• Title, Summary, Keyword: 횡동요

Search Result 104, Processing Time 0.029 seconds

Dynamic Interaction of Waves with a Moored Structure (계류된 구조물에 작용하는 파도의 동적작용에 대하여)

  • Kim, Chang-Je
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.94-102
    • /
    • 1992
  • This paper presents the method of numerical analysis concerned with the hydropdynamic forces and moments of the floating bodies exerted by waves. The analytic methods of hydrodynamic wave forces and moments for large volume structures are generally classified into four categories ; the strip method, the boundary element method, the finite element method, and the potential matching method. In the case of the comparatively large structures, diffraction theory can be applied. However, there are no application limits of diffraction theory which have been known concerning with the analytic method of the rectangular structures. In this paper, the two-dimensional B.E.M. is treated for a moored small rectangular structure in order to evaluate applicability of diffraction theory. Numerical calculation is carried out for the structure. The results are compared with some other ones for verification. The result shows that diffraction theory is applicable to structures smaller than 0.15 in the ratio of the representative structure length d to wave length L for rectangular ones.

  • PDF

Study on Volterra System for Variation of Metacentric Height in Waves and its Application to Analysis of Parametric Roll (볼테라 시스템을 이용한 파랑 중 파라메트릭 횡동요에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Yonghwan
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.54 no.3
    • /
    • pp.227-241
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, a Volterra system for the variations of metacentric height (GM) in waves is employed to simulate the parametric roll phenomena of ships in head sea condition. Using the present Volterra system, the transfer function of each harmonic component in the GM variation is computed for different ship models, including mathematical models and a real containership, and the results are validated through the comparison with the values obtained using the direct calculations based on a weakly nonlinear time-domain method. Then, a semi-analytic approach employing a 1-degree of freedom equation for roll motion is developed to simulate the parametric roll motions in irregular waves. In the derived approach, the nonlinear and time-varying restoring forces in the waves are approximated using the Volterra system. Through simulations of the parametric roll for different sea states, the effects of the 1st and 2nd-order harmonic components of the variations in the occurrence and amplitude of the parametric roll motions are investigated. Because of the strong nonlinearities in the phenomena, a stochastic analysis is conducted to examine the statistical properties of the roll motions in consideration of the sensitivities and uncertainties in the computations.

A Digital Fin Stabilizer Controller Design for Reduction of Ship Rolling in Waves (해양파에 의해 발생하는 선박 횡동요 감소를 위한 Fin Stabilizer 제어기 구성)

  • Cho, Cheol-Joo;Lim, Kye-Young
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1742-1743
    • /
    • 2011
  • 항해 중인 선박에 가장 영향을 미치는 것은 해양파이다. 해양파는 주로 바람에 의해서 생성이 되며 지역적으로 바람의 세기와 방향이 다르기 때문에 파의 높이와 파의 길이가 정해져 있지 않은 불규칙파가 발생한다. 선박에 미치는 해양파의 힘에 따라 횡동요의 크기 및 주기가 달라진다. 해양파의 힘의 크기가 선박의 복원력보다 크게 되면 선박은 전복이 된다. 이런 이유로 선박 운동을 인위적으로 억제하기 위하여 Fin Stabilizer를 사용하게 되었다. Fin Stabilizer는 짧은 시간에 동작하여 선박의 안전을 향상시킬 수 있으며, 운행 효율을 높일 수 있기 때문에 최근 들어 널리 사용되고 있는 방법이다. 본 논문에서는 해양파의 힘이 선박에 영향을 미칠 때의 횡요각 변화를 관찰하고 설계한 제어기의 성능정도를 위한 Simulation을 수행하였다. Simulation 결과를 토대로 Fin Stabilizer를 제어하기 위한 Digital 제어기를 구성하였다.

  • PDF

Wave Responses and Ship Motions in a Harbor Excited by Long Waves(I) (항만내 파도응답과 계류선박의 운동해석(I))

  • I.H. Cho;Hang-S. Choi
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.38-47
    • /
    • 1992
  • The motion response of a ship moored in a rectangular harbor excited by long waves has been studied theoretically and experimentally. Within the framework of potential theory, matched asymptotic expansion techniques are exployed to analyze the problem. The fluid domain is divided into the ocean and the harbor regions for the analysis of wave response in a harbor without ship. The wave responses in both the ocean and the harbor sides are solved first independently in terms of Green's functions, which are the solutions of the Helmholtz equation satisfying appropriate boundary conditions. Slender body approximations are used to obtain the velocity jumps across the ship, which are associated with the symmetric motion modes of the ship. Unknowns contained in each solution are finally determined by matching at an intermediate zone between two neighboring regions. Theoretical results predict the ship motion qualitatively well. The main source of quantitative discrepancies is presumably due to real fluid effects such as separation at the harbor entrance and friction on harbor boundaries.

