• Title, Summary, Keyword: 활동이론

Search Result 1,304, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

연구활동 분류의 이론적 검토

  • 설성수
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
    • /
    • v.2 no.3
    • /
    • pp.19-33
    • /
    • 1999
  • 우리는 지식활동의 원천인 연구활동을 파악하기 위한 분류체계를 만들고자 하였다 그러나 지식활동분류와 관련된 이론체계가 정립된 것이 없어서 다양한 시가과 방법론을 검토한 후 이들을 체계화하며 새로운 방법론을 도출하였다. 이 논문은 바로 그 과정에서 이루어진 이론적인 작업을 정리한 것이다. 우리는 지식이라는 거대한 실체보다 새로운 지식을 추가하는 연구활동이 중요하다는 인식에 기반하였다. 또한 연구활동과 연구활동의 목적이 연계되고 학제연구라는 새로운 지적활동의 패턴이 자유자재로 반영되도록 하였다.

  • PDF

An Empirical Study of Elderly Volunteering Commitment and Their Life Satisfaction Based on Activity Theory (노인자원봉사자의 봉사활동 헌신과 생활만족에 관한 연구 - 활동이론을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Mee-Hye;Jung, Jin-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.54
    • /
    • pp.221-243
    • /
    • 2003
  • Activity theory explains that the old people participate in social activity as a role-substitute from loss of roles given by work and family. It is possible to enhance their life satisfaction through these activities. Based on this activity theory, this study aims at explore the role substitute of voluntary activities and to analysis whether volunteering commitment has an effect on life satisfaction. Data were collected by using survey questionnaires to the elderly over 55 years old who participated in voluntary activity at 25 Volunteer Centers in Seoul. The Activity theory was operationalized by job or joblessness, family type, achievement type obtained through voluntary activity The results are as follows. (1) Job or joblessness has effect on the activity frequence and activity time. (2) Social achievement after voluntary activity has effect on the duration only (3) And the family type did not have any effect. These three variables of activity theory do not have an effect on life satisfaction. The elderly volunteering commitment was explained by variables other than activity theory such as reward, health, education, sex. And the elderly volunteer's life satisfaction were affected by the family types and their economic status. These results imply that the Korean elderly voluntary activities could be expained partially by Activity theory. Also for these elder volunteers's life satisfaction, qualitative respects such as achievements through voluntary activity, and concerns and support by agencies are more important than the time they imput in voluntary activities.

  • PDF

충북지역 초등수학 영재교육의 분석과 전망

  • Kim, Su-Hwan
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
    • /
    • v.9
    • /
    • pp.227-239
    • /
    • 1999
  • 영재교육의 이론적 근거를 제시한 연구물이 국내에는 그다지 많지 않다. 뿐만 아니라 지금 한국과학재단에서 지원하고 있는 전국의 9개 대학 과학영재교육센터 역시 실천적인 차원의 활동을 벗어나지 못하고 있다. 외국의 대학부설 연구소들이 30년 이상 이와 같은 연구와 서비스를 지속적으로 실천해오고 있는 사례들을 우리는 쉽게 찾을 수 있다는 점을 거울 삼아 모처럼 마련된 국가적 차원의 지원을 토대로 그 바람직한 실천과 연구를 위한 방안을 다음과 같이 제시해본다. 첫째, 질적 연구의 집적에 힘써야 한다. 영재교육이라는 특수한 상황을 전제로 할 때는 더구나 그렇듯이 일반화를 전제로 한 양적 연구보다는, 사례연구와 같은 질적 연구물들의 집적에 노력을 아끼지 말아야할 것이다. 둘째, 교수-학습 활동은 활동이론과 구성주의 이론의 적절한 조화가 요망된다. 구성주의 이론에 입각한 교수-학습 활동의 모습을 단적으로 말하자면, 학습자 자신이 주어진 문제 상황에서의 탐구를 통하여, ‘구체적인 것에서 추상적인 것으로’ 나아가 스스로 지식을 구성하는 것이다. 그러나, 활동이론에 입각한 교수-학습 활동의 요지는 활동은 정말로 전형적인 활동에 국한하고 나머지는 교사의 설명에 의해 학습자들이 ‘추상적인 것에서 구체적인 것으로의 소급’이 가능하도록 하는 것이다. 완전히 정반대의 주장을 하는 것 같으면서도 일면 그 타당성들을 갖고 있는 것으로 볼 수 있다. 셋째, 학제적 ${\cdot}$ 통합적 연구가 절실하다. 연구의 측면에서 수학반 아동과 과학반 아동들의 활동상의 차이점이나 유사점 등에 대한 질적 연구를 시도해보는 것은 매우 의미있는 일이 될 것이다.

