• Title, Summary, Keyword: 10-day sequential therapy

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Effect of IL-1 Polymorphisms, CYP2C19 Genotype and Antibiotic Resistance on Helicobacter pylori Eradication Comparing Between 10-day Sequential Therapy and 14-day Standard Triple Therapy with Four-Times-Daily-Dosing of Amoxicillin in Thailand: a Prospective Randomized Study

  • Phiphatpatthamaamphan, Kittichet;Vilaichone, Ratha-korn;Siramolpiwat, Sith;Tangaroonsanti, Anupong;Chonprasertsuk, Soonthorn;Bhanthumkomol, Patommatat;Pornthisarn, Bubpha;Mahachai, Varocha
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1903-1907
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    • 2016
  • Background: Studies of effects of IL-1 polymorphisms, CYP2C19 genotype together with antibiotic resistance for H. pylori eradication are rare worldwide. The present study was designed to evaluate efficacy of 10-day sequential therapy (SQT) and 14-day standard triple therapy (STT) with four- times-daily dosing of amoxicillin for H. pylori eradication related to these important host and bacterial factors in Thailand. Materials and Methods: This prospective randomized study was performed during March 2015 to January 2016. H. pylori infected gastritis patients were randomized to receive 10-day sequential therapy and 14-day standard triple therapy. CYP2C19 genotyping, IL1 polymorphism (IL-1B and IL-1RN genotypes) and antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed in all patients. 13C-UBT was conducted to confirm H. pylori eradication at least 4 weeks after treatment. Results: A total of 100 patients (33 males and 67 females, mean age=51.1 years) were enrolled. Eradication rate by PP analysis was 97.9% (47/48) with the 10-day SQT regimen and 87.8% (43/49) with 14-day STT regimen (97.9% vs 87.8%; p-value=0.053). Antibiotic susceptibility testing demonstrated 45% resistance to metronidazole, 14.8% to clarithromycin, and 24.1% to levofloxacin. CYP2C19 genotyping revealed 44.9% RM, 49% IM and 6.1% PM. IL-1B and IL-1RN genotypes were demonstrated as 21.4% for CC, 48.1% for TC, 36.8% for TT, 72.7% for 1/1, and 21.2% for 1/2 genotypes, respectively. The 10-day SQT regimen provided 100% eradication in patients with clarithromycin or dual clarithromycin and levofloxacin H. pylori resistant strains. Moreover, the 10-day SQT regimen resulted in a 100% eradication rate in all patients with CYP2C19 genotype RM and almost type of IL-1B (TC and TT) and IL1-RN genotypes ( 1/2 and other). Conclusions: Treatment with 10-day sequential therapy is highly effective for H. pylori eradication regardless of the effects of clarithromycin resistance, dual clarithromycin and levofloxacin resistance, CYP2C19 genotype, IL-1B and IL1-RN genetic polymorphisms and can be used as effective first line therapy in Thailand.

Eradication Rates of 10-day Sequential Therapy for Helicobacter pylori: Results of an 8-year Prospective Study Conducted at a Tertiary Korean Hospital (연속요법의 Helicobacter pylori 제균율 - 3차 기관에서의 8년간의 전향적 연구)

  • Yoon, Kichul;Kim, Nayoung
    • The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology
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    • v.73 no.2
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 2019
  • Background/Aims: The Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rate of standard triple therapy is unsatisfactory in Korea, and sequential therapy (SQT) has been suggested to be a practical first-line alternative regimen. The aim of this prospective study was to document changes in annual eradication rates of SQT. Methods: A total of 983 H. pylori-positive subjects were enrolled from 2010 to 2018 and their data were subjected to intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analysis. All subjects received 10-day sequential therapy consisting of 40 mg esomeprazole and 1 g amoxicillin b.i.d for 5 days followed by 40 mg esomeprazole b.i.d, 500 mg clarithromycin b.i.d and 500 mg metronidazole t.i.d for 5 days. The 13C-urea breath test, rapid urease test (CLO test®), and histology were used to confirm eradication. Compliance and side effects were also investigated. Results: ITT and PP eradication rates of SQT were 69.9% (687 of 983) and 87.1% (657 of 754), respectively. The annual eradication rate of ITT remained consistent over the 8-year study period (p for trend=0.167), whereas PP analysis showed the eradication rate increased (p for trend=0.042). The overall adverse event rate for SQT was 41.7% (410 subjects). Conclusions: Despite high antibiotic resistance rates in Korea, the eradication rate of SQT did not decrease over the 8-year study period.