  • PDF

Dynamic Stability of a Damaged Ship in Beam Wind and Waves (손상된 선박의 횡풍.횡파중에서의 동적 안정성)

  • K.H. Sohn;S.G. Lee;K.S. Choi;Y.S. Kim
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.37 no.1
    • /
    • pp.50-59
    • /
    • 2000
  • This paper presents a brief outline of dynamic stability of a damaged ship at final stage of flooding in rough beam wind and waves. One degree-of-freedom, roll equation is adopted with effects of flooding water and external forces due to wind and waves, but without effect of sloshing. We discuss the dynamic stability of the damaged ship in terms of capsizing probability based on risk analysis, the method of which was firstly proposed by Umeda et al.[6] to high speed craft in intact condition. As a result, we can evaluate the dynamic stability of the damaged ship in probabilistic manner according to sea state, operating condition and damage situation.

  • PDF

A RANS-based Simulation for the Prediction of Hydrodynamic Rolling Moments around Rectangular Cylinders with Free Surface (자유수면을 포함한 사각기둥의 횡동요 유체동역학 수치해석)

  • Kim, Su-Whan;Kim, Kwang-Soo;Park, Il-Ryong;Van, Suak-Ho;Kim, Jin
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.43 no.6
    • /
    • pp.667-674
    • /
    • 2006
  • Accurate prediction of ship dynamics, particularly roll motion, is very important in ship safety. In the past, empirical or vortex based methods were commonly used for the hydrodynamic roll damping predictions but they could not be applied to practical ship roll motion cause of limitations about geometries ad design conditions. Recently RANS-based techniques are developed for the practical ship motion analysis. In this study, RANS based roil analysis about a rectangular cylinder with WAVIS developed by MOERI/KORDI are performed and compared with the experimental data and other RANS results.

Numerical Simulation of Flow around Free-rolling Rectangular Barge in Regular Waves (규칙파중 횡동요 하는 사각형 바지선 주위 유동의 수치모사)

  • Jung, Jae-Hwan;Yoon, Hyun-Sik;Kwon, Ki-Jo;Cho, Sung-Joon
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.15-20
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study aimed at validating the adopted numerical methods to solve two-phase flow around a two-dimensional (2D) rectangular floating structure in regular waves. A structure with a draft equal to one half of its height was hinged at the center of gravity and free to roll with waves that had the same period as the natural roll period of a rectangular barge. In order to simulate the 2D incompressible viscous two-phase flow in a wave tank with the rectangular barge, the present study used the volume of fluid (VOF) method based on the finite volume method with a standard turbulence model. In addition, the sliding mesh technique was used to handle the motion of the rectangular barge induced by the fluid-structure interaction. Consequently, the present results for the flow field and roll motion of the structure had good agreement with those of the relevant previous experiment.

The Effect of the Turning Rate of the Pod Propeller on the Roll Control System of the Cruise Ship (크루즈선의 횡동요 제어시스템에 미치는 포드 각속도의 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Kyun;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Rhee, Key-Pyo;Choi, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.49 no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-25
    • /
    • 2012
  • Recently, the application and installation of the pod propeller to the cruise ship is dramatically increased. It is because pod propulsion system allows a lot of flexibility in design of the internal arrangement of a ship. To reflect this trend, many researches have conducted to use the pod propeller for the roll stabilization of a ship. In the paper, a roll stabilization controller is designed by using fins and pod propellers as the control actuators for cruise ships. Two kinds of control algorithms are adopted for the roll control system; LQR (Linear Quadratic Regulator) algorithm and frequency-weighted LQR algorithm. Through the numerical simulation, the effect of the turning rate of the pod propeller on the roll control system is analyzed. Analysis of the simulation results indicated that the turning rate of the pod propellers is one of the important parameters which give the significant effects on the roll stabilization.

An Experimental Study on Mass Driving Anti-Rolling System for Ships (부가질량을 이용한 선박용 횡동요 저감장치에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Moon, Seok-Jun;Kim, Byung-In;Lee, Sung-Hwi;Ham, Sang-Yong;Jeong, Jong-Ahn;Lee, Kyung-Joong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.727-730
    • /
    • 2004
  • Reduction of a ship's rolling is the most important performance requirement for improving the safety of the crew on board and preventing damage to cargos as well as improving the comfort of the ride. A mass driving anti-rolling system (MD-ARS) might be one candidate of several systems against the ship's rolling. In this paper, three types of MD-ARS, two passive and one active devices, are developed for small ships. After they are installed on the cabin of the small leisure boat, respectively, a series of test is conducted before and after operating them. Through the test, it is confirmed that the roll responses of the ship are pretty well reduced by the system.

  • PDF