• Title, Summary, Keyword: 3T3-L1 Cells

Search Result 834, Processing Time 0.053 seconds

Inhibitory Effect of Dihydroartemisinin, An Active Ingredient of Artemisia annua, on Lipid Accumulation in Differentiating 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes

  • Jang, Byeong-Churl
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2020
  • Objectives: Artemisinin and its derivatives extracted from Artemisia annua, a Chinese herbal medicine, have variable biological effects due to structural differences. Up to date, the anti-obesity effect of dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative of artemisinin, is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-adipogenic and lipolytic effects of DHA on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Methods: Oil Red O staining and AdipoRed assay were used to measure lipid accumulation and triglyceride (TG) content in 3T3-L1 cells, respectively. Cell count analysis was used to determine the cytotoxicity of 3T3-L1 cells. Western blot and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses were used to analyze the expression of protein and mRNA in 3T3-L1 cells, respectively. Results: DHA at 5 μM markedly inhibited lipid accumulation and reduced TG content in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells with no cytotoxicity. Furthermore, DHA at 5 μM inhibited the expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-α (C/EBP-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and perilipin A as well as the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. Moreover, while DHA at 5 μM had no effect on the mRNA expression of adiponectin, it strongly suppressed that of leptin in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. However, DHA at 5 μM had no lipolytic effect on differentiated 3T3-L1 cells, as assessed by no enhancement of glycerol release. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that DHA at 5 μM has a strong anti-adipogenic effect on differentiating 3T3-L1 cells through the reduced expression and phosphorylation of C/EBP-α, PPAR-γ, FAS, perilipin A, and STAT-3.

Effects of Diglyceride-Conjugated Linoleic Acid on Proliferation and Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Cells

  • Jeong, Jae-Hwang;Lee, Sang-Hwa;Hue, Jin-Joo;Lee, Yea-Eun;Lee, Young-Ho;Hong, Soon-Ki;Jeong, Seong-Woon;Nam, Sang-Yoon;Yun, Young-Won;Lee, Beom-Jun
    • Toxicological Research
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.223-229
    • /
    • 2007
  • Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been recently reported to have an anti-obesity effect in animals and humans. The objective of this study was to investigate effects of diglyceride (DG)-CLA on proliferation and differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Cell proliferation was determined using WST-8 analysis and cell differentiation was determined by glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity. Lipid accumulation in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells was determined by Oil red O staining. There were four experimental groups including vehicle control (DMSO), CLA, triglyceride (TG)-CLA, and DG-CLA. Treatments of CLA, TG-CLA, and DG-CLA at the concentrations of $10{\sim}1000{\mu}g/ml$ reduced proliferation of preconfluent 3T3-L1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Among them CLA was the most effective in the proliferation inhibition of preconfluent 3T3-L1 cells with increasing concentrations. Treatments of CLA and DG-CLA at the concentration of $100{\mu}g/ml$ significantly inhibited differentiation of postconfluent 3T3-L1 cells as measured by GPOH activity (p<0.05). In addition, treatments of CLA, TG-CLA, and DG-CLA effectively inhibited lipid accumulation during differentiation of 3T3-L 1 cells. OG-CLA had the most inhibitory effect on the differentiation and lipid accumulation. These results suggest that the compounds including CLA have a respectable anti-obesity effect and that consumption of DG-CLA as a dietary oil may give a benefit for controlling overweight in humans.

The Effects of α-Lipoic Acid in Adilution Solvents, Dose- and Time-dependent Manner on Cell Growth Blocking in 3T3-L1 (α-Lipoic acid의 희석용매, 처리농도, 처리시간에 따른 3T3-L1 지방세포 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Eunyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.33 no.5
    • /
    • pp.464-471
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid in diluted solvents on cell growth in 3T3-L1 cells according to the treated concentration and times. Methods: Adipocyte 3T3-L1 cell were cultured. Confluent cells underwent starvation with SFM for 1 day and then were cultured in a medium containing various concentrations 0, 100, 200, and $400{\mu}mol/L$ of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid. The cell viability was measured using the EZ Cytox assay kit. In addition, the effect of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid of diluted solvents on the cell growth in 3T3-L1cells was examined according to the treated concentration and times. Results: The ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol inhibited cell proliferation in a dose and time dependent manner. The ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol induced adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells proliferation with an adipocyte inducer. In addition, ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid inhibited adipocyte 3T3-L1 growth in a dose and time dependent manner (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that a treatment with ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol inhibits cell growth of, adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells induced with an adipocyte inducer, ($200{\mu}mol/L$ of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid) treated for 48 hr.

