptosis 유발에 미치는 삼기보배탕의 영향)

  • Heo, Man-Kyu;Heo, Tae-Yool;Kim, Ki-Tak;Byun, Mi-Kwon;Kim, Jin-Young;Sim, Sung-Heum;Kim, Koang-Lock;Kam, Cheol-Woo;Park, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.473-491
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the antiproliferative activity of the water extract of Samgibopae-tang (SGBPT) in NCI-H460 and A549 non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines Methods : In this study, we measured the subsistence, form of NCI-H460 and A549 non-small-cell lung cancer cell by hemocytometer and DAPI staining. In each cell, we analyzed DNA fragmentation. reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and measured activity of caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9. Results and Conclusions : We found that exposure of A549 cells to SGBPT resulted in growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. butSGBPT did not affect the growth of NCI-H460 cells. The antiproliferative effect by SGBPT treatment in A549 cells was associated with morphological changes. SGBPT treatment partially induced the expression of DR5 cells and the expression of Faswas markedly increased in both transcriptional and translational levels in A549 cells. SGBPT treatment partially induced the expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-XL and the expression of Bid was markedly decreased in translational levels in A549 cells. However, SGBPT treatment did not affect the expression of IAP family in A549 orNCI-H460 cells. SGBPT treatment partially induced the expression of caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9 activity which markedly increased in a dose-dependent manners in A549 cells. The fragmental development of PARP and ${\beta}$-catenin protein was observed in A549 cells by SGBPT treatment. SGBPT treatment induced the expression of PLC-${\gamma}1$ protein which decreased in A549 cells. SGBPT treatment partially induced the expression of DFF45/ICAD which markedly increased in a dose-dependent manner in A549 cells. Taken together. these findings suggested that SGBPT-induced inhibition of human lung carcinoma did not affect NCI-H460 cell growth. However, SGBPT-induced inhibition of human lung carcinoma A549 cell growth was associated with the induction of death receptor and mitochondrial pathway. The results provided important new insights into the possible molecular mechanisms of the anti-cancer activity of SGBPT.

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A Novel All-trans Retinoid Acid Derivative N-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-Retinamide Inhibits Lung Adenocarcinoma A549 Cell Migration through Down-regulating Expression of Myosin Light Chain Kinase

  • Fan, Ting-Ting;Cheng, Ying;Wang, Yin-Feng;Gui, Shu-Yu;Chen, Fei-Hu;Zhou, Qing;Wang, Yuan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7687-7692
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    • 2014
  • Aim: To observe the effects of a novel all-trans retinoid acid (ATRA) derivative, N-(3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-retinamide (ATPR), on lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and to explore the potential mechanism of ATPR inhibiting of A549 cell migration. Materials and Methods: The cytotoxicity of ATRA and ATPR on A549 cells was assessed using MTT assay. Wound healing assays were used to analyze the influences of ATRA, ATPR, ML-7 (a highly selective inhibitor of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK)), PMA (an activator of MAPKs) and PD98059 (a selective inhibitor of ERK1/2) on the migration of A549 cells. Expression of MLCK and phosphorylation of myosin light chain (MLC) were assessed by Western blotting. Results: ATRA and ATPR inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and the effect of ATPR was much more remarkable compared with ATRA. Relative migration rate and migration distance of A549 cells both decreased significantly after treatment with ATPR or ML-7. The effect on cell migration of PD98059 combining ATPR treatment was more notable than that of ATPR alone. Moreover, compared with control groups, the expression levels of MLCK and phosphorylated MLC in A549 cells were both clearly reduced in ATRA and ATPR groups. Conclusions: ATPR could suppress the migration and invasion of A549 cells, and the mechanism might be concerned with down-regulating the expression of MLCK in the ERK-MAPK signaling pathway, pointing to therapeutic prospects in lung cancer.

Pemetrexed Induces G1 Phase Arrest and Apoptosis through Inhibiting Akt Activation in Human Non Small Lung Cancer Cell Line A549

