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Effect of Nutrition Education on Improving Dietary Attitudes, Food Habits and Food Frequency - Female in Twenties Shift Work in Gyeonggi Area (영양교육이 식태도, 식습관 및 영양소섭취 변화에 미치는 영향 - 경기지역 20대 교대근무 여성을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seung-Lim
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of nutrition education on improving dietary attitudes, food habits and Food Frequency of 32 female shift workers by administering questionnaires. Dietary nutrient consumption data were obtained from the female shift workers by using 1 day 24-hr recall. The results were as follows: Score on 'Concerns about health (p < 0.05)' was significantly higher after-training. Dietary attitude (32.3 vs. 34.9, p < 0.01) and food habits (60.2 vs. 67.1, p < 0.01) were significantly higher after the training. Scores on 'Eating a lot of food that I want to eat is more important than nutrition (p < 0.01)', 'I have a tendency to use instant foods when I am busy (p < 0.01)', 'I am interested in information on nutrition and health (p < 0.01)' were significantly higher after the training. Scores on 'I have three meals a day (p < 0.001)', 'I have breakfast regularly (p < 0.01)', 'I take vegetables other than kimchi at every meal (p < 0.01)', 'I drink milk every day (p < 0.001)', 'I eat fruits every day (p < 0.01)', and 'I apply nutrition knowledge to daily life (p < 0.001)' were significantly higher after the training. Protein (p < 0.05), fiber (p < 0.05), vitamin C (p < 0.01), and calcium (p < 0.001) intakes were significantly higher after the training. These results showed that nutrition education had improved the dietary attitudes, food habits, and nutrient intakes. Therefore, we conclude that providing more systematic and appropriate nutrition education to shift workers during their tenure of office period is likely to improve dietary attitudes, food habits, and nutrient intakes.

A Comparative Study on Job Stress and Coping of the Nurses in ICU and Cancer Ward (중환자실 간호사와 암병동 간호사의 직무스트레스와 대처에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Baek, Myung-Wha
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree of Job stress and Coping of the nurses in ICU and Cancer ward, and to compare the Job stress and Coping between two groups, and finally to get the basic information about the adequate method to promote Coping about Job stress of the nurses in ICU and Cancer ward. Method: The subjects of this study were 131; 62 nurses in ICU and 69 nurses in Cancer ward. Data were collected from 27th August to 14th September in 2007. The instruments for this study were Job stress scale(55 items) developed by Kim(1989), and Coping scale(32 items) developed by Lazarus and Folkman(1984) and revised by Han and Oh(1990). For the data analysis, SPSS PC/win 12.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, $X^2$-test, t-test, Pearson correlation. Result: The results of this study were the followings; The mean score of Job stress(range 1-5) was 2.93 in ICU nurse and 2.58 in Cancer ward nurse. There was a significant difference (t=4.453, p<.01)between them. There were significant differences in subscale of Job stress between the two groups, such as Nursing job(t=3.717, p<.01), Job circumstances(t=4.558, p<.01), Personal relations(t=3.425, p<.01), Hospital administration and ward management(t=2.94, p<.01). The mean score of Coping(range 1-4) was 2.55 in ICU nurse, and 2.54 in Cancer ward nurse; there was no significant difference. But one subscale of the Coping(Search of social support) showed significant difference(t=-2.865, p<.01). There was no significant correlation between Job stress and Coping of ICU nurse vs Cancer ward nurse except one subscale in cancer ward(correlation between Nursing Job and Coping). Conclusion: The ICU nurse is higher than the Cancer ward nurse in the Job stress score significantly and lower than the Cancer unit nurse in the Coping. Based on the study results, it is needed the program development using the Coping methods in accordance with ward speciality to relieve Job stress.

