• Title, Summary, Keyword: 3T3-L1 adipocytes

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The Effects of Oryungsan-gagampang on Leptin Levels, Leptin Receptor Levels and Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Adipocyte (오차산감방이 3T3-L1 adipocyte의 leptin 및 leptin receptor 함량과 differentiation에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang Jung-Won;Choi Do-Young;Park Dong-Suk;Lee Jae-Dong
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.241-251
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: This experimental study was designed to investig:ue the effects of Oryungsan-gagampang on leptin and leptin receptor levels and differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocyte. Methods: After 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated with various concentrations of Oryungsan-gagampang and Reductil(r) for 7 days, leptin and leptin receptor levels in 3T3-Ll adipocytes were measured by ELISA. To elucidate the mechanism of inhibitory effects of Oryungsan-gagampang on obesity, the 3T3-L1 adipocytes after oil red 0 staining were taken by digital photo system. Results: 1. Oryungsan-gagampang $1,000{\mu}g/ml$ significantly increased leptin levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in comparison with the control group (p<0.05), and Oryungsan-gagampang 0.1 10, $1,000{\mu}g/ml$ significantly increased leptin receptor levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in comparison with the control group (p<0.05). 2. Oryungsan-gagampang inhibited of differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conclusions: Oryungsan-gagampang showed significant effects on inhibiting differentiation of 3T3-Ll adipocytes, and increasing leptin levels and leptin receptor levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Therefore, Oryungsan-gagampang could be used to treat obesity, but further studies are required.

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Carnosic acid inhibits TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in LPS-stimulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes

  • Park, Mi-Young;Mun, Seong Taek
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.516-520
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Carnosic acid (CA), found in rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis) leaves, is known to exhibit anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory activities. However, whether its anti-inflammatory potency can contribute to the amelioration of obesity has not been elucidated. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of CA on Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) pathways in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. MATERIALS/METHODS: 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with CA ($0-20{\mu}M$) for 1 h, followed by treatment with LPS for 30 min; mRNA expression of adipokines and protein expression of TLR4-related molecules were then measured. RESULTS: LPS-stimulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes showed elevated mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$, interleukin-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and CA significantly inhibited the expression of these adipokine genes. LPS-induced up regulation of TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor 88, TNF receptor-associated factor 6, and nuclear factor-${\kappa}B$, as well as phosphorylated extracellular receptor-activated kinase were also suppressed by pre-treatment of 3T3-L1 adipocytes with CA. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study suggest that CA directly inhibits TLR4-MyD88-dependent signaling pathways and decreases the inflammatory response in adipocytes.

The Effects of Polymannuronates on Leptin in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (3T3-L1 지방세포 내의 Leptin에 미치는 Polymannuronates의 영향)

  • KIM In-Hye;NAM Teak-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.372-379
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    • 2004
  • This study evaluated polymanuronates on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Polymannuronates increased glucose utilization and reduced the accumulation of triglycerides in the cells. The differentiation showed the same results as Oil red O staining. Also, the polymannuronates inhibited GPDH activity as a result of the restrained adipogenesis promotion process in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The addition of the differentiation promotion factor to 3T3-L1 promoted the differentiation of adipocytes and increased the expression of the leptin level. However the addition of polymannuronates inhibited differentiation of adipocytes and the leptin secretion level in cells by checking the leptin protein level in the culture media. As well as this, it also inhibited the transcriptional mechanism and leptin mRNA expression. These results suggest that the addition of polymannuronates improves the physiological function of 3T3-L1 cells by reducing the accumulation of triglyceride and GPDH activity, and the repressing expression of leptin at a molecular level.