  • Wu, Dong-Ming;Zhang, Peng;Xu, Guang-Chao;Tong, Ai-Ping;Zhou, Cong;Lang, Jin-Yi;Wang, Chun-Ting
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1507-1513
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    • 2015
  • Pemetrexed is an antifolate agent which has been used for treating malignant pleural mesothelioma and non small lung cancer in the clinic as a chemotherapeutic agent. In this study, pemetrexed inhibited cell growth and induced G1 phase arrest in the A549 cell line. To explore the molecular mechanisms of pemetrexed involved in cell growth, we used a two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-DE) proteomics approach to analyze proteins changed in A549 cells treated with pemetrexed. As a result, twenty differentially expressed proteins were identified by ESI-Q-TOF MS/MS analysis in A549 cells incubated with pemetrexed compared with non-treated A549 cells. Three key proteins (GAPDH, HSPB1 and EIF4E) changed in pemetrexed treated A549 cells were validated by Western blotting. Accumulation of GAPDH and decrease of HSPB1 and EIF4E which induce apoptosis through inhibiting phosphorylation of Akt were noted. Expression of p-Akt in A549 cells treated with pemetrexed was reduced. Thus, pemetrexed induced apoptosis in A549 cells through inhibiting the Akt pathway.

Toll-like Receptor 5 Agonist Inhibition of Growth of A549 Lung Cancer Cells in Vivo in a Myd88 Dependent Manner

  • Zhou, Shi-Xiang;Li, Feng-Sheng;Qiao, Yu-Lei;Zhang, Xue-Qing;Wang, Zhi-Dong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2807-2812
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) agonist, CBLB502, on the growth and radiosensitivity of A549 lung cancer cells in vivo. Expression of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) or TLR5 was stably knocked down in human lung cancer cells (A549) using lentivirus expressing short hairpin RNA targeting human MyD88 or TLR5. Lack of MyD88 or TLR5 expression enhanced tumor growth in mouse xenografts of A549 lung cancer cells. CBLB502 inhibited the growth of A549 lung cancer cells, not A549-MyD88-KD cells in vivo in the murine xenograft model. Our results showed that the inhibition of A549 by CBLB502 in vivo was realized through regulating the expression of neutrophil recruiting cytokines and neutrophil infiltration. Finally, we found that activation of TLR5 signaling did not affect the radiosensitivity of tumors in vivo.

Croton Tiglium Extract Induces Apoptosis via Bax/Bcl-2 Pathways in Human Lung Cancer A549 Cells

  • Li, Changyou;Wu, Xiao;Sun, Rongli;Zhao, Peng;Liu, Fengjuan;Zhang, Chunling
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.4893-4898
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    • 2016
  • Objective: To investigate the impact of a Croton tiglium extract on cellular proliferation and apoptosis in a non-small cell lung cancer cell line (A549) in vitro. Methods: A Croton tiglium seed methanol extract was prepare and assessed for effects on A549 cells regarding cellular proliferation, apoptotic rates, and expression of apoptosis related genes and proteins using real-time PCR and immunofluorescence. Results: The tested Croton tiglium extract inhibited A549 cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner, with significant elevation of apoptotic indexes at various concentrations after 24 h. In addition, rates in both early and late stages were higher in treated than untreated groups, the $100{\mu}g/ml$ dose causing the highest levels of apoptosis. RT-PCR showed that A549 cells treated with $100{\mu}g/ml$ Croton tiglium extract for 24 h has markedly higher Bax mRNA expression levels and obviously lower Bcl-2 expression levels than controls, equivalent results being observed for proteins by immunofluorescence. However, the mRNA expression levels of Fas and caspase-8 were not significantly altered. Conclusion: A Croton tiglium extract can inhibit proliferation of A549 cells and promote apoptosis though Bax/Bcl-2 pathways.

Expression Profile of Inflammatory Genes in Human Airway Epithelial A549 Cells

  • Sohn, Sung-Hwa;Ko, Eun-Jung;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Yang-Seok;Shin, Min-Kyu;Hong, Moo-Chang;Bae, Hyun-Su
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the inflammation mechanisms of tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-$1{\beta}$-induced stimulation of A549 human epithelial cells. In the present study, A549 cells were stimulated with TNF-$\alpha$, IL-4 and IL-$1{\beta}$ to induce expression of chemokines and adhesion molecules involved in eosinophil chemotaxis. The effects of TNF-$\alpha$, IL-4 and IL-$1{\beta}$ on gene expression profiles in A549 cells were evaluated by oligonucleotide microarray and Real time RT-PCR. The gene expression profiles for the A549 cells varied depending on the cytokines. Also, the results of the microarray and Real time RT-PCR revealed that inflammatory-related genes were up-regulated in cytokine stimulated A549 cells. Cytokines can affect inflammation in A549 cells. A microarray-based genomic survey is a high-throughput approach that enables evaluation of gene expression in cytokine stimulated cell lines.

