• Title/Summary/Keyword: 흑미

Search Result 190, Processing Time 0.128 seconds

흑미를 첨가한 인절미의 품질 특성에 관한 연구

  • 조진아;조후종
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
    • /
    • 2003.10a
    • /
    • pp.210.3-211
    • /
    • 2003
  • 흑미가루를 0%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%로 첨가량을 다르게 하여 제조한 흑미를 첨가한 인절미의 관능적 특성, 수분 함량, 색도, 기계적인 특성을 비교 검토하였다. 관능검사에서 전체적인 조화도는 흑미가루 15% 첨가군이 가장 높게 나타났고, 흑미가루 10% 첨가군이 그 다음으로 높게 나타난 것으로 보아 유색인절미로서 흑미가루의 첨가량이 15%가 이하일 때 가장 적당한 것을 알 수 있었다. 단단한 정도, 조직의 거친 정도, 씹힘성, 향미는 흑미가루의 첨가량이 증가할수록 높은 점수를 나타내었다. 수분함량은 각 시료간의 큰 차이는 없었으나 흑미가루 첨가량이 증가할수록 수분 보유량이 증가하는 것은 흑미의 식이섬유소 때문으로 추정한다. 색도는 흑미가루의 첨가량이 증가할수록 명도는 낮아지고, 적색도와 청색도가 증가함을 알았다. 기계적 검사에서는 경도, 씹힘성, 껌성은 흑미가루의 첨가량이 증가할수록 그 값이 높아졌고, 응집성과 탄력성은 모든 시료가 거의 비슷한 수치를 나타내었으며, 부착성은 흑미가루의 첨가량이 증가할수록 그 값이 높아졌다. 즉, 흑미가루 비첨가군에 비해 흑미가루 첨가량이 증가할수록 더 단단해지고, 탄력성이 감소하였음을 알 수 있었다. 관능적 특성에서 단단한 정도, 조지의 거친정도, 씹힘성은 기계적인 특성에서 경도, 응집성, 씹힘성과 비교해 볼 수 있는데, 두 가지의 검사의 결과 모두 흑미가루의 첨가량이 증가할수록 그 값이 커져 그 결과가 일치함을 알 수 있었다.

  • PDF

Bread making Characteristics of Black Rice Bread with Different of Levels of Black Rice Wine (흑미주 첨가량을 달리한 흑미분 첨가 식빵의 제조특성)

  • Lee Kwang-Suck;Yoon Hye-Hyun;Lee Hyun-Jung;An Hye-Lyung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.21 no.6 s.90
    • /
    • pp.794-799
    • /
    • 2005
  • The overall effects of black rice wine (BRW) on black rice bread were examined through the gluten washing test, mixograph and image analysis by Cnunbscan. Commercially produced black rice flour had a much lower amount of gluten than the strong flour However, the mixture with $30\%$(flour basis) black rice flour and $70\%$ strong flour exhibited a good indication for bread making showing $30\%$ wet gluten and $14\%$ dry gluten. In the mixogram results, the peak time showed the highest value for $10\%$ added BRW, indicating an inappropriate level at $50\%$, and the changes of tail width after 8 minutes expressed that the dough became soft and sticky with increasing addition of BRW The volume of bread was increased when BRW was added, and showed the highest value at $20\%$ BRW. In relationship between the volume and bread characteristics, volume showed a highly negative relation with crumb fineness (r=-0.678) and a positive relation with crust thickness (r=0.693).

Fermentation of Dough and Quality of Bread with Korean Pigmented Rice (흑미를 첨가한 반죽의 발효와 식빵의 품질)

  • 오영애;김미향;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.11 no.6
    • /
    • pp.498-505
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of dough and bread prepared by a Korean pigmented rice(KPR). The fermentation of the dough was promoted with a lower pH. Though the springiness and gumminess of the dough were low, but It was more tender and moist than that of control. Color of the bread showed red wine and the acceptabi]ity of the bread was higher than control evaluated by sensory test. The tissue of the bread has more small particles of starch than that of control and It was densely populated. The distribution tendency of the starch particles in the tissue of the bread was the more apparent in the KPR. And big starch particles like lens were observed in the dough with 10% of KPR. Mouse feeling of the bread was more sticky but, it was little clogging.

