• Title/Summary/Keyword: 3T3-L1

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A Study on the Short Term Effect of Rossa rugosae Radix on Proliferation, Differentiation & Maturation of 3T3-L1 Preadipocyte (해당화근(海棠花根) 단기투여(短期投與)가 3T3-L1 전지방세포(前指肪細胞)의 증식(增殖), 분화(分化) 및 성숙(成熟)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Park, Jong-Hyo;Kim, Dong-Woo
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.86-96
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : This study wad designed to elucidate the short term effect of Rossa rugosae Radix on proliferation, differentiation and maturation of 3T3-L1 Preadipocyte. Methods : 3T3-L1 preadipocytes obtained from Korean Cell line Bank were cultured in a Dulbecco's modified eagle medium(DMED) culture colution containing 10% fetal bovine serum(FBS) and various concentration of aqueous extract of Rossa rugosae Radix on proliferation, differentiation and maturation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were investigate after treatment for 24 hours b measuring MTT, Oil Red O and latate dehydrogenase activity.. Results : The Rossa rugosae Radix extract inhibited significantly the proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and tended to increase latate dehydrogenase activity in the media of differentiated 3T3-L1 preadipocytes & matured 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. the extract also inhibit the lipid accumulation of differentiated and maturaion of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, suggesting that Rossa rugosae Radix has anti-obesity effect: however further in vivo study is needed to demonstrate its pharmacological effects.

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The Effects of Alginic Acid on 3T3-L1 Cell's Differentiation (알긴산이 3T3-L1세포의 분화에 미치는 영향)

  • HWANG Hye-Jung;PYEUN Jae-Hyeung;NAM Teak-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.541-545
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    • 2000
  • This study examines the effects of alginic acid, a source of dietary fiber, in a glucose-derived media. In particular, we examined how the presence or absence of alginic acid affected the differentiation and triglyceride densities of 3T3-L1 cells. We established that the addition of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGE-I) to 3T3-L1 cells results in acceleration of differentiation. We sought to determine the role of alginic acid in the production of fat by adding alginic acid to 3T3-L1 cells and examining its ability to limit or potentiate this stimulatory effects of IGE-I and IGF binding proteins. We have determined that alginic acid restricts 3T3-L1 cell differentiation and the creation of triglycerides, effectively attenuating 3T3-L1 cell metablolism and growth.

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Tanshinone I, an Active Ingredient of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Inhibits Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes and Lipid Accumulation in Zebrafish

  • Kwon, Hyo-Shin;Jang, Byeong-Churl
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.109-121
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: Tanshinone I is a bioactive constituent in Salvia miltiorrhiza. At present, the anti-obesity effect and mechanism of tanshinone I are not fully understood. Here we investigated the effect of tanshinone I on lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and zebrafish. Methods: Lipid accumulation and triglyceride (TG) content in 3T3-L1 cells were determined by Oil Red O staining and AdipoRed assay, respectively. The expression and phosphorylation levels of adipogenic/lipogenic proteins in 3T3-L1 cells were evaluated by Western blotting. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of adipogenic/lipogenic markers and leptin in 3T3-L1 cells were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Lipid accumulation in zebrafish was assessed by LipidGreen2 staining. Results: Tanshinone I at 5 μM largely blocked lipid accumulation and reduced TG content in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. Furthermore, tanshinone I decreased the expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-α (C/EBP-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), fatty acid synthase (FAS), acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), and perilipin A but also the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. In addition, tanshinone I increased the phosphorylation of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) while decreased the intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content with no change in the phosphorylation and expression of liver kinase-B1 in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. Importantly, tanshinone I also reduced the extent of lipid deposit formation in developing zebrafish. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that tanshinone I has strong anti-adipogenic effects on 3T3-L1 cells and reduces adiposity in zebrafish, and these anti-adipogenic effect in 3T3-L1 cells are mediated through control of C/EBP-α, PPAR-γ, STAT-3, FAS, ACC, perilipin A, and AMPK.

Inhibitory Effect of Dihydroartemisinin, An Active Ingredient of Artemisia annua, on Lipid Accumulation in Differentiating 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes

  • Jang, Byeong-Churl
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: Artemisinin and its derivatives extracted from Artemisia annua, a Chinese herbal medicine, have variable biological effects due to structural differences. Up to date, the anti-obesity effect of dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative of artemisinin, is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-adipogenic and lipolytic effects of DHA on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Methods: Oil Red O staining and AdipoRed assay were used to measure lipid accumulation and triglyceride (TG) content in 3T3-L1 cells, respectively. Cell count analysis was used to determine the cytotoxicity of 3T3-L1 cells. Western blot and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses were used to analyze the expression of protein and mRNA in 3T3-L1 cells, respectively. Results: DHA at 5 μM markedly inhibited lipid accumulation and reduced TG content in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells with no cytotoxicity. Furthermore, DHA at 5 μM inhibited the expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-α (C/EBP-α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and perilipin A as well as the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. Moreover, while DHA at 5 μM had no effect on the mRNA expression of adiponectin, it strongly suppressed that of leptin in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. However, DHA at 5 μM had no lipolytic effect on differentiated 3T3-L1 cells, as assessed by no enhancement of glycerol release. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that DHA at 5 μM has a strong anti-adipogenic effect on differentiating 3T3-L1 cells through the reduced expression and phosphorylation of C/EBP-α, PPAR-γ, FAS, perilipin A, and STAT-3.