The Effects of Alginic Acid on 3T3-L1 Cell's Differentiation (알긴산이 3T3-L1세포의 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • HWANG Hye-Jung;PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;NAM Teak-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.541-545
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study examines the effects of alginic acid, a source of dietary fiber, in a glucose-derived media. In particular, we examined how the presence or absence of alginic acid affected the differentiation and triglyceride densities of 3T3-L1 cells. We established that the addition of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGE-I) to 3T3-L1 cells results in acceleration of differentiation. We sought to determine the role of alginic acid in the production of fat by adding alginic acid to 3T3-L1 cells and examining its ability to limit or potentiate this stimulatory effects of IGE-I and IGF binding proteins. We have determined that alginic acid restricts 3T3-L1 cell differentiation and the creation of triglycerides, effectively attenuating 3T3-L1 cell metablolism and growth.

  • PDF

Effects of Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. Gongylodes) on Proliferation and Differentiation of Pig Preadipocytes and 3T3-L1 Cells (콜라비가 돼지 지방전구세포와 3T3-L1 cell의 증식과 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Mi-Yeon;Lee, Jae-Joon;Cha, Seon-Sook;Chung, Chung-Soo
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.55 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-23
    • /
    • 2013
  • The current study was carried out to determine the effects of Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes) on proliferation and differentiation of pig preadipocytes and $_3T_3-L_1$ cells. Pig preadipocytes were isolated from the backfat of the new-born pigs. Twenty-four hours after seeding, the cells were washed with DMEM/F-12 (designated day 0). To measure the cell proliferation, the cells were treated with 25 ng/ml and 100 ng/ml ethanol extracts of Kohlrabi (peel and flesh) for two days (day 0 ~ 2). To measure differentiation, the cells were treated with Kohlrabi for two days (day 0 ~ 2) and cell differentiation was measured on day 6. Twenty-five ng/ml and 100 ng/ml of Kohlrabi peel decreased proliferation of pig preadipocytes by 4.59% and 17.7%, respectively, compared with the control and Kohlrabi flesh by 11.4% and 19.2%, respectively. However, Kohlrabi did not inhibit cell differentiation. To measure the effects of Kohlrabi on proliferation and differentiation of $_3T_3-L_1$ cells, the cells were treated with Kohlrabi for two days in culture, like pig preadipocytes. Kohlrabi (both peel and flesh) did not show any effects on cell proliferation and differentiation. In summary, the results of the current study showed that Kohlrabi decreased proliferation of pig preadipocytes, but no inhibitory effects on differentiation of the cells. Kohlrabi had no effects on proliferation and differentiation of $_3T_3-L_1$ cells.

Effects of Tanshinone IIA from Salvia Miltiorrhiza Bunge on Induction of Apoptosis and Inhibition of Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Cells (단삼 유래 Tanshinone IIA가 3T3-L1 세포의 아포토시스 유도와 지방형성 억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Seung-Il;Lee, Jong-Woo;Jang, Seon-Il
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.23 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1409-1415
    • /
    • 2009
  • Obesity is especially a serious health problem in industrialized countries, because it is considered to be a risk factor associated with the genesis or development of various metabolic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of tanshinone IIA from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge on induction of apoptossis and inhibition of adipogenesis in in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and adipocytes. The results demonstrated that tanshinone IIA decreased cell population growth of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, assessed with the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) assay. Flow cytometric analysis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes exposed to tanshinone IIA showed that apoptotic cells increased in a timeand dose-dependent manner. Treatment with tanshinone IIA decreased the number of normal cells and increased the number of apoptotic cells in a dose-dependent manner. The induction of apoptosis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by tanshinone IIA was mediated through the activation of caspase-3 and Bax, and then through the cleavage of PARP and the down-regulation of Bcl-2. Moreover, tanshinone IIA significantly decreased the amount of intracellular triglycerides and GPDH (glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Our results suggest that tanshinone IIA efficiently induces apoptosis and inhibits adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and adipocytes.

Chitinase 3-like-1, a novel regulator of Th1/CTL responses, as a therapeutic target for increasing anti-tumor immunity

  • Kim, Do-Hyun;Choi, Je-Min
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.51 no.5
    • /
    • pp.207-208
    • /
    • 2018
  • Chitinase-Like Proteins (CLPs) are an evolutionarily conserved protein which lose their enzymatic activity for degrading chitin macromolecules. Chitinase-3-like-1 (Chi3l1) is a type of CLP that is highly expressed in epithelial cells, macrophages, etc., and is known to have correlations with type 2 inflammation and cancer. Although the increased level of Chi3l1 in the blood was reported in various disease patients, the function of Chi3l1 in adaptive immunity has been totally unknown. Recently, we found that Chi3l1 is expressed in T cells and has a negative regulatory role in T-cell activation and proliferation. A genetic ablation study of Chi3l1 in T cells showed hyperresponsiveness to TcR stimulation, which increased proliferation and Th1 differentiation. A significant increase of $IFN{\gamma}$ signaling in Chi3l1-deficient T cells synergistically increased Th1 and CTL functions against melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo. In addition, targeted knockdown by Chi3l1 siRNA complexed with the cell-penetrating peptide dNP2, which showed decreased pulmonary melanoma metastasis with increased infiltration of Th1 and CTL in the lung. This study first suggests that Chi3l1 is a novel regulator of Th1/CTL responses and could be a target for treating cancer to increase tumor immunity.