  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Rice Bread Substituted with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가한 쌀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Im, Ji-Soon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.20 no.6
    • /
    • pp.903-908
    • /
    • 2010
  • Yeast-leavened rice bread with added vital wheat gluten was formulated by substituting normal rice flour with 0~30% black rice flour, and the effects of black rice flour substitution on rice bread quality were investigated. Black rice flour contained more protein, lipid, and ash contents than normal rice flour. Increasing levels of black rice flour substitution decreased the specific loaf volume of rice bread. Black rice flour decreased lightness and yellowness, and imparted a reddish color in the bread crumbs. Only a slight difference in crumb firmness was observed between control rice bread (100% normal rice flour) and rice bread containing up to 20% black rice flour. However, crumb firmness of rice bread containing 30% black rice flour was considerably higher than that of the control rice bread and increased rapidly at 2~3 days during a 3-day storage period at $25^{\circ}C$. Antioxidant activity of rice breads was estimated by determining electron-donating ability (EDA) to DPPH radical. The electron-donating ability slightly increased with increasing levels of black rice flour in rice bread.

Effect of Pigmented Rice on the Quality Characteristics of Baguette (흑미 첨가가 바게트의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 임정교;박인경;김영희;김순동
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.130-135
    • /
    • 2003
  • The Characteristics of dough and the quality of baguette with 1~5% pigmented rice(PR) were investigated. The pH of dough with PR were lower(pH 4.93~5.06) than that of the control(pH 5.13). The viscosity of dough with PR(498~575 BU) measured by the amylograph were lower than that of the control(600 BU). The volume of the baguette with PR(1~3%) was higher than that of the control. Color $L^{*}$ value of baguette crumb with PR decreased from 60.65 to 50.44~60.36 and color $a^{*}$ value increased from -2.13 to 0.28~3.30 as the concentration of PR increased. The hardness of the baguette decreased from 375.51$\times$10$^4$dyne/c $m^2$to 273.95~256.83$\times$10$^4$dyne/c $m^2$as the concentration of PR increased. The overall acceptability score of baguette was the highest with 3% PR.R.R.

  • PDF

Antioxidant Activity and Fermentation Characteristics of Traditional Black Rice Wine (흑미 첨가 막걸리의 항산화 및 발효 특성)

  • Kim, Ok-Sun;Park, Seong-Soon;Sung, Jung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.41 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1693-1700
    • /
    • 2012
  • In this study we examined the antioxidant activity and fermentation characteristics of black rice wine. The antioxidant activity of black rice wine was higher than the control, and DPPH radical scavenging activity showed a correlation with the anthocyanin content of rice wine. The pH remarkably decreased until 3 days of fermentation, and the gradually decreased. The reducing sugar and free sugar content reached a maximum at 1 day of fermentation due to enzyme activity. The amount of organic acids, especially lactic acid, increased during the fermentation period. Lactic acid bacteria and yeast count increased with time and amount of black rice. The L color value increased during fermentation regardless of treatments, and the a color value increased with ratio of black rice due to anthocyanin. For this reason, color was given a high score in black rice wine. But overall preference was high in rice wine made with less than 20% of black rice.

Antioxidant Activity and Quality Characteristics of Black Rice Bran Cookies (흑미 미강 쿠키의 항산화활성 및 품질특성)

  • Joo, Shin-Youn;Choi, Hae-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.41 no.2
    • /
    • pp.182-191
    • /
    • 2012
  • Black rice bran powder has potential medical uses and functionality. In this study, we assessed the antioxidant activity and quality characteristics of cookies containing various concentrations (0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9%) of black rice bran powder. To analyze quality characteristics, proximate composition, fatty acid composition, amino acid composition, bulk density and pH of the dough, spread factor, loss rate, leavening rate, color, texture profile analysis, and sensory evaluations were measured. Black rice bran cookies (7%) contained more crude protein ($10.67{\pm}0.33$%) compared to control ($5.84{\pm}0.06$%). The total unsaturated fatty acid contents of the control and 7% black rice bran cookies were 30.44 and 30.81%, respectively. The amino acid content of 7% black rice bran cookie was higher than that of control. Bulk density of the dough, moisture, spread factor, total polyphenol content, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the cookies significantly increased with increasing content of black rice bran powder, whereas pH of the dough, loss rate, leavening rate, and L values of the cookies decreased. Additionally, consumer acceptability scores for the 7% black rice bran cookie group ranked significantly higher than those of the other groups in terms of appearance, taste, flavor, texture, and overall preference. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that black rice bran powder is an effective ingredient for increasing the consumer acceptability and functionality of cookies.