Antioxidant and Anti-Adipogenic Activities of Bread Containing Corn Silk, Job's Tears, Lentinus edodes, and Apple Peel in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes (옥수수수염, 율무, 표고버섯 그리고 사과껍질을 함유한 빵의 항산화 및 3T3-L1 지방 전구세포 분화 억제 활성)

  • Lee, Chang Won;Park, Yong Il;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Lim, Heekyung;Chung, Mi Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.651-663
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    • 2016
  • Corn silk, Job's tears, Lentinus edodes, and apple peel 70% ethanol extracts (CS, JT, LE, and AP) were studied for their antioxidant activities. CS among all extracts showed the highest antioxidant activities based on total polyphenol and flavonoid contents, 2,2-diphenyl-${\beta}$-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) radical scavenging activity, and reducing power. Adipocyte differentiation was investigated by Oil Red O staining assay using CS, JT, LE, AP, and extract of developed bread containing corn silk, Job's tears, Lentinus edodes, and apple peel (DB) treated to 3T3-L1 adipocytes. DB1 and DB2 showed anti-adipogenic and antioxidant effects. Triglyceride (TG) accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells was measured, and among the samples tested (CS, JT, LE, and AP), CS was found to have the highest inhibitory activity against TG accumulation of differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes and regulated factors associated with adipogenesis. CS suppressed lipid droplet formation and adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. We examined the effects of CS on the levels of CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein ${\beta}(C/EBP{\beta})$, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor ${\gamma}(PPAR{\gamma})$, and adipocyte-specific lipid binding protein (aP2) mRNA as well as protein levels in 3T3-L1 cells treated with CS at various concentrations (0, 10, 50, and $100{\mu}g/mL$) during adipocyte differentiation and treatment with CS in 3T3-L1 adipocytes down-regulated expression of $PPAR{\gamma}$ and aP2 mRNA. CS also significantly inhibited up-regulation of $C/EBP{\beta}$, $PPAR{\gamma}$, and aP2 proteins during adipocyte differentiation. These data indicate that DBs have anti-adipogenic activity induced by CS in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, and CS exerts anti-adipogenic activity by inhibiting expression of $C/EBP{\beta}$, $PPAR{\gamma}$, and aP2 signaling pathway in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. JT, LE, and AP had no inhibitory effects on differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes but displayed strong antioxidant effects. These results suggest that the developed bread may be a health beneficial food that can prevent or treat obesity and diseases induced by oxidative stress.

Histone H3K4 Methyltransferase SET1A Stimulates the Adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes (히스톤 H3K4 메칠화효소 SET1A에 의한 지방세포 분화 촉진)

  • Kim, Seon Hoo;Jung, Myeong Ho
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1104-1110
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    • 2017
  • SET1A is a histone H3K4 methyltransferase that catalyzes di- and trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4). Mono-, di-, and trimethylations on H3K4 (H3K4me1, H3K4me2, and H3K4me3, respectively) are generally correlated with gene activation. Although H3K4 methylation is associated with the stimulation of adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, it remains unknown whether SET1A plays a role in the regulation of adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Here, we investigated whether SET1A regulates 3T3-L1 preadipocytes' adipogenesis and characterized the mechanism involved in this regulation. SET1A expression increased during 3T3-L1 preadipocytes' adipogenesis. Consistent with the increased SET1A expression, the global H3K4me3 level had also increased on day 2 after the induction of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. SET1A knockdown using siRNA in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes inhibited 3T3-L1 preadipocytes' adipogenesis, as assessed by Oil Red O staining and the expression of adipogenic genes, indicating that SET1A stimulates the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. SET1A knockdown inhibited the cell proliferation of 3T3-L1 cells during mitotic clonal expansion (MCE) via down-regulation of the cell cycle gene cyclin E1, as well as the DNA synthesis gene, dihydrofolate reductase. Furthermore, SET1A knockdown repressed peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) expression during the late stage of adipogenesis. These results indicate that SET1A stimulates MCE and $PPAR{\gamma}$ expression, which leads to the promotion of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes' adipogenesis.