Effect of Sequential Intermittent Pneumatic Compression for Lymphedema (임파부종 환자의 간헐적 공기압박 치료의 효과)

  • Kim, Seng-Jung;Rhee, Hyeon-Sook;Kim, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.595-602
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sequential intermittent pneumatic compression in patients with lymphedema who were hospitalized for three days at Samsung Medical Center. Thirty-three subjects with lymphedema was selected by physician referral. A selection of the patients was made according to the following criteria : 1) no known metastases, 2) no infection after the a difference of at least 10% in the volumes of edematous limb. All patients were treated with the Lympha-Press(Model 103-A). Circumferential limb mesurements was done before and after a 3-day treatment period. As a result of sequential intermittent pneumatic compression therapy. All extremity showed a decrease in circumferential measurements with the maximal reduction occurring at the wrist(55.75 %) for the upper extremities and at the lower 1/3 of calf (40.61%) for the lower extremities. Upper extremity arm was reduced by 42.1% and lower extremity leg by 33.61%. In contrast with this, the proximal levels of arm patients and leg showed comparatively poor reduction than distal levels. Almost 44.44% of arm patients and 5.26% of leg patients experienced significant reduction(> 50%) after compression therapy. These data clearly indicates that Sequential Intermittent Pneumatic Compression Therapy was effective treatment for reducing of extremity volume in patients with lymphedema. but this was variable degree and dependent on the amount of pre-existing lymphedema. Other factors such as duration of edema, etiology, previous history of radiology, age did not appear to influence the extend of improvement. Further sutdies will be necessary to determine long term benefit of this therapy.

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Comparison of Motor Skill Acquisition according to Types of Sensory-Stimuli Cue in Serial Reaction Time Task

  • Kwon, Yong Hyun;Lee, Myoung Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.191-195
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether types of sensory-stimuli cues in terms of visual, auditory, and visuoauditory cues can be affected to motor sequential learning in healthy adults, using serial reaction time task. Methods: Twenty four healthy subjects participated in this study, who were randomly allocated into three groups, in terms of visual-stimuli (VS) group, auditory-stimuli (AS) group, and visuoauditory-stimuli (VAS) group. In SRT task, eight Arabic numbers were adopted as presentational stimulus, which were composed of three different types of presentational modules, in terms of visual, auditory, and visuoauditory stimuli. On an experiment, all subjects performed total 3 sessions relevant to each stimulus module with a pause of 10 minutes for training and pre-/post-tests. At the pre- and post-tests, reaction time and accuracy were calculated. Results: In reaction time, significant differences were founded in terms of between-subjects, within-subjects, and interaction effect for group ${\times}$ repeated factor. In accuracy, no significant differences were observed in between-group and interaction effect for groups ${\times}$ repeated factor. However, a significant main effect of within-subjects was observed. In addition, a significant difference was showed in comparison of differences of changes between the pre- and post-test only in the reaction time among three groups. Conclusion: This study suggest that short-term sequential motor training on one day induced behavioral modification, such as speed and accuracy of motor response. In addition, we found that motor training using visual-stimuli cue showed better effect of motor skill acquisition, compared to auditory and visuoauditory-stimuli cues.

