• Title, Summary, Keyword: 흡연자

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Comparison of Dental Health Capacity between Smokers and Nonsmokers (흡연자와 비흡연자의 치아건강도 비교)

  • Ju, On-Ju;Kim, In-Ja
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.200-209
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the dental health capacity of smokers and nonsmokers. This study included 9,856 adults aged 19 years or older. The data used for analysis were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey for the 6th round, 1st (2013), and 2nd round (2014). Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of complex sample survey data. The demographic characteristics and results of the comparison of the dental health capacity between smokers and nonsmokers were as follows: with regard to the tissue health (T-health) index, the sex, age, and education level were statistically significant in smokers and nonsmokers. For the functioning teeth (FS-T) index, age, income, and education levels were statistically significant in smokers, while sex, age, and education level were statistically significant in nonsmokers. In smokers, the age and education level were statistically significant for present teeth (PT), sound teeth (ST), and missing teeth (MT), while in nonsmokers, the sex, age, and education level were statistically significant for the same parameters (p<0.05). A comparison of the dental health capacity between smokers and nonsmokers yielded the following findings: the T-health index was higher in smokers, while the FS-T index was higher in nonsmokers. PT and ST were higher in nonsmokers (p<0.05). The results of this study show that the dental health capacity of nonsmokers was higher than that of smokers. Therefore, a clear difference was observed in the dental health capacity of smokers and nonsmokers. The results of this study can provide objective data for nonsmoking treatment.

Analysis of Changes in Oral Care Index of Smokers Using Oral Care Products (구강관리용품의 사용에 따른 흡연자의 구강 환경 변화)

  • Nam, Seol-Hui;Kim, Su-Bin;Seong, Da-Sol;Lee, Eun-Jeong;Jang, Da-Ae;Choi, Jin-Hyang;Seong, Jeong-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.361-369
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    • 2018
  • The aim of the study was to observe the oral environment of smokers and to examine the importance and necessity of using oral care products for smokers. The questionnaires and experiments were conducted to 12 students of smokers and 12 of nonsmokers in Kangwon National University. The use of oral care products has been shown to improve the oral health of smokers overall and improve the oral environment. Providing training on oral hygiene products will help motivate smokers.

Influence of Smoker Image Perceived Cigarette Advertising on Intention of Adulthood Smoking Among Highschool Students (고등학생들의 담배광고에서 지각한 흡연자 이미지가 성인기 흡연 의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.785-795
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to develop and validate of Smoker Image Scale and to evaluate the effect of the smoker image on adulthood smoking intention of youth. Data were collected from 610 high school students were analysed using SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0 programs. Smoker Image Scale were developed and verified the reliability and validity. In addition, ordinal logistic regression analysis was implemented for impact of smoker image on adulthood smoking intention. As a results of analysis, first, the developed Smoker Image Scale confirmed with 10 items in 1 factor and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was .91. Second, men and smokers had significantly higher positive smoker image formed by cigarette advertising. Third, positive smoker image had a significant positive effect on adulthood smoking intention while controlling of gender and smoking status. Positive smoker image formed by cigarette advertising was associated with adulthood smoking intention of youth. Based on these findings, implications and suggestions for future research were discussed for the risk of adulthood smoking intention of youth.

Comparison of Attitudinal Beliefs regarding Smoking and Antioxidant Vitamins Status in the College Male Smokers and Non-smokers (일부 남자 대학생 흡연자와 비흡연자의 흡연에 대한 인식 및 항산화 비타민 수준 비교)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ah;Song, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.329-336
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate of attitudinal beliefs regarding smoking, and antioxidant vitamins status between smokers and non-smokers in college male students. Attitudinal beliefs regarding smoking and antioxidant vitamins intake were investigated by a questionnaire. The result obtained were as follows: Anthropometric measurements were no significant differences between smokers and non-smokers. The attitudinal beliefs regarding smoking of smokers were different from those of non-smokers(p<0.001). Compared with non-smokers, smokers responded more positively on advantage of smoking, while they felt less negatively on disadvantage of smoking. Systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diatolic blood pressure(DBP) of smokers were significantly higher than those of non-smokers(p<0.05). Although antioxidant vitamins intake was not significantly different between smokers and non-smokers, plasma level of vitamin C of smokers was significantly lower than that of non-smokers(p<0.05). However, plasma level of vitamin E was not significantly different between smokers and non-smokers.

Understanding Male Adult's Awareness and Motivation of Non-smoking (금연에 관한 성인남성의 인식 및 금연동기 조사)

  • Son, Eun-Gyo;Kim, YoungJin;Yun, SukJoon;Jung, Hwa-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.384-394
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    • 2017
  • Cessation and re smoking is recursive and addictive behaviors. Understanding differences in awareness of smokers and nonsmokers is fundamental to devise smoking policies. Research is focused on male adult's choices of educators and motivation level by personal attributes and awareness. There was a difference in awareness of smoking policies between smokers and nonsmokers. Community health centers and physicians were preferred for antismoking educator but not different between smokers and nonsmokers. Motivational levels of cessation in pictures of lung cancer, dental therapy, cigarette taxation, smoking area restriction and social marketing were statistically significant. The results indicate that male adult smokers are Motivated to quit smoking by those five contributors[P=.000].