Effects of Portulaca Oleracea L. Extract on Lipolysis and Hormone Sensitive Lipase (HSL) Gene Expression in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (마치현 추출물이 3T3-L1 지방세포에서 지방 분해 및 Hormone Sensitive Lipase (HSL) 유전자 발현에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Mak-Soon;Kim, Chong-Tai;Kim, Chul-Jin;Cho, Young-Jin;Kim, Yang-Ha
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.742-747
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to investigate the lipolytic effects of Portulaca oleracea L. extract in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The Portulaca oleracea L. was extracted with extrusion method using twin-screw extruder under $58{\sim}60rpm$ screw speed, $4{\sim}5kg/hr$ feed rate, $140^{\circ}C$ extrusion temperature. The lipolytic action of Portulaca oleracea L. extract was estimated by measuring the amount of glycerol and free fatty acids (FFA) released from 3T3-L1 adipocytes and by measuring the cellular lipid content in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) mRNA level was analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR. The Portulaca oleracea L. extract at 1 to $100{\mu}g/ml$ suppressed lipid accumulation. The release of glycerol and FFA into the medium, and the mRNA level of HSL were significantly increased by the addition of Portulaca oleracea L. extract at dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, the Portulaca oleracea L. extract was suggested to have the lipolytic effect through release of lipolytic products (FFA and glycerol) of triacylglyceride to the culture medium and suppression of lipid accumulation via up-regulation of HSL gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

Synergistic Anti-adipogenic Effects of Resveratrol and Epigallocatechin Gallate in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (3T3-L1 세포에서 Resveratrol과 Epigallocatechin Gallate(EGCG)의 지방세포 분화 억제에 미치는 시너지 효과)

  • Kim, Yunjung;Kwak, Ho-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.855-862
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    • 2012
  • Resveratrol (RVT) and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) individually inhibit adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The objective was to examine the possibility of interaction between RVT and EGCG, resulting in enhanced inhibition of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Preadipocytes were treated with RVT and EGCG individually at 6.25 or $25{\mu}M$ (RVT6.25 or RVT25) and 12.5 or $50{\mu}M$ (EGCG12.5 or EGCG50) and in combination (RVT6.25 + EGCG12.5 and RVT25 + EGCG50). RVT25 as an individual compound decreased lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by 24%, and RVT25 + EGCG50 further decreased lipid accumulation by 77%. In addition, exposure of 3T3-L1 adipocytes to RVT6.25 + EGCG12.5 and RVT25 + EGCG50 combinations resulted in an enhanced increase of adiponectin release and inhibition of leptin release. Quantitative analysis revealed that the combination of tested materials (RVT6.25 + EGCG12.5 and RVT25 + EGCG50) decreased the expression levels of C/EBP${\alpha}$, PPAR${\gamma}2$, and aP2. These results indicate that the combined treatments with RVT and EGCG produce synergistic effects on inhibiting adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The overall results suggested that the combining RVT and EGCG might be more capable of exerting antiobesity effects than each individual compound by itself.

Pear pomace water extract inhibits adipogenesis and induces apoptosis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

  • Rhyu, Jin;Kim, Min Sook;You, Mi-Kyoung;Bang, Mi-Ae;Kim, Hyeon-A
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2014
  • Obesity occurs when a person's calorie intake exceeds the amount of energy burns, which may lead to pathologic growth of adipocytes and the accumulation of fat in the tissues. In this study, the effect and mechanism of pear pomace extracts on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation and apoptosis of mature adipocytes were investigated. The effects of pear pomace extract on cell viability and the anti-adipogenic and proapoptotic effects were investigated via MTT assay, Oil red O staining, western blot analysis and apoptosis assay. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were stimulated with DMEM containing 10% FBS, 0.5 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), $5{\mu}g/ml$ insulin and $1{\mu}M$ dexamethasone for differentiation to adipocytes. 3T3-L1 cells were cultured with PBS or water extract of pear pomace. Water extract of pear pomace effectively inhibited lipid accumulations and expressions of PPAR-${\gamma}$ and $C/EBP{\alpha}$ in 3T3-L1 cells. It also increased expression of p-AMPK and decreased the expression of SREBP-1c and FAS in 3T3-L1 cells. The induction of apoptosis was observed in 3T3-L1 cells treated with pear pomace. These results indicate that pear pomace water extract inhibits adipogenesis and induces apoptosis of adipocytes and thus can be used as a potential therapeutic substance as part of prevention or treatment strategy for obesity.