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The Validity of Activity Participation Assessment for School-Age Children (학령기 아동을 위한 활동 참여 평가도구(Activity Participation Assessment)의 타당도 연구)

  • Kim, Se-Yun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2019
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to verify validity of the Activity Participation Assessment for school-age children. Methods : A questionnaire consisting of 30 items from the APA, 75 items from the PACS, and 55 items from the CAPE was administered to elementary school students. A total of 207 questionnaires were analyzed. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to confirm the construct validity of the APA. Convergence validity and discriminant validity were verified with the average variance extracted (AVE) and the square of the correlation coefficient. The discriminant validity was the Pearson correlation coefficient of the APA, PACS, and CAPE. Results : The results of the analysis were as follows: 1) For construct validity, the goodness of fit of the modified hierarchical second-order factor model was found to be appropriate (p < .001), 2) For convergent validity, the AVE was higher than .50 for all latent variables, 3) For discriminant validity, the AVE of the latent variable was greater than the square of the correlation coefficient (0.239), 4) For concurrent validity, the correlation between the total sum of the APA and PACS scores showed a positive correlation in all domains, and the correlation coefficient ranged from .303 to .647 at a statistically significant level (p < .01), 5) The correlation coefficient between the total sum of the APA and CAPE scores was .490 for recreational activities, .329 for physical activities, .571 for social activities, .401 for skill-based activities, and .390 for self-improvement activities. All domains showed a positive correlation, and were statistically significant (p < .01). Conclusion : APA can be used as a valid assessment tool to measure the participation of school aged children.

Distribution of Heavy Metals within Forest Soils in Seoul (서울시(市) 산림토양내(山林土壤內) 중금속(重金屬) 분포(分布))

  • Kim, Choonsig;Yoo, Jung-Hwan;Byun, Jae-Kyoung;Jeong, Jin-Heon;Lee, Bong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.88 no.1
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 1999
  • Distribution of heavy metal (Zn, Pb, Cu, Cd) concentrations within forest soils was investigated in Mts. Surak and Bulam around the outskirt area, and Mts. Bukak and Inwang around the downtown area of Seoul. Metal concentrations in these soils were higher in the A horizons than in the B horizons. The mean concentrations of Zn, Pb, Cu, and Cd in the A horizons were 4.39 mg/kg, 9.09 mg/kg, 1.67 mg/kg, and 0.03 mg/kg, respectively. The concentrations in the B horizons were 2.18 mg/kg in Zn, 5.74 mg/kg in Pb, 0.55 mg/kg in Cu, and 0.01 mg/kg in Cd, respectively. With positive correlation among the metal concentrations, Zn, Pb, and Cu concentrations in the A horizon were positively correlated with soil organic matter contents (r=0.39~0.83, p<0.01), while Pb and Cu concentrations were negatively correlated with soil pH (r=-0.53~0.59, p<0.01). The results suggest that the metals in forest soils have accumulated more in the downtown than in the outskirt areas.

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The Aerodynamic Comparisons between Pathologic Whispers and Phonation in Patients with Muscle Misuse Dysphonia (병리적 속삭임과 발성의 공기역학적 비교 -근오용성음성장애를 가진 동일 환자를 대상으로-)

  • Seo, Inhyo;Hwang, Youngjin;Seong, Cheoljae
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2013
  • This study compared the aerodynamic multiparameters of whispers and phonation in patients with muscle misuse dysphonia(MMD) to evaluate the voice aerodynamic analysis for discrimination between whispers and phonation. Eleven patients with muscle misuse dysphonia were examined. Whispers were shorter with a maximum phonation time(MPT; p<.01), a lower phonatory sound pressure level(SPLp; p<.01), a higher phonatory flow rate (PFR; p<01), lower phonatory efficiency(PE; p<.01), and a lower phonatory resistance (PR; p<.05) than phonation. The subglottal pressure level was not significantly different between whispers and phonation. (Psub; p>.05). The ROC analysis showed that the threshold of 23.83 ppm for PE achieved a good classification for whispers, with the perfect sensitivity(100%) and specificity(100%). Those results indicate PE reliably distinguished between whispers and phonation. The results also suggest that PE may provide a useful tool for studying the laryngeal source.

Complete genome sequence of Enterococcus faecalis strain DM01, a potential starter culture candidate for soybean fermentation (콩발효 종균후보 Enterococcus faecalis strain DM01의 유전체 염기서열)

  • Heo, Sojeong;Lee, Jong-Hoon;Jeong, Do-Won
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.293-295
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    • 2019
  • Enterococcus faecalis strain DM01 was isolated from meju, a traditional Korean fermented soybean product. The strain did not exhibit resistance to eight antibiotics (ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, penicillin G, tetracycline, and vancomycin), biofilm formation, and hemolytic activity. The genome of strain DM01 consists a single circular 2,785,968-bp chromosome with a G + C content of 37.68%. The complete genomic sequence of strain DM01 provides genetic information to support the absence of antibiotic resistance, biofilm formation, and hemolytic activity.