Effects of Kuseonwangdogo on the Proliferation of Preadipocyte 3T3-L1 Cells, the Anti-Complementary and the Cytotoxic Effects (구선왕도고가 전지방세포(前脂肪細胞) 3T3-L1의 증식(增殖), 항보체활성(抗補體活性) 및 세포독성(細胞毒性)에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Young-Heu;Kim, Ho-Kyoung;Ko, Byoung-Seob;Ju, Young-Sung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.105-114
    • /
    • 1999
  • To investigate the anti-complementary and cytotoxic effects of oriental prescription, Kuseonwangdogo, on the proliferation of preadipocyte 3T3- L1 cells, we examined biological effects of Kuseonwangdogo. The results obtained were as follows. 1. After 14 days, the body weight of rats treated with Kuseonwangdogo decreased more than that in the control group (p<0.05). However, the weights of liver, spleen and kidney were unchanged. In serum biochemical test, we examined the level of glucose (GLU) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT). The levels of GOT and CHOL in serum were decreased remarkably by the administration of Kuseonwangdogo (p<0.05). The haematological examination of the tested group showed significant increment of white blood cells (WBC), hemoglobin concentration (HGB), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and monocyte (MO). 2. The effect of Kuseonwangdogo on the proliferation of 3T3-L1 cells was tested by the sulforhodamin B(SRB) assay. The high concentration ($100{\mu}l\;and\;200{\mu}l$) of extracts inhibited the proliferation of 3T3- L1 cells. The p-value was <0.01, respectively. 3. The extract of Kuseonwangdogo showed a potent anti -complementary activity. It was suggested that the active principle may be a kind of polysaccharide molecule. 4. The cytotoxic effects of Kuseonwang dogo and its composing herbs in human liver cells (WRL68) and monkey kidney cells (Vero) were examined by the SRB and 3- (4,5- Dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5 diphenyl-2H- tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cytotoxic effects were not observed.

  • PDF

Pear pomace water extract inhibits adipogenesis and induces apoptosis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

  • Rhyu, Jin;Kim, Min Sook;You, Mi-Kyoung;Bang, Mi-Ae;Kim, Hyeon-A
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-39
    • /
    • 2014
  • Obesity occurs when a person's calorie intake exceeds the amount of energy burns, which may lead to pathologic growth of adipocytes and the accumulation of fat in the tissues. In this study, the effect and mechanism of pear pomace extracts on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation and apoptosis of mature adipocytes were investigated. The effects of pear pomace extract on cell viability and the anti-adipogenic and proapoptotic effects were investigated via MTT assay, Oil red O staining, western blot analysis and apoptosis assay. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were stimulated with DMEM containing 10% FBS, 0.5 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), $5{\mu}g/ml$ insulin and $1{\mu}M$ dexamethasone for differentiation to adipocytes. 3T3-L1 cells were cultured with PBS or water extract of pear pomace. Water extract of pear pomace effectively inhibited lipid accumulations and expressions of PPAR-${\gamma}$ and $C/EBP{\alpha}$ in 3T3-L1 cells. It also increased expression of p-AMPK and decreased the expression of SREBP-1c and FAS in 3T3-L1 cells. The induction of apoptosis was observed in 3T3-L1 cells treated with pear pomace. These results indicate that pear pomace water extract inhibits adipogenesis and induces apoptosis of adipocytes and thus can be used as a potential therapeutic substance as part of prevention or treatment strategy for obesity.

The Study on anti-obesity of Myrrh ethanol extract (몰약(沒藥) 에탄올 추출물의 항비만에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Seon-Jae;Kim, Dong-Hee
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.11-18
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives : The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Myrrh 80% ethanol extract on adipocyte differentiation and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cell.Methods : Myrrh was prepared by extracting with 80% ethanol. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay using 3T3-L1 cells. Anti-obesity activity was measured in lipid droplets and triglyceride (TG) accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells. We also analyzed the expression of C/EBPβ, C/EBPα, PPARγ, SREBP1c, and aP2 by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, we observed the production of fatty acid, acetyl-CoA carboxylase and Oil-red O stainingResults : No cytotoxicity from Myrrh 80% ethanol extracts was observed at the concentration of 1, 10, 100 (㎍/㎖) in 3T3-L1 cells. Treatment with Myrrh significantly suppressed the terminal differentiation of 3T3-L1 in a dose-dependent manner, as confirmed by a decrease in triglyceride and Fatty acid and Acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Also, Myrrh exhibited potential adipogenesis inhibition and downregulated the expression of pro-adipogenic transcription factors, such as sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins α (C/EBPα) and C/EBPβ, and adipocyte expressed genes, such as adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (aP2) and Fas. In addition, lipid accumulation determined by Oil-red O staining showed that Myrrh extract had inhibitory effects on lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells.Conclusions : These results suggest that Myrrh suppresses obesity factors in 3T3-L1 cells. Myrrh may be a useful medical herbs for attenuating metabolic diseases such as obesity.