The Mechanism of Interferon-$\gamma$ Induced Cytotoxicity on the Lung Cancer Cell Line, A549 (인터페론감마에 의한 A549 폐암세포주 세포독성의 기전)

  • Oh, Yeon-Mok;Yoo, Chul-Gyu;Chung, Hee-Soon;Kim, Young-Whan;Han, Sung-Koo;Shim, Young-Soo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 1996
  • Background: Interferon-$\gamma$ has various biologic effects, including antiviral effect, antitumor proliferative effect, activation of macrophage and B lymphocyte, and increased expression of major histocompatibility complex. Especially, antitumor proliferative effect of interferon-$\gamma$ has already been proved to be important in vivo as well as in vitro. And, clinical studies of interferon-$\gamma$ have been tried in lung cancer patients. However, the mechanism of antitumor effect of interferon-$\gamma$ has not yet been established despite of many hypotheses. "Necrosis" is a type of cell death which is well known to occur in the circumstances of severe stresses. In contrast, "apoptosis" is another type of cell death which occurs in such biological circumstances as embryonic development, regression of organs, and self-tolerance of lymphocytes. And, apoptosis is an active process of cell death in which cells are dying with fragmentations of their cytoplasms and nuclei. And, in the process of apoptosis the DNAs of cells are cleaved between nucleosomes by unidentified endonuclease and therefore DNAs of apoptotic cells result in a typical electrophoresis pattern known as DNA ladder pattern. Recently it has been suggested that cytotoxic effect of interferon-$\gamma$ occurs via apoptosis. To elucidate the mechanism of antitumor cytotoxic effect of interferon-$\gamma$, we microscopically observed a lung cancer cell line, A549 which was treated with interferon-$\gamma$. We observed A545 treated with interferon-$\gamma$ was dying fragmented. And so, we performed this study to find out that the mechanism of antitumor cytotoxic effect of interferon-$\gamma$ be apoptosis. Method: We treated A549, human lung cancer cell line with various concentration of interferon-$\gamma$ and quantified its cytotoxic effect of various periods, 24 hours, 72 hours and, 120 hours by MTT(dimethylthiazolyl diphenyltetrazolium bromide) bioassay. Also, after we treated A549 with 100 units/mi of interferon-$\gamma$ for 120 hours, we observed the pattern of cell death with inverted microscope and we extracted DNAs from the dead A549 cells and observed the pattern of 1.5% agarose gel electrophoresis with ethidium bromide staining. Result: 1) Cytotoxic effect of interferon-$\gamma$ on A549: For the first 24 hours, threre was little cytotoxic effect and for between 24 hours and 72 hours, there was the beginning of cytotoxic effect and for 120 hours there was increased cytotoxic effect. 2) Pattern of A549 cell death by interferon-$\gamma$: We observed with inverted microscope that A549 cells were dying fragmented. 3) DNA ladder pattern of gel electrophoresis: We observed DNA ladder pattern of gel electrophoresis of extracted DNAs from dead A549 cells. Conclusion: We concluded that the mechanism of interferon-$\gamma$induced cytotoxicity on lung cancer cell line, A549 be via apoptosis.

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Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities of Euonymus porphyreus Extract in Human Lung Cancer Cells A549 (인체 폐암 세포주 A549에서 Euonymus porphyreus 추출물의 항산화 및 항암활성 분석)

  • Jin, Soojung;Oh, You Na;Son, Yu Ri;Bae, Soobin;Park, Jung-ha;Kim, Byung Woo;Kwon, Hyun Ju
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.199-208
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    • 2021
  • Euonymus porphyreus, a species of plant in the Celastraceae family, is widely distributed in East Asia, especially in Southern China. The botanical characteristics of E. porphyreus have been reported, but its antioxidative and anticancer activities remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidative and anticancer effects of ethanol extracts of E. porphyreus (EEEP) and the molecular mechanism of its anticancer activity in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. The total polyphenol and flavonoid compound contents from EEEP were 115.42 mg/g and 23.07 mg/g, respectively. EEEP showed significant antioxidative effects with a concentration at 50% of the inhibition (IC50) value of 11.09 ㎍/ml, as measured by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging assay. EEEP showed cytotoxic activity by increasing the SubG1 cell population of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Apoptosis in A549 cells treated with EEEP was evident due to increased apoptotic cells and apoptotic bodies, as detected by Annexin V and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining, respectively. EEEP-induced apoptosis resulted in increased expression of the First apoptosis signal (Fas), p53, and Bax, with decreased expression of Bcl-2 and subsequent activation of caspase-8, -9, and caspase-3, leading to cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Collectively, these results suggest that EEEP may exert an anticancer effect by inducing apoptosis in A549 cells through both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways.