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Partially purified Toxoplasma gondii antigens by immunoaffinity chromatography (Immunoaffinity chromatography를 이용한 톡소포자충 항원의 부분정제)

  • 안명희;현근희
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 1997
  • Tachyzoite antigens of Toxoplosnc gondii (RH) were partially purified by immunoaffinity chromatography. The cultivated ToxopLusmc in uiuo (mouse) and in nitro (Hep-2 cell) and peritoneal fluid of T. Bondii infected mice were collected for antigen analy- sis. Tachyzoite antigens collected from infected mouse showed positive bands of 76 kDa, 70 kDa,64 kDa, 53 kDa, 46 kDa, 44 kDa, 41 kDa, 35 kDa, 25 kDa, 18 kDa, and 13 kDa on immunoblot with anti-Toxoplcsmn rabbit sera, and those from infected Hep-2 cells revealed reactive bands of 70 kDa,64 kDa,53 kDa,35 kDa,28 kDa, and 13-10 kDa. After applying to an IgG-Sepharose column, two elusion peaks, E-1 and I-2 fractions, were obtained from both soluble antigen of T. gondii and the peritoneal fluid of infected mice, respectively. Immunoblots of soluble antigen with immunized rabbit sera revealed positive bands of 97 kDa, 63 kDa, 53 kDa and 35 kDa from I-1 fraction and 53 kDa and 35 kDa from I-2. In the case of the eluted peaks from mice peritoneal fluid, E-1 showed protein bands of 84 kDa,76 kDa,53 kDa and 29 kDa bands and 53 kDa and 45 kDa from I-2 on immunoblots. Serum IgG antibody titer of mice immunized with T gonnii tachyzoites was increased on 1 week after booster immunization when analysed by ELISA using crude antigen, while it was elevated on 3 weeks after booster immunization by ELISA using puri- fied antigen.

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Identification and characterization of allergens of Chironomus fkavuoynys adults (Chironomidae, Diptera) in mice (노랑털깔따구(Chironomus flaviplumus) 성충의 알레르기 항원단백 분석)

  • 이한일;이상화
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 1996
  • Non-biting midges fchironomidae, Dipteral are one of the largest insect families, which are distributed worldwidely and are found in nearly all types of inland waters. They are known to be aggressive inhalant allergens which cause allergenic diseases. In this study, the crude antigens of Chironomus SavipLumn adults which are most widely distributed in Korea were extracted. and their allergens were analysed with the sera from experimentally sensitized mice. The mice were immunized with $1{\;}\mu\textrm{g}{\;}or{\;}10{\;}\mu\textrm{g}$ of the crude antigens, respectively, and the specific serum IgE levels were measured by both ELISA and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) techniques. The highest levels of both total IgE and chironomid-specific IgE were found in the mouse sera obtained after 9 weeks of the first infection with $1{\;}\mu\textrm{g}$ crude antigen. The crude antigen was separated into 16-18 protein bands on gel by SDS-PAGE. The crude extract was assessed by SDS-PAGE/immunoblot analysis. One IgE-binding band (65 kDa) was detected by developing with colorimetric substrate, and 4 IgE-binding bands (65, 52, 35 and 25 kDa) by developing with CSPD chemiluminescent substrate. The SDS-PAGE gel of the crude extract of chironomid adults was equally cut into 30 pieces and each of them was eluted to isolate proteins by molecular weight, and the allergenicity of each eluate was assessed by applying P-K test on rats. Proteins of 65, 35 and 15 KDa showed the highest P-K titer (${\times}512$) which was 16 times higher than that of the crude extract (${\times32}$). The P-K titer of 52 kDa protein was also 4 times higher ($128{\times}$) than that of the crude extract, whereas the 25 kDa protein poorly responded, which seemed not antigenic. In conclusion, the present result in mice demonstrated that adults of Chironomus fcuiplumus, a predominent species in Korea, cause allergenic diseases and the main allergens are 65, 52, 35 and 15 kDa proteins, of which 65 kDa protein seems to be a main allergen.

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Size Heterogeneity of Murine Tumor Necrosis Factors Induced from Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages

  • Baik, Na-Gyoung;Jeong, Jee-Yeong;Kim, Soung-Soo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.46-50
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    • 1995
  • Three kinds of mouse tumor necrosis factor (TNF), which have molecular weights of 35 kDa, 45 kDa, and 18 kDa on SDS-PAGE, were partially purified from serum-free culture supernatants of mouse peritoneal macrophages induced with lipopolysaccharide. Analysis of the native molecular weights by gel filtration indicated that the 18 kDa and 45 kDa TNFs aggregate into 50 kDa and 100 kDa molecules, respectively, while the 35 kDa TNF is contained in high molecular weight aggregates of approximately 200 kDa. The three kinds of cytotoxic factors all elicited tumor reducing responses.

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Demonstration of species-specific and cross reactive components of Paragonimus tvestermani crude worm antigen by EITB (Immunoblot를 이용한 폐흡충 비항원의 특이 항원대의 증명)

  • Joo, Kyoung-Hwan;Ahn, Hyuck;Chung, Myung-Sook;Lim, Han-Jong
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 1989
  • Enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) using crude worm antigen of adult Paragonimus westermani was performed for human patients sera to identify the species-specific components. Crude antigen was obtained by homogenizing and centrifuging 24-week old adult worms at 10,000 rpm for 60 minutes in phosphate buffered saline (PBS, PH 7.2) containing: Phenyl methyl sulfonyl auoride (PMSF). Gradient sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(SDS-PAGE) was performed and blotted electrophoretically onto a sheet of nitrocellulose paper. The sheet was cut into strips and exposed to sera diluted 1 : 200 with PBS. SDS-PAGE showed 26 protein bands ranging 229 to 10 kDa. Of them 229, 91, 60, 50, 35∼31, 27, 25, 21, 17, 11 and 10 kDa components showed positive reaction with serum antibody of patients with p. westermani. Sera of patients infected with Clcnorchis sinensis reacted with 35∼31, 19, and 11 kDa bands. Human sera from cysticercosis and diphyllobothriasis cases showed non-specific cross reactions with 229, 35∼31, 27, 25 and 17kDa bands. Protein bands of 91, 60, 21 and 10kDa showed strong positive reaction without cross reactions with sera from other helminthic infections.

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Characteristics of Structural Proteins of Synechococcus sp. Cyanophage (Synechoscoccus sp. cyanophage 구조단백질의 특성)

  • Kim, Seung-Won;Kim, Min;Leem, Mi-Hyea;Choi, Yong-Keel
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.242-246
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    • 1997
  • The protein profile of Synechococcus sp. cyanophage was investigated employing SDS-PAGE. The phage appears to be composed of two major proteins of 97 and 52 kDa and at least seven minor proteins of 70, 65, 60, 40, 35, 28, and 6 kDa. It seems that each subunit is combined to form a multimer although any disulfide bond does not exist in the phage structure. Lytic activity of the phage particle against cell wall was detected around the 52 kDa on renaturing SDS-PAGE using heat-killed Micrococcus luteus cells as substrate. The activity has the optimal pH between 9 and 10, and slightly inhibited by EDTA.

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Purification and Characterization of Alkali-resistant Amylases from Pseudomonas sp. (Pseudomonas sp.로부터 알칼리내성 amylase의 정제 및 특성 확인)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Jhon, Deok-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2008
  • Two extracellular amylase isozymes were purified and characterized from alkalophilic Pseudomonas sp. KFCC 10818 for the production of maltooligosaccharides. The molecular weights of the homogeneous proteins were 50 kDa and 75 kDa, respectively. The 50 and 75 kDa amylases showed optimum temperatures at 35 and $40^{\circ}C$, respectively. The optimum pH of the enzymes ranged from pH 6-8, and the enzymes were resistant to an alkaline condition of pH 12. Via the enzyme's actions, the final products from maltooligosaccharides or soluble starch were maltose and maltotriose. Calcium was a potent activator of the 50 kDa amylase. Finally, the N-terminal amino acid sequences of the 50 and 75 kDa amylases were QTVPKTTFV and DTVPGNAFQ, respectively.

Electrophoretical Analysis of 36-Kilodalton Outer Membrane Protein of Vibrio vulnificus ATCC 27562

  • Moon-Soo Heo;Cho-Rok Jung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 1999
  • Elecrophoreticl analysis of a 36 kDa protein was runned by SDS-PAGE, isoelectric focusing (IEF) and two dimensional electrophoresis pattern. Major 36 kDa and 25, 46, 48, 66 kDa protein were detected by Coomassie blue stain on SDS-PAGE. Major 36kDa protein was eluted for production of antiserum for serological analysis, IEF and two dimensional electrophoresis. Isoelectric point of 36kDa was aout pH 8.5. Two dimensional electrophoresis of eluted 36kDa showed one point on the gel. Anti-36 kDa serum made by newzilland rabbit for serological test. In ELISA, final titer of antibody was 100×{TEX}$2^5}${/TEX} : 1. Neutralize ability of serum was examined by slide agglutination test and colonization test in rat. Anti-36 kDa serum agglutinated whole cell of V. vulnificus were inhibited colonization on intestine in rat. Accordingly In this paper contain some electrophoretical analysis and serological test of a 36 kDa OMP of V. vulnificus.

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Seroreactivity to Helicobacter pylori Antigens as a Risk Indicator of Gastric Cancer

  • Karami, Najmeh;Talebkhan, Yeganeh;Saberi, Samaneh;Esmaeili, Maryam;Oghalaie, Akbar;Abdirad, Afshin;Mostafavi, Ehsan;Hosseini, Mahmoud Eshagh;Mohagheghi, Mohammad Ali;Mohammadi, Marjan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1813-1817
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    • 2013
  • Background: Multiple etiologic factors are suspected to cause gastric cancer, the most important of which is infection with virulent types of Helicobacter pylori. Materials and Methods: We have compared 102 gastric cancer patients with 122 non-ulcer, non-cancer dyspeptic patients. Gastric specimens were evaluated for H. pylori infection by tissue-based detection methods. Patient sera underwent antigen-specific ELISA and western blotting using a Helicoblot 2.1 kit and antibody responses to various H. pylori antigens were assessed. Results: The absolute majority (97-100%) of both groups were H. pylori seropositive. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated serum antibodies to the low molecular weight 35kDa protein to be protective and reduce the risk of gastric cancer by 60% (OR:0.4; 95%CI:0.1-0.9). Conversely, seroreactivity to the 89kDa (VacA) protein was significantly higher in gastric cancer patients (OR:2.7; 95%CI:1.0-7.1). There was a highly significant association (p<0.001) between seroreactivity to the 116kDa (CagA) and 89kDa (VacA) proteins, and double positive subjects were found at nearly five fold (OR:4.9; 95%CI:1.0-24.4) enhanced risk of gastric cancer as compared to double negative subjects. Conclusions: Seroreactivity to H. pylori low (35kDa) and high (116kDa/89kDa) molecular weight antigens were respectively revealed as protective and risk indicators for gastric cancer.

Isolation of CMCase Isozymes from Phytopathogenic Erwinia chrysanthemi PY35 (무름병균 Erwinia chrysanthemi PY35의 CMCase isozymes 분리)

  • Park, Sang-Ryeol;Cho, Soo-Jeong;Yun, Han-Dae
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.199-204
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    • 1999
  • Soft-rot bacterial pathogen, Erwinia sp., was isolated from chinese cabbage tissue showing soft-rot symptom. This bacterial strain caused soft-rot to chinese cabbage and potato, and identified as Erwinia chrysanthemi PY35(Ech PY35). Ech PY35 have extracellular CMCase, pectinase, pectate lyase, and protease activity, but not hemicellulase activity. The results of the microscopy showed that chinese cabbage tissue and potato tissue were macerated by infection of Ech PY35. In analysis of the CMCases activity in the total protein of Ech PY35, three CMCases were detected as intracellular protein while two CMCases were as extracellular protein by CMC-SDS-PAGE direct stain method.

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Analysis of antigenic specificities of Puragonimus westeymuni developmental stages using immunoblot technique (Immunoblot technique을 이용한 폐흡충의 발육단계별 항원 특이성 분석)

  • 주경환;홍성철
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1989
  • Serodiagnosis of parasitic infections is widely used, since parasites or their eggs are not always detected by ordinary methods. The sensitive tests such as ELISA are highly dependent on the purity of antigens used. To solve this problem. many workers have tried to find species-specific components of antigens, The present study was performed to determine the antigenic profile of crude saline extracts of 3, 5, 8 and 12-week old p. westermani worms, which were collected from experimentally infected cats, based on SDS-PAGE and immunoblot technique. The results were as follows: 1. The SDS-PAGE showed at least 30 Protein bands ranging from 229 kDa to 10 kDa molecular weight. The protein components of p. wsstermani changed chronologically during its developmental period. The 229 kDa band was recognized only in 12-week old worms ($$SEP_{l2}$). 2. Analysis by ELISA showed a significant increase in antibody levels at 3 weeks in infected cats using crude saline extract antigens ($SEP_3,{\;}SEP_5,{\;}SEP_8,{\;}SEP_{l2}$). 3. By EITB using $SEP_3$ and $SEP_5$ infected cats recognisea major protein bands with molecular weight of 60, 35, 28, 25 or 21 kDa at 3~12 weeks of infection, and 3 additional antigens, 19, 13 and 10 kDa, were detected at 8~12 weeks of infections. 4. Using $SEP_8$ 5 antigens, 91, 85, 31, 25 and 21 kDa, were consistently detected by all infected sera tested. In addition, 3 antigens of lg. 13 and 10 kDa were detected at 8~12 weeks of infection. Using $SEP_12$, similar results were obtained with that by using $SEP_8$ and 1 additional antigen of 229 kDa, specifically reacting with the sera from 12 weeks of in(traction, was recognized.

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