• Title, Summary, Keyword: 활성탄소섬유

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NO Adsorption and Catalytic Reduction Mechanism of Electrolytically Copper-plated Activated Carbon Fibers (전해 구리 도금된 활성탄소섬유에 의한 NO의 촉매 환원반응 메커니즘 연구)

  • Park, Soo-Jin;Jang, Yu-Sin;Kawasaki, Junjiro
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.664-668
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    • 2002
  • In this work, the catalytic reduction mechanisms of NO over ACFs/copper prepared by electrolytic copper plating has been studied. It was found that copper content on carbon surfaces increased with increasing the plating time. However, a slightly gradual decrease of adsorption properties, such as, BET specific surface area, was observed in increasing the plating times within the range of well-developed micropore structures. As experimental results, nitric oxide was converted into the nitrogen and oxygen on ACFs and ACFs/copper catalyst surfaces at $500^{\circ}C$. Especially, the surfaces of ACFs/copper catalyst were found to scavenge the oxygen released by catalytic reduction of NO, which could be explained by the presence of another nitric oxide reduction mechanism between ACFs and ACFs/copper catalysts.

Adsorption/Desorption Properties of ACF on Toluene and MEK with Operation Condition (공정 조건에 따른 톨루엔 및 MEK에 대한 ACF의 흡·탈착 특성)

  • Baek, Geun-Ho;Kim, Jung-Su;Jang, Hyun-Tae;Cha, Wang-Seog
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.2898-2903
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    • 2011
  • Adsorption/desorption characteristics of low concentration methylethylketone(MEK) and toluene vapors in beds packed with activated carbon fibers(ACF) was investigated. Performance of ACF adsorption was characterized by the equilibrium capacity, time to reach equilibrium and desorption efficiency. Experiments were carried out to define the effect of operation variables, such as feed concentration, flow rate, moisture content and bed height. The breakthrough time was shorten with the increase of temperature, flow rate and feed concentration. In addition, an increase of packed height of adsorbents lengthen the breakthrough time. The ACF loaded with MEK and toluene was satisfactorily regenerated by programed heating. It is observed that MEK is more easily removed than toluene at below temperature of $150^{\circ}C$.

Synthesization and Characterization of Pitch-based Activated Carbon Fiber for Indoor Radon Removal (실내 라돈가스 제거를 위한 Pitch계 활성탄소섬유 제조 및 특성연구)

  • Gwak, Dae-Cheol;Choi, Sang-Sun;Lee, Joon-Huyk;Lee, Soon-Hong
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.207-218
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    • 2017
  • In this study, pitch-based activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were modified with pyrolysis fuel oil (PFO). Carbonized ACF samples were activated at $850^{\circ}C$, $880^{\circ}C$ and $900^{\circ}C$. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a BET surface area apparatus were employed to evaluate the indoor radon removal of each sample. Among three samples, the BET surface area and micropore area of ACF880 recorded the highest value with $1,420m^2{\cdot}g^{-1}$ and $1,270m^2{\cdot}g^{-1}$. Moreover, ACF880 had the lowest external surface area and BJH adsorption cumulative surface area of pores with $151m^2{\cdot}g^{-1}$ and $35.5m^2{\cdot}g^{-1}$. This indicates that satisfactory surface area depends on the appropriate temperature. With the above scope, ACF880 also achieved the highest radon absorption rate and speed in comparison to other samples. Therefore, we suggest that the optimum activation temperature for PFO containing ACFs is $880^{\circ}C$ for effective indoor radon adsorption.

Preparation and properties of antibacterial activated carbon fiber (항균성 탄소섬유의 제조와 특성)

  • 오원춘;김범수;임창성;장원철
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2002
  • The study on the adsorption, the surface properties and the antibacterial effects of the metal-treated pitch based activated carbon fibers was carried out. From the adsorption studies on the series of metal-treated activated carbon fiber, the specific surface areas of the metal treated activated carbon fiber obtained from BET equation were in the range of 113.2~1574 $m^2$/g for the Ag-ACFs. And that of Cu treated ACF are distributed to 688.2-887.8 $\m^2$/g. And, the specific surface areas of the Ni-treated pitch based ACFs were in the range of 692.6~895.2 $\m^2$/g. From the ${\alpha}_s$- method, 0.06~1.1 cm^3/g of the micropore volumes were obtained from Ag-ACFs. And, 0.1~0.2 cm^3/ and 0.2~0.6 cm^3/g of the micropore volumes were obtained from Cu and Ni-ACFs, respectively. And, from the SEM morphology results, it was observed that the surface of activated carbon fiber are partially blocked and coated by metal after the treatment. Finally, from the antibacterial effects of metal-treated activated carbon fiber against E. coli, the areas of antibacterial effect become larger with the increase in mole ratio of metal treated. And, from the antibacterial effects using Shake flask method against E. coli, the percentage of the effects was 92.5~100 % and the antibacterial effect was increased with the increase in mole concentration of metal treated.