  • PDF

Multiplicity of Synchronous Online Class Discussion Activity: A Conceptual Exploration (실시간 온라인 수업 토론 활동의 중층성에 대한 개념적 탐색)

  • Park, Yangjoo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.149-155
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, the multiplicity of synchronous online class discussion activity is explored at conceptual level. From the cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT), each utterance may be considered as a product of the activity system. Alderfer's ERG theory is employed as another theoretical framework for the study. Based on the subject's existence, relationship, growth needs, their class discussion activities constitute four different dimensions: physical/biological, cultural/institutional, social/relational, and cooperative knowledge construction. It is inherent in individual activities and has a different arrangement according to their interests and situations, and at the same time acts as a factor of cooperation and competition among the participants. Through this, collective discussion activities represent complex and dynamic development patterns.

Development of Activity Pattern Analysis and its Application to the Health Check-up Service Organization (활동패턴분석방법론의 개발과 적용 : 종합건강검진서비스 적용사례를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Jae Ung;Ahn, Joong Ho
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.69-92
    • /
    • 2013
  • Activity Pattern Analysis(APA) is the methodology to Design the functions of information systems, to Estimate the monetary value of IS based on Activity Based Costing, to Acquire feasibility of IT Project. This study shows APA case in Health Check-up Service Organization (G-Center) and the Utility of APA. G-Center had acquired Five Outcomes through APA: (1) IT Strategy, (2) IT Project Goals, (3) Transformed Business Process, (4) Functional Blueprint of Information Systems, (5) IT Project budget and its feasibility. APA consists of three analysis processes; Activity Separation, Activity Rearrangement, Activity Costing. APA is flexible in determinating the range and the time of analysis, and is able to expand the Actors(as analysis objects) based on the purpose of analysis by researcher. Eventually APA can be used to do internal IT Management effectively.

Analysis of the Learning Activities using Asexual Reproduction Learning Application for School Students with Special Needs in Middle School by the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (문화역사적 활동이론을 통한 중학교 특수교육 대상 학생의 무성생식 스마트러닝 활동 분석)

  • Kim, Ah-Ra;Jeong, Jin-Su;Kim, Yong-Seong;Moon, Dong-Oh
    • Journal of Science Education
    • /
    • v.40 no.1
    • /
    • pp.52-71
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the learning activities which use asexual reproduction learning application(app) of students with special needs through the Cultural Historical Activity(CHAT). The asexual reproduction learning app was developed for students with special needs, and analyzed the learning activities of students with special needs in perspective of CHAT. The app was developed as subsidiary study material for asexual reproduction inquiry learning. Main functions of the app were composed of concept learning, problem solving, video playing, and report writing. According the CHAT analysis, findings indicated that students with special needs as the subject were able to organize division of labor demonstrated in cooperative learning with the object to actively participate in the class by using the tool of an app. This study also showed effective teaching strategy for improvement of learning achievement and task behavior level of student with special needs.