Effect of Partial Replacement of Rice Flour with Black or Brown Rice Flour on Textural Properties and Retrogradation of Julpyun (흑미 및 현미의 부분적인 대체가 절편의 물성과 노화에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤계순
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.39 no.1
    • /
    • pp.103-111
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was attempted to investigate the effect of partial replacement of rice flour with black or brown rice flour on texture properties and retrogradation of Julpyun(Korean rice cake). In sensory evaluation, the Julpyuns replaced black or brown rice flour 20% had high score in color, flavor and overall acceptability not including mouthfeel. As the result of the measurement with texture analyzer, hardness, gumminess and chewiness of Julpyuns tended to decrease in proportion to the amount of black and brown rice flour in the formula. These resets implied that the degree of retrogradation of black and brown rice Julpyuns might be low. Julpyuns replaced with black rice were a little lower than those of brown rice in the hardness. In the retrogradation speed by Avrami,s equation, the rate constants of Julpyun replaced black and brown rice flour was lower than that of milled rice, restating in delay in firming.

  • PDF

Non-Starch Polysaccharides of Cell Walls in Glutinous Rice, Rice and Black Rice (점미, 백미, 흑미 세포벽의 비전분성 다당류의 성분분석)

  • ;;Kimiko Othani
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.39 no.1
    • /
    • pp.91-102
    • /
    • 2001
  • The non-starch polysaccharides in the cell wall of rice, glutinous rice, and black rice, were analyzed. They were fractionated into fractions; water-soluble, hot writer-soluble, ammonium oxalate-soluble, sodium hydroxide-soluble, potassium hydroxide-soluble, and the alkali-insoluble, according to the solvent solubility. The dietary fiber contents were 5.4% in glutinous rice, 4.2% in rice and 7.5% in black rice. The sodium hydroxide soluble fibers were abundant in each kind of rice, especially 4.01% in black rice. The water soluble fibers were 80% of dietary fiber in glutinous rice, 66% in rice, 86% in black rice. It was supposed that the content of the water soluble fibers in rice was increased by pounding. Pectic substances in water soluble fibers, hot water soluble fibers, and ammonium oxalate soluble fibers fraction, were 2.4% in glutinous rice fraction,1.59% in rice, and 1.12% in black rice. Alkali soluble fibers were considered as hemicellulose. Black rice contained 5.80% of hemicellulose, which was more than twice as much as glutinous rice(2.58%) and rice(2.22%). Alkali insoluble fibers were considered as cellulose, which showed no considerable difference. Among samples content of uronic acid in glutinous rice, rice and black rice were 0.9%, 0.66%, 1.8% respectively. Uronic acid of black rice was twice more than other samples tested. The fraction of black rice that uronic acid was extracted at most was the fraction of sodium hydroxide. Mono saccharides of the fraction was the glucose, the arabinose, the xylose.

  • PDF

Quality Characteristics of Paeksulgi Made with Black Color Rice (흑미 첨가량 및 수침상태에 따른 백설기의 물리 특성)

  • 정현숙
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.370-375
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was attempted to examine the sensory quality, the degree of gelatinization, color, texture and moisture content of Paeksulgies made with black color rice. The results were as follows: The moisture contents was about 32-36%. L-value on the control group was high, 94.74 and $A_1$, $A_2$, and $C_1$ group were 78.72, 78.58, and 78.43 respectively. As the amount of color rice was increased, L-value on the Paeksulgis was decreased. The gelatinization of Paeksulgis added with color block rice was most increased at C group and D group. In sensory quality. Paeksulgis added with 4-10% block color rice showed the most favorable sensory evaluation.

  • PDF