• Title/Summary/Keyword: 3D

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3-Dimensional Modelling of Civil Engineering Structures for 3D Printing and Its Application (3D 프린터 출력을 위한 토목구조물의 3D 모델링 구성 및 활용방안)

  • Park, Sang Mi;Kim, Hyeon Seung;Han, Seon Ju;Kang, Leen Seok
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.1109-1117
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    • 2017
  • Recently, 3D printer technology has been attracting attention in various industrial fields, and research papers are being conducted to utilize 3D printers in the construction industry. Actual structures such as bridges and buildings are being printed to 3D printers, and various applications such as mock-up structures using 3D printers are being proposed. In order to utilize 3D printer technology in the construction field, a 3D model is required, and the 3D BIM data produced at the design stage can be printed by a 3D printers, saving the cost and time of 3D model generation. However, 3D BIM data often does not satisfy the conditions for 3D printer output, causing many errors on output. In this paper, authors propose a problem analysis for 3D BIM model output to 3D printer and a method for reducing errors in 3D printing process of 3D BIM model. In addition, this paper presents a practical application of 3D model output from 3D printer.

A Study on the Qualification Development of 3D Printing Operation Expert and 3D Printing Development Specialist (3D프린팅전문운용사 및 3D프린터개발산업기사 국가기술 자격종목 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Seok Joo;Woo, Mi Hye
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to develop qualification criteria for training and establishing an expert pool of 3D printing operation experts and 3D printing development specialists in the emerging 3D printing industry. We investigate the domestic and international 3D printing industry, as well as 3D printing- related training institutions and quantity of test examinees. Utilizing competency analysis, this study examines the competencies and educational content of both 3D printing operation expert as well as 3D printing development specialists. In addition, a survey was conducted on the issue of institutionalization of qualification criteria for 3D printing operation expert and 3D printer development specialists. This study further proposes evaluation methods for qualification criteria for both 3D printing operation expert and 3D printer development specialists based on simulations of both written and performance tests. Based on the findings, this study proposes instructional program outlines as well as comprehensive guidelines for training and qualification processes for 3D printing operation expert and 3D printer development specialists.

Producing the insoles for flat feet of senior men using 3D systems based on 3D scanning, 3D modeling, and 3D printing (3D 스캐닝, 3D 모델링, 3D 프린팅 기반의 3D 시스템에 의한 시니어 평발용 인솔 제작)

  • Oh, Seol Young;Suh, Dongae
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.270-284
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to create 3D-printed insoles for flat-footed senior men using 3D systems. 3D systems are product-manufacturing systems that use 3-dimensional technologies like 3D scanning, 3D modeling, and 3D printing. This study used a 3D scanner (NexScan2), 3D CAD programs including Rapidform, AutoCAD, SolidWorks, Nauta+ compiling program, and a 3D printer. In order to create insoles for flat-footed senior men, we analyzed horizontal sections of 3D foot scans We selected 20 flat-footed and 20 normal-footed subjects. To make the 3D insole models, we sliced nine lines on the surface of the subjects' 3D foot scans, and plotted 144 points on the lines. We calculated the average of these 3D coordinates, then located this average within the 3D space of the AutoCAD program and created 3D sole models using the loft surface tools of the SolidWorks program. The sole models for flat feet differed from those of normal feet in the depth of the arch at the inner sideline and the big toe line. We placed the normal-footed sole model on a flat-footed sole model, and the combination of the two models resulted in the 3D insole for flat feet. We printed the 3D modeled insole using a 3D printer. The 3D printing material was an acrylic resin similar to rubber. This made the insole model flexible and wearable. This study utilized 3D systems to create 3D insoles for flat-footed seniors and this process can be applied to manufacture other items in the fashion industry as well.

Single Image-Based 3D Face Modeling for 3D Printing (3D 프린팅을 위한 단일 영상 기반 3D 얼굴 모델링 연구)

  • Song, Eungyeol;Koh, Wan-Ki;Yu, Sunjin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.571-576
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    • 2016
  • 3D printing has recently been used in various fields. Among various applications, 3D face data must be generated for 3D face printing. A laser scanner is used to acquire 3D face data, but there is a restriction that a person should not move during scanning. In this paper, we propose a 3D face modeling method based on a single image and a face transformation system to use the generated 3D face for virtual cosmetic surgery. We have defined facial feature points from the 3D face database for 3D face data generation. After extracting feature points from a single face image, 3D face of the input face image is generated corresponding to the 3D face feature points defined from the 3D face database. After 3D face modeling, 3D face modification part is applied for use such as virtual cosmetic surgery.

3D Face Modeling based on 3D Morphable Shape Model (3D 변형가능 형상 모델 기반 3D 얼굴 모델링)

  • Jang, Yong-Suk;Kim, Boo-Gyoun;Cho, Seong-Won;Chung, Sun-Tae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.212-227
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    • 2008
  • Since 3D face can be rotated freely in 3D space and illumination effects can be modeled properly, 3D face modeling Is more precise and realistic in face pose, illumination, and expression than 2D face modeling. Thus, 3D modeling is necessitated much in face recognition, game, avatar, and etc. In this paper, we propose a 3D face modeling method based on 3D morphable shape modeling. The proposed 3D modeling method first constructs a 3D morphable shape model out of 3D face scan data obtained using a 3D scanner Next, the proposed method extracts and matches feature points of the face from 2D image sequence containing a face to be modeled, and then estimates 3D vertex coordinates of the feature points using a factorization based SfM technique. Then, the proposed method obtains a 3D shape model of the face to be modeled by fitting the 3D vertices to the constructed 3D morphable shape model. Also, the proposed method makes a cylindrical texture map using 2D face image sequence. Finally, the proposed method builds a 3D face model by rendering the 3D face shape model with the cylindrical texture map. Through building processes of 3D face model by the proposed method, it is shown that the proposed method is relatively easy, fast and precise than the previous 3D face model methods.

A Study on the Stereoscopic 3D Filmmaking Curriculum in the Film and Image Major (영화 영상 전공에서의 스테레오스코픽 3D 제작 교육 과정 연구)

  • Lee, Chan-Bok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.222-235
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    • 2010
  • After its remarkable success, "Avatar" brought another way of creating cinematic story; the stereoscopic 3-D cinema. Comparing conventional 2-D filmmaking, you need twice as much of budget and manpower in 3-D filmmaking because of the complicated process and slow production speed. The 3-D hardware like 3-D TV and 3-D projector are already showing at the retail stores while 3-D filmmaking is still in veil, and no major educational institution is yet to start 3-D related education. As 3-D movies get popular and demand more 3-D filmmaking professional crew, educating 3-D filmmaking to 2-D based film students will improve their hiring rate in the market. The successful result of the box office showing 3-D films like "Alice in Wonderland 3D" and "Titan 3D" forecasts that there will be more demand on 3-D related jobs very soon.

Design and Implementation of an X3D to Java 3D translator (X3D-Java 3D 번역기의 설계 및 구현)

  • 김윤기;오세만
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.320-322
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    • 2000
  • 인터넷의 빠른 발전과 하드웨어 속도의 향상에 의해 가상현실이 점차 일반 사용자에게도 가깝게 다가서고 있다. 인터넷 가상현실 언어의 표준인 VRML이 XML의 개발과 발전에 의해 차기 버전을 XML의 장점인 용이한 확장성을 수용하는 X3D라 명명하고 표준화를 진행 중이다. 강력한 Java 3D API와 플랫폼 독립적인 바이트코드의 장점을 살려 표준화 단계인 X3D를 별도의 브라우저 없이도 Java 애플릿을 이용하여 재생할 수 있도록 하고자 하며 또한 앞으로 개발될 X3D 저작도구의 결과물을 Java 3D로 변환하여 Java 3D로 변환하여 Java 3D에 의한 3차원 영상 제작을 손쉽게 구현할 수 있도록 한다. 이를 위한 방법으로 X3D를 Java 3D로 변환하는 번역기가 필요하다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 X3D-Java 3D 번역기의 구조를 설계하고 구현 방법을 제시하고자 한다. XML 파서를 이용하여 X3D를 파싱하고 그의 출력인 AST를 순회하면서 Java 3D 파일을 생성한다. X3D DTD와 Java 3D 클래스의 구조 정보를 독립된 자료로 처리하여 계속 변하게 될 두 언어의 변화에 유동적으로 대처하면서 구현 방법의 큰 변화없이 이용할 수 있게 설계하고자 한다.

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3D Video Processing for 3DTV

  • Sohn, Kwang-Hoon
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1231-1234
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents the overview of 3D video processing technologies for 3DTV such as 3D content generation, 3D video codec and video processing techniques for 3D displays. Some experimental results for 3D contents generation are shown in 3D mixed reality and 2D/3D conversion.

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Last Design for Men's Shoes using 3D Foot Scanner and 3D Printer (3D 발 스캐너와 3D 프린터를 이용한 남성화 라스트 설계)

  • Oh, Seol-Young;Suh, Dong-Ae;Kim, Hyung-Gyu
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.186-199
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    • 2016
  • The shoe last which is the framework for the shoemaking is intensively combined with the 3D data and technologies. International shoe companies have already commercialized 3D printing technology in producing the shoe, but domestic shoe companies are still in their early stages. This study used the 3D scanning, 3D modeling and 3D printing of the high-technology to make the shoe last. This 3D producing processes should be helpful in building competitiveness in domestic shoe industry. The 3D foot scanning data of men in 30s(n=200) were collected in SizeKorea(2010). The basic statistics, factor and cluster analysis were performed. They were categorized in 3 groups by 3D foot measurement data, and the standard models were selected in each group. The cross sections in XY, YZ and XZ planes sliced from 3D scan data of the standard model were used in the sketches of the 3D shoe last modeling. The 3D shoe last was modeled by Solidworks CAD and printed by MakerBot Replicator2; a desktop 3D printer. This research showed the potential for utilization of 3D printing technology in the domestic shoe industry. The 3D producing process; 3D scanning, 3D modeling and 3D printing is expected to utilized widely in the fashion industry within the nearest future.

3D Contents Based Work Process Simulation Development (3D 콘텐츠 기반 작업 프로세스 시뮬레이션 개발)

  • Kim, Gui-Jung;Han, Jung-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2011
  • In this paper we implemented 3D contents based work process simulation for 3D view contents. For this the method of 3D view technique is explained. The automobiles and PC assembly processes according to the virtual scenario showed the technique which assists workers through 3D view. Also for 3D information visualization, max script of contents modeling functions using 3D MAX was developed. The functions are designed to customize coordinate, material edit on modeling, rendering, and 3D object files with max script.