• Title, Summary, Keyword: 흡착율

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Removal of Dyes by the Biosorption Using Biomass of Penicillium janthinellum (Penicillium janthinellum 균체를 이용한 생물흡착에 의한 염료의 제거)

  • 이제혁;전억한
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 1999
  • A biosorption of azo and reactive dyes into the intact and modified biomass of Penicillium janthinellum were investigated. Initial pH of medium affected the initial adsorption rate and decolorization. The initial optimum pH was found to be 2.0, and the maximum adsorption rates of dyes were $40^{\circ}C$. The reactive dyes called Apollocion Red 7EB, Apollofix Red SF-3B and Apollocion Red H-E3B showed the high initial adsorption rates as 0.06, 0.086 and 0.079 mg/g.min, respectively. A mixture of dyes containing azo and reactive dyes was adsorbed to the biomass of Pen. janthinellum and revealed that the initial adsorption rate was 0.084 mg/g.min. Both percent decolorization and the influence on the dye adsorption rate. Modified biomass of Pen. janthinellum was also investigated for the dye adsorption and the superior dye loading performance was observed compared with the ion-exchange/chelating resins used for removal of Apollocion Red 7EB.

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Adsorption Characteristics of Radionuclides on AMP and $MnO_2$ (AMP와 $MnO_2$에 대한 방사성핵종의 흡착특성)

  • Kim, Chang-Kyu;Kim, Cheol-Su;Kim, Yong-Jae;Rho, Byung-Hwan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 1998
  • Adsorption characteristics of the radionuclides and stable elements on AMP and $MnO_2$ in the seawater have been investigated. The adsorption yield of AMP was 97.5% for $^{137}Cs$, 11.8% for $^{85}Sr$, and 15.1% for $^{131}I$, while being less than 6% for other radionuclides and elements. The AMP showed the highest adsorption yield for $^{137}Cs$. The adsorption yields of $MnO_2$ were more than 90% for all radionuclides and elements, except for $^{40}K$, $^{137}Cs$ and $^{203}Hg$ of which the adsorption yields were less than 8%.

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숯을 이용한 농약 제거에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Seon-Hwa;Kim, Woo-Hang
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.181-183
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구는 회분식과 연속식으로 나누어 숯의 농약 흡착 능력을 평가하였다. 실험에 사용된 농약은 Simazine, Diazinon, Fenitrothion, Butachlor, Malathion이다. 회분식 실험 결과에 따르면, 흑탄과 백탄 양을 0.1g, 1g, 10g, 50g씩 증가시킬수록 농약 성분의 제거율이 높아지는 것으로 나타났으며, 흑탄이 백탄 보다 농약 성분을 잘 제거하는 것으로 나타났다. 특히, 1g 주입시 흑탄은 백탄보다 Malathion을 약 15%, Rutachlor을 약 19%, Fenitrothion을 약 25%씩 제거율이 더 높게 나타난 것으로 보아 흡착이 잘된다고 판단된다. 반면에 회분식에서 Diazinon의 제거율은 상대적으로 낮게 나타났나. 연속식 실험에서도 흑탄이 백탄보다 더 높은 제거율을 나타내었으며, 특히 흑탄 칼럼에서는 흡착 시간$(21\sim31hr)$에서 농약 성분의 평균 제거율을 비교해 본 결과, Simazine은 90%, Fenitrothion은 82%, Butachlor은 81%로 나타났으며, 특히 Diazinon의 제거율은 55%로 나타나 상대적으로 흡착이 잘 되지 않는 것으로 나타났다.

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Adsorption Properties of Heavy Metal Elements using Zeolite (제올라이트를 이용한 중금속 원소들의 흡착 특성)

  • Shim, Sang-Kwon;Park, Jin-Tai;Kim, Tae-Sam
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.96-100
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    • 2000
  • The adsorption of heavy-elements to zeolite has been investigated at various adsorptional condition for purification of waste water. Four heavy elements, Cd, Cr, Cu and Pb, were examined, because they are concerned to the major heavy-element contamination. The adsorption efficiencies are measured at the different conditions such as adsorption times and pHs. The practical adsorption was achived and reaches to maximum within 30 minute by using of 2-g zeolite for 50 mL of heavy-element solution. The overall adsorption efficiencies for Cr and Cu are high and become better at low pH. Cd and Pb have 95% of adsorption ratio and this is lower than other two elements. Cadmium shows an abnormally low adsorption at low pH.