Analysis for the Activation Mechanism as a Function of Activation Degrees during Activation of the Carbon Fibers (탄소섬유의 활성화 시 중량감소율에 따른 활성화기구 해석)

  • 노재승
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.240-240
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    • 2003
  • 탄소재료의 가스화속도는 근본적으로 활성자리의 수와 관련되어 있으며, 또한 가스화속도는 활성자리 뿐 아니라 확산제한에 따라 달라진다. 대부분의 탄소재료의 활성화 초기단계는 제한된 활성자리 때문에 반응속도는 느리고, 다음 단계는 총 활성자리가 증가하여 반응속도는 급격히 증가하고, 마지막으로 활성자리가 감소하여 활성화 속도는 감소한다. 이러한 sigmoidal특성을 나타내는 활성화 단계를 기공발달과정으로 설명하면, 활성화 초기에 탄소재료 내부에 이미 존재하는 닫힌 기공이 열리고, 일단 기공이 열리면 성장하게 된다. 이렇게 기공 수가 증가하는 것 뿐 아니라 기공 직경이 증가하여 활성화 과정이 진행될수록 비 표면적 및 기공부피는 증가하는데 이런 일련의 과정을 통하여 활성자리 수는 증가하고 또는 감소한다. 이렇게 기공이 발달하는 과정은 각각의 활성화 단계에서 탄소재료의 비 표면적 측정으로 알 수 있으며, 전반적인 산화속도 변화를 측정하여 반응단계를 추정하게 된다. 대부분의 연구자들은 반응 전체의 평균 산화속도를 측정한 후 활성화 에너지를 구하여 반응조절단계로 활성화 기구를 설명한다. 이 연구에서는 활성화 과정 중에 발생하는 중량감소 단계, 즉 각각의 활성화 단계에 따라 달라지는 반응속도상수를 측정하고, 반응단계별 활성화 에너지를 비교 해석하여 피치계 탄소섬유의 기공발달에 영향을 미치는 활성화 기구를 고찰하고자 하였다.

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NO Reduction Mechanism of Electrolytically Cu-plated Activated Carbon Fibers (전해 구리도금된 활성탄소섬유의 NO 환원반응 메카니즘)

  • 신준식;박수진;김학용;이덕래
    • Proceedings of the Korean Fiber Society Conference
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    • pp.309-310
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    • 2003
  • 활성탄소 (activated carbons, ACs)는 넓은 비표면적을 가지고 있어 흡착용량이 크며, 발달된 미세공을 가지고 있기 때문에 오염물질의 제거능력이 높을 뿐만 아니라 경제적, 환경 친화적인 측면에서도 유리하다. 특히 섬유화된 할성탄소섬유 (activated carbon fibers, ACFs)는 균일한 세공이 표면에 노출되어 있어 흡착속도가 빠르며, 안정성과 재생성이 좋고 섬유상이기 때문에 가공이 용이하며 직포, 부직포, 시트 등의 형태로 만들어져 용매회수, 공업제품의 정제, 오폐수의 처리시설, 소각시설의 유해 배기가스의 흡착등에 널리 사용되고 있다.[1,2] (중략)

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Preparation and Characterization of Coal Tar Pitch-based Activated Carbon Fibers. II. Cu(II) and Ni(II) Adsorption in Activated Carbon Fibers during Physical Activation (콜타르피치 기반 활성탄소섬유의 제조 및 특성에 관한 연구. II. 물리적 활성화법에 의한 활성탄소섬유의 구리(II), 니켈(II) 흡착 특성)

  • Choi, Bo-Kyung;Yoon, Kwang-Eui;Seo, Min-Kang;Park, Soo-Jin
    • Textile Science and Engineering
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, the heavy metal ion adsorption behavior in coal tar pitch-based activated carbon fibers (ACFs) during physical activation is presented. $N_2$ adsorption isotherms at 77 K were examined using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Horvath-Kawazoe (H-K), and Barret-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) methods to characterize specific surface area, pore volume, and pore size distribution. The removal of heavy metal ions from ACFs was confirmed by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Experimental results for the ACFs showed a type I isothermal adsorption curve, which confirmed that the created pores were mostly microporous. After a 40-min steam activation, the fibers showed a high specific surface area of $1,693m^2/g$. In addition, all heavy metal ions in the ACFs were adsorbed after about 20 min, and the adsorption reached equilibrium within 1 h. It was found that the adsorption capacity of the ACFs was improved by the presence of micropores but was also dependent on the specific surface area of the ACF.