Efficacy of Ecabet Sodium for Helicobacter pylori Eradication with Sequential Therapy (순차치료에 병합 투여된 Ecabet Sodium이 Helicobacter pylori 제균에 미치는 효과)

  • So, Seol;Ahn, Ji Yong;Na, Hee Kyong;Jung, Kee Wook;Lee, Jeong Hoon;Kim, Do Hoon;Choi, Kee Don;Song, Ho June;Lee, Gin Hyug;Jung, Hwoon-Yong
    • The Korean journal of helicobacter and upper gastrointestinal research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.180-185
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    • 2018
  • Background/Aims: We aimed to compare the outcomes of Helicobacter pylori eradication in patients receiving sequential therapy (ST) depending on the use of ecabet sodium (ES). Materials and Methods: Between January to December 2015, 176 patients randomly received either ST alone (n=72) or 10-day ES therapy combined with ST (n=104). After applying the exclusion criteria, 56 patients were finally assigned to the ST-only group and 84 to the ST with ES group. We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed the H. pylori eradication rate and adverse events between the two groups. Results: Among the 140 patients, 121 (86.4%) achieved successful H. pylori eradication and 24 (17.1%) had adverse events. Eradication was achieved in 50 patients (89.3%) in the ST-only group and in 71 patients (84.5%) in the ST with ES group (P=0.420). No significant difference in the incidence of adverse events was found between the ST-only and ST with ES groups (12.5% vs. 20.2%, respectively; P=0.234). However, the ST with ES group tended to have a higher prevalence of nausea or vomiting than the ST-only group (11.9% vs. 1.8%; P=0.050). Conclusions: ST showed a good H. pylori eradication rate without deteriorating the adverse events regardless of adding ES.

The Effect of an Orofacial Exercise Program using PNF on Diadochokinesis in Subacute Stroke Patients with Dysarthria (PNF 구강안면 운동 프로그램이 마비말장애가 있는 아급성 뇌졸중 환자의 교대운동속도와 연속운동속도에 미치는 효과)

  • Won, Young-Sik;Lee, Soon-Hyun;Kim, Kye-Ho;Moon, Jong-Hoon
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.475-484
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a PNF orofacial exercise program on diadochokinesis in subacute stroke patients with dysarthria. Methods: Thirteen subacute stroke inpatients with dysarthria were recruited for the study. All participants were randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (n=7) and a control group (n=6). The experimental group performed a PNF orofacial exercise program, and the control group carried out an orofacial self-exercise. Both groups received the treatments 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week, for 4 weeks. The outcome measures were assessed before and after the intervention, including an alternating motion rate (AMR) and sequential motion rate for diadochokinesis. Results: After the intervention, both groups showed significant improvement in diadochokinesis (p<0.05). In the change values for both groups, the experimental group showed a more significant improvement than the control group did in /pə/ of AMR (p<0.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that PNF orofacial exercise programs may have positive effects on the improvement of diadochokinesis in subacute stroke patients with dysarthria.

Effect of rTMS on Motor Sequence Learning and Brain Activation : A Preliminary Study (반복적 경두부 자기자극이 운동학습과 뇌 운동영역 활성화에 미치는 영향 : 예비연구)

  • Park, Ji-Won;Kim, Jong-Man;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2003
  • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) modulates cortical excitability beyond the duration of the rTMS trains themselves. Depending on rTMS parameters, a lasting inhibition or facilitation of cortical excitability can be induced. Therefore, rTMS of high or low frequency over motor cortex may change certain aspects of motor learning performance and cortical activation. This study investigated the effect of high and low frequency subthreshold rTMS applied to the motor cortex on motor learning of sequential finger movements and brain activation using functional MRI (fMRI). Three healthy right-handed subjects (mean age 23.3) were enrolled. All subjects were trained with sequences of seven-digit rapid sequential finger movements, 30 minutes per day for 5 consecutive days using their left hand. 10 Hz (high frequency) and 1 Hz (low frequency) trains of rTMS with 80% of resting motor threshold and sham stimulation were applied for each subject during the period of motor learning. rTMS was delivered on the scalp over the right primary motor cortex using a figure-eight shaped coil and a Rapid(R) stimulator with two Booster Modules (Magstim Co. Ltd, UK). Functional MRI (fMRI) was performed on a 3T ISOL Forte scanner before and after training in all subjects (35 slices per one brain volume TR/TE = 3000/30 ms, Flip angle $60^{\circ}$, FOV 220 mm, $64{\times}64$ matrix, slice thickness 4 mm). Response time (RT) and target scores (TS) of sequential finger movements were monitored during the training period and fMRl scanning. All subjects showed decreased RT and increased TS which reflecting learning effects over the training session. The subject who received high frequency rTMS showed better performance in TS and RT than those of the subjects with low frequency or sham stimulation of rTMS. In fMRI, the subject who received high frequency rTMS showed increased activation of primary motor cortex, premotor, and medial cerebellar areas after the motor sequence learning after the training, but the subject with low frequency rTMS showed decreased activation in above areas. High frequency subthreshold rTMS on the motor cortex may facilitate the excitability of motor cortex and improve the performance of motor sequence learning in normal subject.