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Studies on the Adsorption and Desorption Characteristics of Cu Ion Using Manganese Nodule as Adsorbent (Mn단괴를 흡착제로 한 Cu이온의 흡착 및 탈착 특성)

  • Kim, Jin-Wha;Kim, Dong-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.547-556
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    • 2000
  • A study have been conducted for the adsorption and desorption characteristics of Cu ion using manganese nodule as adsorbent. For 100 ppm Cu ion solution, the adsorbed amount of Cu ion was more than 90 % at equilibrium state. Adsorption was equilibrated in 42 hours the adsorption reaction was shown to be first order reaction. For the desorption reaction of Cu ion in the region of solution pH 3.5~9.5, the desorption was completed in the acidic region, but it has been decreased as the pH was raised. Also, the desorption rate was higher in the acidic region compared with alkaline region. The desorbed amount was decreased as the reaction temperature increased, therefore, the desorption reaction was thought to be exothermic. Also, several thermodynamic properties were calculated based on experimental results and compared with theoretically driven values. To see the effect of complexing agent on the desorption of Cu ion, EDTA was introduced and the des orbed amount increased in the presence of EDTA.

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A Study of Adsorption Characteristics of Uranium ion Using Amidoximated PP-g-AN Fibrous ion-exchanger in Brine Water (AOPP-g-AN 섬유이온교환체를 이용한 간수로부터 우라늄 이온 흡착특성에 관한 연구)

  • 황택성;최재은;이재천
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2002
  • We investigated uranium adsorption and adsorption process characteristics in brine water, changing column bed height packed with amidoximated polypropylene-g- acrylonitrile (AOPP-g-AN) fibrous ion-exchanger. Swelling ratios of AOPP-g-AN in fibrous ion-exchanger were 8.54g/g $H_2O_2$ and 8.87 g/g for $H_2O_2$ solvent respectively. Ion exchange capacity increased with degree of graft and showed the maximum, 3.99 meq/g at 100% degree of graft. In batch process, uranium adsorption had reached an initial equilibrium in 10 min with the adsorption rate of 9.5 mg/min. Finial adsorption capacity was 3.95 meq/g, and pH effect could not be observed. In continuous process, adsorption capacity depended on various packing ratios and showed the maximum, 3.92 meq/g at L/D=1. In L/D<2, breakthrough curve was shown two step by channeling flow and ununiform adsorption. Breakthrough time and adsorption capacity were 26 min and 3.63 meq/g, respectively, in brine water adsorption. When compared with actual brine water and model solution, there was no significant difference of adsorption characteristics.

휴믹 물질 존재 시 흑탄의 농약 흡착 능 변화 연구

  • Lee, Seon-Hwa;Kim, U-Hang
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.151-153
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 휴믹 물질의 존재 시 흑탄의 주입량에 따른 농약 성분별 흡착 제거율 변화를 살펴보았다. 농약 성분과 휴믹산 을 주입 시 흑탄의 흡착능 변화를 알아보기 위해, 흑탄 주입량을 1g, 3g, 5g, 7g 달리하여 농약 성분의 제거율 변화를 살펴본 결과 흑탄 1g, 흑탄 7g, 휴믹 산불 주입 시 농약성분 만을 주입하였을 때 보다 각각 18$\sim$67%, 7$\sim$10% 낮은 제거율을 나타내었다. 또한 휴믹산 10mg/L, 50mg/L을 주입하여 휴믹산의 주입농도 증가 시 흡착 능에 미치는 영향을 살펴본 결과 휴믹산 농도를 늘릴수록 흡착되지 않고 남아있는 농약성분 농도가 높아졌다. 농약성분 제거를 위한 흡착제로의 흑탄의사용은 3 가지 농약성분 (Butachlor, Fenitrothion, Diazinon)에 대해 높은 제거율을 보였으며, 자연수 속에 녹아있는 휴믹물질 중 하나인 휴믹산에 의한 영향을 받을 것으로 보여진다.