Aspect of Minerals in the Hair of Smokers (흡연자 모발에 함유한 미네랄 함량분석)

  • Lee Ju Young;Lee Mi Hwa;Choi Won Chul
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2005
  • 모발은 고통 없이 검체를 채취할 수 있고 저장이 간편하며 인체에 장기간 축적된 미네랄과 중금속함량을 측정하는데 매우 적당한 재료이다. 그러므로 45세 전후의 남자두발을 검체로 하여 상습흡연자(3년 이상 하루 1갑 이상흡연자)와 비흡연자 그리고 청소년을 대상으로 15종의 영양원소와 8종의 독성원소, 그리고 15종류의 기타원소를 조사하여 이들 미네랄 함량의 기초 자료를 제시하고자 하였다. 총 38종류의 원소분석은 정확도를 기하기 위하여 Trace elements, Inc (Dallas, Tx, USA)사에 의뢰하였으며, 이곳에서는 유도결합 플라즈마 질량분석기를 사용하여 분석하였다. 결과는 흡연자가 비 흡연자에 비하여 영양원소는 대체적으로 비슷하였으나 특히 Mg(P<0.05)와 Cu함량이 각각 3.9와 2.4 ppm의 차이로 흡연자가 낮았고, 독성원소는 Hg(P<0.001)가 0.16과 0.31 ppm으로써 0.15 ppm 차이로 흡연자가 높은 특징을 보였는데, 이것은 최대허용치인 0.18 ppm과 비교해 보았을 때 약 2배 이상 초과하는 것이 였엇다. 이러한 원인들은 흡연에 있다고 볼 수 있으며, Hg의 중독증상은 중추신경 장애와 의욕상실, 만성피로를 일으킬 수 있으며 미나마타병의 원인물질로 알려져 있다. 한편,청소년과 성인에 있어서 영양원소의 함량은 Cu, P, Mn, B가 각각 3.2, 2.1, 0.016, 0.03 ppm의 차이로 성인에서 높았다. 그러나 생리활성물질인 Ca, Na, K은 각각 55.3, 15.2, 9.0 ppm의 차이로 청소년에서 높았는데, 이것은 성장기 청소년들에게 있어서의 특징이라고 할 수 있다. 독성원소는 Hg가 0.16 ppm으로 성인에서, Cd는 0.01 ppm으로 청소년에서 높았지만 각각 최대 허용치인 0.18과 0.014 ppm 이하였다.

The Effect of Perceived Health-Related Physical Risk and Negative Social Image of Smokers on Smokers' Feelings of Guilt Related to Smoking (건강 위험 지각과 흡연자의 부정적 이미지가 흡연 관련 죄책감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hayeon;Kang, Jungsuk
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2015
  • A majority of past studies have tried to investigate cigarette consumption in terms of smoker's cognitive aspects. However, smokers may experience feelings of guilt as a negative emotion while satisfying hedonic and social motive via cigarette consumption. Particularly, feelings of guilt associated with smoking may be induced when smokers' cigarette consumption contradicts their ideal self-concept or social self-concept. The research thus studied smoker's psychological mechanism, focusing on feelings of guilt associated with cigarette consumption. The results indicated that as smokers perceived physical harm associated with their cigarette consumption more than hedonic benefits from the cigarette consumption, they were more likely to experience feelings of guilt related to themselves and others. As smokers perceived social images of smoker as more negative, they were more likely to experience feelings of guilt related to others. Lastly, smokers' experiencing feelings of guilt related to themselves and others had a positive effect on smoking cessation intent. The research findings suggest that the anti-smoking campaign inducing guilt related to smokers' themselves (e.g., raising the price of cigarettes) and others (e.g., anti-smoking ads displaying physical damage of secondhand smoke on family members) can increase smokers' cessation intent.

Factors Affecting Intention to Quit Smoking of Current Smokers by Gender (성별에 따른 흡연자의 금연의도 관련 요인)

  • Noh, Young-Min;Lee, Yejin;Kim, Ji-yeon;Noh, Jin-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.321-328
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    • 2019
  • This study is to identify the factors related to smokers' intention to quit smoking and the differences between male and female smokers. We used data from Community Health Survey of 2017 and a total of 39,435 participated in the study. It was analyzed through IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 to conduct frequency analysis and binary logistic regression analysis. We found that gender, age, marital status, education, household income, subjective health, attempts to quit smoking, exposure to quit smoking campaigns, education to quit smoking, and number of cigarettes per day are related to the smokers' intention to quit smoking. For male smokers, education and household income are relevant to their intention to quit smoking, unlike female smokers. The findings suggest that smoking cessation campaigns and education are necessary for smokers with low level of education or income. Further, it indicates that gender differences should be taken into consideration upon intervention program.

청소년과 흡연

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 2001
  • 불행하게도 우리나라 청소년의 담배소비량은 세계 1위다. 이들이 작년 한 해 동안 소비한 담배 6,700만 갑으로 이는 전체 담배소비량의 1.4%를 차지한다. 이러한 청소년 흡연율을 가까운 아시아지역 국가들과 비교해도 한국학생이 단연 1위를 차지하고 있다. 여학생의 경우도 심각한 수준에 달해 있다. 같은 흡연자라도 15세 이전에 흡연을 시작한 사람은 25세 이후에 흡연을 시작한 사람보다 폐암에 걸릴 위험이 2.5배나 높다. 그렇다면 현재의 청소년 흡연자들이 폐암에 걸릴 위험성은 적어도 2.5배가 높으며, 폐암 발병 시기 역시 빨라질 것이다. 이로 인한 개인적, 사회적, 국가적 손실이 클 것이라는 것은 쉽게 예측할 수 있다. 청소년 흡연자가 바로 나의 자녀라고 생각하면 청소년 흡연 예방사업을 반대할 사람은 아무도 없을 것이다.

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