Anti-adipogenic Effect of Chlorogenic Acid in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Park, Se-Eun;Choi, Jun-Hui;Lee, Hyo-Jeong;Seo, Kyoungsun;Kim, Seung
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.80-80
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    • 2018
  • Chlorogenic acid is a phenolic compound found in Cudrania tricuspidata fruits. In the present study, the effect of chlorogenic acid on the inhibition of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was investigated. Cells were stained with Oil red O reagent to detect lipid droplets in adipocytes. The 3T3-L1 cells were lysed and measured for intracellular triglyceride and adipokine by ELISA kit. The protein expression of adipogenesis-related gene was evaluated by Western blot analysis. Chlorogenic suppressed lipid droplet and intracellular triglyceride accumulation in a concentration manner and also decreased secretion of adipokines such as leptin and adiponectin, compared with fully differentiated adipocytes. Treatment of 3T3-L1 cells with chlorogenic acid reduced the protein levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) and, CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins alpha ($C/EBP{\alpha}$). This indicates that chlrogenic acid was effective as an anti-obesity agent by repressing the differentiation of 3T3-L1 into adipocytes and inhibiting triglyceridef formation in adipocyte and that it exerts its role mainly through the significant down-regulation of $PPAR{\gamma}$ and $C/EBP{\alpha}$.

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Anti-Obesity Effect of Garlic-added Kochujang in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Kong, Chang-Suk;Park, Kun-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2008
  • In order to develop a functionally improved kochujang with antiobesity effects, garlic-added kochujang was prepared with freeze-dried garlic powder and followed by fermentation for 60 days at $30^{\circ}C$. Antiobesity effect of the garlic-added kochujang was investigated by measuring the leptin secretions and mRNA expression levels of obesity-related gene such as TNF${\alpha}$, PPAR${\gamma}$, C/EBP${\alpha}$, and SREBP1c, in cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Fermentation of garlic-added kochujang led to decreased levels of leptin secretions and reduced the mRNA expression levels of TNF${\alpha}$, PPAR${\gamma}$, C/EBP${\alpha}$, and SREBP1c in the 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Accordingly, these results suggest that the addition of garlic to kochujang has a potential as a valuable functional food for controlling obesity.

TR4 Inhibits LXR-mediated Decrease of Lipid Accumulation in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Choi, Ho-Jung;Kim, Eung-Seok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.398-404
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    • 2011
  • TR4 has been suggested to play an important role in lipid metabolism in adipocytes. Although TR4 facilitates lipid accumulation during adipogenesis, the regulatory effect of TR4 on lipid storage in mature adipocytes remains unclear. We showed that TR4 inhibited the LXR agonist GW3965-mediated decrease of lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. A reporter gene analysis revealed that TR4 suppressed LXR${\alpha}$ transcriptional activity, although LXR${\alpha}$ was unable to affect TR4 transcriptional activity. Moreover, adding TR4 resulted in reduced LXR${\alpha}$ binding to the LXR responsive element in a gel shift assay. Additionally, the suppressive effect of GW3965 on perilipin expression and lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was abolished by TR4 overexpression. Taken together, our data demonstrate that TR4 plays an inhibitory role in LXR${\alpha}$-mediated suppression of lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This TR4 protective effect is mediated, in part, y blocking the suppressive effect of GW3965 on perilipin gene expression.

Conjugated Linoleic Acid Negatively Regulates TR4 Activity in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes

  • Choi, Ho-Jung;Kim, Eung-Seok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.381-388
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    • 2011
  • Dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) play key roles in lipid metabolism. Here, we investigated the effect of CLA on the transcriptional activity of TR4, an orphan nuclear receptor that plays an important role in lipid homeostasis. CLA increased TR4 gene mRNA level in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, but inhibited TR4 transcriptional activity in a dose-dependent manner. TR4 induced perilipin expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by activating perilipin promoter activity. In a gel shift assay, TR4 bound direct to the putative TR4 response element in the perilipin promoter. Interestingly, CLA reduced the interaction between TR4 and consensus DR1, a well-known TR4 binding site. Additionally, CLA inhibited TR4-induced perilipin promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. Together, our results suggest that CLA may play a role in lipid homeostasis in adipocytes by functionally regulating TR4.