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The Adsorption and Desorption of Herbicides in Soils (토양내 제초제의 흡착·탈착 특성)

  • Ra, Deog-Gwan;Park, Sang-Sook;Jung, Jae-Sung;Kim, Young-Kyu;O, Tae-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.1045-1053
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    • 2000
  • The adsorption and desorption of herbicides such as napropamide and pendimethalin was studied in three kinds of soil. sandy loam. silty clay and loam. The results of batch tests performed with various shaking time, pH, organic matter content and temperature in soil were summarized as follows. The shaking times reached to the equilibrium of the adsorption and desorption for napropamide and pendimethalin in soil were 12 and 6 hours. respectively. For each soil. the adsorption rates of napropamide were 23.35%. 31.57% and 25.95%, the desorption rates of them were 18.42%, 13.42% and 15.89%, respectively. And the adsorption rates of pendimethalin were 59.61%, 77.26% and 64.02%, and the desorption rates of them were 3.23%, 2.93% and 3.07%, respectively. The adsorption isotherms with the Freundlich equation showed better consistency than those with the Langmuir one. The adsorption was affected by the organic matter content when it exceed 2.0%. But if the organic matter content is below 2.0%, it was affected by the clay content. When the organic matter content is 0.95~7.45%, the adsorption coefficients ($K_{fa}$) of napropamide and pendimethalin were 1.17~2.50 and 4.74~16.08 and the desorption coefficients($K_{fd}$) of them were 5.33~34.06 and 24.25~134.00, respectively. Because of the physical adsorption between herbicide molecules and soil surface, little effect of pH variation of soils was appeared for the adsorption and desorption. Because of the solubility of herbicide is related to the temperature, the adsorption rate was decreased and the desorption rate was increased with the temperature increase, respectively.

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Effect of Membrane Materials on Membrane Fouling and Membrane Washing (막의 재질에 따른 막오염 특성 및 물리·화학적 세척의 영향)

  • Shim, Hyun-Sool;Jung, Chul-Woo;Son, Hee-Jong;Sohn, In-Shik
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.500-505
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    • 2007
  • The objectives of this research were to (1) identify the membrane fouling potential due to different fractions of NOM (2) correlate the physicochemical properties of NOM and membranes with the adsorption of humic substances on membrane (4) find out the effect of membrane physical and chemical washing according to membrane material. The static adsorption test and adsorption test showed that hydrophobic organics adsorbed much more quickly than hydrophilic organics. In case of the effect of membrane properties on the adsorption of organic fractions, the adsorption rate ratio(a) of hydrophobic membrane (0.016, 0.077) was greater than that of hydrophilic membrane (0.010, 0.033) regardless of the kind of organic fractions. This suggests that the UF membrane fouling were occurred mainly by internal pore size decreasing due to adsorption of organic into pore surface for hydrophobic membrane, and by sieving of organics and forming a gel layer on the membrane surface for hydrophilic membrane. In conclusion, the decrease in the pore volume, which was caused by the organic adsorption into the internal pore, was greater with the hydrophobic membrane than with the hydrophilic membrane. In case of the effect of membrane properties on permeate flux, the rate of flux decline for the hydrophobic membrane was significantly greater than that for the hydrophilic membrane.

Adsorption Characteristics of Lead on Kaolinite (카올리나이트의 납 흡착 특성)

  • 장경수;강병희
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2002
  • The laboratory adsorption batch tests were performed to investigate the adsorption characteristics of Pb on kaolinite. The characteristics such as adsorption equilibrium time, adsorption capacity, adsorption isotherm were studied, and also the effects of pH and the mixing ratio on the adsorption of Pb on kaolinite were investigated. Test results show that the adsorption equilibrium state was reached within 24 hours, and the adsorbed amount of Pb increased, but the adsorption efficiency over the initial concentration of 198 mg/l decreased, with increasing the initial concentration of Pb. And the adsorption constant, 1/n was obtained 0.9584 by Freundlich isotherm equation. Regardless of the initial concentration of Pb. the adsorbed amount of Pb as well as the adsorption efficiency were increased with increasing pH values and converged to a certain constant value above 8 of pH values. And also the adsorbed amount of Pb increased with the mixing ratio, but its efficiency increased with the mixing ratio up to 8 and then showed the decreasing tendency above that.