  • PDF

The Effects of the Play with Multiplication Activities Based on Skemp's Theory on Mathematics Achievements and Attitudes towards Mathematics (Skemp 이론에 따른 곱셈 놀이활동이 수학학업성취도 및 수학적 태도에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Man-Goo;Park, Kyeong-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.211-230
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of using the play with multiplication activities based on Skemp's theory for mathematics achievements and attitudes toward mathematics of elementary school students. For this study, we rearranged Skemp's play activities according to our curriculum in the area of multiplication and applied them to the 2nd grade classes of an elementary school. The plays with multiplication activities were applied to the experimental group while traditional teaching method was used with the current mathematics textbook for the comparative group. We obtained the following conclusions: First, in terms of mathematics achievement, the experimental group who used the plays with multiplication activities based on Skemp's theory didn't show significant difference with the comparative group. Second, it proved that the plays with multiplication activities based on Skemp's theory was more effective for lower level of students than the higher level of students. Third, the plays with multiplication activities based on Skemp's theory have positive effects on improving students' attitudes toward mathematics. We need to use the plays with multiplication activities based on Skemp's theory in the classrooms and find problems with the applying the activities. In addition, we need to develop a more various activities based on Skemp's theory for a better teaching.

  • PDF

Understanding a Prospective Teacher's Mathematics Lesson in the Perspective of Activity Theory (활동 이론의 관점에서 예비교사의 수학 수업 탐색하기)

  • Na, Gwisoo
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.355-370
    • /
    • 2016
  • This research intends to and understand a prospective teacher, Kim's mathematics lesson in the perspective of Activity Theory. In this study, Kim's mathematics lesson was explored in the aspects of subject, object, tools, division of labor, community, and rule which are main constituent of Activity Theory and Activity System suggested by $Engestr{\ddot{o}}m$. As the result of study, we discussed the phenomena such as the fluctuation between object and tool, the multi-voicedness between object, rule, outcome and student subject, and the dissonance between division of labor, community and rule were appeared in Kim's mathematics lesson as an activity system.

Promoting Teacher Learning: Implications for Designing Professional Development Programs (수학교사의 수업전문성 신장을 위한 교사 연수 프로그램 개발의 기본 관점)

  • Kim, Goo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.619-633
    • /
    • 2010
  • To offer insights in organizing professional development programs to promote teachers' substantial ongoing learning, this paper provides an overview of situative perspectives in terms of cognition as situated, cognition as social, and cognition as distributed. Then, it describes research findings on how mathematics teachers can enhance their knowledge and thus improve their instructional practices through participation in a professional development program that mainly provides opportunities to learn and analyze students' mathematical thinking and to perform mathematical tasks through which they interpret the understanding of students' mathematical thinking. Further, it shows that a knowledge of students' mathematical thinking is a powerful tool for teacher learning. In addition, it suggests that teacher-researcher and teacher-teacher collaborative activities influence considerably teachers' understanding and practice as such collaborations help teachers understand new ideas of teaching and develop innovative instructional practices.

  • PDF

The Conceptual Study of Knowledge Adoption based on Resource and Institutionalization Theory for Organizational Knowledge Creation Applied to Knowledge Management Systems (지식 원천 이론과 제도적 이론 관점에서 조직의 지식 수용과 창출에 관한 개념적 연구)

  • Sun, Jong-Hak;Yoon, Jung-Hyeon
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-136
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study are as follows : First, This study conceptually provide an insight of reasons that organizations seek to create, acquire, store and distribute knowledge at the level of an organization and of process how they can transform or evolve to knowledge based organizations. Second, this study confirms examine what theories can be used to knowledge management, how such theories can be useful to analyse knowledge management and provide a theoretical foundation for knowledge management research. Applied to the theories of knowledge based and resource based view and institutional theory, the essence of knowledge management confirms that the organization finds job-related knowledge and know-how retained by individual of organizational members systematically and shares common knowledge within the organization and explains knowledge creation, multi-dimensional knowledge transition and share in all dimension of individual, group, and organization. As a result of comparative analysis of theory of organizational knowledge creation theory, In knowledge management, building of knowledge-creative culture, transitional process of explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge, knowledge creation and knowledge operation are important. In the basis on these study results, we discussed how the organizational knowledge creation theory can be used to manage knowledge in the organization, and also proposed hypotheses based on some arguments against the universal acceptance of the theory.

  • PDF