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Critically Ill Patients with Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009 at a Medical Center in Korea

  • Choi, Eun-Young;Huh, Jin-Won;Lim, Chae-Man;Koh, Youn-Suck;Kim, Sung-Han;Choi, Sang-Ho;Kim, Won-Young;Kim, Won;Kim, Mi-Na;Hong, Sang-Bum
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.70 no.1
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    • pp.28-35
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    • 2011
  • Background: The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of critically ill patients with pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009 at a major medical center in Korea. Methods: This retrospective observational study examined critically ill adult patients with pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009, who were admitted to the AMC between August and December 2009. Results: 27 patients with confirmed pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009 were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) at the Asan Medical Center (AMC). The median age (IQR) was 59 years (41~67), and 66.7% of the patients were older than 51 years. A total of 81.5% of the patients had 2 or more co-morbidities. The median time (IQR) from symptom onset to presentation was 2 days (1~4), and the median time from presentation to ICU admission was 0 days (0~1.5). All patients received oseltamivir (300 mg/day) and 13 patients received triple combination therapy (oseltamivir, amantadine, ribavirin). Twelve patients required mechanical ventilation on the first day of ICU admission. A total of 6 patients (22.2%) died within 28 days of admission. The patients who died had significantly higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores at presentation. There were no significant differences in age, co-morbidities, or antiviral regimens between survivors and non-survivors. Conclusion: Critical illness related to pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009 was common in elderly patients with chronic co-morbidities. All patients were given high-dose oseltamivir or triple combination antiviral therapy. Nonetheless, patients with critical illnesses associated with pandemic Influenza A/H1N1 2009 had a death rate of 22.2%.

Retrospective Analysis of Chemoradiotherapy for Limited-Stage Small-Cell Lung Cancer (제한병기 소세포암 환자의 항암화학방사선요법에 대한 후향적 분석)

  • Lee, Jong-Hoon;Kim, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Su-Zy;Lee, Joo-Hwan;Kim, Hoon-Kyo;Shim, Byoung-Yong
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was designed to analyze the outcome and toxicity of thoracic radiation therapy (TRT) and chemotherapy for patients who suffer with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied 35 patients with LS-SCLC. TRT was administered once daily (1.8 to 2 Gy per fraction) and it was directed to the primary tumor for a total 50 to 66 Gy in 6 to 7 weeks. The patients received four cycles of etoposide plus cisplatin. TRT was begun on day 1 of the first cycle of chemotherapy in the concurrent arm and after the fourth cycle in the sequential arm. Results: The median progression-free survival time was 16.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.0 to 24.1 months) for the sequential arm, and 26.3 months (95% CI, 16.6 to 35.9 months) for the concurrent arm. The 2-year progression-free survival rate was 16.0 percent for the sequential arm and 50.0 percent for the concurrent arm (p=0.0950 by log-rank test). Leukopenia was more severe and more frequent in the concurrent arm than in the sequential arm. However, severe esophagitis was infrequent in both arms. The radiotherapy was interrupted more frequently in the concurrent arm than in the sequential arm due to hematologic toxicities (p=0.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that concurrent TRT with etoposide plus cisplatin is more effective for the treatment of LS-SCLC than sequential TRT. However, there is a significant increase in the risk of toxicities, and radiotherapy was frequently interrupted in the concurrent arm due to hematologic toxicities.