순서와 위상구조의 관계

  • 홍성사;홍영희
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 1997
  • This paper deals with the relationship between the order structure and topological structure in the historical point of view. We first investigate how the order structure has developed along with the set theory and logic in the second half of the nineteenth century. After the general topology has emerged in the beginning of the twentieth century, two disciplines of the order theory and topology give each other a great deal of effect for their development via various dualities, compactifications by maximal filter spaces and Alexandroff's specialization order, which form eventually a fundamental setting for the development of the category theory or functor theory.

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Determination of Pollutant EMCs and Loadings of Runoff in Paved Areas (포장지역내 강우유출수의 EMCs 및 부하량 산정)

  • Gil, Kyung-Ik;Wee, Seung-Kyung;Park, Moo-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 2008
  • The paved area like a road or bridge where having high impermeable rates were accumulated various non-point sources(NPS) by passing vehicles during dry season periods. They are flowed in the river continuous when it rains and could negative impact on environment. Therefore, this study monitoring NPS for two years and determinating for each pollutant EMCs and mass loading. The result shows that the EMC ranges are 11.60$\sim$230.90 mg/L for TSS, 4.58$\sim$31.90 mg/L for BOD, 1.86$\sim$9.20 mg/L for TN and 0.14$\sim$1.55 mg/L for TP. Also, the ranges of washed-off mass loading are determined to 0.78$\sim$18.01 kg/day for TSS, 0.47$\sim$1.17 kg/day for BOD, 0.00$\sim$0.01 kg/day for Pb and 0.01$\sim$0.06 kg/day for Zn.

A Survey on the Prevalence of Cumulative Trauma Disorders and Related Factors among Seafares (선원들의 누적외상성질환 발생과 관련요인)

  • Kim, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.395-401
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the prevention and management of Cumulative Trauma Disorders in Korea seamen. 569 seamen's questionnaire had been acquired at Korea Marine Training and Research Institute. The prevalence in Cumulative Trauma Disorders within recent 12 months was 68.5%. The more working hours(p<0.01), services on the vessel(p<0.01), and the less job satisfaction(p<0.05), the higher prevalence of Cumulative Trauma Disorders. The distribution of Cumulative Trauma Disorders by the part of the body was turned out as Back ; 43.6%, knee ; 23.9%, shoulder ; 19.3%. The officers had more frequency of symptom around the neck than the ratings(p<0.01) and the seamen who work at the engine room were more frequent in elbow than those at deck department(p<0.05). In the duration of pain, 55.4% were less than one week, 20.6% less than 30 days, and 24.0% 30 days and more. the cause of symptom was turned out as 34.5% by excessive hard work and 30.1 % was unknown.

Effect of Subjective Health Perception and Mental Health Status on the Quality of Life in the Late Middle Age

  • Kim, Jungae
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.18-27
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    • 2020
  • This study was cross sectional descriptive survey study to analysis effect of health perception and mental health status on the quality of life in the late middle aged people (45-65 years old). The data for the study were collected online from November 20 to December 10, 2019, from those who agreed to participate in the study voluntarily. A total of 192 data were used for the study. This study analyzed the Pearson correlation analysis, Descriptive analysis and Regression analysis using SPSS 18.0. As a result, the participants were 41.7% male and 58.3% female. The age group was 45-50 years old 4.2%, 51-55 years old 20.8%, 56-60 years old 54.1% and 61-65% 20.8%. Mental health status was associated with physical QOL(r=-347, p<0.01), Psychological QOL(r=-.439, p<0.01), and Social QOL(r=.280, p<0.01). Subjective health perception was associated with physical QOL(r=-589, p<0.01), Psychological QOL(r=.222, p<0.01), and Social QOL(r=.286, p<0.01). subjective health perception was found to affect all sub-factors except environmental quality of life under the statistical significance (p<0.01).