The Effects of Oryungsan-gagampang on Leptin Levels, Leptin Receptor Levels and Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Adipocyte (오차산감방이 3T3-L1 adipocyte의 leptin 및 leptin receptor 함량과 differentiation에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang Jung-Won;Choi Do-Young;Park Dong-Suk;Lee Jae-Dong
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.241-251
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: This experimental study was designed to investig:ue the effects of Oryungsan-gagampang on leptin and leptin receptor levels and differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocyte. Methods: After 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated with various concentrations of Oryungsan-gagampang and Reductil(r) for 7 days, leptin and leptin receptor levels in 3T3-Ll adipocytes were measured by ELISA. To elucidate the mechanism of inhibitory effects of Oryungsan-gagampang on obesity, the 3T3-L1 adipocytes after oil red 0 staining were taken by digital photo system. Results: 1. Oryungsan-gagampang $1,000{\mu}g/ml$ significantly increased leptin levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in comparison with the control group (p<0.05), and Oryungsan-gagampang 0.1 10, $1,000{\mu}g/ml$ significantly increased leptin receptor levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in comparison with the control group (p<0.05). 2. Oryungsan-gagampang inhibited of differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conclusions: Oryungsan-gagampang showed significant effects on inhibiting differentiation of 3T3-Ll adipocytes, and increasing leptin levels and leptin receptor levels in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Therefore, Oryungsan-gagampang could be used to treat obesity, but further studies are required.

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Screening of Insulin-like Substances from Traditional Herbs of Diabetes Prescription in Donguibogam (동의보감 당뇨 처방에 사용되는 한약재에서 인슐린성 물질(Insulin-like substances)의 탐색)

  • Ju, Young-Sung;Ko, Byoung-Seob
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2002
  • In order to search for insulin-like substances from the constituted herbs of Sogal prescriptions, we selected 19 traditional herbs, based on a review of the Donguibogam. The effects of the hot-water extract from the selected herbs on the proliferation and the differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts were tested. The various water-extracts from Pinellia ternata, Magnolia obovata, Rheum palmatum, Acanthopanax sessiliflorun, Atractylodes japonica and Strychnos ignatii inhibited the proliferation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts, did not influence entirely in differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts. Treatment of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts with the extract from Ephedra sinica, Trichosanthes kirilowii, Scrophularia buergeriana and Sophora flavescens significantly increased the differentiation of the cells. In conclusion, these may contain such compounds that play a role of insulin-like action.

Comparative Study on the Differentiation Effect of Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Preadipocyte by 65 Herbal Medicine Prescriptions (65종 한약처방이 3T3-L1 지방전구세포의 지방 분화에 미치는 효능 비교 연구)

  • Choi, Hye-Min;Yu, Byung-Woo;Kim, Min-Ju;Kim, Jung-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.78-87
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: To expand and provide information on the efficacy of herbal medicines, anti-obesity effects were evaluated. In many studies, plant-derived components with anti-obesity efficacies have been investigated for their potential inhibitory effects on 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-obesity effects of 65 herbal medicine in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. Methods: Preferentially, 3T3-L1 cells were treated with 65 herbal medicines (500 ㎍/mL) during differentiation for 8 days. Next, 3T3-L1 cells were treated with selected herbal medicines at concentrations ranging from 50 to 200 ㎍/mL during differentiation for 8 days. The accumulation of lipid droplets was determined by Oil Red O staining. The expressions of genes related to adipogenesis were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses. Results: Among the 65 kinds of herbal medicines, 13 herbal medicines that been shown to be effective against the accumulation of lipid droplets were selected. Finally, selected Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasim-tang showed inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation at 3T3-L1 preadipocytes without affecting cell toxicity. In addition, Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasim-tang significantly reduced the expression levels of several adipocyte marker genes including peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α. Conclusions : These results suggest that the ability of Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasimtang has inhibited overall adipogenesis and lipid accumulation in the 3T3-L1 cells. Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasim-tang may be a promising medicine for the treatment of obesity and related metabolic disorders.

The Effects of α-Lipoic Acid in Adilution Solvents, Dose- and Time-dependent Manner on Cell Growth Blocking in 3T3-L1 (α-Lipoic acid의 희석용매, 처리농도, 처리시간에 따른 3T3-L1 지방세포 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Eunyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.464-471
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid in diluted solvents on cell growth in 3T3-L1 cells according to the treated concentration and times. Methods: Adipocyte 3T3-L1 cell were cultured. Confluent cells underwent starvation with SFM for 1 day and then were cultured in a medium containing various concentrations 0, 100, 200, and $400{\mu}mol/L$ of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid. The cell viability was measured using the EZ Cytox assay kit. In addition, the effect of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid of diluted solvents on the cell growth in 3T3-L1cells was examined according to the treated concentration and times. Results: The ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol inhibited cell proliferation in a dose and time dependent manner. The ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol induced adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells proliferation with an adipocyte inducer. In addition, ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid inhibited adipocyte 3T3-L1 growth in a dose and time dependent manner (p<0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that a treatment with ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid diluted ethanol inhibits cell growth of, adipocyte 3T3-L1 cells induced with an adipocyte inducer, ($200{\mu}mol/L$ of ${\alpha}$-lipoic acid) treated for 48 hr.